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Supertex inc.

High Input Voltage, Adjustable 3-Terminal Linear Regulator


LR8

Features

13.2 - 450V input voltage range Adjustable 1.20 - 440V output regulation 5% output voltage tolerance Output current limiting 10A typical ADJ current Internal junction temperature limiting

General Description

Applications

Off-line SMPS startup circuits Adjustable high voltage constant current source Industrial controls Motor controls Battery chargers Power supplies

The Supertex LR8 is a high voltage, low output current, adjustable linear regulator. It has a wide operating input voltage range of 13.2 - 450V. The output voltage can be adjusted from 1.20 - 440V provided that the input voltage is at least 12V greater than the output voltage. The output voltage can be adjusted by means of two external resistors R1 and R2 as shown in the typical application circuits. The LR8 regulates the voltage difference between VOUT and ADJ pins to a nominal value of 1.20V. The 1.20V is amplified by the external resistor ratio R1 and R2. An internal constant bias current of typically 10A is connected to the ADJ pin. This increases VOUT by a constant voltage of 10A times R2. The LR8 has current limiting and temperature limiting. The output current limit is typically 20mA and the minimum temperature limit is 125C. An output short circuit current will therefore be limited to 20mA. When the junction temperature reaches its temperature limit, the output current and/or output voltage will decrease to keep the junction temperature from exceeding its temperature limit. For SMPS start-up circuit applications, the LR8 turns off when an external voltage greater than the output voltage of the LR8 is applied to VOUT of the LR8. To maintain stability, a bypass capacitor of 1.0F or larger and a minimum DC output current of 500A are required. The device is available in TO-243AA (SOT-89), TO-252 (D-PAK), and TO-92 packages.

Typical Application Circuit

* VOUT R1

VIN C1

VIN

VOUT

LR8 ADJ

C2 RLOAD

R2

* Required for conditions where VIN is less than VOUT.

Supertex inc.

1235 Bordeaux Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94089

Tel: 408-222-8888

www.supertex.com

LR8 Ordering Information


Package Options Device LR8 TO-252 (D-PAK) LR8K4-G TO-92 LR8N3-G TO-243AA (SOT-89) LR8N8-G TO-252 (K4)
VOUT ADJ VOUT VIN
VIN ADJ

Pin Configurations
VOUT
ADJ VIN VOUT

-G indicates package is RoHS compliant (Green)

TO-92 (N3)

TO-243AA (SOT-89) (N8)

Absolute Maximum Ratings


Parameter VIN input voltage (voltages ref to ADJ) Output voltage range Operating ambient temperature range Operating junction temperature range Storage temperature range Value -0.5V to +480V -0.5V to +470V -40C to +85C -40C to +125C -65C to +150C

Product Marking
Si YYWW LR8K4 LLLLLLL
YY = Year Sealed WW = Week Sealed L = Lot Number = Green Packaging

Package may or may not include the following marks: Si or

TO-252 (K4)
SiLR 8 YWLL

Stresses beyond those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.

Y = Last Digit of Year Sealed W = Code for Week Sealed L = Lot Number = Green Packaging

Package may or may not include the following marks: Si or

TO-92 (N3)
LR8W

W = Code for Week Sealed = Green Packaging

Package may or may not include the following marks: Si or

TO-243AA (SOT-89) (N8)

Electrical Characteristics
Sym VIN - VOUT VOUT VOUT VOUT VOUT VOUT IOUT IOUT Parameter

(Test conditions unless otherwise specified: -40C < TA < 85C.)

Min 12 1.14 375 -1 10 -

Typ 1.20 400 0.003 1.4 -

Max 450 1.26 425 0.01 3.0 +1 30 0.5

Units Conditions V V V %/V % % mA mA --13.2V < VIN< 400V, R1 = 2.4K, R2 = 0 R1 = 2.4K, R2 = 782K 17V < VIN< 400V, VOUT = 5V, IOUT = 0.5mA VIN = 17V, VOUT = 5V, 0.5mA <IOUT< 10mA VIN = 17V, VOUT = 5V, IOUT = 10mA, -40C < TA < 85C TJ < 85C, VIN - VOUT = 12V TJ > 125C, VIN - VOUT = 450V
www.supertex.com

Input to output voltage difference Overall output voltage regulation Overall output voltage regulation Line regulation Load regulation Temperature regulation Output current limit Output current limit

Supertex inc.

1235 Bordeaux Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94089 2

Tel: 408-222-8888

LR8 Electrical Characteristics (cont.)


Sym IOUT IADJ C2 DVOUT/DVIN TLIMIT Parameter Minimum output current Adjust output current Minimum output load capacitance Ripple rejection ratio Junction temperature limit

(Test conditions unless otherwise specified: -40C < TA < 85C.)

Min 5.0 1.0 50 125

Typ 0.3 10 60 -

Max 0.5 15 -

Units Conditions mA A F dB C Includes R1 and load current ----120Hz, VOUT = 5V ---

Thermal Characteristics
Package TO-92 TO-243AA TO-252 Power Dissipation
@ TA = 25C C/W

jc

C/W

ja

0.74W 1.6W 2.5W

125 15 6.25

170 78 50

Note: Mounted on FR4 board, 25mm x 25mm x 1.57mm.

Functional Block Diagram


VIN
Pass Element

VOUT

Overtemp & Overcurrent

1.2V

10A

LR8

ADJ

Supertex inc.

1235 Bordeaux Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94089 3

Tel: 408-222-8888

www.supertex.com

LR8 Typical Application Circuits


Figure 1: High Input Voltage, 5.0V Output Linear Regulator

*
VIN = 17 to 450V VIN VOUT VOUT = 5.0V R1 6.04k 1% R2 18.2k 1%

LR8 ADJ
C1

C2 1.0F

RLOAD 16.5k

* Required for conditions where VIN is less than VOUT

VOUT = 1.20V 1+

R2 R1

+ IADJ R2

Figure 2: SMPS Start-Up Circuit


VIN = (VOUT + 12V) to 450V VAUXILIARY + VOUT1 VIN VOUT ADJ VCC FB + VOUT1 -

LR8

PWM IC

Figure 3: High Voltage Adjustable Constant Current Source


R IOUT = 1.20V R

VIN

VOUT ADJ

LR8

VIN = (VOUT + 12V) to 450V -

1.0F

Load

Supertex inc.

1235 Bordeaux Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94089 4

Tel: 408-222-8888

www.supertex.com

LR8 Typical Performance Curves


1.30 1.25

Temperature Variation

VIN

LR8
ADJ

VOUT = 1.2V

1.20

VOUT (V)

12V

2.4k

1.0F

1.15

1.10

1.05

1.00 -50

-25

25

50

75

100

125

T (junction) (OC)

12

Adjustment Current

11

VIN

LR8
ADJ IADJ

VOUT = 1.2V
IADJ (A)

10

VIN = 400V
9

12V, 200V 400V

VIN = 12V

2.4k

1.0 F

VIN = 200V

6 -50

-25

25

50

75

100

125

T (junction) (OC)

5.2

Load Regulation

VIN

LR8
ADJ

VOUT = 5.0V 6.04k 1%

IOUT
5.1

25V 18.2k 1%

1.0F

VOUT (V)

RLOAD

5.0

4.9

4.8

10

IOUT (mA)

Supertex inc.

1235 Bordeaux Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94089 5

Tel: 408-222-8888

www.supertex.com

LR8 Typical Performance Curves (cont.)


6

VOUT vs. VIN

VIN

LR8
ADJ

VOUT = 5.0V 6.04k 1% 1.0F 1k

VOUT (V)

0V to 50V 18.2k 1%

1 0

10

20

30

40

50

VIN (V)

-65

Ripple Rejection

LR8
ADJ

20VP-P @ 60Hz 65V

6.04K 1% 1.0F 18.2K 1% RLOAD

Ripple Regection Ratio (dB)

VIN

VOUT = 5.0V

IOUT

-64

-63

-62

-61

-60

10

IOUT (mA)

30

25

lCL (mA)

20

15

10 -40

-20

20

40
O

60

80

100

Temperature ( C)

Supertex inc.

1235 Bordeaux Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94089 6

Tel: 408-222-8888

www.supertex.com

LR8 Typical Performance Curves (cont.)


Load Transient Response
VIN VOUT = 5.0V
Closed

LR8
ADJ

6.04k 1% 1.0F 18.2k 1% 10k

SW

sw
532

Open

25V

VOUT

Load Transient Response

Line Transient Response


400V VIN 0V VIN

LR8
ADJ

VOUT = 5.0V 6.04k 1% 1.0F 10k

400V

VIN

18.2k 1%

0V

VOUT 0V

Line Transient Response

400V

400V

VIN

VIN

0V 5.0V VOUT 0V

0V 5.0V VOUT 0V

Line Power Up Transient

Line Power Down Transient

Supertex inc.

1235 Bordeaux Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94089 7

Tel: 408-222-8888

www.supertex.com

LR8

3-Lead TO-252 D-PAK Package Outline (K4)


b3 E E1 L3 1 D1 D H A c2

3
Note 1

L4

L5

b2

View B

Front View

Rear View

Side View

Gauge Plane L2 L L1

A1

Seating Plane

View B

Note: 1. Although 4 terminal locations are shown, only 3 are functional. Lead number 2 was removed. Symbol Dimension (inches) MIN NOM MAX A .086 .094 A1 .000* .005 b .025 .035 b2 .030 .045 b3 .195 .215 c2 .018 .035 D .235 .240 .245 D1 .205 .217* E .250 .265 E1 .170 .200* .090 BSC e H .370 .410 L .055 .060 .070 .108 REF .020 BSC L1 L2 L3 .035 .050 L4 .025* .040 L5 .035 .060

0
O

1 0O O

10

15O

JEDEC Registration TO-252, Variation AA, Issue E, June 2004. * This dimension is not specified in the JEDEC drawing. This dimension differs from the JEDEC drawing. Drawings not to scale. Supertex Doc. #: DSPD-3TO252K4, Version F040910.

Supertex inc.

1235 Bordeaux Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94089 8

Tel: 408-222-8888

www.supertex.com

LR8

3-Lead TO-92 Package Outline (N3)


D

Seating Plane

A 1 2 3

e1 e

Front View

Side View

E1

E 1 2 3

Bottom View

Symbol Dimensions (inches) MIN NOM MAX

A .170 .210

b .014 .022

c .014 .022

D .175 .205

E .125 .165

E1 .080 .105

e .095 .105

e1 .045 .055

L .500 .610*

JEDEC Registration TO-92. * This dimension is not specified in the JEDEC drawing. This dimension differs from the JEDEC drawing. Drawings not to scale. Supertex Doc.#: DSPD-3TO92N3, Version E041009.

Supertex inc.

1235 Bordeaux Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94089 9

Tel: 408-222-8888

www.supertex.com

LR8

3-Lead TO-243AA (SOT-89) Package Outline (N8)


D D1 C

E H

E1

e e1

b1

Top View

Side View

Symbol Dimensions (mm) MIN NOM MAX

A 1.40 1.60

b 0.44 0.56

b1 0.36 0.48

C 0.35 0.44

D 4.40 4.60

D1 1.62 1.83

E 2.29 2.60

E1 2.00 2.29

e 1.50 BSC

e1 3.00 BSC

H 3.94 4.25

L 0.73 1.20

JEDEC Registration TO-243, Variation AA, Issue C, July 1986. This dimension differs from the JEDEC drawing Drawings not to scale. Supertex Doc. #: DSPD-3TO243AAN8, Version F111010.

(The package drawing(s) in this data sheet may not reflect the most current specifications. For the latest package outline information go to http://www.supertex.com/packaging.html.)
Supertex inc. does not recommend the use of its products in life support applications, and will not knowingly sell them for use in such applications unless it receives an adequate product liability indemnification insurance agreement. Supertex inc. does not assume responsibility for use of devices described, and limits its liability to the replacement of the devices determined defective due to workmanship. No responsibility is assumed for possible omissions and inaccuracies. Circuitry and specifications are subject to change without notice. For the latest product specifications refer to the Supertex inc. (website: http//www.supertex.com)
2011 Supertex inc. All rights reserved. Unauthorized use or reproduction is prohibited.

Doc.# DSFP-LR8 A030911

1235 Bordeaux Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94089 Tel: 408-222-8888 www.supertex.com 10

Supertex inc.