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TO BE

QUESTIONS AND ANSWER : 1. A : Is Mr. Hadi a postman ? B : (+) Yes, he is. (-) No, he isnt. 2. A : Are Rini and Rita going to school ? B : (+) Yes, they are. (-) No, they arent. 3. A : Are you an engineer ? B : (+) Yes, I am. (-) No, I am not. 4. A : Were you in Malang yesterday ? B : (+) Yes, I was. (-) No, I wasnt. 5. A : Is this book yours ? B : (+) Yes, it is. (-) No, it isnt. 6. A : Are these pens hers ? B : (+) Yes, they are. (-) No, they arent. 7. A : Am I late ? B : (+) yes, you are. (-) No, you arent. ***** EXERCISES : A. Fill up the blanks with a suitable to be : Is, am, are, was, were. e.g. : * John _____ here yesterday. John was here yesterday. 1. All students _____ happy todays. 2. One or those girls _____ my best friend. 3. She _____ always late for school every day. 4. Every body _____ present last night. 5. Mr. and Mrs. Kasmin _____ living in Malang. 6. My son _____ in Jakarta last week. 7. Some of those pens _____ not mine. 8. One of those students _____ here just now. 9. No body _____ at home now. 10. You and I _____ good friends. B. Change according to the given marks ! e.g. : Tono is absent today (?) (-) (?) Is Tono absent today ? (-) Tono isnt absent today. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Mr. Smith is smoking a cigarette. (?) (-) Are they your friends ? (+) (-) My books arent expensive. (+) (?) Is that your motorcycle ? (+) (-) We were at the party last night. (?) (-)

C. Give short answers, either with YES or NO to the following questions ! e.g. : A : Are you a student ? B : Yes, I am or No, I am not. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Was your brother at home last night ? Are Tono and Tina studying together ? Were you here the day before yesterday ? Is this car hers ? Is that man your brother ?

D. Choose either one is correct ! e.g. : X : Are you an American or an Indonesian ? Y : I am an Indonesian. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Is Jakarta a big city or a small city ? Are you a good or bad student in English ? Is your father rich or poor ? Are your friends lazy or diligent ? Is this pen mine or yours ? Was Tina late or early this morning ? Is that man a farmer or a lawyer ? Are they at home or in a hospital ? Is this your dog or Tonos ? Are we studying English or Javanese ? *****

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE


QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS : 1. A : Do you study English every day ? B : (+) Yes, I do. (-) No, I dont. 2. A : Does Erwiena get up early ? B : (+) Yes, she does. (-) No, she doesnt. 3. A : Do Mr. and Mrs. Zainal go to Bali ? B : (+) Yes, they do. (-) No, they dont. 4. A : Does Budi read a novel ? B : (+) Yes, he does. (-) No, he doesnt. 5. A : Do I have to help her ? B : (+) Yes, you do. (-) No, you dont. 6. A : Does this book belong to you ? B : (+) Yes, it does. (-) No, it doesnt. 7. A : Do those trucks stop near the bridge ? B : (+) Yes, they do. (-) No, they dont. 8. A : Do we have to buy this book ? B : (+) Yes, we do. (-) No, we dont. ***** EXERCISES : A. Change according to the given marks ! e.g. : Helen goes home. (?) (-). (?) Does Helen go home ? (-) Helen doesnt go home. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Mr. Kosim enjoys the holiday in Bali. (?) (-) Do we have enough food ? (+) (-) Tina doesnt drive a car herself. (+) (?) They dont want to come here. (+) (?) Does she really love you ? (+) (-) The train always arrives on time. (?) (-) Does that man drink a lot of beer ? (+) (-) Your servant doesnt serve good food. (+) (?) They borrow the books from library. (?) (-) The meeting takes place in my office. (?) (-)

B. Choose the right verb from brackets to complete the sentence ! 1. One of my friends (go, goes) home early. 2. Every body (talk, talks) about that accident. 3. They (refuses, refuse) my offer. 4. None of them (agrees, agree) to my plan. 5. Does Tina (come, comes) late today ? 6. My sister never (asks, ask) for money. 7. You and I (have, has) to help each other. 8. You and Rini (do, does) the work very well. 9. This program (costs, cost) a lot of money. 10. Your ideas (make, makes) me nervous. C. Give a short answer either with YES or NO ! 1. Does that man ever take a bath ? 2. Do your father and mother stay in a hotel ? 3. Does one of those boys come to your house ? 4. Do Mr. and Mrs. Hadi have a new car ? 5. Does it take you a long time to go there ? 6. Does your mother agree with you ? 7. Do you see my book ? 8. Do these books cost you a lot of money ? 9. Do Tono and Tini enjoy their vacation ? 10. Do I owe you a lot of money ? *****

TYPES OF QUESTIONS
EXERCISES : A. Give short answer, either using YES or NO ! For example : A : Do you like coffee ? B : Yes, I do. or No, I dont. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Does this pen belong to you ? Will Mr. Surya go abroad next month ? Have you got your breakfast ? Was your father in Malang yesterday ? Were they absent yesterday ? Did Tina visit the museum ? Shall we take a rest a moment ? Do Mr. and Mrs. Kasmin live in Malang ? Could Helen come to your party last night ? Are they going down town ?

B. Make questions of the italized words ! e.g. : Jack comes to school by bus. How does Jack come to school ? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Rini goes to sleep at 10 oclock. Mr. Sosro drinks two bottles of tea. Tono plays a piano for 2 hours every day. Yes, I love you very much. Rojali falls in love with Julaika. My name is Roy Markun No, Rini isnt listening to the radio now. I take an English course three times a week. Angga gets up very late every morning. Dewi borrows his book. *****

NUMBERS
EXERCISES : A. Say these following figures in English ! 1. 27.5 + 32.75 = 60.25 2. 31/4 + 31/2 = 53/4 3. 678,254,390 : 4. 42 + 53 = 141 5. 3,587.35 : B. Give the complete answers ! 1. How much is forty one minus sixteen ? 2. How much is seventeen times four ? 3. How much is seventy two divided by six ? 4. How much is one hundred minus ten plus six ? 5. How much is one hundred twenty five times four minus two hundred ? *****

TELLING TIMES
EXERCISES : A. Say these following time signals either in American and British Systems ! 1. 10 : 10 2. 16 : 40 = 4 : 40 p.m. 3. 21 : 55 4. 09 : 05 a.m. 5. 13 : 58 B. Give the complete answers ! 1. What time is it now ? 2. What time do you get up every morning ? 3. What time does your father have breakfast ? 4. What time do you always go to sleep every night ? 5. What time will they arrive here tonight ? 6. What time does the film start ? 7. What time were you in a hospital yesterday ? 8. What time does brother take a bath every afternoon ? 9. Do you know what time your sister plays tennis every Saturday afternoon ? 10. What time do you have your dinner every night ? *****

THERE IS, ARE, WAS, WERE


EXERCISES : A. Fill up the blanks with a suitable There is form ! e.g. : _____ a dog in the garden now. There is a dog in the garden now. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. _____ a good film at Mitra last night. _____ a lot of students absent today. _____ a meeting in my office next week. _____ an accident near here 2 days ago. _____ many people waiting for you since this morning. _____ a party in my house next Saturday. _____ a lot of girls here last night. _____ only one door in this room. _____ nothing left when I arrived. _____ often a rainbow after rain.

B. Change into There is form ! e.g. : A man is on the street. There is a man on the street. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. A lot of student were absent yesterday. A conference is in my office now. The same film has been in Mitra for three days. A new moon will be tonight. Plenty of knives are in the drawer. Many magazines were on the table. A guest was in my house last night. Some flowers are in the garden now. A lot of pupils have been there since May. A car is in my garage.

C. Change according to the given marks ! e.g. : There is a book in the table. (?) (-) (?) Is there a book on the table ? (-) There isnt a book on the table. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. There wont be a conference tomorrow. (+) (?) Were there many students absent ? (+) (-) There is a beautiful park here. (?) (-) There wasnt dig in the yard. (+) (?) Has there been a man in your house for several hours ? (+) (-) There arent many chairs in my room. (?) (+)

D. Make questions starting with How many for the words italized. e.g. : There are 5 books on the table now. How many books are there on the table now ? 1. There were a few mistakes in your exercise. 2. There will be some competitions next week. 3. There are two windows in my bedroom. 4. There were thirty students here yesterday. 5. There are twelve months in a year. 6. There have been six students absent lately. *****

PERSONAL & POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS


EXERCISES : A. Use the right personal pronoun for the words in italics ! Example : - Rojali loves Julaika. - He loves her. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Mr. and Mrs. Abdul came to the party. No body likes to go with that man. Tina went to a library yesterday. I love my father and mother very much. You and I have to study very hard. Please explain the answer to that girl. Tono and Tini bought books for Tina. That baby cried continuously all night. Rini told my sister and me about the matter. John puts all his books in a cupboard.

B. Chose the correct word from brackets ! e.g. : - I like (he, him, his) very much. - I like him very much. 1. We come here together with (she, her, hers) 2. I know (they, their, them) very well. 3. Go and see (he, his, him) right away. 4. There are some letters for you and (I, me). 5. (They, their, them) always come on time. 6. I want to talk with (they, them, their). 7. This car is (I, mine, my, me). 8. Go with Tina and (he, him) to see (they, them) 9. John said that (we, us) had to go home soon. 10. Do you think (he, him) is younger than (I, me) am ?

C. Change into possessive using apostrophe + s for the words in italics ! e.g. : - This is the book of Joko. - This is Jokos book. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. That is the father of Idris. I am the nephew of Mr. Arifin. The hair of my mother looks beautiful. I really do not know that you are the son of Mr. Rais. What is the name of your brother ? The dresses of those girls are nice. The name of my brother-in-law is Wawan. I am invited to the club of the women. The hats of those ladies look beautiful. The cover of my book is red.

D. Chose the correct possessive form from the words in brackets ! e.g. : - This book is (mine, my, I, me). - This book is mine. 1. It is none of (yours, you, your) business. 2. What is (she, her, hers) telephone number ? 3. Take (her, hers, she) and give it to me ! 4. One of (us, ours, our) friends is there. 5. (Our, ours, us) is better than (you, your, yours). 6. He is a friend of (me, my, I, mine). 7. Rini and all (hers, her, she) friends are beautiful. 8. You can use (me, mine, my) car and Ill use (she, her, hers). 9. You and I have to prepare (us, our, we, ours) lessons seriously. 10. (They, theirs, their, them) teacher will give an examination next week. *****

SIMPLE PAST TENSE


QUESTIONS AND ANSWER : 1. A : Did you come to my house yesterday. B : (+) Yes, I did. (-) No, I didnt. 2. A : Did your father go to Malang yesterday ? B : (+) Yes, he did. (-) No, he didnt. 3. A : Did Mrs. Kartono visit the museum ? B : (+) Yes, she did. (-) No, she didnt. 4. A : Did Tono and Tini arrive on time ? B : (+) Yes, hey did. (-) No, they didnt. 5. A : Did that man di his job very well ? B : (+) Yes, he did. (-) No, he didnt. EXERCISES : A. Change into Past Tense ! 1. I know the answer to that question. 2. My grandpa drinks too much coffee. 3. You smoke so much. 4. She reads a very interesting novel. 5. My car breaks down on the way here. 6. Mr. Sun Sing Sue sells his car. 7. That girl dances beautifully. 8. They enjoy staying in a beach very much. 9. The servant sweeps the floor with a broom. 10. It takes me only one hour to go to Jakarta by plane. B. Change according to the given marks ! e.g. : Mr. Hadi didnt see a film. (+) Mr. Hadi saw a film. (-) Did Mr. Hadi see a film ? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Endro went shopping yesterday. (?) (-). They didnt study hard. (+) (?). Did Mariza understand the problem ?. (+) (-). He took the money from the bank. (?) (-). Did you do your homework last night ?. (+) (-) They looked for a better job. (?) (-) We didnt agree to this plan. (+) (?) Mr. Hadi sat comfortably. (?) (-) Did you understand what I meant ?. (+) (-) Angga didnt say good bye. (+) (?).

C. Make question of the italized words ! e.g. - Helen came here by taxi yesterday. - How did Helen come here yesterday ? 1. Alida spoke English with me. 2. Mr. Anwar invited me to this party. 3. I studied hard for 2 hours last night. 4. Erwiena spent her holiday in Bali 5. Yes, we saw a film at Mitra last night. 6. Yanul wrote a letter to U.S.A. yesterday 7. Nanik received two letters from Kediri. 8. No, I didnt take your book. 9. Mr. Yugo bought a car from a big dealer 10. Rufaida needed some money to buy a book. 11. E got my breakfast at 7 : 30 this morning 12. The teacher gave me a fine red book. *****

ARTICLES
EXERCISES : A. Supply the blank spaces with A or AN ! e.g. : - I want to buy ____ book. - I want to buy a book. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. The doctor gave me X-ray We live in united country. Ina is really honest girl. I have stayed in hospital for 2 days. We are waiting for umpire to play football. I dont like one sided argument. This is really useful dictionary. I wear uniform to school. Anita is extremely kind girl. We met European on our way to school.

B. Fill up the blanks with THE if necessary ! e.g. : - Every one drinks ---water. - Every one drinks water. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Surabaya people are very friendly. Surabaya is capital of East Java. You are man I am looking for. Film which I saw at Mitra last night was Dongkrak Antik. Customer is king. Coffee in that glass is still hot. Semeru mountain is located in East Java. Mr. Hadi is going to Lamongan. I met uncle Tom on my way here. Chairil Mansur family lives in poverty.

C. Fill up the blanks with A, AN, or THE ! ___ woman is walking toward ___ store. She is carrying. ___ basket on her hand. ___ basket is made of bamboo. ___ child is following ___ woman. She knows that ___ child wants to help her carry ___ basket. There are entering ___ store now. *****

DEGREES OF COMPARISON
EXERCISES : Give the opposite of the words in italics ! e.g. : You are not younger than I am; you are ____. You are not younger than I am; you are older.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

A bike is not more expensive than a car ; it is _______. Dangdut is not more interesting than the jazz music ; it is _______. Malang is farther than Sidoarjo from here ; it is not _______. The light in this room is not so bright. It is rather _______. I dont care whether you married a young woman or an __________one; the smart one or the ___________ one. Whether this book is expensive or ___________ is completely of my concern. No body ever thinks that English is easy. They consider it is ________. Im sure that the price of every thing will be up and ______ for a few moment. It doesnt make any difference whether you come here late or _______. As a matter of fact, I enjoy walking with a very beautiful lady. This doesnt mean that I hate the _______ one. *****

THE USE OF IT
EXERCISES : A. Supply the correct form of it is to the following sentences ! 1. ____________ easy to do such a work. 2. ____________ you (that) I meant. 3. ____________ raining hard for two hours. 4. ____________ a pity you didnt meet her. 5. ____________ time to go bed. 6. ____________ glad to meet you again next year. 7. ____________ important to have a lot of friends. 8. ____________ here when I saw her. 9. ____________ up to you ! You may come with us. 10. ____________ cloudy since this morning. B. Translate into good English by using the preparatory It is, it was, it will be, It has been, etc ! 1. Sangat menarik untuk belajar bahasa Inggris dalam sebuah kelompok yang aktif. 2. Akan membosankan mendengarkan khotbah yang terlalu panjang. 3. Tidak mengherankan jika ayah saya menjadi sangat marah padaku. 4. Kurang lebih satu jam yang lalu ketika kecelakaan itu terjadi di dekat Hotel Mirama. 5. Percuma menolong seseorang yang tak tahu berterima kasih. *****

EXERCISES : A. Change these sentences into It takes form ! 1. John went to school in 15 minutes. 2. She has studied English in 6 years. 3. You will arrive there in 4 hours. 4. We visited the hospital in 20 minutes. 5. They will play tennis in half an hour. 6. I have tried to be honest all my life. 7. Rini paints this picture in 5 days. 8. We will get our salary in a few minutes. 9. I check her car in 10 minutes. 10. They have waited for the approval from their boss in almost 3 hours. B. Change according to the given marks ! 1. It took him 2 hours to go home (?) (-) 2. Will it take you 10 minutes to read this letter ? (+) (-) 3. It doesnt take her an hour to study the lesson. (+) (?) 4. It has taken us the whole day to finish this job (?) (-) 5. Does it take you a long time to repair your car ? (+) (-)

C. Make question of the words in italics for the following sentences ! e.g. : It book me 2 days to come here. How long did it take you to come here ? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. It takes me Rp.2.000,- to buy this book. It will take 2 persons to lift this box. It took y father a month to write a novel. It has taken him a year to master English. It takes much time to cook in the kitchen. It will take me a day to mend this watch. It took us a few hours to do that job. It takes 2 trucks to carry these things. *****

SOME & ANY


EXERCISES : A. Change according to the given marks ! e.g. : She goes somewhere (?) (-) (?) Does she go any where ? (-) She does not go any where. 1. Mr. Hadi didnt bring any money. (+) (?) 2. Do you speak to any one about it ? (+) (-) 3. We wont believe anything you say ? (+) (-) 4. She has some friends in Jakarta. (?) (-) 5. Will you do anything soon ? (+) (-) 6. There wasnt any one at home. (+) (?) 7. Did they see any films last week ? (+) (-) 8. Tono doesnt need any helps. (+) (?) 9. Mr. Shodiq didnt drink any tea. (+) (?) 10. She received some letters lately. (+) (?) B. Change into NOT . . . . . ANY form ! e.g. : He goes nowhere . - He does not go any where. 1. They wait for no body. 2. Rini spoke to no one. 3. I have nothing to do today. 4. This is one of your business. 5. He allows no one to enter his room. 6. Well have no other choice. 7. Ive done no harm to her. 8. There is nothing wrong with you car. 9. Mr. Anwar gave no more money to his son. 10. You have nothing to worry about. C. Change into NO form ! e.g. : He doesnt go any where. - He goes nowhere. 1. I wont trust any body else but you ! 2. You didnt have to do any work like this. 3. They wouldnt go any where after the lesson. 4. I havent done any harm to you. 5. Tina doesnt drink any more coffee. 6. We cannot do anything without your approval. 7. You arent good for anything. 8. I dont belong to any body. 9. I wont argue with any one like you ! 10. He didnt see any point in discussing the problem with a foolish one like you!

D. Give a short negative response quickly to each of the following questions ! e.g. : A : What are you doing ? B : Nothing ! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. You look so sad. What are you thinking about ? Who kissed you at the party last night ? What can I do for you ? Which of these two cars is yours ? I havent seen you for a long time. Where have you been ? Who told you that I was here ? Hi ! what the hell are you talking about ? Which one of those young ladies over there is your dearest fiance ? Where did you go just now ? Who are you afraid of ? *****

NOUNS
EXERCISES : A. Change into plural form ! e.g. : A cock is an animal. - Cocks are animal. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. A policeman arrests a thief. There is a book on the shelf. A lady talks to an old woman. A cow milks a calf. Is there a mouse in that house ? Put that knife near the radio ! Rini bought a brush from this store. This woman is sick and so is that girl. That big old haunted house near the river is occupied by a one-legged man. A student goes to a university or college after completing his senior high school.

B. Put the word in brackets in plural form ! e.g. : The (boy) over there are my (student). - The boys over there are my students. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Those (lady) told my (child) some funny (story). There are several (deer) and (sheep) at the zoo. That man has two (wife) and four (child). All (glass) were broken into pieces by (thief). Those two (man) over there are the (Commander - chief) of the Indonesian Arm Forces. Two (volcano) just erupted last week. All (house), (field), (buffalo), (TVstudio) and other (building) were turned into pieces. (Hundred) of man and (woman) lost their (life). These (watch) belong to those (gentleman). (Cattle) are sold at the (market). There are many (people) on the (street). *****

GENDER
EXERCISES : Fill up the blanks with a suitable word ! e.g. : The son of my sister is my__________. The son of my sister is my nephew. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. A __________ is girl who serves and helps passengers on plane. My __________ is the brother of my father. The son and the daughter of my aunt or uncle ate my __________. The son of my brother is my __________. The father of my mother is my __________. That woman is a __________. Her husband died a few weeks ago. The sister of my wife is my __________. Tono and Tini are engaged now. They are __________ and __________. After they are married, they become a __________ and a __________. A ,am and a woman serving food and the drink in a restaurant are a __________ and a __________. Tono is my daughters husband. He is my __________. Diponegoro is a __________ whereas Kartini is a __________. My father gets married again. The woman he married is my __________. Cousins are children of our __________ and our __________. A man whose wife passed away is died is a __________. *****

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE


EXERCISES : A. Change into Future Forms ! 1. I know the answer to that question. 2. They never have much money. 3. Ina looks very beautiful with that dress. 4. Mr. Hadi reads more and more books. 5. I dont buy any more clothes from that shop. 6. Hendro does his work very well. 7. They are happy. 8. Angga comes here by taxi. 9. You never understand me. 10. Jack and Jill go up the hill. B. Change according to the given marks ! e.g. : We shall be happy. (?) (-). (?) Shall we be happy ? (-) We shant be happy. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Etty will come here by train. (?) (-). Shall we go together ? (+) (-). I wont believe it. (+) (?). She will get married soon. (?) (-). Will you be back later ? (+) (-). They will be in Malang tomorrow. (?) (-). Shall I kiss you on the lips ? (+) (-). Mr. and Mrs. Kosim will be here soon. (?) (-). They wont agree to my plan. (+) (?). We shall be late for the meeting. (?) (-).

C. Change these sentences into to be going to form ! e.g. : * I will study hard. - I am going to study hard. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. All of us will leave for Jakarta tomorrow. I think shell be fine soon. Shall I inform him that you are here ? Well study harder next year. My father will have a meeting next week. I wont do it again. Will you sell your house ? We shant make any statements. Ill go abroad by plane next week. Tina will visit a museum next Monday. *****

ING FORMS
EXERCISES : A. Put the verb in brackets in correct form, either using gerund, infinitive or to + infinitive ! 1. I hate (see) you (work) so hard. 2. Will you advise her (stop) (smoke) so much ? 3. Is he going (keep) (tell) me that he is right ? 4. They enjoy (dance) until late at night. 5. Dont ever late me (find) you (day-dream). 6. I must (ask) you (stop) (interfere). 7. You are supposed (obey) my order without (ask) any more questions. 8. Could you (manage) (finish) (pack) your suitcases by 7 oclock ? 9. I cannot (stop) (love) you, sweet-heart ! 10. May I ask you (begin) (eat) now without (wait) for the others (come) ? B. Supply the correct preposition to the space provided and add ing to the verb in brackets ! e.g. : - John is interested _______ (study) musics. * John is interested in studying musics. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. I was prevented ________ (go) by the flood. Ina is fond________ (dance). They insisted ________ (stay) with us. Im getting bored ________ (wait) for you ! We look forward ________ (receive) your replay at your earliest convenience. They are accustomed ________ (get) up early. I am not an expert ________ (handle) such a case. We cannot come into that house ________ (break) the front door. She has a lot of experience ________ (take) care of a baby. You get only a little chance ________ (see) him alive. He is still in coma now.

C. Change into polite commands by introducing Would you mind + gerund ! e.g. : - Speak louder ! * would you mind speaking louder ? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Put your book down on the table ! Close that door ! Keep your mouth shut ! Bring that car home ! Dont talk too much ! Say hello for me to your daddy ! Stay away from my fiance ! Do this work as I told you ! Dance with me, lady ! Dont ever touch this painting without my permission !

D. Translate into English using ing Form ! 1. Saya menghargai kedatangan anda kemari. 2. Zainal mengakui merusakkan sepeda motor saya secara tidak sengaja. 3. Yanul lalai mengerjakan pekerjaan rumah karena ia terlalu siuk dengan pianonya. 4. Ayah tidak menyukai saya bekerja terlalu keras sepanjang hari tanpa mendapat waktu yang cukup untuk istirahat. 5. Tahukah anda bahwa Hendro dapat menikmati merokok, tapi tidak tahan membahu asapnya ? *****

BUILDING UP SENTENCES
Ada sebuah cara yang sangat sistimatis untuk membentuk dan menyempurnakan sebuah kalimat tunggal yang hanya terdiri dari dua patah kata (subject/noun & predicate/verb) yakni dengan : Menambahkan adjectives (kata sifat/kata keadaan) terhadap noun/subject, dan menambahkan adverbs (kata keterangan) terhadap verb/predicate. Contoh :

ADJECTIVES

NOUN BOYS S

VERB DANCED P

ADVERBS

I.

Langkah pertama kita tambahkan sebanyak mungkin kata sifat pada kata benda : What kind of . . . . . . . . ? Happy How many . . . . . . . . . . ? Three happy Which . . . . . . . . . . . ? Those three happy ADJECTIVES boys boys boys NOUN danced danced danced

II.

Langah kedua adalah dengan menambahkan adverbs/kata keterangan sebanyak mungkin terhadap ver/kata kerja. boys boys boys boys N (I + II). danced danced danced danced VERB

Happily . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . How ? Happily at home . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Where ? Happily at home last night . . . . . . . . . . . When ? ADVERBS

Langkah selanjutnya adalah dengan menggabungkan hasil terakhir dari (I) dan (II) seperti berikut : happily at home. boys danced last night N V

Those three happy

Nah, gampang bukan ? Sekarang dengan prosedur yang sama cobalah sempurnakan kalimat berikut ini menjadi lebih lengkap dengan menambahkan : adjectives terhadap noun dan adverbs terhadap verb !

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Girls sing. Ladies talked. People run. Students arrive. Truck travelled. Babies cry. *****

ADVERBS & THEIR FORMATIONS


EXERCISES : State the words in brackets into comparative form of adverb ! e.g. : Rini dances ________ (happy) ________ the sings. - Rini dances more happily than she sings. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. You arrived here ________ (soon) ________ I did. We study ________ (serious) ________before. Widyawati acts ________ (beautiful) ________ Grace. I visited the museum ________ (early) ________ you. They do the job ________ (good) ________ others. My father works ________ (hard) ________ I do. You drove the car ________ (fast) ________ we. My car can ________ (easy) be repaired ________ yours. Rini visits me ________ (often) ________ you do. He works ________ (careful) ________ his father.

EXERCISES : A. Form the adverb from adjectives in brackets ! e.g. : He drives his car ________ (slow). - He drives his car slowly. 1. I can do this exercises ________ (easy). 2. That train moves very ________ (fast). 3. That tall girl danced very ________ (beautiful) at the party last night. 4. She always types the letters very ________ (good) and ________(neat). 5. My mother likes to get up ________ (early). 6. Tono studies very ________ (hard) and ________ (regular) to pass the exam. 7. Mr. Anwar came ________ 9late) to the meeting and couldnt concentrate his mind on the subject ________ (serious). 8. We try to solve this problem ________ (thorough). 9. She entered the room ________ (quiet) while the other were talking ________ (loud). 10. They speak English ________ (good), never come to school ________ (late) and always do the homework ________ (diligent). B. Choose the adjective or adverb from the brackets to complete the following sentences ! 1. Be (wise, wisely) to yourself ! 2. A (patient, patiently) woman waits for her husband from the office (patient, patiently). 3. Do your job (good, well) and try to be a (good, well) person ! 4. I can image how (real, really) happy you are after you meet your (real, really) son. 5. Basically every body is (good, well) in his nature, only the surrounding that influences him to behave (bad, badly) or (good, well). 6. This is an (actual, actually) fact !

7. He quits school quite (quiet, quietly) for he himself is actually a very (quiet, quietly) person. 8. I never (real, really) realize that something which seems to be a (real, really) reality is sometimes unreal. 9. Do as (quick, quickly) as you can, otherwise he will give you no (quick, quickly) payment for what you have done ! 10. Take it (easy, easily), man ! dont get (angry, angrily) about this. We can handle this problem (easy, easily) if we keep our heads (cool, coolly). C. Fill up the blanks with good or well to complete the sentences ! e.g. : Tono is a __________ student. - Tono is a good student. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Please, do your work. A ________ educated man can understand this matter very ________. Be a ________ boy ! Im sure you can achieve every thing ________. Your hand writing is really very ________. No body does the job as ________ as you do. You are ________ for nothing ! Please, take ________ eare of her ! Erwiena is always ________ prepared in everything she does. Hi ! Are you ________ this evening ? Dont think that I cannot be as ________ as you are and do the job as ________ as you do ! *****

SENTENCE PRINCIPLES
EXERCISES : Change according to the given marks ! E.g. : He was late this morning. (?) (-). (?) Was he late this morning ? (-) He was not late this morning. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Hardi has been here twice (?) (-). They wont be back in a minute (+) (?). Should I go with you ? (+) (-). Tina got a new pen from her father (?) (-). We prefer to study English in a group (?) (-). Did Inem write a letter last night ? (+) (-). He would have done the homework if he had a lot of time (?) (-). Will you be sleeping by 10 oclock ? (+) (-). We have a new English teacher (?) (-). They might not have gone home (+) (?). *****

REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS
EXERCISES : A. Supply the proper reflexive pronouns to the following sentences ! 1. We __________ will come a little late. 2. You and I may not regard _________ the guest here. 3. She made ___________ very popular. 4. I met the president __________ at the party. 5. I dont think they will use it for __________. 6. Rini _________ always prepares breakfast for me. 7. I wonder why most people like to talk abut ___________. 8. This baby cannot drink the milk __________ 9. You have to remind ___________ about this duty. 10. Tinas brother made a picture of ___________. 11. Do you think I have to do it by ___________? 12. That girl likes to see ___________ in the mirror. 13. Mr. and Mrs. Hadi __________ come here on foot. 14. I ___________ realize that your mother cannot make a decision __________. 15. She told me that her father ____________ had given her a permission to go with me. B. Replace alone with by . . . . . . . self as shown in the following example ! e.g. : - She comes here alone. * She comes here by herself. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. We dont like to go alone. Tonos sister cannot lift that table alone. Of course, this car cannot move alone. My grandma doesnt like to stay alone at her big wooden house in a village. Please, dont disturb me ! Just leave me alone ! Those men went to the jungle alone. Id like you to go there alone ! Mariza and I stay here alone, but we never feel lonely. I myself cannot imagine how lonely I am to live alone in such a lonely place. Those students always try support their study alone. *****

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE


EXERCISES : A. Change the sentences below into Present Perfect Tense and replace the underlined adverbs of time with : NEVER, REPEATEDLY, MANY TIMES, or SEVERAL TIMES ! e.g. : * Helen goes to school every day. - Helen has gone to school many times. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. They saw a film at Mitra last night. My father speaks English with me every day. Mr. Hasan sis his job very well yesterday. No body comes here on Sunday. All students will be here tomorrow. We are telling him a story now. He discusses the problem with us every day. Joko will stay here next week. Mr. Hadi arrived from school just now. I am doing my homework now.

B. Make question of the underlined words ! e.g. : - She has gone to Bali. - Where has she gone ? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Mr. Anwar has come here twice. They have been in Bogor for two days. Yes, I have ever gone to Singapura. My sister has done the homework very well. Yanti has spoken English very fluently. She has phoned me from her office. My mother has cooked in the kitchen all day. No, they havent paid the bill. I have written three letters so far. My neighbor has bought a new refrigerator. *****

QUESTION TAGS
EXEERCISES : A. Give the missing tags to the following statement ! e.g. : - You are happy, __________ ? * You are happy, arent you ? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. That baby cried all night last night, __________ ? Your name is Bambang, _________ ? Those men spoke English very well, _________ ? You and I are friends, _________ ? That car moves very fast, _________ ? Rinis boy friend came here _________ ? Those trucks belong to Mr. Anwar, _________ ? My parents wont go to Bali, _________ ? I am your teacher, _________ ? All of us shant go there, _________ ? Your mothers dresses look nice, _________ ? One of those boys dances well, _________ ? Mariza has come here on time, _________ ? Mr. Hadi has to come home right now, _________ ? Jack and Jill have some mangoes, _________ ?

B. Add the missing words to complete the following sentences ! e.g. : - You _________ happy, arent you ? * You are happy, arent you ? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. That man _________ here last night, was he ? You _________ a new car, wont you ? They _________ come late, do they ? This chair _________ belong to her, doesnt it ? You _________ ever visited Bali, havent you ? We _________ have to go home, do we ? Tina _________ study hard, should she ? You and I _________ friends, arent we ? This cake _________ taste good, does it ? Mr. Karim _________ under arrest, was he ? *****

PREPOSITIONS
A. Fill up the blanks with a suitable preposition to complete the sentences below ! e.g. : He waits _________ the bus. - He waits for the bus. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. I want you _________ go _________ her _________ the shop. A beggar knocked _________ my door yesterday. I cannot read this _________ my glass. She was born _________ 4 a.m. _________ Sunday _________ 1960. I prefer _________ sit _________ Tini and Tina. Mariza is sitting _________ those girls. The plane will take _________ _________ six oclock. We are _________ war _________ them. It is really dangerous to drive _________ 80 km/hour. _________ the busy street. I have a good news _________ you ! Just be calm and patient _________ a moment _________ wait _________ I finish doing this work. All of us are _________ you to win that game ! Come _________ me and Ill show you _________ the city. They stand _________ close _________ the door and she takes a seat next _________ the window. We go _________ and stairs in this 8-storey building by using a lift. Pick _________ that piece _________ paper _________ the floor.

B. Without the help of a dictionary, find out the special meaning of the words in underline then translate the whole sentences into Indonesian ! 1. Mr. Smith works very hard every day. He leaves home for the office at 8 oclock and always knocks off at 5 p.m. 2. There is a very good film at Mitra. Many people have to stand in a queue to buy the tickets before they enter the theatre. 3. Mr. Kasno is upset today. He cannot buy a pack of cigarette, he cannot buy any food, and even he cannot pay for a glass of coffee. Mr. Kasno is really broke today. 4. Mr. Ahmad has no children, but he likes the young kids very much. He is very kind to me and he always looks upon me as his own son. 5. When Mr. Anwar heard that someone had broken his car, he really got mad to his careless driver. That was the very first time I saw him lose his temper. 6. Im sorry I dont know the meaning of this word. Its a new one for me. To tell you the truth I have never come across this word before. 7. He has worked hard the whole day without a rest. Now he is completely worn-out. 8. Its my bad day today ! My car suddenly broke down on the way to school and I was late for the lesson. 9. After I think it over and over for more than two weeks, I finally make up my mind to postpone my marriage for another couple of months. 10. Do what you can do today ! Dont put off until tomorrow, because it will be too late ! *****

KINDS OF SENTENCES
EXERCISES : A. Combine into one Compound Sentence by using the proper conjuction ! e.g. : - Ina always comes on time - Ina lives far from here. * Ina always comes on time although lives far from here. 1. Rini is only sixteen. Rini has been at the third grade of a senior high school. 2. I came to school late this morning. There was a traffic jam near the Simpang Hotel. 3. They failed the Perintis test. They had studied very hard. 4. She wont give you the money. You ask her. 5. That man is very rich. He can buy whatever he likes. 6. I will come to her house. The rain stops. 7. Rini still looks beautiful. She wears only a very simple cheap dress. 8. She insists on going to Bali. It is not a good time for a perfect holiday. 9. Mr. Hadi wont accept your argument. You give him the complete and accurate details. 10. You can take this car home right now. You agree to pay the reasonable price. B. Combine into one Complex Sentence by using a suitable relative pronoun. Pay close attention to the clues in underline ! e.g. : - Pailul loves Painem. - She never cares. * Pailul loves Painem who never cares. * Painem whom Pailul loves never cares. 1. I saw a film at Mitra last night. It saw Kabut Sutera Ungu. 2. The man came to dinner. He is my fathers old fried. 3. Mr. Hendro doesnt smoke a cigarette His father is the richest man in town. 4. I just met my old friend affandi He had ever stayed with me for ten years 5. Tono borrowed my car yesterday. It is at the police station now. 6. Rini is very kind to me. I lover her. 7. Mr. Barja doesnt like me. His daughter used to be my girl friend. 8. I bought a book at Sari Agung book store It cost me a lot of money. 9. Rojali fallsin love with Julika. She is an honest and loyal girl. 10. Semeru is the highest mountain in Java. Its peak is covered with fog and cloud. *****

PASSIVE VOICE
EXERCISES : A. Change into Passive Voice ! 1. Ucok borrowed a book from a library. 2. W.S. Rendra wrote a lot of poems. 3. Tina doesnt tell a story. 4. Mr. Hadi has built a new house in town. 5. Does Rini give you a new pen ?* 6. Mr. Edi will sign the contract agreement. 7. The police arrested the thieves. 8. No body assists me to finish my work. 9. I will take my son to the zoo next Sunday. 10. Ida has asked me several questions.* _______________ * Having 2 passive forms. B. Change into Active ! e.g. : - A letter is written by John. * John writes a letter. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Tina wont be given a new car by her father. Kabut Sutera Ungu was written by Ike Supomo. Your car is still being repaired by him. Many houses have been destroyed by fire. That newspaper wasnt issued for propaganda by a political party. Our house will be painted white by them. My hair has been cut short by a barber. Many popular songs were composed by Ebiet. I am warned not to go there by that man. Two of her teeth have been pulled out by the dentist.

C. Make question of the words in underline ! e.g. : - A letter was written by John. * By whom was a letter written ? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. America was discovered by Columbus in 1492. He was injured due to his carelessness. I am informed to stay at home. That high tower was truck by lightning. Ida has been given a good position by him. The departure of the plane was delayed because of the bad weather. English is studied every where. My car has been washed clean by the servant. Yes, some jokes were told by Gepeng Rini has been asked twice to come here. *****

OTHER VARIETIES OF TENSES


EXERCISES : A. Change the following sentences into Future Continuous Tense Present Tense, then into Present Perfect Continuous Tense, as shown in the example ! e.g. : * Tono studies hard for an hour. - Tono will be studying hard for an hour. - Tono will have studied hard for an hour. - Tono has been studying hard for an hour. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. My father stays in this city for 2 years. All of us sleep soundly. I wait for you in that restaurant. Many students do their homework seriously. We visit that museum several times. Someone cleans the blackboard. Do you write all the questions ? Mr. Hasyim lives here with his family. They play tennis seriously. Mr. and Mrs. Rusdi talk about this matter for over a week.

B. Change the following sentences into : Past Continuous Tense, Past Perfect Tense, then into Past Future Perfect Tense as indicated in the examples below : e.g. : * They made no mistakes. (SIMPLE PAST T.) - They were making no mistakes. (PAST CONTINUOUS T.) - They had made no mistakes. (PAST PERFECT T.) - They would have made no mistakes. (PAST FUTURE PERFECT T.) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. They wore new uniforms. He visited that museum on his way home. He drank a glass of coffee. Mr. Karim telephoned me from his hotel. We discussed the problem seriously. She bought an umbrella in a supermarket. Tina took a magazine from a drawer. Someone solved that problem easily. I sold my car in a reasonable price. My friend enjoyed the holiday in Bali.

C. Change according to the given marks ! e.g. : * They will be waiting patiently. (?) (-). (?) Will they be waiting patiently ? (-) They will not be waiting patiently. 1. They hadnt finished their job. (+) (?). 2. Would he have succeeded the exam ? (+) (-). 3. He will have completed his work. (?) (-).

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

They were sleeping when I got there. (?) (-). Will you be studying by that time ? (+) (-). I have been listening to the radio for an hour. (?) (-). Rini wont have come home by 10 : 30. (+) (?). Had you ever visited that museum before ? (+) (-). He wouldnt have seen it previously. (+) (?). They havent been singing that song for a long time. (+) (?).

D. Make question of the words in underline ! e.g. : * Ida has been waiting almost 2 hours. - How long has Ida been waiting ? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. I would have gone abroad last year if I had enough money. Rini will be studying by the time you come to her house tonight. Someone had stolen my car in the garage. I was reading a book when the phone rang. They have been discussing the problem very seriously. At 9 oclock tomorrow we will have finished all our works. He will be painting the house at 8 a.m. I would have bought a new car if I had know that I got a lottery. Mr. Hadi had told me to go home early. They were enjoying having dinner when the lights suddenly went out last night. Adi has been trying hard to solve this problem with Aida. I will have completed writing this book approximately by the end of this month. My sister will be playing a piano at the concert tomorrow night. Harman would have married that girl last month if she hadnt got an accident. They had built this bridge before the Japanese troops came here in 1942.

GIVING COMMENTS
EXERCISES : A. Give the positive with SO and use the suggested subject in brackets ! e.g. : - They have done the homework. (I). * So have I. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Rini will visit the zoo next Sunday. (Ida). I love you very much, dear ! (I). Chairil Anwar wrote a poem. (W.S. Rendra). My father was at home last night. (They). I saw a film last night. (My sister). They come here on time. (Rini). She has to study more seriously. (I). I have a new car. (Mr. Hadi). Mr. Hasan has come late. (Mr. and Mrs. Hadi). They are waiting for the teacher. (I).

B. Give the negative comment with NEITHER and use the suggested subject in bracket ! e.g. : - I am not a doctor. (Rini). * Neither is Rini. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. She doesnt come here on foot. (I). We shant go there together.(I). I dont love you anymore. (I). They wont understand you. (Your father). He hasnt taken a bath yet. (They). We werent at the party last night. (I). Dony didnt see a film yesterday. (Yanul). He cant solve this problem. (Alida). My wife isnt very fat. (I). My father wasnt sick. (All of us).

C. Give contrary comment with BUT and use the suggested subject in brackets ! e.g. : - I didnt buy a new car. * But I did. 1. I have ever gone to Singapore. (Rini). 2. They wont come here on time. (Mr. Abdul). 3. We wont play tennis tomorrow. (Mariza). 4. Tina has understood the problem well. (I). 5. She speaks English very well. (I). 6. We arent happy to hear that news. (Tono). 7. Ill tell her the exact thing. (I). 8. Dogs cant fly. (Pigeones). 9. I dont like to sleep alone. (Tina). 10. I still love you. (I).

D. Give comments according to the mood or nuance you have with : I believe so, I am afraid so, I hope so, I dont think so, I dont believe so, etc ! e.g. : - It will rain hard tonight. * I think so. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. I cannot stop loving you. I have got to know what is going on. The after you are, the sooner youll die. There will be a dooms-day soon. Dangdut is just the cheap music for the uneducated people. I guess you are the best student here. So you think she really loves you ? All of us will die together if the nuclear bomb is used in the 3rd World War. It wont be too long that your beautiful sister will be the Indonesian best actress. 10. Your supervisor wont agree to your plan, unless you make some revisions. *****

CONDITIONAL CLAUSE
EXERCISES : A. Restate the following sentences into two other of conditionals ! e.g. : * I will come if you invite me. - I would come if you invited me. - I would have come if you had invited me. 1. If he is at home, he will help you. 2. I would have gone to Bali if I had had much money. 3. If you dont close that window, someone will sneak in to steal your properties. 4. If I got a permanent job, I would get married. 5. They would have fetched me at the railway station if I had told them before. 6. My mother will really be very angry with me if I come home late. 7. If I were behind the schedule, I would be in a big trouble. 8. If I had known the answer to that question I would have informed you. 9. We shall see a film together if it doesnt rain. 10. If she really loved you, would you marry her ? B. Put the verbs in brackets in correct tense ! e.g. : * I would go if the rain (stop). - I would go if the rain stopped. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. If I (know) how to play a piano, I would play for you every night. She (have) two children if she had gotten married five years old. If today (be) my birthday, I would invite all my friends to come to the party. They will go shopping if the rain (stop). All of you here (pass) the exam if you study your lesson more seriously. I (visit) my girl friend if today were Saturday. If only she (realize) what really the problem was, she (not say) that. Tono would have become an engineer if he (continue) his study at the university six years ago. 9. Im sure he (not mind) if you ask his permission first. 10. If you (not apologize) her, she will always hate you all her life. C. Complete the following sentences in the proper conditional forms ! e.g. : * I would buy you a new car if . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - I would buy you a new car if I were a millionaire. 1. If today were a holiday, I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. She would have gone home if . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. If I were a president, I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. If only I had enough money, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5. No body will like you if . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. She would have died in that accident a few hours ago if . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. If you disobey the law, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. If I had only Rp.100,- in my pocket, I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. If you had been honest to me, I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. If yesterday had been Lebaran, I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

D. Give the complete answers to the following questions ! 1. What would you do if you were a minister ? 2. What will you do if it doesnt rain ? 3. How many children would you have expected to have if you had married 6 years ago ? 4. Where would you go if you had much money ? 5. What would you say if I told you that I loved you ? 6. If there is the 3rd World War, where will you hide ? 7. If I hit you on the face, what would you do in return ? 8. How many houses would you have built if you had had two wives ? 9. If I refuse your plan, how will you react upon this refusal ? 10. How much salary would you ask if I gave you this job ? 11. If you can speak English well, what will you do ? 12. If your girl friend were not loyal to you what would you do ? 13. If Rini had stated to go together with you, what would you have done ? 14. Will you trust me if I tell you the truth ? 15. If you didnt have money today even a cent, what would you do ? *****

DIRECT & INDIRECT SPEECH


EXERCISES : A. Change the following sentences into Indirect or Reported Speech ! e.g. : * Hadi said, Im happy now. - Hadi said that he was happy then. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Tono asked me, Where is your my father now ?. They say, We have received our salary. He informed me, Dont do it that way !. Romeo asked Juliet, Do you really love me ?. She said, Im sorry, Im very late.. Tina asked me, What can I do for you ?. She begged me, Please, stay with me !. That man asked, Do you have a telephone ?. He said to me, My father will go abroad.. Rini said to him, You have to be honest.. Pailul asked Painem, Are you sleepy ?. Tita said, I saw a film last night.. Roy asked her, why dont you come here ?. Ida said to Adi, Please, follow me !. My father warned me, Please, dont be in hurry ! .

B. Change into Direct Speech ! e.g. : * Rini said that she was very tired. - Rini said, Im very tired. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. She informed me that my mother had arrived. Edy asked me if I had completed my work. That girl told me that her name was Ida. She asked me where I was from. He ordered me not to go there alone. She wanted to know why I hadnt come to her party the night before. She said that she loved me very much. Mr. Hadi asked me if I had a new car. They told me not to park my car there. Rini asked him what time it was.

C. Answer the following questions in indirect form, beginning with the words in brackets ! e.g. : * What is your name ? (he asked me _____). - He asked me what my name was. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Is your father still alive ? (I dont know _____). How are you today ? (He asked me _____). Do you really love her ? (Im not sure _____). Why is he absent ? (Do you know _____). Have you done your work ? (He asked me _____). Dont do it ! (Rini begged me _____).

7. 8. 9. 10.

Im very exhausted. (Mariza told me _______). English isnt hard to study. (Ida said _______). Is that Mr. Green ? (He wants to know _______). Where have you been ? (She asked me _______).

D. Chose the correct words from brackets ! 1. I ask him what she (want, wanted, wants). 2. No body knows how old she (was, is, has). 3. Im sure he (is, was, has). 4. Rini told me that her father (was, is, has, been, had been). 5. She said it (doesnt, isnt, didnt, wasnt) matter to her. 6. That old man asked me what my name (is, was, has, been, did). 7. She says that her mother (will come, coming, come) here soon. 8. Tono begged me (dont come, please come, please dont come, not to come) to his house. 9. They informed me that Mr. Hardi (will go, goes, would go) to his hometown. 10. Did he ask you if you (take, takes, had taken, is taking) his money ? *****

SPECIAL EXPRESSIONS
EXERCISES : I. Combine into one sentence, using too. Follow the example ! * This tea is very hot. I cannot drink it. - This tea is too hot (for me) to drink. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. That problem is very difficult. We cant solve it immediately. You are very fat. You cannot run fast. Its cold. They cannot take a walk. This table is heavy. He cant lift it. My father is quite old. He cant work hard. Im very sleepy. I wont watch television. This test is hard. She cant do it. Julaika is still very young. I cant marry her.

II. Combine into one sentence, using enough as shown in the example ! * This test is very easy. He can do it quickly. - This test is easy enough (for him) to do quickly. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. You are very rich. You can buy everything. This man is very tall. He can reach that picture easily. She is beautiful. She can be a film star. Its safe now. We can get out quickly. You are very silly. You trust him. This idea is valuable. We can discuss it. Im very sleepy. I can sleep the whole night. You are strong. You can help me lift this table.

III. Substitute other with else as shown in the following example ! * I must go with some other person. - I must go with some body else. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. He says no other thing to me. They wait for some other person. Did they go any other place last week ? What other person will come here ? Rini does not do any other thing today. In what other place can I go ? They want to do some other thing today. I love no other person but you.

IV. Fill up the blanks with ever conjunction form to match the sentences, as shown in the example. The repeated typical words will be the cue ! * Take this book, pen, pencil, ruler, or paper, or . . . . . . . it is and put it . . . . . . . you like. - Take this book, pen, pencil, ruler, or paper, or whatever it is and put it wherever you like.

1. You may put on your blue jacket, the brown one, the yellow one or __________ jacket you prefer. 2. __________ comes to the mosque, he or she must take off his or her sandals. 3. I do not care __________ and__________ you go with it is none of my business ! 4. We can drive this car slowly, rather slowly, fast, or very fast or _________ we like. 5. _________ I have spare times I always go for a picnic in the country. 6. I never trust him _________ he says is always a lie. 7. You can go to Bali _________ you want and take _________ you wish to accompany you on the trip. 8. Use my car, Rinis car, my fathers car or _________ car you can find the garage. 9. _________ hard you work, you must remember the time. 10. Drink _________ you like, friends ! dont worry it is free of charge ! V. Select the appropriate word from brackets to match the sentences ! 1. Those trucks move very slowly, but those (one, once, ones) on the right move fast. 2. He has (a great deal of, many, much) friends and also (many, a few, much) money. 3. You look so tired. You (would rather, better, had better) take a rest. 4. I wish I (have, have had, had) much money today to buy that beautiful car. 5. Rini never got up late last year. She (must, ought to, used to) get up before 5 a.m. 6. You come two hours earlier. You (are supposed, suppose, are supposing) to be here at 10 : 30. 7. Neither Tono (and, or, nor) Tini studies hard. 8. He is already married. He is not single (any way, any longer, any thing, any one). 9. You can either play tennis (or, and, nor) watch the video on your spare time. 10. That is your business ! I (would not rather, would rather not, wouldnt have rather) involve in your personal affairs. *****

EXCLAMATORY REMARKS
EXERCISES : I. Fill up the blanks with a suitable exclamatory remark : What, what a, or How ! 1. _____________ silly you are ! 2. _____________ crazy boy he is ! 3. _____________ beautiful eyes she has ! 4. _____________ hard they are working ! 5. _____________ clever girl she is ! 6. _____________ cloudy it is today ! 7. _____________ stupid questions you give ! 8. _____________ hard working person you are ! 9. _____________ perfectly Rini speaks English ! 10. _____________ late I am !

II. Change the following sentences into the exclamatory form by using : What, What a, or How. Follow the example ! e.g. : - They study seriously. * How seriously they study ! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. He is a clever boy. They do their homework lazily. It is very cold today. I saw an interesting film. Tina has very good taste in clothing. Your car is very beautiful. My father is a very honest man. He plays guitar very well. That girl is really attractive. He is wearing a fancy shirt. You are just a foolish person ! Mr. Hadi is a very kind man. That lady helps me out of my problem seriously. That girl is causing me a lot of trouble. Those are great presents I have ever had. You give me such a silly question. This is a marvelous experience. He is very honest to himself. They refuse lots of gifts. You are just careless. *****

EMPHATIC SENTENCE
EXERCISE : Change the italized verbs to the emphatic form as shown in the example ! e.g. : I hate you ! I do hate you ! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. They show me their abilities. Tina wrote that poem. Im sure of this. He didnt come to party but he sent me a present. Help yourself, please ! That lady over there really wants to be your secretary. We did our test although we knew it was very difficult. Slow down, friend ! This road is very slippery. My girl friend never asks me for anything. She really has good character. Please, wait out-side. It was Zuki who took your book. I knew it. That man looks silly with his strange appearance. Not only he loves his parents but he also respects them. Hi, Lenny ! Come over here, please ! *****

CAUSATIVE HAVE & GET


EXERCISES : I. Change the following sentences into causative forms, by using Have or Get ! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. People built her house years ago. Some one repairs my broken window. I have ironed my shirt. You must renew your contract. Rini should mail those letters. Some body cleaned his house yesterday. We explain everything to them. Ida has shined her shoes. You ought to replace this spark plug. She will tailor her dress.

II. Complete the following sentences on your own words in causative form by adding a past participle ! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. I must get this report ... They got their shirts I will have this radio ... We are going to get this car You should have this house They have their books .... Yesterday I got my money . All students expect to have their tests at school ... The policeman will get all the traffics in Surabaya ... The announcer in our televisions gets his name I want those two shirts My mother has her portrait . That boy should have his teeth ... No one wants to get his own name . Im sure all of you who are now reading this book want to have . *****