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HOW TO WRITE A GOOD PARAGRAPH 1.

The topic sentence (at the beginning of the paragraph) includes: topic main points

2. Supporting sentences: FRIED (focus on REASON and EXAMPLE) 3. Organization method: Time order From the least important to the most important ideas

4. Transition words: Depend on kind of paragraph 1. NARRATION Definition: Paragraphs that tell stories 1. Topic sentence: includes the topic and a preview of what is important about it. 2. Supporting sentences: a series of events 3. Organization method: TIME order 4. Transition words: After As At last Before While eventually finally first during later meanwhile next now last since 2. PROCESS Definition: Paragraphs that explain how things happen 1. Topic sentence: includes the process being analyzed and the main point 2. Supporting sentences: a series of steps 3. Organization method: TIME order 4. Transition words: After As At last Before eventually finally first during meanwhile next now last soon then when second soon then when second

While

later

since 2. COMPARISON AND CONTRAST

Definition: Paragraphs that show similarities and differences 1. Topic sentence: includes the topic and the main point: similarity or difference 2. Supporting sentences: a series of important, parallel points of similarities or differences 3. Organization method: block organization point by point organization

4. Transition words: One similarity/difference is Another similarity/difference is Similarly, Like/Unlike , Both . While , 4. CLASSIFICATION Definition: Paragraphs that put things into groups 1. Topic sentence: includes the topic being classified and the principle to classify 2. Supporting sentences: a group of categories 3. Organization method: time space important order

4. Transition words: First, second, ., finally, Firstly, secondly, , finally, First, next, then, after that,, finally, 5. ARGUMENT Definition: Paragraphs that persuade 1. Topic sentence: includes the topic and ONE position (for or against) 2. Supporting sentences: FRIED (focus on facts, reasons and examples)

3. Organization method: important order (save the best for last) 4. Transition words to emphasize: Above all, Especially, In fact, The last point to consider is More important, Most important, Best of all, Worst of all, 6. CAUSE AND EFFECT PARAGRAPH 1. Topic sentence: includes the topic and the main point (cause or effect) 2. Supporting sentences: FRIED 3. Organization method: important order (save the best for last) 4. Transition words: First of all, Another reason is In addition, Also, Moreover, The major reason is (for useful words, look at the handout) 7. DISCUSSION 1. Topic sentence: includes the topic and TWO main points (advantages and disadvantages) 2. Supporting sentences: FRIED 3. Organization method: important order (save the best for last) 4. Transition words:

On the other hand, In contrast, On the contrary, However, Nevertheless, Nonetheless, 8. SUMMARY STEP 1: Find the topic sentence STEP 2: Rebuild the outline STEP 3: Cross out repeated and unnecessary ideas STEP 4: Write the paragraph in your own words 9. DESCRIBING GRAPHS 1. Topic sentence: The graph shows/reveals/indicates/illustrates/demonstrates/presents . 2. Supporting sentences: - use both nouns and verbs to describe - use both simple and complex sentences 3. Useful structures: (use the past simple tense) - Structures with nouns: There was an increase in . The next year witnessed / saw a sharp drop in Sales experienced a sharp drop in A rise was followed by a sharp drop in . Falling dramatically in the first three years, sales increased very quickly in June. While/whereas there was a fall in June, May witnessed a sharp increase.

- Complex sentences

(For useful phrase, look at the in-class handout)