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FLORICULTURE Flowers symbolize beauty, tranquility, honesty and divinity. Flower is inseparable from socio-economic fabric of human life.

Flowers are used in all occasions of human life, like birth, marriageor death. Floriculture includes production and marketing of flowering, foliage, gardenbeddingplants, cut flowers etc. Bangalore, Pune, Hyderabad, Thuruvananthapuram, Haryana, Delhi arethe major centers of floriculture industry. It is increasing fast in nontraditional states such asUttaranchal, Himachal Pradesh, and Gujarat. FLORICULTURE IN INDIA : In past flowers have been grown as home grown plants for natural beauty, aesthetic value, andreligious offerings, social and official celebration. In India, floriculture as an industry for commercialpurposes has taken root only during the past decade. The floriculture industry offers many socio-economic benefits in terms of employment generation, higher income and foreign exchangeearnings. Floriculture provides excellent employment opportunity for agricultural labour. Diversifiedagro climatic conditions give an opportunity to our country to grow both traditional and modernflowers. TRADITIONAL FLOWERS : Traditional flowers are those that are cultivated in the country for hundreds of years for the purposeof worship, festival, social occasions, public functions and adornment by women. Consumptionof flowers in southern states is much higher than in northern states. Some of the traditionalflowers commonly grown are Jasmine, Tuberose, Crossandra, Marigold, Lotus, Chrysanthemumand Rose. Most of the traditional flowers are used for the garland purposes. Among traditionalflowers, roses, jasmine and tuberose are also used for extraction of essential oils and perfumes.Flower like, marigold is used for extractions of Pigment/colour. All the traditional flowers areproduced in the open field in the country and the traditional flower growers are mainly small &marginal farmers. MODERN FLOWERS : Modern flowers include those cut flowers that are used with long stem for bouquets, vases and forother decorative purpose. Flowers include in this category are rose, gladiolus, carnation, lilies,orchids, anthurium, gerbera etc. Most of these flowers are grown under protected conditions. INCENTIVES BY GOVERNMENT : Floriculture is fast emerging as an industry with high potential for the domestic as well as exportmarket. Govt. of India, identified floriculture as Thrust area. A number of infrastructure projectsespecially cold chain infrastructure were commissioned. The Central Govt. as well as variousState Govts. are providing a package of incentives and concessions to the floriculture industry.Thecentrally sponsored scheme on commercial floriculture was launched for the first time during the8th five Year Plan to improve supply of quality planting material and technology transfer with aoutlay of Rs.14.29 crores which was subsequently enhanced to Rs.19.90 crores during 9th Five Year Plan. Apart from the above,

following are the changes/amendments on account of theliberalization/globalization Policy. FLORICULTURE 1.The quarantine procedure have been simplified and made easy for the import of seeds andplanting material. 2.Reduction in import duty on various items connected with floriculture : TABLE

3.Import permits for flower, seeds and tissue culture materials of plant origin have been waived. 4.Floriculture units can avail the benefits of duty free imports if they export 50% of theirproduction. 5.Setting up of cold-storage/perishable cargo at international airports.