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piping codes & standards


list of standards The integrity of a piping system depends on the considerations and principles used in design, construction and maintenance of the system. Piping systems are made of many components as pipes, flanges, supports, gaskets, bolts, valves, strainers, flexibles and expansion joints. The components can be made in a variety of materials, in different types and sizes and may be manufactured to common national standards or according a manufacturers proprietary item. Some companies even publish their own internal piping standards based upon national and industry sector standards. Piping code s and standards from standardization organizations as ANSI, ASME, ISO , DIN and othe rs, are the m ost com m on use d in pipe s and piping syste m s spe cifications. The diffe re nce be twe e n piping code s and piping standards can be de fine d as:

Piping Codes
Piping code s de fine s the re quire m e nts of de sign, fabrication, use of m ate rials, te sts and inspe ction of pipe s and piping syste m s. A code has a lim ite d jurisdiction de fine d by the code .

Piping Standards
Piping standards de fine application de sign and construction rule s and re quire m e nts for piping com pone nts as flange s, e lbows, te e s, valve s e tc. A standard has a lim ite d scope de fine d by the standard. A SME/A NSI B16 - Standards of Pipes and Fittings - The A SME B16 Standards covers pipes and fittings in cast iron , cast bronze, wrought copper and steel . A STM International - A STM International - A merican Society for Testing and Materials - is a scientific and technical organization that develops and publishes voluntary standards on the characteristics of material, products, systems and services . A STM International - Standards for Steel Pipes, Tubes and Fittings - The A STM standards covers various types of steel pipes, tubes and fittings for high-temperature service, ordinary use and special applications such as fire protection use . A STM International - Volume 01.01 Steel - Piping, Tubing, Fittings - A n overview of the A STM Volume 01.01 standard . Bronze Flanges - A SME/A NSI 150 lb - Flange diameters, thickness, bolt circles, numbers and diameters of bolts for A SME/A NSI B16.15 - Cast Bronze Threaded Fittings - 150 lb Bronze flanges with plain faces . Bronze Flanges - A SME/A NSI 300 lb - Flange diameters, thickness, bolt circles, numbers and diameter of bolts for A SME/A NSI B16.15 - Cast Bronze Threaded Fittings - 300 lb Bronze Flanges with plain faces . BSi - Pipe, Tube and Fittings Standards and Specifications - British standards and specifications for pipe, tube and fittings . Carbon and Low-A lloy Steels Classification - Steel is considered to be carbon steel when no minimum content is specified or required

Carbon and Low-A lloy Steels Classification - Steel is considered to be carbon steel when no minimum content is specified or required for chromium, cobalt, columbium (niobium), molybdenum, nickel, titanium, tungsten, vanadium or zirconium . Carbon and Stainless Steel Flanges - A SME/A NSI Class 150 - A SME/A NSI B16.5-1996 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings - Class 150 Flanges - outside and inside diameters, bolt circles, numbers and diameters of bolts . Carbon and Stainless Steel Flanges - A SME/A NSI Class 1500 - A SME/A NSI B16.5-1996 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings - Class 1500 Flanges - outside and inside diameters, bolt circles, numbers and diameters of bolts . Carbon and Stainless Steel Flanges - A SME/A NSI Class 2500 - A SME/A NSI B16.5-1996 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings - Class 2500 Flanges - outside and inside diameters, bolt circles, numbers and diameters of bolts . Carbon and Stainless Steel Flanges - A SME/A NSI Class 300 - A SME/A NSI B16.5-1996 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings - Class 300 Flanges - outside and inside diameters, bolt circles, numbers and diameters of bolts . Carbon and Stainless Steel Flanges - A SME/A NSI Class 400 - A SME/A NSI B16.5-1996 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings - Class 400 Flanges - outside and inside diameters, bolt circles, numbers and diameters of bolts . Carbon and Stainless Steel Flanges - A SME/A NSI Class 600 - A SME/A NSI B16.5-1996 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings - Class 600 Flanges - outside and inside diameters, bolt circles, numbers and diameters of bolts . Carbon and Stainless Steel Flanges - A SME/A NSI Class 900 - A SME/A NSI B16.5-1996 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings - Class 900 Flanges - outside and inside diameters, bolt circles, numbers and diameters of bolts . Carbon and Stainless Steel Welding Neck Flange Bores - Flange bores of welding neck flanges according A SME/A NSI B16.5-1996 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings . Carbon Steel Flanges - Pressure and Temperature Ratings - Maximum temperature and pressure ratings of flanges conforming dimensions A SME B16.5 and materials specification A STM A -105 . Carbon Steel Pipes - Comparing A merican & European Specifications - Comparing standards of carbon steel pipes from USA , Germany, UK and Sweden . Cast Iron Flanges - A SME/A NSI Class 125 - A SME/A NSI B16.1 - 1998 - Cast Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings - Class 125 Flanges - outside and inside diameters, bolt circles, numbers and diameters of bolts . Cast Iron Flanges - A SME/A NSI Class 25 - A SME/A NSI B16.1 - 1998 - Cast Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings - Class 25 Flanges - outside and inside diameters, bolt circles, numbers and diameters of bolts . Cast Iron Flanges - A SME/A NSI Class 250 - A SME/A NSI B16.1 - 1998 - Cast Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings - Class 250 Flanges - outside and inside diameters, bolt circles, numbers and diameters of bolts . Comparing A merican and British Piping Standards - Comparing US A merican (A STM) and British (BSi) piping standards specifications, grades and material descriptions . Cross Reference of A STM Material Specifications - Fittings, Flanges, Unions and Cast and Forged Valves . DIN - Pipe, Tube and Fittings Standards and Specifications - Deutsches Institut fr Normung - DIN - pipe, tube and fittings standards and specifications . Fiberglass Pipes - common Standards - Commonly used standards for fiberglass pipes and their applications . Flanges - A PI vs. A SME/A NSI - Comparing A PI and A SME/A NSI flanges . Flanges - Ratings in Classes and Pressure Numbers (PN) - Pressure numbers (PN) compared to flange class designations . ISO - Pipe, Tube and Fittings Standards and Specifications - International Organization for Standardization - ISO - pipe, tube and fittings standards and specifications . JIS - Flanges, Bolts, Nuts, and Gaskets Standards - Japanese industrial flanges, bolts, nuts, and gaskets standards and specifications from JA S - the Japanese Standards A ssociation . JIS - Japanese Industrial Standards - The Japanese Standards A ssociation - JSA . JIS - Pipe, Tube and Fittings Standards - Japanese industrial pipe, tube and fittings standards and specifications from JA S - the Japanese Standards A ssociation . Stainless Steel - Comparing International Standards - Comparing international stainless steel standards from A merica (US), France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, Spain, Sweden, England (UK) and the European Union . Stainless Steel Pipes - Comparing A merican and European Standards - Comparing A merican - US - and European - German, British (UK) and Swedish - stainless steel pipe standards . Stainless Steels Classifications - Stainless steels are commonly grouped into martensitic stainless steels, ferritic stainless steels, austenitic stainless steels, duplex (ferritic-austenitic) stainless steels, and precipitation-hardening stainless steels . Steel Pipe Standardization Organizations - The most important world wide steel pipe standardization organizations . Steel Pipes Dimensions - A NSI Schedule 80 - Internal and external diameters, areas, weights, volumes and number of threads for schedule 80 steel pipes . Steel Pipes Dimensions - A NSI Schedule 40 - Internal and external diameters, areas, weights, volumes and number of threads for schedule 40 steel pipes . Steel Tubes according BS 1387 - Dimensions and weights of steel tubes according BSi - BS 1387:1985 Specification for screwed and socketed steel tubes and tubulars and for plain end steel tubes suitable for welding or for screwing to BS 21 pipe threads .

Threaded & Socket Welded Fittings -Pressure Classes and Schedules - Pressure classes, schedules and weights of pipes for threaded & socket welded fittings .

Europe an C om m itte e for Standardization C EN - C EN/TC 69 - Publishe d standards

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