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A concept note on a project entitled Development of Improved Jute and Mesta Genotype for Pulp and Paper Rationale

The demand for pulp and paper is increasing globally and is expected to grow further. This increasing demand for paper has led to excessive deforestation and again, restoration of the forest resources is difficult because of the relatively long growing cycle of trees. Moreover, drastic reduction in the supply of wood/bamboo pulp coupled with increasing concerns regarding reduced forest resources have forced many countries to search for alternatives for making paper from Tree free pulp. Jute and mesta are annually renewable resources of biomass, requiring only 120 to 180 days for its growth. These, as a result, have stimulated growing interest among various developed and developing countries toward jute and mesta as a widely available alternative source of pulp. Jute and mesta, containing cellulose like any other raw materials used for paper pulp, has been found to be an excellent raw material for making good quality pulp and paper. The technologies for making pulp and paper from whole jute and mesta are successfully developed. Attempts are being made to make it more cost-effective. Once the commercial viability improves further, whole jute and mesta could become a major source for Tree free pulp and paper. There is no report on assessment of plant genetic resources of jute and mesta in terms potentiality for pulp and paper. Consequently, economic and effective techniques for making pulp and paper and their quality have not been standardized so far. For effective diversified use as pulp and paper such studies are essential if one targets to develop jute genotypes having resistance to stem rot and low lignin content. In view of this a project Development of improved jute and mesta genotype for pulp and paper is proposed with following specific objectives Objectives to assess of genetical potential among available PGR of jute and mesta for pulping and paper making for both quality and quantity and to identify the superior genotype ensuring pulp and paper of high quantity and quality to assess the comparative quality of pulp and paper from bark and wood to assess the storability of total biomass to search photo-insensitive type being capable of growing throughout the year for continuous supply of raw material to the industry to combine the different traits relating to pulping, paper making and photo-insensitivity present in different germplasm lines into a genotype through recombination breeding

Duration: Five years (2012-2017) Budget: 1st year (2012-13): 2nd year(2013-14): 3rd year(2014-15): 4th year(2015-16): 5 th year(2026-17): Total : 1000 lakh 350 lakh 250 lakh 200 lakh 100 lakh 100 lakh

Lead Institute: Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibres, Barrackpore Collaborative Institute: 1. National Institute for Research on Jute and Allied Fibre Technology, Kolkata 2.Central Pulp and Paper Research Institute, Saharanpur, UP

Budget Institute wise: CRIJAF: 600 lakh NIRJAFT: 200 lakh CPPRI: 200 lakh