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MATERIAL SELECTION USING HYBRID MCDM APPROACH FOR AUTOMOBILE BUMPER

A PROJECT REPORT Submitted by

A.AVENASH V.BALAKRISHNAN S.BARATHKUMAR M.BOOPATHIRAJA

(0715110) (0715113) (0715114) (0715115)

in partial fulfillment for the award of the degree

of

BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING
IN

MECHATRONICS ENGINEERING K.S.RANGASAMY COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY, TIRUCHENGODE-637 215


(An Autonomous Institution, Affiliated to Anna University of Technology Coimbatore and Approved by AICTE, New Delhi)

ANNA UNIVERSITY COIMBATORE COIMBATORE - 641 047


APRIL 2011

K.S.RANGASAMY COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY ANNA UNIVERSITYCOIMBATORE

BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE
Certified that this project report titled MATERIAL SELECTION USING HYBRID MCDM APPROACH FOR AUTOMOBILE BUMPER is the bonafide work of Mr. A.AVENASH, V.BALAKRISHNAN, S.BARATHKUMAR, and M.BOOPATHIRAJA who carried out the project under my supervision. Certified further, that to the best of my knowledge the work reported herein does not form part of any other project report or dissertation on the basis of which a degree or award was conferred on an earlier occasion on this or any other candidate.

SIGNATURE Dr. A. Murugesan, HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT Professor Department of Mechatronics Engineering K.S.Rangasamy College of Technology Tiruchengode - 637 215

SIGNATURE Dr. M. Ilangkumaran, SUPERVISOR Associate Professor Department of Mechatronics Engineering K.S.Rangasamy College of Technology Tiruchengode - 637 215

Submitted for the autonomous examination held on

Internal Examiner

External Examiner

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We express our deep and sincere thanks to our correspondent Lion Dr.K.S.RANGASAMY, MJF for giving us inspiration and for making all the facilities available during the execution of the project.

We are highly thankful and indebted to our principal Dr. K.THYAGARAJAH M.E., Ph.D., MISTE for allowing us to have extensive use of college facilities and encouragement to do this project.

We are highly thankful and indebted to our respected Head of the Department Dr. A. MURUGESAN M.E., Ph.D., for allowing us to have extensive use of college facilities and encouragement to do this project.

We regard our incere and heartful thanks to our beloved Internal guide Dr. M. ILANGKUMARAN M.E., Ph.D., who has guided us all through our project with his constructive criticism and valuable suggestions for the successful completion of our project.

We also thank our project coordinator Mr. P.SHANMUGAM M.E., (Ph.D.) and other faculties of our department, non teaching staffs and friends who helped us directly and indirectly for successful completion of this project.We also bestow our sincere thanks to our parents who constantly encouraged us to complete this project as grand success.

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ABSTRACT: This paper describes an application of Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) techniques to evaluate optimum material to be employed for automobile bumper. The proposed hybrid MCDM technique involves Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process (FAHP) integrated with Preference Ranking Organization Method For Enrichment Evaluation (PROMETHEE). FAHP is used to compute the criteria weights. PROMETHEE I is used to find out the leaving and entering flow where as PROMETHEE II is used to find the total ranking of the material. This study comprises five alternatives such as Polyethylene , Polypropylene , ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) , Polyamide , Polystyrene and six evaluation criteria namely Compressive yield strength , Flexural modulus , Hardness , Charpy impact strength , Elongation and Cost to select the appropriate material.

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TABLE OF CONTENT CHAPTER NO TITLE PAGE NO ABSTRACT LIST OF TABLE LIST OF FIGURE LIST OF ABBRIVATION LIST OF SYMBOLS 1 2 3 INTRODUCTION LITERATURE SURVEY FAHP AND PROMETHEE METHODOLOGY 3.1 FUZZY ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (FAHP) METHODOLOGY 3.2 PROMETHEE METHODOLOGY 4 PROPOSED MODEL 4.1 DATA GATHERING 4.2 FAHP CALCULATION 4.3 EVALUATION OF MATERIAL ALTERNATIVES AND DETERMINING THE FINAL RANK 5 DISCUSSION IN DECISION LAB 5.1 PROFILE VIEW OF FLOWS 5.2 WALKING WEIGHT OF EACH CRITERION 5.3 SCENARIO STUDY OF MULTIPLE COMPARISION 6 7 8 9 RESULT AND DISCUSSION CONCLUSION APPENDIXES REFERENCE iv 26 27 30 31 37 22 22 23 9 13 15 16 18 iii v vi vii viii 1 2 5