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Test 2 Science Form 4

Name: Class: Score:

Answer ALL the questions in Section A and B. Jawab SEMUA soalan dalam Bahagian A dan B.
Section A

Please write your answer in the table below. Sila menulis jawapan anda dalam jadual di bawah.
1 6 1 2 7 3 8 4 9 5 10

Which of the following apparatus set-up shows the deflection of ammeter needle when the substance being heated ? Antara susunan radas berikut, yang manakah menunjukkan pesongan jarum ammeter apabila bahan di dalam dipanaskan?

Sugar Gula

Lead(II) bromide Plumbum(II) bromida

Lead powder Serbuk plumbum

Sulphur Sulfur

Which of the following example is involved in a chemical change ? Antara contoh yang berikut yang mana terlibat dengan perubahan kimia? A Combustion of petrol in a car Pembakaran petrol di dalam sebuah kereta B Evaporation of water on a hot day Sejatan air pada hari panas

Sublimation of iodine crystals to iodine vapour Pemejalwapan hablur iodin kepada wap iodine D Crystallisation of a salt from a saturated salt solution Pemhabluran garam dari larutan tepu garam The following information shows about metals P, Q and R. Maklumat berikut tentang logam P, Q dan R.

Metal P reacts vigorously with cold water Logam P bertindakbalas cergas dengan air sejuk Metal Q does not reacts with cold water or steam Logam Q tidak bertindakbalas dengan air sejuk atau stim Metal R reacts with steam reactivity of cold water Which is the correct ascending order ofbut not with matels P, Q and R ? Logam R manakah betul dengan stim tapi tidak P, Q dan R? Urutan menaik yang bertindakbalastentang kereaktifan logamdengan air sejuk
A 4 P,Q, R B Q,R,P C R,Q,P D Q,P,R

Diagram 1 below shows part of reactivity series of metals. Which of the following A, B, C or D is the position of carbon? Rajah 1 di bawah menunjukkan sebahagian siri kereaktifan logam. Antara A, B, C dan D yang manakah kedudukan karbon?

Magnesium Magnesium
5

Aluminium Aluminium

Zinc Zink

Iron Besi

Tin Timah

Diagram 2 shows a blast furnace used for extracting a metal. Rajah 2 menunjukkan sebuah relau bagas yang digunakan untuk menulenkan logam. What are substances P and Q? Apakah bahan P dan Q ?
Tin (IV) oxide + substance P (Timah (IV) oksida + bahan P)

A B C D

P Limestone Air kapur Limestone Air kapur Carbon Karbon Carbon Karbon

Q Molten iron Besi lebur Molten tin Timah lebur Molten iron Besi lebur Molten tin Timah lebur

Bahan Q

Diagram 2 Rajah 2

Diagram 3 shows an electroplating of an iron ring. Rajah 3 menunjukkan proses penyaduran cincin besi.

Iron ring (cincin besi)

Silver (argentum) Solution X (larutan X)

What is solution X ? Apakah larutan X? ASilver nitrate Argentum nitrat CAluminium nitrate Aluminium nitrat 7

Diagram 3 Rajah 3 B Iron (II) sulphate Ferum(II) sulfat D Copper (II) sulphate Kuprum(II) sulfat

What type of battery is used in a handphone ? (Apakah jenis bateri yang digunakan dalam telefon bimbit?) AAlkaline battery Bateri alkali CNickel-cadmium battery Bateri Nikel-cadmium B Acid-lead battery Bateri asid-plumbum D Silver oxide battery Bateri argentum oksida

The radioisotope used in archeology is (Radioisotop yang digunakan dalam arkeologi ialah) A Cobalt-60 Kobalt-60 B Uranium-235 Uranium-235 C Carbon-14 Karbon-14 D Oxygen-18 Oksigen-18

What is radioactive decay ? (Apakah pereputan radioaktif ?) A B C D the nuclear fission of an atom. (pembelahan nucleus sesuatu atom) the loss of electrons from an atom. (kehilangan electron sesuatu atom) the increase in the nucleon number of an atom. (penambahan nombor nukleon sesuatu atom) the process of unstable nucleus breaking up into a more stable nucleus. (proses pemecahan nukleus tak stabil kepada nukleus lebih stabil)

10

Diagram 4 shows a part of the fission process of a radioactive substance. (Rajah 4 menunjukkan sebahagian daripada proses pembelahan nucleus suatu bahan radioakti)

Particle K (Zarah K) Particle K Zarah K Nucleus Uranium - 235 Diagram 4 Rajah 4 What is particle K ? Apakah zarah K? A proton B proton electron elektron C neutron neutron D krypton atom atom krypton Particle K (Zarah K) Particle K (Zarah K)

Section B 1. Diagram 1 shows an experiment to study the reaction of metal P with dilute hydrochloric acid. Rajah 1 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji tindakbalas logam P dengan asid hidroklorik cair.

dilute hydrochloric acid (Asid hidroklorik cair)


5 g metal P (5 g logam P)

gas

Water (Air)

Diagram 1 Rajah 1 The volume of gas collected is recorded every minute for six minutes. Table 1 shows the results of the experiment. Isipadu gas yang dipungut direkod setiap minit dalam masa enam minit. Jadual 1 menunjukkan keputusan eksperimen. Time (minutes) Masa (minit) Volume of gas collected (cm3) Isipadu gas (cm3) 1 15 TABLE 1 Jadual 1 2 30 3 37.5 4 41 5 42.5 6 43

(a)

State the responding variable in this experiment. Nyatakan pembolehubah yang bergerak balas dalam eksperimen ini. .. [1 mark]

(b)

Based on Table 3, draw a graph of the volume of gas against time. Berdasarkan Jadual 3, lukiskan graf isipadu gas melawan masa.

Volume of gas (cm3) (Isipadu 40 gas (cm3)) 35

30

25

20

15

6 Time (minutes) (Masa minit)

[2 marks] (c) What is the relationship between the volume of gas given off and the reaction time in the first two minutes? Apakah hubungan antara isipadu gas yang terhasil dengan masa tindak balas bagi dua minit pertama? . [1 mark ]

(d)

Predict the volume of gas collected at the eighth minute. Ramalkan isipadu gas yang dikumpul pada masa lapan minit. . [1 mark ]

2.

Diagram 2 shows a process which uses electric energy to split up lead bromide. Rajah 2 menunjukkan saru proses di mana tenaga elektrik menguraikan plumbum bromida.

Diagram 2 Rajah 2

(a)

What is the process shown in the Diagram 2? Apakah process yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 2?
........................................................................................................................................................... [1 mark]

(b)

X and Y are two electrodes made of a certain material. What is the material? X dan Y merupakan dua elektrod diperbuat daripada bahan tertentu. Apakah bahan tersebut? ........................................................................................................................................................... [1 mark]

(c)

Which is anode (Electrode X or Y)? Antara elektrod X dan Y, yang manakah anod? ........................................................................................................................................................... [1 mark]

(d)

When the electricity is passed through, Apabila arus dialirkan, i) What are the ions that present in the molten lead bromide? Apakah ion yang hadir dalam leburan plumbum bromida? ........................................................................................................................................................... [2 mark] ii) What is the observation at electrode X? Apakah pemerhatian pada elektrod X ? ........................................................................................................................................................... [1 mark] iii) What are the products formed in electrode X and Y ? Apakah hasil yang terbentuk di elektrod X dan Y? ...........................................................................................................................................................

[2 mark]

3.

Diagram 3 shows how radioactive rays penetrate through different materials. Rajah 3 menunjukkan penembusan sinar radioaktif melalui bahan yang berbeza. Paper Aluminium (Kertas) (Aluminium) Lead (Plumbum)

Radioactive material Bahan radioaktif Diagram 3 Rajah 3 (a) What are radiations X, Y and Z? Apakah sinaran X, Y dan Z? X : ....................................................................................................................................... Y : ....................................................................................................................................... Z : ....................................................................................................................................... [3 marks] (b) What is the best way to store radioactive substances? Apakah cara terbaik bagi menyimpan bahan radiooaktif? ........................................................................................................................................................... [1 mark] (c) (i) Which radiation is the most dangerous? Sinaran manakah yang paling merbahaya? ................................................................................................................................................. (ii) Explain your answer Terangkan jawapan anda. ................................................................................................................................................. .................................................................................................................................................. [2 marks]

(d)

Which radiation will be attracted to negative terminal when passed through electrical field? Sinaran yang manakah akan tertarik ke terminal negatif apabila melalui medan elektrik ?

........................................................................................................................................................... [1 mark]