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Sentence

What is a sentence? Sentences are the most important aspect of any languages. Using a language, we do four things-listening, speaking, reading, and writing. In every case of our listening, speaking, reading, and writing, we produce sentences. A word or group of words having a clear meaning in a given context is called a sentence. A sentence must have a proper order of words and a clear meaning. P.C. Das Types of sentences: Sentences are generally classified on the basis of two aspects: (A) On the basis of meaning or function (B) On the basis of structure

Based on meaning and function, sentences are of five types. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Assertive Sentence Interrogative Sentence Imperative Sentence Optative Sentence Exclamatory Sentence

The functions of the abovementioned sentences are given in the following table: Serial Kinds of Sentence 1 Assertive 2 Interrogative 3 Imperative Example Sourav is a good boy. Does he play football? (i) Go home at once. (ii)Please, lend me a pen. (i)May he live long. (ii)May Allah bless you. Hurrah! We have won the game. Function Statement Question Command Request Wish Prayer Emotion

4 5

Optative Exclamatory

Prepared by: Md. Al Mamun BA (Hons.), MA (English), Khulna University


Cell: 01921160009 E-mail: mamun_420ku@yahoo.com

On the basis of structure, sentences are classified into three types: 1. Simple Sentence 2. Complex Sentence 3. Compound Sentence Types of Sentences Simple Number of Clauses ONLY one Principal Clause Signs Infinite Verbs: (i)Infinitive=to+verb (ii) Participles: (a)Present Participle=Verb+-ing (b) Past Participle=Verb+ed Several Phrases: Because of, Due to, Owing to, On account of At the time of, During In spite of , Despite Too..to Examples 1. We work hard to succeed in life. 2. He was selected because of her honesty. 3. In spite of his being poor, he is honest.

Complex

Compound

One Principal Clause and one or more subordinate clause Two or more principal clauses joined by co-ordinate conjunctions

Though, Although, Till, Until, Before, After, Who, Whose, Whom, What, Why, Which, Where when, While, That, So that, So.that, How, As, Since, If, As if, Because, Unless, for =26

1. We work hard so that we can succeed in life. 2. He was selected because he was honest. 3. Though he is poor, he is honest. 1. We work hard and we can succeed in life. 2. He was honest, therefore he was selected. 3. He is poor, but he is honest.

And, but, or, nor, yet, therefore=6

Prepared by: Md. Al Mamun BA (Hons.), MA (English), Khulna University


Cell: 01921160009 E-mail: mamun_420ku@yahoo.com

Formation of sentences: Most of the sentences have two basic part-subject and predicate.

Prepared by: Md. Al Mamun BA (Hons.), MA (English), Khulna University


Cell: 01921160009 E-mail: mamun_420ku@yahoo.com