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REFERENCE EXAMPLES - APA

Citing Books:
BOOK: CHAPTER in a book: ENCYCLOPEDIA Article:

Note: APA bibliographies should be double-spaced. These examples are single-spaced for convenience.

Mitchell, T. R., & Larson, J. R., Jr. (Eds.). (1987). People in organizations: An introduction to organizational behavior (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw Hill. Bjork, R. A. (1989). Retrieval inhibition as an adaptive mechanism in human memory. In H. L. Roediger III & F. I. M. Craik (Eds.), Varieties of memory & consciousness (pp. 309-330). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The new encyclopaedia Britannica (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508). Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Citing Periodicals:
JOURNAL or MAGAZINE Article: NEWSPAPER Article: Article with DOI: Article without DOI:
Kalkan, K. O., Layman, G. C., & Uslaner, E. M. (2009). Bands of others? Attitudes toward Muslims in contemporary American society. Journal of Politics, 71(3), 847-862. Ibrahim, Y. M. (1996, November 7). Genetic soybeans alarm Europeans. The New York Times, p. D1.

Citing Full-Text Articles downloaded from Electronic Databases:


Gagne, M., & Deci, E. L. (2005). Self-determination theory and work motivation. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26(4), 331-362. doi:10.1002/job.322 DiConsiglio, J. (1999, September). After Littleton: Am I safe? Scholastic Choices, 15(1), 6-7. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.

Citing Internet Sources:


WEBPAGE with author, title, and publication date: WEBPAGE without author or publication date: BLOG POST:
Shade, L. R. (1993). Gender issues in computer networking. Retrieved from http:www.mit.edu:8001/people/Sorobin/women/lrs.html Gun control. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.sunysuffolk.edu/~wiggr51/gun.htm (Note: 1. Since no author was given, the title is listed first. 2. Since no date of creation or copyright was listed on the website, n.d is used.) MiddleKid. (2007, January 22). Re: The unfortunate prerequisites and consequences of partitioning your mind [Web log message]. Retrieved from http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula/2007/01/the_unfortunate_prerequisites.php (Note: MiddleKid is a screen name; no actual name provided.) Norton, R. (2006, November 4). How to train a cat to operate a light switch [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vja83KLQXZs

YOUTUBE video:
Reference:

Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. (2010). (6th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. R808.02 A512p5, 2010 Rev. 9/09