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TOPIC: HOUSEHOLD INSECTS AROUND US TITLE: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF INSECTS DIVERSITY USING VARIABLE METHODS IN URBAN AREAS (INDOOR

AND OUTDOOR OF HOUSE). JOHARI JALINAS .


School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences Faculty of Science and Technology Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Presentation Outline
Introduction
Literature Review Objectives of Study

Methodology
Expected Result Gantt Chart

References

Johari Jalinas

Introduction
Urbanization is the replacement of nature by culture.

Many habitats have been lost and a few new ones gained (Helden and Leather 2004). Insects became pest or nuisance. House promotes the breeding site for Insects. Insects around the house: mosquitoes, houseflies, termites, ants, mites, cockroaches and etc. Insects carry and transmit diseases.

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Literature Review
Many factors have been influenced in determining the

relative species richness of different urban habitats and habitat patches (Helden and Leather 2004). The factors are the level of isolation and fragmentation, disturbance, habitat type, area and diversity (Connor et al., 2003)

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Objectives of Study
To determine the species diversity of insects in indoor

and outdoor the house. To use the variable method to collect the insects and determine the suitable method according to the habitats.

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Methodology
1) Fieldwork Study Sites Sampling Strategies 2) Laboratory work Identification of Insects Statistical Analysis

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Study Site

My house- 258o5.14 N

10145.25.87 E
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Lot 6044, Jalan Besar, Kg Sg Ramal Dalam, Kajang. Selangor Darul Ehsan.

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Sampling Strategies
Pitfall trap

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Light Trap

Baiting with ripen fruits

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Sticky Trap

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Location and method of sampling


Outdoor Method of Sampling

Front
Garage Backyard

Baiting, Pitfall, Light trap,


Baiting, Pitfall, Light Trap, Sticky Trap Baiting , Pitfall, Light Trap, Sticky Trap Method of Sampling Baiting, Baiting Baiting Baiting
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Indoor Guest room Kitchen and Dinning Room Bedroom Toilet

Time of Sampling
Three Saturday (3 replications).
Light Trap In the night Pitfall Morning

Baiting Morning and Night.

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Statistical Analysis
The big questions is to want to know the abundance

(number) of insects due to the different 1) Study sites: Indoor-Indoor, Indoor Outdoor, Outdoor Outdoor. 2) Time of sampling: Morning Night 3) Type of sampling method: Baiting, Pitfall, Light trap, Sticky Trap.

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Expected Result
Expected species will be collected: Indoor vs Outdoor: Outdoor >Indoor (no of species). Day vs Night: Diurnal and Nocturnal species. Method of sampling: Light trap may be the most practical method (outdoor) and baiting (indoor) to collect the diversity species of insects.

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Gant Chart
ACTIVITIES W1 W2 Week W3 W4 W5 W6 W7 YEAR 2010 W8 W9 Apr

A. Literature Review
B. Fieldwork & Sampling activity C. Laboratory work D. Data Interpretation and Statistical analysis

x
x x

x
x x

x
x x

x
K1 x x x x X X K2

E. Report writing and Presentation (Seminar or Poster)

X K3

K1 = Completing Sampling and Identification K2 = Data interpretation and Statistical Analysis K3 = Report Writing and Presentation
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References:
Alvin J. Helden and Simon R. Leather. 2004. Biodiversity on urban roundboutsHemiptera, management and the species-area relationship. Basic and Applied Ecology. 5: 367-377.
M.J.Samways. 1996. Insects in the Urban Environment: Pest Pressures versus Conservation Concern. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Urban Pests. Edward F. Connor, John Hafernik, Jacqueline Levy, Vicki Lee Moore and Jancy K. Rickman. 2003. Insect Conservation in an Urban Biodiveristy Hotspot: The San Francisco Bay Area. Journal of Insect Conservation 6: 247-259. William H Robinson. 2005. Urban Insects and Arachnids A Handbook of Urban Entomology. Cambridge University Press.

M.E.Schauff. 1986. Collecting and Preserving Insects and Mites- Techniques and Tool. USDA

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Thank you

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