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Istilah daripada kamus The Oxford : The art of representing by line, delineation without color or with a single color;

terjemahannya berbunyi lukisan ialah garisan yang membentuk imej dengan tidak menggunakan warna atau menggunakan warna yang terhad. Lukisan adalah kerja kerja di peringkat awal dalam menghasilkan catan, cetakan, arca dan pelbagai lagi kerja kerja seni. Namun begitu, pengertian lukisan itu seringkali disalahertikan oleh kebanyakan orang yang menganggap bahawa lukisan dan catan adalah sama. Melukis dikatakan dapat memberi kesan terhadap diri individu dan keaslian karya kepada pengkarya. Ini adalah kerana, melukis kebiasaannya dilakukan secara spontan yang melibatkan gerak hati dan dizahirkan melalui gerak tangan. Melukis dengan kerap adalah merupakan latihan kemahiran melukis dimana pelukis akan dapat menghayati lukisannya. Pelukis agong, Albrecht Durer, dalam lukisannya yang bertajuk Head of an Apostle telah memperlihatkan penggunaan teknik garisan silang dalam karya tersebut. Penegasan adalah tertumpu kepada bahagian muka. Penggunaan garisan dapat memberikan kesan pada form dan ton. Sementara itu bagi pelukis Rembrandt dalam lukisannya yang bertajuk The Omval memperlihatkan penggunaan pelbagai jenis garisan. Garisan dalam karya tersebut memberi kesan perspektif dan membentuk lanskap yang menarik.

Rembrant-the omval Albrect durer-head of an apostal


This was done in ink by scribbling the pen back and forth. This piece happens to have all vertical marks, but you can also try a more messy approach to scribbling.

Cross Hatching
Ideal for sketching, cross-hatching is predominantly used by pen artists, but creates tonal depth and can produce realistic textures when employed with pencil. Cross Hatching is ideal when creating a light map for your piece. By light map, I mean the paths in which light takes across your subject. By using different directional strokes, you leave an indication of the different light sources and their strength. Using a compact

and meticulous crosshatching technique one can create breathtakingly realistic art. When the individual lines are tightly woven they can be undetectable, and the overall impression smooth, realistic and accurate. I highly recommend visiting Michael James Mays Gallery, if you are interested in the amazing capabilities of this technique. Check out Beast and Beast Detail, theyre unbelievable!

Circles and Scribbles


Are wonderful techniques for loosening up your drawing hand. The movement itself is relaxing. Circles and scribbles are a great method for making a distinction between objects of similar tone, by creating contrasting textures. The overall effect is dynamic, with its unique texture and energy. The technique is wild, and inspires you to release your creativity by using intertwining and overlapping circles. And best of all, its simple!

Contour Lines
Give shape and volume to your drawings using simple lines! Contour lines follow the hills, slopes, curves and edges of your shapes and are a great way to explore the scope of the space, and the dimensional capabilities of your paper. Creating a contour line sketch can greatly aid and enhance your definitive work by planning the direction of your pencil strokes.

Smooth Shading
Apply continuous tone, varying your pressure gradually to create smooth shade. Create a wash with your pencil and make the transition from light to dark in one continuous stroke, using the side of your pencil may help in the initial coat. At random, vary the stopping and starting point of your strokes to avoid unwanted bands running through an area of shading. Repeat the action, until the values are dark enough, and you have shown the most delicate, subtle areas of tonal change with different pencils. Start with your lightest pencil, as it is easier to make your drawing darker than to make it lighter but do not force the pencil to make values out of its limits. Pushing your pencil to make darker shade will create a metallic sheen, very undesirable in areas of shadow or could cause dents in your paper. Smooth shading can use combinations of circular shading and contour lines to bring more depth into your drawing. Practicing this technique is imperative to create realistic shade, and allows you to use ultimate scope of tonal values with the highest degree of accuracy.