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Philippine Conference on Capturing Economic Benefits from Ecosystem Services 25 August 2011, ADB Manila

Engr. Ericson M. Mendoza Section Chief NPC-WMD Pulangi WAT

Legal Mandates
1. R.A. 9136 Section 34 (d): NPC shall manage and continue to be responsible for watershed rehabilitation and management and shall be entitled to the environmental charge equivalent to one-fourth of one centavo per kilowatt-hour sales.

PRESENT STATUS OF THE PULANGI IV HEP RESERVOIR

Silt deposit at the Pulangi reservoir

UC-EC PLANs1, 2 & 4


Area Developed as of 2006: Location : Brgys Panalsalan, Panadtalan, Bayabason, San Roque, Dagumbaan, Bagong Silang, Maramag, Bukidnon Project Reforestation Area Developed 155 hectares No. of Beneficiaries 73

Agroforestry
Bamboo Pltn Rubber Pltn TOTAL

270 hectares
40 hectares 35 hectares 500 hectares

121
6 12 212

PLAN 1-Reforestation

Mahogany

Mahogany

Mahogany

Manguim Falcata

Falcata

PLAN 1-Agroforestry

Forest tree component (Falcata)

Forest tree component (Mahogany)

Forest tree component (Mozizi)

Durian Mango

Pomelo

CENTRAL NURSERY OPERATION


Seedlings Production

Rain Tree
Almon Marang Banguhan

Vermicast Production Project

STRATEGY
The Family Approach Contract is adopted as a strategy for the implementation of Watershed Rehabilitation Project. Each family will be awarded with a minimum of 1 hectare to a maximum of 10 hectares depending upon the suitability of the area applied for.

APPROACHES

PULWAT provides the seedling requirement per hectare while, labor and maintenance activities as stipulated in the contract will be undertaken by the farmer with corresponding cost. Monitoring and Inspection - every 3 months (90 days) after plantation establishment, 1st , 2nd & 3rd maintenance passes; - every 4 months (120 days) for 4th, 5th & 6th maintenance passes - every 5 months for the 7th & 8th maintenance passes. 90 % survival rate is required for the established plantations. If mortality occurs, replanting is required. Contract ends after the 8th maintenance pass which is equivalent to 3 years but will still be evaluated by a third party if the plantation conforms with the standard requirement.

PROCESSES

Social Preparation & IEC campaign; Identification of areas prone to soil erosion; Submission of Application/Individual Letter of Intent (LOI);

Area Verification & Soil Sampling;


Submission of requirements for the preparation of Family Approach Contract;
Conduct of Trainings/Seminars;

Approval of Contract & Issuance of Notice to Proceed; Establishment of Plantation; Monitoring & Inspection.

LESSONS LEARNED
Promote sense of partnership between farmers and NPC

Species selection and site suitability


Farm Planning

Replanting
Establishment of living tree markers Regular field monitoring and technical support Appropriate size of area Discourage contracts with absentee land owners

OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES


1. Maintain & increase the forest cover of all watershed areas under NPCs jurisdiction and watershed areas with NPC generating plants

STRATEGIES
Continuous tree planting activities
using the family approach concept and community

Continuous production of seedlings for dispersal (forest & fruit) Continuous monitoring & provision of technical assistance to the community/project beneficiaries on the maintenance of established plantation Conduct regular coordination meeting with LGU officials (Local & Barangay level)

OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT

OBJECTIVES
2.Protect the remaining resources of the watersheds

STRATEGIES
Strengthen multi-sectoral forest protection especially with stakeholders (Community, LGU, GAs & NGOs) Formulation/ Implementation of a Comprehensive Plan which includes Forest Protection Plan involving the community and other stakeholders to sustain resources in conformance with the Local Land Use Plan Construction of satellite nurseries at the field to complement the seedling production of NPC while providing additional source of income for the community/individual Profiling/monitoring occupants of watershed

Intensive IEC/ Environmental Awareness Campaign

OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES


3. Rehabilitate eroded areas and/or stabilize slopes along waterways and reservoirs

STRATEGIES
Identify/assess areas first which will
contribute much to the soil erosion problem in the watershed before project implementation and verification with land owner Conduct soil analysis to determine soil fertility and species suitability at the identified area for project implementation (started for Plan 4 projects)
Encouraged the adoption of SWC measures/contour farming on sloping agricultural areas Encouraged the application of crop rotation system on agricultural areas Riverbank stabilization through vegetative/structural measures

OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES


4. Enhance participation of communities inside watershed

STRATEGIES
Provision
capability training/seminar for the community/project beneficiaries Continuous provision of technical assistance in the implementation of livelihood projects and the marketing of livelihood/agricultural produce Continuous linkaging activities with LGUs, GAs & NGOs to sustain the project which includes partnership and collaboration through sharing of technology and resources Continuous coordination and good relationship with the Barangay concerned for them to help disseminate information about NPCs involvement in the implementation livelihood & environmental projects of

OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES


5. Successful implementation and sustainability of projects

STRATEGIES
Teamwork
with the NPCs top management which involves WMD-HO, WMD-Division, Pulangi Plant and the field personnel in the implementation of projects. This includes monitoring, scheduling, planning, budgeting & logistics support, monthly & weekly supervision Good rapport with the stakeholders (Community, LGUs, other concerned GAs & NGOs

Open to ideas and lessons learned from previously implemented projects to avoid repetition of unsuccessful undertakings
Continuous learning and application/adoption of appropriate technologies for sustainable development. Individual assessment conducted during Tool Box meeting to come-up with solutions on issues & concerns encountered at the field and identify possible threats and risk in project implementation