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Beneficial Verses and Hadiths to Know

Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim, alhamdulillah, Alhamdulillahi rabbil ^alamin. Wa sallallahu ^ala sayyidina Muhammad wa ^ala alihi wa sahbihit-tayyibinat-tahirin. Asalullah an yaj^ala niyyatina khalisatan liwajhihi. ^Amma ba^du. Bismillah, Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, to Him belong the endowments and the befitting perfections and commendations. I ask Allah to raise the rank of Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, and to protect his nation from that which he fears for it. I ask Allah to grant us the sincere intentions. thereafter: Imam Abu Hanifah, radiallu ^anhu, said I^lam annal-fiqha fid-din afdalu minal-fiqha fil-ahkam, which means Know that knowing the essentials of belief has more priority that knowing the details of the rules of the practice of the religion. This is indicated also in the book of Allah ta^ala and in the sayings of the Prophet, sallallhu ^alayhi wa sallam. Allah said in Al-Quran Fa^lam annahu la ilaha illallah, was-taghfir lidhanbik, which means Know firmly (that is, adhere to the belief) that no one is god except Allah, and ask for forgiveness for the believers. The verse signifies that the knowledge concerning the belief has more importance over the rules of the details of the religion. This is why the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, taught the sahabahs the matters of the ^aqidah before teaching them the rules of fiqh. As Al-Bukhariyy narrated from ^Abdullah ibnu ^Umar that he said Ta^allamnal-imana qablal-Quran, which means We learned the matters of the belief before learning Al-Quran. Likewise another sahabah Jundub ibnu ^Abdullah said Kunna ma^anNabiyy, wa nahnu fityanun hazawiyah fata^allamnal-imana wa lam nata^allamul-Quran, thumma ta^allamnal-Qurana fazdadna bihi imana, which means When we were young, we learned the matters of belief before learning Al-Quran, and then we learned Al-Quran and that increased the level of our belief. Narrated by Ibnu Majah. Hence from that we know that the methodology of the Prophet is to learn the matters of ^aqidah before learning the details of the rules of the religion. Once a man came to the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, and asked

him Should I embrace Islam first, or should I fight? The Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said Embrace Islam, and then fight. He then embraced Islam and then joined the battle and he was killed. The Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said He did so little and he gained so much. He did not perform even one raka^at of prayer but despite that he won in the hereafter. The reason for his victory was his correct belief about Allah and His Messenger. Because the Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said Wal-ladhi nafsu Muhammadin biyadih, la yatqallaha tabaraka wa ta^ala ^abdun ghayra shakkin bihima fayuhjaba ^aniljannah, which means By Allah, no one departs from this life while believing in the two shahadahs without any doubt except that he will be a winner in the hereafter. Allah said in Surat al Isra verse 15 {} which means: Allah shall not punish in the hereafter unless he reveals a messenger. The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: it means: The Pen has been lifted from writing the deeds of three: The one who is asleep until one wakes up, the child until he becomes pubescent and the crazy person until he becomes sane (narrated by Ahmad). The highest and best obligation as decreed by Allah is: The Belief in Allah and his messenger. The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: This means: The best of deeds is to believe correctly in Allah and his messenger (narrated by al-Bukhariyy). Having the correct Belief is a condition for the acceptability of the good deeds. Allah said in Surat Muhammad verse 19 { }

which means know (be steadfast) O Muhammad that no one is God except Allah and ask Allah for forgiveness. Imam Abu Hanifah said in his book <Al-Fiqh al-Absat>: Know that the knowledge of the essentials of the Religion is better than the knowledge of rulings. Allah ta^ala said in Surat Al-Furqan verse 1: { } which means: The dew glorification is to Allah the One Who revealed the Quran to His slave to warn the humans and the jinn. Allah ta^ala said in Surat An-Najm verse3-4: { } which means: The prophet does not speak out of illusions, rather he speaks the revelation revealed to him. Allah said in Surat al-Hajj verse 7: { } which means: Without a doubt the Day of Judgment is coming and Allah will resurrect those who are in the graves. Allah said in Surat al-Baqarah verse 203: { } which means: Be God-fearing and know that you will be assembled for Judgment after He recreates you. Allah also said in Surat al-Isra verse 97: { } which means: The blasphemers will be assembled on the Day of Judgment on their faces blind, mute and deaf -mute. Allah ta^ala said in Surat al-Mi^raj verse 4:

{ } which means: During a Day whose length is 50,000 years. Allah ta^ala said which means: The one whose good deeds are weightily will be in a happy life; but that whose good deeds are light, because of his kufr or having no reward, will be in Hellfire (al-Qari^ah 6, 7, 8, 9). Allah ta^ala said which means: Allah damned the kuffar and prepared Hellfire for them in which they will stay everlastingly forever and they will not find someone to preserve them and no one to protect them from torture (al-Ahzab 64). The ayah means: Rush to forgiveness from Allah and Paradise whose width is the skies and earth that has been prepared for the pious (GodFearing) ones (Al ^Imran 133). Paradise is going to last without an end. Allah ta^ala said which means: Those who obey Allah and his prophet, Allah admits them to Paradise under which rivers flow; they will stay living in it forever and this is the great success (an-Nisa 13). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: Allah said: I prepared for my God-fearing slaves what no eye has ever seen, what no ear has ever heard of and what no human heart has ever thought of (narrated by al-Bukhariyy). Al-imam Abu Hanifah, radiya-l-lahu ^anhu, said in <al-Fiqh al-Akbar>: Allah ta^ala is seen in the Hereafter. The believers will see Him while they are in Paradise. [They will see Him] without any likeness, ascription, and quantity and there will not be any distance between Him and his creations. The ayah means: Hellfire is guarded by strong and determined angels who do not disobey Allah in what He ordered them to do and do what they are ordered to do (at-Tahrim 6). The one who says that angels are females is charged with kufr. Allah ta^ala said which means: Those who dont believe in the Hereafter call the angels with feminine names (anNajm 27). The angels may take the image of men but without having the masculine instrument. Allah ta^ala said which means: The people were at first one nation. Allah sent the prophets to give the good news and warn (al-Baqarah 213).

The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: Al-Iman is to believe in Allah, his angels, Books, messengers and the Hereafter. Also, to believe in al-Qadar whether good or evil [is from Allah] (narrated by Muslim). Our master ^Umar, radiya-l-lahu ^anhu, said: "" The one who did not acquire the knowledge of Fiqh of dealings cannot transact in the market of Muslims (al-Bayhaqiyy). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: A person may utter a word that he thinks harmless, but it results in his falling in Hellfire [the depth of ] 70 years [in travel]. That is, the distance covered in descending 70 years in Hellfire. This is the bottom of Hellfire (Jahannam) and it is only inhabited by the kuffar (non-Muslims, blasphemers). This hadith was narrated by at-Tirmidhiyy who classified it as hassan [i.e., authentic]. A hadith related by alBukhariyy and Muslim has a similar meaning. It says: The slave may utter a word that he thinks not haram, but it results in his falling in Hellfire [a deep distance] longer than that between the east and west. Allah ta^ala said: The ayah means: If they [the kuffar] were questioned they would say we were just talking and joking. Say to them: Is it Allah, his ayat and messenger you were belittling!! Do not give any excuse. You committed kufr after you had the belief (at-Tawbah 65-66). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: Whoever sees [or knows about] a haram, then let him change it by his hand. If one is unable, [let him change it] by his tongue, and if one is unable, then [let it be changed] by his tongue. This is the least that is required if one was unable (ad^af al-iman) (narrated by Muslim). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: Some men dispense unjustly the money to be paid in fulfillment of Allahs orders, they will be in Fire on the Day of Judgment (al-Bukhariyy). Allah ta^ala said: {} This ayah means: Allah permitted transacting the Islamically specified buying and selling, but prohibited ar-Riba. The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: If Allah prohibited something from being eaten, He also prohibits benefiting from dealing with it (Abu Dawud).

The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: "" The truthful merchant will be assembled on the Day of Judgment with the prophets, highly righteous and martyrs (at-Tirmidhiyy). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: The one who cheats the Muslims is not abiding by the Islamic Law which the Muslims follow (Muslim). Muhammad Ibn Sirin, radiya-l-lahu ^anhu, said: The Knowledge of the Religion is a part of the Religion. Look then from whom you are acquiring your religion (narrated by Muslim in the introduction of his sahih). Allah said in Surat al-An^am verse 59:

{ } which means: Only Allah knows about all the unforeseen and what is in land and sea. No matter what a leaf may fall Allah knows about it. Any grain in the darkness of earth or a wet or dry thing all are registered in a Book. The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: Allah did not send a prophet without him being of a nice face and a nice voice and your prophet has the best face and best voice among them (narrated by atTirmidhiyy). The hadith narrated by at-Tirmidhiyy [in which the prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said]: I am the master of the offspring of Adam in the Hereafter and I am not saying that out of pride. The ayah means: Ibrahim was not a Jew and not a Christian, but was a Muslim on the straight path and did not associate a partner with Allah (Al ^Imran 67). Al-imam al-qadi ^Iyad al-Yahsubiyy in his book <ash-Shifa> said: There is no disagreement [among the Muslims] that a person from the Muslims who cusses Allah is kafir and deserves to be persecuted [by the Muslim ruler].

Taj ad-Din as-Subkiyy said in his book <Muqadimat at-Tabaqat>: There is no disagreement among al-Ash^ariyy and his companions, say rather among all the Muslims, that the person who utters a saying of kufr or does the doings of al-kuffar is a kafir about Allah al-^Adhim. Furthermore, he will dwell eternally in Hellfire, even though his heart knows [the truth]. However, knowledge does not benefit him with [his] stubbornness and does not protect him [from becoming kafir]. No two Muslims disagree about that [judgment]. The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: From the many people who stand up [for praying] there is the one who acquire from his standing up staying up only. Also, from the many people who fast there is the one who acquire from his fasting hunger and thirst only (narrated by Ibn Hibban). The rule is: Any belief, action, or saying which belittles Allah, His angels, His messengers, His Threat, His Promise, or the well known practices of His Religion [which Allah ordered to follow, i.e., al-Islam] is blasphemy. Hence, the human being must exercise caution to the utmost of his effort to avoid that blasphemy. Al-imam an-Nawawiyy mentioned that in his book <al-Minhaj>, <Rawdat at-Talibin> and other books. He said in <al-Minhaj>: Arriddah is to interrupt al-Islam by intending, or saying or doing, whether the person says that out of belittling, stubbornness or believing in it. Allah ta^ala said which means: Glorify Allah in the night and in the morning, praise be to Allah in the skies and earth and at sunset and at dhuhr time (ar-Rum 1718). The prophet , salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: which means: Five prayers Allah made obligatory on the slaves (narrated by Ahmad). These are: adh-Dhuhr, al-^Asr, al-Maghrib, al-^Isha and asSubh (or al-Fajr). Allah said:

which means: The believers are ordered in preparing for as-Salah to wash their faces, their hands to the elbows, to wet-wipe the hair of their heads and to wash their feet to the ankles (Al-Maidah 6). Allah ta^ala said: in al-Mumtahinah verse10. The ayah means that it is not lawful for the believer females to marry the kuffar males and vice versa. The prophet said in the hadith: which means: If the male and female copulate then al-ghusl is an obligation (narrated by Ibn Majah). Allah said: which means: Only those who are in a state of Taharah may touch the Quran (al-Waqi^ah 79). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, also said: which means: No one touches al-Quran except someone who is tahir (narrated by al-Bayhaqiyy). The prophet, , salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: which means: Al-Junub or the woman having menses cannot recite any of al-Quran (narrated by at-Tirmidhiyy). The prophet, , salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: which means: I prohibit the woman having menses and the junub from straying in the masjid (narrated by Abu Dawud). the prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam:

which means: My intercession is due to the one who visits my grave. (narrated by ad-Daraqutniyy and said to be of a strong hadith by hafidh as-Subkiyy). the hadith of the prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam: which means: If the dog licks the dish of one of you, let him wash it seven times one of which is mixed with soil (narrated by al-Bukhariyy, Abu Dawud and others). The pig is treated in a similar manner, because it is worse than the dog. Allah ta^ala said (az-Zumar 53). The ayah encourages the sinners to not have despair of Allahs mercy. Allah forgives the sins, and he is the most forgiving and merciful to the believers in the hereafter. Allah ta^ala said: (al-Baqarah 264). The ayah prohibits the believers from nullifying their charitable deeds by al-mann and harming others. (al-Mann is to count his favor to the one who benefited from it) The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: " " Which means that every flesh nourished by haram deserves fire (alBayhaqiyy). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: " "

Which means that Allah damned the consumer and provider of usurious gain (Abu Dawud). Allah said: (an-Nisa 10). The ayah means that those who consume the money of orphans un-rightfully are as if they are eating fire. The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said:"" which means that Muslims abide by the conditions accepted by them (alBayhaqiyy). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said:" " Which means that it is not permissible to take the money of a Muslim except if he is fully content (al-Bayhaqiyy). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: "" Which means The look of the eyes leads to fornication or adultery (alBukhariyy). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: "" Most of the sins of the offspring of Adam are from their tongues (atTabaraniyy). Allah said (al-Qalam 11). It is a major sin. The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: "" The one who commits this sin will not be admitted Paradise with the first

batch of comers to Paradise (al-Bukhariyy). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: "" Lying is not beneficial neither in serious, nor in non-serious matters (alBayhaqiyy). Allah said (at-Tawbah 100). Allah praised the early converters to Islam from among the immigrants and the Ansar and praised those who follow them with goodness. Allah is pleased with those and they accepted worshipping Him. The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: "" It is a wrongdoing on the able person who procrastinates paying the debt (Abu Dawud). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: "" Cussing the Muslim is a major sin (al-Bukhariyy). the hadith of the prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, who said: If one speaks about al-Quran by his mere opinion, then he is sinful, even if he said the truth (at-Tirmithiyy). Another hadith also says: The one who gives judgment without knowledge is cursed by the angels of the sky and earth (Ibn ^Asakir).

Allah said: (al-Maidah 2). The ayah orders the Muslims to join in ordering what is good and avoid helping others on committing sinful deeds and transgression. It is unlawful to refrain from commanding the obligations and forbidding the unlawful without excuse. Allah said (al-Baqarah 79). The ayah dispraises the people of Israel who did not forbid the unlawful. The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: "" If one is asked about the Obligatory Knowledge and one withholds it, a bridle of fire will be put on him on the Day of Judgment (Ibn Hibban). Allah said (al-Baqarah 283). The ayah labels the one who withholds testimony as being sinful. The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said:" " If one listens to the conversations of others without their content, molten lead will be poured in his ears on the Day of Judgment (al-Bukhariyy). This is inferred from the hadith of the prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam: "" The one who captures a cubit of land will have it around his neck on the Day of Judgment (al-Bukhariyy and Abu Dawud). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: "" The two hands [unlawful] touch is a way that may lead to zina (Muslim).

Walking arrogantly is unlawful. This is inferred from the saying of Allah (al-Isra 37). That judgment is also supported by the hadith of the prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam which says: The one who is arrogant or walks arrogantly deserves to be subject to Allahs wrath (al-Bayhaqiyy). This is according to the hadith related by ^Abdillah bini Bisr: " A man came stepping over the shoulders on Friday while the prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, was giving his speech. The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, then said: Sit down, you have hurt others (Abu Dawud and Ibn Hibban). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: A sin of the feet is to walk to commit zina (al-Bukhariyy). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: " " Three types of people will not be admitted to Paradise with the first batch of Muslims: The ones who harm their parents, the ones who accept fornication or adultery being committed by his family members (like his wife and daughter) and the women who imitate men in dress (Ibn Hibban). It is unlawful for the men to imitate women in dress and vice versa. This is derived from the saying of the prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam: " " The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, cursed the man who dresses like a woman and the woman who dresses like the man (Abu Dawud). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: " " The one who fasts the optional fast is commanding himself. He may fast or break the fast (al-Bayhaqiyy). Allah said: (al-Hujurat 11). The ayah prohibits the Muslims from imitating the

Muslims mockingly. Allah said: (al-Hujurat 12). The ayah prohibits spying unlawfully. To tattoo is to pierce the skin with a needle and spread on it a dye to become blue. This is unlawful according to the saying of the prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam: "" The prophet cursed the one who makes tattoo and the one who asks for doing it for oneself (al-Bukhariyy and Muslim). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: " " It is not permissible for the Muslim to desert his Muslim brother for more than three nights. They both meet and none of them speaks to the other. The best of them is who gives the salam first (AlBukhariyy). In the saying of the prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, it was narrated: " " When a man and woman marriageable to him other than his wife are alone, the devil will accompany them (at-Tirmithiyy). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: Allah said: " " The one who has enmity to a waliyy deserves to be devastated by Allah (al-Bukhariyy). The saying of ^Aliyy which was narrated by Al-Bukhariyy is longer than what we said. He said This world is reaching closer and closer to its end, and we are getting closer and closer to the hereafter. So be among the children of the hereafter and do not be among the children of this dunya. Today is the time for work, and tomorrow is the time for judgment. ^Aliyy said that because most of the rewards and punishments for the peoples deeds are in the hereafter. The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said:" "

Allah ta^ala said: (al-Maidah 2). The ayah prohibits helping others to sin. The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: " " Muslims share three things: Water, pasture and firewood (Abu Dawud). The prophet, salla-l-lahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said: "" Allah damns that who gives shelter to the unjust person (Muslim). Wal Alhamdulillahi rabbil ^alamin. Wa sallallahu ^ala sayyidina Muhammad wa ^ala alihi wa sahbihit-tayyibinat-tahirin. And praise be to Allah and may Allah raise the rank of Prophet Muhammad Salla-llahu ^alayhi wa sallam and Allah knows best. I ask God to guide us to the correct path. Ameen.