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Submitted as a part of MBA I year Course Requirement By Name of the student: C.MANOJKUMAR Reg. no : 3511040094

Under the guidance of Prof.Dr.Shanthi Venkatesh



This is to certify that Mr.C.MANOJ KUMAR , Reg No:3511040094, Section: B of I yr. MBA, is a Bonafide student at SRM B-School, SRM University, Vadapalani City Campus, Chennai-26.He is in the 1st year of masters degree program in business administration(MBA). He has done this project under my guidance and supervision towards the fulfillment of 1st year MBA course.



DECLARATION I , C.MANOJ KUMAR (3511040094) studying in I year MBA Programme at SRM B school SRM university, Vadapalani City Campus, Chennai hereby declare that this project is an original work of mine and I have not verbatim copied/duplicated any material from internet or from print media excepting some vital company information or statistics which are provided by the company itself.

Signature of the student:

Date: Place:


My sincere thanks to honorable Chairman, Dr.T.R.Pacchamuthu, for his sincere Endeavour in educating us in his premier institution.

I would like to express my thanks to Dean for his kind words and enthusiastic motivation which inspired me a lot in completing this project.

I wish to convey my thanks and gratitude to my Head of the Department, Prof.T.P.Nagesh, Department of Master of Business Administration, for his support and by providing me sample time to complete my project.

I especially want to thank my faculty guide Prof.Dr.Shanthi Venkatesh, for her guidance during my summer internship. Her perpetual energy and enthusiasm had motivated me all the time. In addition, she was always accessible and willing to help her students with their project. As a result, the internship training was really helpful to me and I gained more knowledge.


INDEX S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Conclusion Bibliography Topics Page No.

Excavation is most commonly and best known for a technique within the science of archaeology. The individual types of excavation are known simply as digs to those who participate, with this being an over literal description of the process. An

excavation concerns itself with a specific archaeological site or connected series of sites, and may be carried on over a number of years, since the work is normally seasonal. Within the industry of excavation, many more techniques may be utilized, with each dig having its own particular features that may necessitate differences of approach. Initially, excavation involves the removal of any topsoil that is uncovered by machine. What is dug up may be examined by a metal detector for stray finds but unless the excavation site has remained untouched for a long period of time, there is as mall layer of modern material on the surface that is of limited archaeological interest. In rural areas, any type of archaeological features should be visible beneath the surface. With urban areas, they may be thick layers of human deposits and only the uppermost will be visible to the naked eye. With either case, the first task is drawing a scaled site plan that will show the edges of the excavation. Excavation is also useful for digging out houses and trenches. When clearing dirt out for roads or sub divisions, excavation is what takes care of things. Even though there are a few means, the term excavation is used anytime that the earth or dirt is disturbed. Heavy machinery is also very common with excavation, such as excavators or backhoes. Excavating crews run the equipment and dig up soil and rocks for

whatever the purpose may be. Excavators are the most used machinery, as they can move a lot of dirt in a little bit of time. Anytime you are taking part in excavation, you should always use common sense and be safe. If you plan to get down into a hole or trench, you should always use a trench box. Even though the hole may not be that deep, excavation sites can always cave in and at that point things are very dangerous and possibly even deadly. For digging up rare artifacts or putting in houses or roads, excavation is something that has been around for years and years. There is a lot to learn with excavation, as youll need to know how to run machinery, shoot grade, and how to properly dig holes and trenches so they wont cave in.

There is a huge scope for the Excavation equipment market in India given the countrys increasing focus on a number of key infrastructure projects. Indian Earthmoving and construction Equipment Industry (ECE), is at a water shed in its evolution and all set to experience strong growth, spurred by the nations rapid economic development. It has the potential of approximately US$ 12-13 billion by 2015, growing at 30 per cent. This is in tune with global demand for construction machinery, which is for cast to climb six per cent per year to $130 billion in 2011.

Product sales will be fuelled by healthy economic growth, ongoing industrialization efforts, rising population and higher standers of living in developing parts of the world, leading to substantial increase in construction spending. However, the Indian construction equipment industry has evolved primarily on the basis of domestic demand generated over various plan periods,

essentially on the basis of investments which have gone into mining, infrastructure development and the building and construction sector.

Vipin Sondhi,MD & CEO, JCB India Ltd, on the occasion of celebrating manufacturing and selling 100,000 machines in India, JCBs over 750 crore investments in its Pune and Ballabgarh plants position us very well to take advantage of the ever growing demand for construction equipment in India. JCB today is the market leader in construction equipment sector in India with over 50 per cent market share. The Company is also gaining strength in the Tracked Excavator, Compaction, equipment and wheeled Loading, Shovel segment across India.

According to reports, Volvo India was quoted as saying that The construction equipment market in India is expected to reach Rs. 2500 crore by the end 2010 and we are aiming to capture 10 per cent of this market . There is a huge scope for the construction equipment market in India given in the countrys increasing focus on sectors like mining and infrastructure.

With the industry booming, a lot of new areas are emerging, which present good growth potential for the future. For instance, the rental segment is expected to grow about 25 per cent by 2010. Currently, equipment rentals contribute to jet over 2 per cent of the market. The leasing segment is equally promising as it is estimated to grow by 8 per cent in 2010 from present 2 per cent. Export is another promising section where a number of players are betting big. Exports of Construction Equipment (CE) from India grew by 30 per cent CAGR over 2001-05 and are expected to sustain this growth in the future.

GROWTH OF THE INDUSTRY The Indian excavation/construction equipment has been growing at a scorching pace of more than 30 percent per annum The demand for construction equipments correlated with ports, pipelines, roads, steels, power projects, mining and building etc. which attract an investment of more than 500 billion in next few years. Equipment cost as a part of construction cost ranges from 4.5 percent to 24 percent.

The sector has seen a double-digit growth in its sales turnover for the past two years with a phenomenal 33 percent growth in the previous year. The growth was seen more in the mining equipment segment. There was comparatively lesser growth seen in the construction and road making machinery. This may be viewed in the context of the tapering off in demand under the national highway development programme from the end of 2003.

The order backlog for the industry is Rs.3,400 crores as on 31st March 2005 which is more than 50 percent of the projected sales of the industry for 2005-06. The domestic demand in 2004-05 was Rs.6,300 crores and it is estimated that the demand in 2005-06 will be in excess of Rs.7,000 crores. Exports were to the tune of Rs.280 crores in 2003-04 and Rs.330 crores in 2004-05. The industry is presently focused on meeting domestic requirements and is also striving to be

competitive in the world market.However for construction/excavation equipment industry, the pricing of the product is not a major factor that would affect the demand of the product. The construction equipments mostly used in manufacturing process industry are a necessity for many process industries. Their only major requirement would be the specifications and quality of the equipment as even small variations can create problems in their process and thereby the end products.


Worlds seventh largest country by area and second biggest by population makes India one of the most dynamically growing and still, largely untapped construction equipment industry. The country has witnessed massive investment in the construction industry from both public and private enterprises in recent years. Multibillion dollar investments made in constructing roads, ports, power plants, telecommunication sector, urban infrastructural developments, etc have paved the way for construction equipments demand to grow substantially in recent years.


Caterpillar hit a dial of power and performance with its top of the line 446 backhoe loader when it first introduced the D series version of the machine. The102 HP machine also features a new operator station and offers optional joystick controls. The dig forces on the bucket have increased 10% on the backhoe.

Bobcat gave its compact backhoe loaders a power boost when the company introduced the second generation B series to the lineup. The 31.5 HP B100 receive a 45% increase in backhoe bucket breakout force and a 27% jump in the breakout force of the dipper. The 46 HP B300 received a 44% increase in dipper breakout force and a 21% boost in the break out force of the bucket. The three model line also includes the B250, which is a 31.5 HP side shift unit. Similar to the larger B300, the B250 also features all wheel steering and four wheel drive.

New Holland Each one of the four models of backhoe loaders in the New Holland lineup use the new 4.5 liter turbo charged Tier 2 engine. This new engine and a number of other upgrades were the basis for the B series machines, which offer low effort pilot controls which will give you a choice between excavator or loader style patterns.

Case added quite a bit to its M series backhoe loaders, by switching to family 3 engines to meet Tier 2 emission standards. The new machines of the M series have quieter, larger displacement engines for better lugging capacity. They also have increased torque rise for faster cycles of loader and backhoe operations. With 500 hour intervals of oil changes and easy to access transmission mounted hydraulic pumps, the M series is surely a force to be reckoned with in the world of backhoes. Ingersoll-Rand The newest compact backhoe loader from this company can reach digging depths of up to 12feet with its backhoe. Working as a loader, theBL-580 has an operating capacity of 3,406 pounds with a breakout force of 9,370 pounds.

Both the loader and backhoe are equipped with standard auxiliary hydraulics with a two way flow to accommodate a variety of attachments, which includes booms, breakers, augers, and even compactors. Other nifty features include hydrostatic four wheel drive for power and traction, and all wheel steering for a tight radius.

Komatsu announced that the optional excavator style joystick controls would be offered on its five model lineup of backhoes. The lineup has also been upgraded with increased hydraulic speed, stronger components, and Tier 2 engines. The entire Komatsu line consists of the 87 HP WB140series, and the 94 HP WB150 series. The standard model found with each series features a four speed mechanical transmission complete with a torque converter. The fifth model from Komatsu is the WB150, with offers an all-star wheel design with a power shift transmission and antitheft prevention system.

John Deere
The 410H is the hallmark of John Deere, offering92 HP. The 410H also offers the total machine control system, which integrates control for the engine, transmission, hydraulics, and brakes so that the system can respond in an efficient way to the many different job demands.

Since acquiring the Fermec line, Terex has marketed a full and impressive line of backhoes. The models include the 92 HP TX760B and the 100 HPTX860B. At 100 HP as well are the 860SX, 860 Elite, and the 970 Elite. Both the 760 and 860 models feature four speed shuttle gearboxes and travel speeds of up to 25.8 miles per hour.

A crane is a tower or derrick that is equipped with cables and pulleys that are used to lift and lower material. They are commonly used in the construction industry and in the manufacturing of heavy equipment. Cranes for construction are normally

temporary structures, either fixed to the ground or mounted on a purpose built vehicle. They can either be controlled from an operator in a cab that travels along with the crane, by a pushbutton pendant control station, or by radio type controls. The crane operator is ultimately responsible for the safety of the crews and the crane.

Medieval cranes
Cranes of the Middle Ages were used to build the cathedrals of Europe. The crane was fixed on top of a wall as it was being constructed and was powered by men that ran inside of two large wheel son each side. Cranes were also used in medieval port sand in shipyards.

Mobile cranes
The most basic type of crane consists of a steel truss or telescopic boom mounted on a mobile platform, which could be a rail, wheeled, or even on a cat truck. The boom is hinged at the bottom and can be either raised or lowered by cables or hydraulic cylinders.

Telescopic crane
This type of crane offers a boom that consists of a number of tubes fitted one inside of the other. A hydraulic mechanism extends or retracts the tubes to increase or decrease the length of the boom. Tower crane the tower crane is a modern form of a balance crane. When fixed to the ground, tower cranes will often give the best combination of height and lifting capacity and are also used when constructing tall buildings.

Truck mounted crane

Cranes mounted on a rubber tire truck will provide great mobility. Outriggers that extend vertically or horizontally are used to level and stabilize the crane during hoisting. Rough terrain crane .A crane that is mounted on an undercarriage with four rubber tires, designed for operations off road. The outriggers extend vertically and horizontally to level and stabilize the crane when hoisting. These types of cranes are single engine machines where the same engine is used for powering the undercarriage as it is for powering the crane. In these types of cranes, the engine is normally mounted in the undercarriage rather than in the upper portion.

Loader crane
A loader crane is a hydraulically powered articulated arm fitted to a trailer, used to load equipment onto a trailer. The numerous sections can be folded into a small space when the crane isnt in use.

Overhead crane
Also referred to as a suspended crane, this type is normally used in a factory, with some of them being able to lift very heavy loads. The hoist is set on a trolley which will move in one direction along one or two beams, which move at angles to that direction along elevated or ground level tracks, often mounted along the side of an assembly area. In the excavation world, cranes are used to move equipment or machinery. Cranes can quickly and easily move machinery into trenches or down steep hills, or even pipe. There are many types of cranes available, serving everything from excavation to road work. Cranes are also beneficial to building bridges or construction. For many years, cranes have proven to be an asset to the industry of construction and excavating. Crane operators make really good money, no matter what type of crane they are operating.

Compact Excavator
The compact hydraulic excavator can be a tracked or wheeled vehicle with an approximate operating weight of 13,300 pounds. Normally, it includes a standard backfill blade and features an independent boom swing. The compact hydraulic excavator is also known as a mini excavator.

A compact hydraulic excavator is different from other types of heavy machinery in the sense that all movement and functions of the machine are accomplished through the transfer of hydraulic fluid. The workgroup and blade are activated by hydraulic fluid acting upon hydraulic cylinders. The rotation and travel functions are also activated by hydraulic fluid powering hydraulic motors. Most types of compact hydraulic excavators have three assemblies house, undercarriage, and the work group


The company has always been a pioneer. In 1930, as a division of Kobe Steel, Ltd., we produced the first piece of construction machinery to be manufactured in Japan: the 50K electric mining shovel. Since then, we have shaped our future with an indomitable spirit, developing many innovative construction machinery products.

To ensure a rapid response to changing needs, Kobelco Construction Machinery Co., Ltd. became an independent subsidiary of Kobe Steel in 1999. Operating independently, we will continue to serve our clients as a full-service company specializing in construction machinery. As a member of the KOBELCO Group, we are committed to providing the high-quality products and excellent service our customers have come to expect from KOBELCO, with closer ties than ever to dealers and customers throughout the world.

The company pursues its business operations with priority given to users in the field. We listen carefully to our customers to identify exactly what they want and expect from the machines they use, and we keep our eyes open to anticipate emerging trends. By listening first, we are able to accurately meet the needs of the times, with products and services that maintain the very highest levels of quality.

Our primary mandate is to ensure customer satisfaction with products and services that have a high intrinsic value. Building on our many years of experience in the construction machinery field, we will continue to focus on user needs and, bearing in mind our three key words of simplicity, speed, and openness, work to ensure that every KOBELCO customer is fully satisfied


Management Philosophy Focusing on the needs of users in the field, we dedicate ourselves to satisfying our customers by supplying them with products, services, and information that have true value, while contributing to the creation of a prosperous society. Action Policies Simplicity Focusing on the needs of users in the field, we dedicate ourselves to satisfying our customers by supplying them with products, services, and information that have true value, while contributing to the creation of a prosperous society. Speed While working to refine our creativity and sensitively on a day-to-day basis, we will strive to accurately meet, with all possible speed, the changing demands of our customer and the times. Openess While committing ourselves to acting with a fairness that reflects mutual respect among people who have different personalities and attributes, we will work to create a free and magnanimous company atmosphere that is open and filled with vitality.

KOBELCO Construction Machinery (East Japan) Co., Ltd. KOBELCO Construction Machinery (West Japan) Co., Ltd. Kobelco Construction Machinery Engineering, Co., Ltd. Kobelco Construction Machinery International Trading, Co., Ltd.

KOBELCO CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT INDIA PVT. LTD. (INDIA) Manufacture of hydraulic excavators, sales and service operations in India. Accumulating New Technologies Through Basic Research Construction crystallization machines of diverse, are the


technologies. We at KOBELCO constantly pursue basic research so that we can respond quickly to the changing needs of our customers. Currently, we are

concentrating on future technologies in such areas as energy-efficiency (exemplified by hybrid machines), noise-reduction, weight-reduction, and safety. This work is pursued in cooperation with Kobe Steel's Kobe Corporate Research Laboratories. * Research fields include mechatronics; structural strength; vibration and noise; heat flow technologies ; processing technologies; joining technologies, etc.

Concurrent Development: An Integrated Design Concept

In the conventional approach to design, the task of the designers is over as soon as the blueprints are handed to the manufacturing department. KOBELCO Construction

Machinery has abandoned this approach in favor of concurrent design, which means that all aspects of machine production, from quality control through cost and scheduling, are taken into consideration during the design stage. In this way, we can deliver high-quality products to our customers more quickly than ever before.

Products in India:

SK210LC-8 SUPER SK350LC-8 SUPER SK480LC-8 SUPER (Coal Mining)

0.9 2.3 3.4

118/2,000 209/2,100 257/1,850

20,600 34,300 51,200

SK135SR (SR135SR-2)




Excavators history:
Excavators History Kobe Steel, Ltd. founded. 1905 1930 Produced Japan's first construction machine:50K electric mining shovel 1936 1946 1947 1949 30K electric dragline Steam shovel Mechanical excavator(northwest type) 15K diesel dragline

1952 22K diesel shovel

Acquires crane technology through an agreement with Harnischfeger.


1956 255A diesel shovel

1960 2000th shovel built Signs technical agreement 1962 with the French manufacture Poclain. Shinko Construction Machinery Institute established in Okubo Plant. 1963 First hydraulic wheel excavator:TY45 1967 H208 hydraulic excavator 1968 Japan's first 10A mini hydraulic excavator

1968 Large size YS1000 hydraulic excavator R Series hydraulic excavators

Participates in the capitalization of Harnischfeger of Australia.


1973 LK Series wheel loaders

Sales subsidiary Kobelco 1978 International(S) Co.Pte.Ltd. established in Singapore. 1979 K Series hydraulic excavators

Central parts terminal 1980 completed in Okubo Plant. Sales subsidiary Kobelco 1982 America Inc. established in Houston,Texas. Initiates the OEM supply 1983 of cranes to Harnischfeger.

1983 C Series hydraulic excavators

1985 D Series hydraulic excavators equipped with KPSS

1987 MARK Series hydraulic excavators equipped with swing flasher American manufacturing 1988 subsidiary Kobelco Construction Machinery,Inc.established in Calhoun,Georgia. 1988 SK Series mini excavators(super mini)

1989 SS1 super mini excavators

SK100W wheel excavators MARK Series hydraulic excavators equipped with computerize d ITCS

Kobelco Construction Machinery(Europe)B.V. established in Netherlands.


1990 UR Series hydraulic excavators

1992 SK Series mini excavators

1993 MARK and MARK Series hydraulic excavators Chengdu Kobelco 1994 Construction Machinery Co., Ltd. 100,000th hydraulic excavator built. The two U.S. -based 1995 companies Kobelco America Inc. (KAI) and Kobelco Construction Machinery (KCM) are merged, creating a new company that retains the name KAI. The name is changed to Kobelco Construction Machinery America LLC in 2002. Thai Kobelco 1996 Construction Machinery Ltd. established in Thailand. 1994 100,000th hydraulic excavator built

1996 SR Series mini excavators

Yutani Heavy Industries (Hiroshima Plant) and Okubo Plant receive ISO9001 certification.


1998 SR Series hydraulic excavators

Kobe Steel's Construction Machinery Division is recognized as an independent company called Kobelco Construction Machinery Co., Ltd. Comprehensive global agreement signed with CNH Global (Holland) of FIAT Group. Hiroshima Plant and Okubo Plant receive ISO14001 certification. KOBELCO-CNH Australia Pty.Ltd.(Australia), Kobelco Case Construction Machinery(Shanghai) CO., Ltd., and Fiat Kobelco Construction Machinery S.p.A.(Italy) established. Kobelco (Shanghai) Construction Machinery Co., Ltd. (Service Center) established. Chengdu Kobelco Construction Machinery Group Co., Ltd., holding and marketing company, established in China. Arrangement reached with Toyota Tsusho Corporation to pursue joint operation in China. Kobelco Construction Machinery Intrenational


1999 Dynamic Acera Series hydraulic excavators



2002 SK 1600D, the world's largest-class building demolition machine.


Trading Co., Ltd. established to market used equipment. Second manufacturing center, Hangzhou Kobelco Construction Machinery Co., Ltd. (China) established in China. Crane division separated 2004 and made into an independent company, Kobelco Crane Co., Ltd. (a wholly owned subsidiary of Kobe Steel, Ltd.).

2004 SR-3 Series mini excavators

2006 ACERA GEOSPEC Series hydraulic excavators: Our ultimate hydraulic excavators

Players in Excavation industry

SANY Heavy Industry Guangxi Yuchai Heavy Industry Company Limited (YUCHAI) Guangxi Liugong Machinery Co., Ltd. (LiuGong) FOTON LOVOL International Heavy Industry Co., Ltd. (FOTON LOVOL H.I.)

Hunan Sunward Intelligent Machinery Co., Ltd. (Sunward Intelligent) Xiamen XGMA Machinery Co., Ltd. (XGMA)

Lonking Komatsu (China) Doosan (China) Hyundai (Jiangsu) Construction Machinery Co., Ltd. Hyundai (Beijing) Construction Machinery Co., Ltd. Hitachi Construction Machinery Co., Ltd. Chengdu Kobelco Construction Machinery (Group) Co., Ltd. Caterpillar China Volvo Construction Equipment

The major players in this segment who are also members of the Indian Earthmoving Ashok Leyland Ltd. Bharat Earth Movers Ltd. Caterpillar Commercial Pvt. Ltd. Escorts Construction Equipment Ltd. GMMCO Ltd. Greaves Cotton Ltd. Ingersoll Rand India Ltd. JCB India Ltd. L&T Komatsu Ltd. Larsen & Toubro Ltd. (Construction Equipment Division) Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd. Schwing Stetter India Pvt. Ltd. Tatra Trucks India Ltd. Telco Construction Equipment Co. Ltd.


Atlas copco
The Atlas Cop co Group is a global industrial group of companies headquartered in Stockholm, Sweden. Revenues for 2009 totaled 63 billion SEK. The Group employs more than 33,000 people. The company manufactures products on 68 production sites in 20 countries. The firm's shares are listed on the OMX Stockholm exchange and both 'A' and 'B' classes form part of the benchmark OMXS30 index. Atlas Copco companies develop and manufacture industrial tools, air

compressors (of which it is the world's leading producer), construction and mining equipment such as rock drills, assembly systems, and offer related service and equipment rental. The Group operates through a number of divisions within three business areas; Compressor Technique, Construction and Mining Technique, and Industrial Technique. Atlas Copco Design Manufacture

Compressors and generators Stationary compressors Portable compressors

Construction and mining Demolition equipment Rock drills

Industrial tools Air assembly tools Electrical assembly tools

Quality air solutions

Blast hole drilling rigs Rotary blasthole drill rigs Exploration drilling equipment Rock drilling tools

Quality integrated fastening Fixtured applications Quality assurance in tightening Drills

Generators Process gas compressors & Turbo expanders Rental equipment & services

Bharat Earth Movers

Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) is an Indian Public Sector Undertaking, with headquarters in Bangalore. It manufactures a variety of heavy equipment, such as that used for earth moving, transport and mining. BEML incorporated in May 1964, and commenced operations on 1 January 1965. It was wholly owned and operated by India's Ministry of Defense until 1992, when the government divested 25% of its holdings in the company. BEML is Asia's second-largest manufacturer of earth moving equipment, and it controls 70% of India's market in that sector. Its stock trades on the National Stock Exchange of India under the symbol "BEML", and on the Bombay Stock Exchange under the code "500048". The company went for Follow On Public offer (FPO) and fixed the price band for its FPO between Rs.1,020 and Rs.1,090. BEML manufactures a wide range of products to meet the needs of Mining, Construction, Power, Irrigation, Fertilizer, Cement, Steel and Rail Sectors. The earthmoving equipment includes Bulldozers, Dump Trucks, Hydraulic Excavators, Wheel Loaders, Rope Shovels, Walking Draglines, Motor Graders and Scrapers. BEML has recently introduced Road Headers and Slide Discharge Loaders for

underground mining applications. Railway products include Integral Rail coaches, Electric Multiple Units, Rail Buses, Track Laying Equipment and Overhead Equipment Inspection Cars. BEML manufactures Heavy Duty Trucks and Trailers and hydraulic aggregates for transportation sector. The company also manufactures high power diesel engines and heavy duty hydraulic aggregates to meet specific customer requirements. The company plans to diversify into varied activities including underground mining equipment, underground storage for petro-products, leasing and financial services and joint ventures abroad BEML operates on three major business verticals for associated equipment manufacturing:

Mining & Construction Defence & Aerospace Rail & Metro

Case CE
The origins of Case can be traced back to 1842, when Jerome Increase Case (born in 1819) created the J I Case Company. He is recognized as the first American to create a steam engine for agricultural use. His company evolved into the Case Corporation, which merged with New Holland in 1999 to become CNH Global. The combined CNH is in the top three in the world of both construction and agricultural equipment. February 2007 marked the 50th anniversary of the introduction of the worlds first factory-integrated tractor loader/backhoe.

CNH Global manufactures equipment under the Case brand in factories in City Belo Horizonte Berlin Burlington, Iowa Fargo, North Dakota Imola Lecce Modena Piacenza Country Brazil Germany United States United States Italy Italy Product graders graders and Engineering Loader backhoes, loaders, rough terrain forklifts wheel loaders Loader backhoes crawler dozers, Telescopic handlers, wheel loaders components articulated dump trucks components

Italy Italy United Racine, Wisconsin States

Holt Manufacturing Company

Holt Manufacturing Company operated from its base in Stockton, California, until opening a satellite facility in Walla Walla, Washington, to serve the Pacific Northwest. In 1909, Holt Manufacturing Company expaneded by purchasing the facility of defunct farm implement maker Colean Manufacturing Company in East Peoria, Illinois.[8]Holt changed the name of the company to Holt Caterpillar Company, although he did not trademark the name Caterpillar until 1911.[9] The company's initial products focused on agricultural machinery and were distributed internationally. During World War I, almost all of its production capacity was dedicated to military needs. Its tractors replaced horses and were widely used by the Allies as artillery tractors and for hauling supplies. British

General Ernest Sw into recognized in the Holt tractor the potential for a powerdriven, bullet-proof, tracked vehicle that could destroy enemy machine guns, although the British later chose an English firm to build the first tanks. Holt's equipment was credited with helping to win the war and its tractor was regarded as "one of the most important military vehicles of all time." The Holt Manufacturing Company gained worldwide recognition for the quality and durability of its equipment. As the war ended, the Holt company was left with huge surplus inventories of heavy-duty tractors ill-suited for the agricultural market, which had been dominated during the war by the Holt Company's primary competitor, C. L. Best. The company decided to focus instead on heavy construction equipment and sought to capitalize on the passage of the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921. Laden with debt and needing more capital to switch its product line, the company struggled to move forward.

Both the Holt Manufacturing Company and C. L. Best were hurt by the depression of 192021 which further inhibited sales. Both companies streamlined their overlapping product lines.

The two companies had spent about US$1.5 million (about $18,794,286 today) in legal fees fighting each other in various contractual, trademark and patent infringement lawsuits since 1905, but, on the advice of investors, the two companies merged in 1925 to form the Caterpillar Tractor Co. In 2010, Caterpillar, Inc., was the 229th largest company in the world.

Doosan Group
The Doosan Group, founded in 1896 developed into a multinational, diversified business empire, with particular emphasis on consumer goods, manufacturing and the trading and construction sectors. Doosan has developed a new global growth strategy by acquiring several major companies over the last 10 years including Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction(formerly Korea Heavy Industries and Construction, a heavy industry company specializing in power and desalination plants) in 2001,

Ingersoll Rand
Ingersoll-Rand plc (NYSE: IR) is a $13 billion global diversified industrial company founded in 1871. The Ingersoll Rand name came into use in 1905 through the combination of Ingersoll-Sergeant Drill Company and Rand Drill Company.

Ingersoll Rand's portfolio of businesses are divided into four distinct sectors. The Climate Solutions sector delivers energy efficient HVACR solutions for customers globally. Its brands include Hussmann, a manufacturer of refrigeration and food merchandising solutions, Thermo King, transport temperature controls, and Krack, warehouse refrigeration, and Trane, a provider of energy efficient heating, ventilating and aire conditioning systems, building contract services,

world class parts support and advanced controls for homes and commercial buildings. The Industrial Technologies sector provides products, services and solutions that enhance energy efficiency, productivity and operations.

Ingersoll Rand branded products range from complete compressed air systems, tools and pumps to material and fluid handling systems and environmentally friendly microturbines. Also included in this sector is Club Car, the global leader in golf carts and utility vehicles.

The Residential Solutions sector comprises brands such as Schlage, Schlage LiNK and Trane. Products, services and solutions include mechanical and electronic locks, heating and air conditioning systems, indoor air quality solutions, advanced controls, portable security systems and remote home management.

Security Technologies sector products include electronic and biometric access control systems, locks and locksets, door closers, floor closers, exit devices, steel doors and frames, portable security devices, decorative hardware, cabinet hardware and time, attendance and personnel scheduling systems from brands like Schlage.

In 2007, the Security Technologies sector started to move the Falcon, Monarch and Dor-O-Matic brands into a new single brand of Falcon Door Hardware. The individual brands will lose their identity in 2008 and 2009.

Volvo Construction Equipment


Volvo CE's product leaders in many world markets include a comprehensive range of wheel loaders, wheeled and crawler hydraulic excavators (aka diggers), articulated haulers (aka dumpers), motor graders, backhoe loaders, skid

steer loaders, as well as mini and compact excavators, skid steers, and wheel loaders, pipelayers, demolition equipment, waste handlers and scraper haulers. Volvo Construction Equipment has production facilities in Sweden, Germany, China, Brazil, Mexico, South Korea, India, and Poland. With the purchase of Ingersoll Rand, Volvo acquired a Road Construction facility in Pennsylvania, their only presence in the United States. The company offers worldwide service and spare-part distribution as well as a wide range of attachments. Volvo Construction Equipment mainly distributes its machines through independent dealers and, in parallel with their rental program, to customers in more than 200countries. Principal Volvo products for the rental centers include the companys comprehensive line of compact excavators, skid steers, and backhoe loaders.

As part of the Volvo acquisition of Ingersoll Rand road machinery, approximately 30 former "Ingersoll Rand Equipment Stores" have been transitioned to "Volvo Construction Equipment & Services" locations that will sell, rent and support road machinery, compact equipment, and material handling products, such as milling equipment, pavers, compactors, tack distributors, road wideners and material transfer vehicles. In 2008, Volvo formed "Volvo Construction Equipment & Services California," from the IRES and recently acquired "Mathews Machinery" locations based in California



Koppel (normally

major German engineering company specializing in railway vehicles, escalators, and heavy equipment. It was founded on April 1, 1876 in Berlin by Benno Orenstein and Arthur Koppel. Originally a general engineering company, O&K soon started to specialize in the manufacture of railway vehicles. The company also manufactured heavy

Orenstein & Koppel

abbreviated to



equipment and escalators. O&K pulled out of the railway business in 1981. Its escalator-manufacturing division was spun off to the company's majority shareholder at the time, Friedrich Krupp AG Hoesch-Krupp, in 1996, leaving the company to focus primarily on construction machines. The construction-equipment business was sold to New Holland Construction, at the time part of the Fiat Group, in 1999. O&K expanded to build freight and passenger cars, and above all, excavators for construction. The company also built other heavy equipment, including graders,

dump trucks, forklift trucks, compressors, crawler loaders, wheeled loaders, road rollers, and truck cranes. The company also began manufacturing escalators, transmissions, rapid-transit railway lines, buses, tractors, and cargo ships. Passenger liners, shipboard cranes, and shipbuilding enterprises rounded out the company's profile. Because of the company's thriving export business, a worldwide system of branch offices was created. In the First World War, O&K built railway engines and cars of all sizes for the German government. With the collapse of Imperial Germany in November 1918, the victorious Allies put further restrictions on German manufacturing and military capacity, seizing all army Feldbahn engines as per the terms of the Versailles Treaty that ended the First World war. The treaty also removed access to export markets; at the end of 1925, work stopped for three months as a result of the lost business. By 1935, business had recovered and the company produced 5,299 locomotives. After the war, O&K's American subsidiary, the Orenstein-Arthur Koppel Company, was seized by the Alien Property Custodian and sold at an auction where only United States citizens were allowed to place bids.

Larsen&tourbo limited is a technology, engineering, construction

manufacturing company it is one the largest and most respected companies in Indias private sector. More than seven decades of a strong, customer-focused approach and the continuous quest for world-class quality have enabled it to attain and sustain leadership in all its major lines of business.

Larsen & Tourbo limited


L&T has an international presence, with a global spread of offices. A thrust on international business has seen overseas earnings grow significantly. It continues to grow its overseas manufacturing footprint, with facilities in China and the Gulf region. The company's businesses are supported by a wide marketing and distribution network, and have established a reputation for strong customer support.

The organization is running professionally and having an experiences of 16 years in the Industry.

Pan India Construction Co

They offer All kinds of construction equipment on hire basis. They have a large fleet of equipments which include piling rigs, cranes, motor graders, excavators, transit mixers, dossers, loaders etc.
Nature of business: service provider, trader.

Mohan Exports (India) Pvt. Ltd.

Mohan Exports (India) Pvt. Ltd. is a leading International Business House of India. It is ISO 9001:2000 certified and undertakes Design, Engineering, Procurement and Supply of Equipment and Projects in the areas of:

The Company has been active for more than 28 countries in the African Continent, Middle East and South America for the past 33 years. Since its establishment in 1974, it has executed numerous prestigious contracts with Foreign Governments, their Parastatal Organizations, Multilateral Funding Agencies, UN Agencies and Corporate Bodies.

They offer us a range of rugged and robust world-class earth moving equipment at globally competitive prices. Having partnered with various world-class manufacturers, they offer comprehensive solutions to the customer. This also includes supply of the equipment, establishing maintenance workshops and providing services such as client personnel training, establishing spares distribution network, warranty services and after sales service. With no compromise on quality, they offered equipments manufactured in state-of-the-art manufacturing facilities with iso accreditations.

Their product includes: * bull dozer * wheel dozers * hydraulic excavators * backhoe loaders * telescopic boom excavators * dump trucks & tippers * water sprinklers

STORK HKB INDIA PVT. LTD Nature of the business: trader, supplier. It is a business empire that has many companies operating under which it produce raw material, special alloys, ferro-alloys, chemicals, refractories and food products & source and market bulk minerals, titanium metals, metallurgical, mining and power generation equipments.

Stork HKB India Pvt. Ltd is the leading supplier of Dozers, Drills, Loaders, Under Carriages, Pipe Layers, Turbines, Centrifugal Compressors & Blowers and Centrifugal Air Compressors in India.

They are one kind organization in terms of quality, professionalism, range and continuous commitment to excellence & have carved a niche in the industry with our superior product offerings. ROAD CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT Dozer Pipe Layer Loader

Kak Enterprises Private Limited [India] Lucknow

Nature of the business: service provider

The Company is associated with various consultants involved in infrastructure projects including housing and construction, material procurement, planning and development of new projects, maintenance work and allied activities.

The Company is associated with various consultants involved in infrastructure projects including housing and construction, material procurement, planning and development of new projects, maintenance work and allied activities.


The Aarti Earth Movers/Sriram Rubber Industries, are able to deliver our precision designed range of Automotive Rubber Spare Parts and Earth Moving Machinery. They supply many products such as Rings, Automotive Gaskets, Oil Seals, Washers, Wheels and Rollers, Hydro Scrapers, Heavy Earth Movers, Industrial Graders and Hydro Dozers.

Nature of business: supplier, manufacture. The collection of hydraulic excavators is manufactured and supplied by them within a given time span and at effective cost. These are used in various constructional applications and considered as construction equipment . AGGCON EQUIPMENTS INTERNATIONAL (P) LTD Nature of business: service provider They are one among the leading service providers engaged in offering Purchasing and Rental Services for Infrastructure and Mining Equipment. The wide assortment of products they purchased and offer for lease is Crawler Cranes, Dumpers,

Excavators, T transit Mixers, Graders, Loaders, Milling Machines, Pavers, Rock Breakers, Sensor Pavers, Soil Compactors, and Pneumatic Tyred Rollers.

Jaap Logistics Private Limited Nature of business: service provider Jaap Logistics Private Limited is one of the trusted business entities engaged in offering rental services of construction and earth moving equipment. There esteemed clients are ACC Concrete Limited, Kumm Concrete Private Limited, ADI Logistics and Ultratech Limited.

CONCLUSION The Indian market is catered by about 200 domestic manufacturers (small, medium & large). Earthmoving equipment, material handling equipment and road construction equipment are key segments expected to contribute to the bulk of the growth, driven by construction activity in the parent To leverage this opportunity, Indian manufacturers need to focus on developing individual and pooled capabilities to develop global competitiveness across the sector. Collaborative endeavors to provide integrated services, industry bodies to promote the industrys interests and working with the Government to promote technology development are some of the key measures to be taken. Indian construction equipment manufacturers invest very little in Research and Development (R&D) compared to global majors. Excavation equipment in India is typically used for 15 to 20 years, indicating the significant potential for maintenance and service activities, apart from spare parts sales, across the usage cycle. Hence a clear focus on service is necessary for companies to grow and remain competitive. This needs to translate into developing capabilities in training, supply chain management and distribution reach.