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How does air pollution affect our heart and brain?

The air pollution does not only damage our lungs, it also damages our hearts and brain.At first many people believed that air pollution primarily affects our lungs but now the scientists discovered that air pollution is quite as damaging for our heart and brain. Air pollution has very negative toxic effect on human heart and people who already suffer from cardiovascular disease are particularly vulnerable to an increased level of pollutants in the air. The scientists have proved that air pollution can seriously injure the heart and blood vessels which can in some cases even lead to death. It all starts once air pollutants are inhaled in our body. Once getting in our body these pollutants damage cells, cause inflammation in the lungs, and create a variety of harmful effects in the heart and cardiovascular system. Some air pollutants (ultrafine air pollutants) are even capable to directly enter into the blood stream and directly damage the heart by developing arrhythmias or by disrupting the heart's pumping function. High exposure to air pollution was linked in many cases to emergency hospital admissions for heart attack, chest pain and congestive heart failure, and in some cases even to death from heart disease, arrhythmias, heart failure and cardiac arrest. Air pollution also has negative effect on our brain. According to the recent study, the long term exposure to high levels of air pollution can lead to physical changes in the brain, memory and learning problems, and can even lead to depression. Our brain is vulnerable to air pollution because the hippocampus is extremely sensitive to damage caused by inflammation. Many people around the globe are still not aware of the fact that air pollution is not only serious environmental but also a serious health issue that deserves lot more attention than it currently receives. Millions of people around the globe live and work in polluted urban areas not realizing that there are plenty of reasons for them to be concerned not only from environmental but even

more importantly from the health point of view. Air pollution is one of those silent killers which take many people's lives by hiding its true identity behind many lung, heart and brain diseases.

Water purification The best water pollution solution

Water pollution is taking heavy toll in many corners of the world, with millions of people across the globe dying because of different waterborne diseases. Harmful chemicals and other pollutants have degraded the quality of water in many parts of the world, and world is finding it very hard to tackle the ever-growing impact of water pollution. Water purification is one of the methods to at least temporarily reduce the impact of water pollution. Water pollution refers to different processes that are used to remove chemicals and other pollutants from the water, mostly with the purpose to create drinking water, though water purification can be also for a variety of other purposes. In cases where water pollution levels aren't high water purification can be achieved with simple processes such as boiling or filtering but the more serious cases of water pollution require more complex methods. Millions of lives around the globe could be saved if people were to use processes such as chlorination, filtration, and solar disinfection to treat water at their homes but the implementation of these relatively simple methods is happening very slowly in developing countries, resulting in large number of deaths from waterborne diseases. The more complex water purification methods are usually done in water purification plants. Water purification plants use many different processes to remove pollutants from the water such as flocculation, sedimentation, different types of filtration as well as many other mechanical and biological techniques.

Disinfection is usually the last process of water purification. The purpose of disinfection is to remove any remaining harmful microbes by adding disinfectant chemicals because otherwise harmful microbes could pass through water filters and create serious threat to human health. The usual disinfection method involves the usage of chlorine as the disinfectant though many developed countries have lately started using chloramine instead. Chloramine despite not being as powerful oxidant as chlorine is has one major advantage over chlorine by providing longer lasting effects. The process of creating chloramine from the chlorine is very simple, all it takes is adding some ammonia to the water after the addition of chlorine. As said before the main goal of water purification is to produce safe drinking water. There are both domestic as well as international standards for drinking water. Water purification is definitely the best method to create the safe drinking water, and safe drinking water could save million of lives across the globe.

How does water pollution affect our environment?

Water pollution is together with air pollution the most serious form of environmental pollution. Water pollution not only does huge damage to our environment but also to our health. Water is the most precious resource on our planet, and water pollution is the main reason why freshwater resources are constantly declining, and the worst part in the whole story is the fact that there are still many people in the world who do not take water pollution problem seriously. The contamination of water bodies has tremendous negative impact on environment, it has ability to destroy many animal habitats, and cause irreparable damage to many ecosystems. Water pollution is not only killing millions of people around the globe each year, it is also killing millions of plants and animals that simply cannot cope with the increasing levels of water pollution caused by different chemicals and other waste. In some areas of the world water pollution issue is totally out of control, and in these areas polluted water spreads different toxins and other chemicals into environment, making it dirty,

and above all unhealthy place to live in. The main problem with water pollution is the fact that in many countries around the globe large industries still continue to dump different types of waste into streams and rivers because there is the lack of controlling mechanisms that would keep their eyes on these industries and prevent them from dumping industrial waste into water bodies. If this world really wants clean environment, then the crucial thing to do is to stop the two most common types of pollution, namely the air and the water pollution. However, world still looks to be lacking global will needed for such an action and this is the reason why these two forms of pollution will continue to deteriorate our environment for years to come. The aquatic life is mostly affected with water pollution, and water pollution can even lead to an extinction of some animal species, like this was the case with the Yangtze River Dolphin. Chemical compounds and other water pollutants cause aquatic animals difficulties with breathing while on the other hand these chemicals can also be quite toxic for land animals once they drink this polluted water. The environmental damage of water pollution doesn't stop there, water pollution also increases the impact of air pollution, because the more polluted water gets the better chance there is that some of these pollutants will evaporate into air. Polluted water is also one of the major contributing factors to acid rain creation, and generally speaking this is certainly one of the biggest environmental problems. Id world currently doing enough to tackle water pollution issue? I will answer this question by saying that almost one billion people in the world still do not have access to safe drinking water. So much about the 21th century.

Facts about water pollution

Water pollution is broad term that includes contamination of different water bodies such as lakes, rivers, oceans, and groundwater. Water pollution is caused by pollutants, mostly in form of different chemicals that are discharged either directly or indirectly into the water bodies without the adequate treatment to remove their harmful effects. Water pollution is not only huge ecological problem but also huge health problem. It is believed that water pollution is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases responsible for around 15,000 deaths each day. Water pollution is especially serious issue in two fast growing economies, China and India. Some latest reports suggest that more than 500 million Chinese lack access to safe drinking water while in India 700 million people have no access to proper toilet. The two main causes of water pollution are waste water and sewage waste. Each year the world generates around 400 billion tons of industrial waste, and lot of this waste gets discharged into different water bodies causing serious water pollution problem. To determine the level of water pollution science usually takes samples that are afterwards analyzed by different chemical, biological and physical testing. Several studies have confirmed the link between the water pollution and high miscarriage rates. Water pollution is also connected with the lower IQ rates among affected population. Diarrhea, caused by water pollution, is worldwide responsible for 1,5 million deaths of children each year. Recent studies have showed that close to one billion people lack access to safe drinking water while more than 2,5 billion people live without adequate sanitation systems.

Water pollution is one of the main reasons why freshwater resources are constantly in decline (despite being renewable resource), and since only 3% of water on our planet is freshwater world could experience global water shortage much sooner than expected.