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Lampiran

SEPARATOR

Kode : SP
Fungsi : memisahkan gas H2 dari komponen yang lain
Kondisi operasi : Tekanan = 5 atm
Suhu = 45.62 °C
Tipe : Horisontal drum
Asumsi : semua gas H2 dapat dipisahkan dengan komponen yang lain

1. Neraca Massa
input output
komponen uap uap cair
kmol kg kmol kg kmol kg
H2 44.85541915 89.7108383 44.855419 89.7108383 0 0
B1 48.14476067 2696.1066 0.000503 0.02816634 48.144258 2696.0784
NB 44.85541915 2601.61431 0.0003873 0.02246082 44.855032 2601.5919
B2 1.794216766 100.476139 0 0 1.7942168 100.47614
C5 1.019257464 73.3865374 0 0 1.0192575 73.386537
jumlah 140.6690732 5561.29442 44.856309 89.7614655 95.812764 5471.533

2. Menghitung densitas uap dan cairan

 Menghitung densitas uap

komponen yi BMi BMi*yi Tc ( K ) Tc. Yi Pc ( atm ) Pc.yi

H2 1.0000 2.0160 2.0160 33.1800 33.1793 12.9583 12.9580
B1 1.1213E-05 56.1070 0.0006 419.5600 0.0047 39.6743 0.0004
NB 8.6332E-06 58.1230 0.0005 425.1800 0.0037 37.4735 0.0003
B2 0 56.1070 0 428.6300 0 40.4836 0
C5 0 72.1500 0 469.6500 0 33.2494 0
jumlah 1.0000 2.0171 33.1877 12.9588

Separator
Lampiran

BMcamp = 2.0171 kg/kgmol

R = 0.082057 atm.m3/kmol.K
Pr = P/Pc = 0.3858379
Tr = T/Tc = 9.6049992
Z = 1
densitas uap = 3.8557E-01 kg/m3
 Menghitung densitas cairan

T = 318.76799 K
komponen xi A B n Tc ρ cairan
H2 0.0000 0.03125 0.3473 0.2756 33.18 0
B1 0.5025 0.23224 0.2663 0.2853 419.59 0.28160
NB 0.4682 0.22827 0.2724 0.2863 425.18 0.25629
B2 0.0187 0.2373 0.27217 0.28571 428.63 0.01073
C5 0.0106 0.23143 0.26923 0.28215 469.65 0.00638
jumlah 1 0.55500

Densitas cairan = 0.555 gr/ml = 555 kg/m3

3. Menghitung laju volumetrik uap dan cairan
Laju volumetrik uap (v) = M uap / densitas uap
= 89.7614655 kg/j
3.8557E-01 kg/m3
= 2.3280E+02 m3/jam
= 6.4667E-02 m3/s
= 2.2836081 ft3/s

Laju volumetrik cairan (L) = M cairan / densitas cairan

= 5471.53296 kg/jam
555 kg/m3
= 9.85863295 m3/jam
= 0.00273851 m3/s

Separator
Lampiran

(Carl R. Branan, 1994)

dengan,
U : kecepatan gas, fps

Kh = 1.25 x Kv

Kh = 0.125

sehingga Umax = 4.7408 fps = 1.4450 m/s

(Av)min = Qv / Umax = 2.2836 ft3/s
4.7408 ft/s
= 4.8169E-01 ft2
5. Menghitung Dmin separator

Separator
Lampiran

(A total)min = 2.4085 ft2

= 1.75159868 ft
= 0.53389377m
= 21.01944 inc
6. Menghitung panjang vessel (L)

Diambil waktu tinggal cairan dalam drum = 300 s = 5 mnt (Ulrich, 1984)
VL = QL x Waktu tinggal

QL = 0.002738509 m3/s

untuk perancangan = QL *(1+ over design) = 0.00328621 m3/s

VL = 0.985863295 m3
= 34.814164 ft3
= 60161.06943 in3

D = Dmin + 6"

D = 27.01943979 inc
= 0.6862938 m
= 2.2515926 ft

Separator
Lampiran

Range panjang separator = 1 - 20 m

L =

= 34.814164 ft3
(π/4) 2.2515ft2
= 8.7479 ft
= 2.6666 m
L/D = 8.7479 ft
2.2515 ft
= 3.8852 L/D antara 3 – 5 (Ulrich, 1984)

dengan, ts : tebal shell, in

P : internal pressure, psia
ƒ : allowwable stresses, psi
E : joint efficiency
C : corrosion allowance, in
Material : Carbon stell SA 285 C
Spesifikasi :
faktor keamanan = 10%
P operasi = 5 atm
P design = 5.5 atm = 80.85 psia

Separator
Lampiran

Allowwable stresses ( ƒ ) = 13750

Joint efficiency (E) = 80%
Corrosion allowance = 0.125 inc
ri = 13.509

inc

= 0.2247363 inc
digunakan tebal standart = 0.25 inc
Diameter luar shell = IDS + 2 x ts = 27.51944 inc
Dipakai diameter luar standart 28 inc
tabel 5.7 untuk OD 28 inc
t = 0.25 inc
icr = 1.625 inc
rc = 24 inc

maka ( Brownell 7.76 )

w = 1.71076892 inc

( Brownell 7.77 )

th = 0.13321202 inc
digunakan tebal standart 0.1875 inc
untuk tebal head 3 / 16 in , maka :
standar straight flange (sf) antara 1.5 – 2 (tabel 5.8 Brownell)
dipilih sf = 1.75
dari pers. di fig. 5.8 Brownell

Separator
Lampiran

BC = rc - icr
= 22.375 in
AB = ( ID/2) - icr
= 11.88472 in
AC = ( BC^2 - AB^2)^0.5
= 18.957691 in
b = rc - AC
= 5.0423087 in
Lebar Head ( OA ) = th + b + sf
= 0.13321202 + 5.0423087 + 1.75
= 6.79230874 in
= 0.17252464 m
10. Dimensi separator keseluruhan
Lebar total separator = L + 2 OA
= 2.66640998 + 0.34504928
= 3.01145927 m
Tinggi separator = 0.68629377 m

Resume
Kode : SP
Fungsi : memisahkan H2 dari komponen yang lain
Tipe : horizontal drum
Kondisi operasi
 Tekanan : 5 atm

Separator
Lampiran

 Suhu : 45.63 °C
Material : Carbon steel SA 283 grade C
Dimensi
Diameter : 0.6862938 m
Panjang : 2.6666 m
Tebal drum : 0.25 inc
Panjang total : 3.01145927 m

Separator