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M. A.

Philosophy I SEMESTER
Core (1) Classical Indian Philosophy (A) Nyyabindu Tk by Dharmottara Suggested Readings:
1. 2.

Nyyabindu translated into Hindi by Pt. C. S. Shastri. Nyyabindu translated into Hindi by Dr. S. N. Shastri. Buddhist Logic Vol. II, by Stcherbatsky. K. C. Bhattacharya : Studies in Philosophy : Edited by Gopinath Bhattacharya (Only chapters II I Concept of Philosophy. The Concept of Absolute and its Alternative forms).

3.

(2) Contemporary Indian Philosophy (A)

Suggested Readings: (1) Bhattacharya, K. C. : Studies in Philosophy (2 volume in one)


(2)

Bhattacharya, K. D. : Studies in K. C. Bhattacharya.

Major Elective: (3) Modern Western Philosophy 1. 2. Hume : Treatise on Human Nature Book I Kant : Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics.

Suggested Readings : (1) Korner, S. : Kant. (2) Misra, S. : Kant Ka Darshan (3) Flew, A. F. N.: Humes Philosophy of Belief. (4) Smith, N K : Philosophy of David Hume. OR (1) Francis Bacon : Novum Organum (Book I)
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(2) Rene Descartes : Meditations on First Philosophy Suggested Readings : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 4. D. J. O Connor (ed.) : A Critical History of Western Philosophy (New York 1964). Willis Doney (ed.) Descartes : A collection of Critical Essays (Doubleday New York 1967). F. E. Baird and W. Kaufmann (ed.) : Modern Philosophy (Prentice-Hall Inc. 1997) Makku Peltonen (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Bacon (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1996) Steven Nadler (ed.) A Companion to Early Modern Philosophy (Black well Publisher Ltd. 2002). Minor Elective:

(4) Problems of Philosophy (Common with IPR) (1) Nature of Philosophy in the West and its Distinction from Science and Religion. (2) Methods of Philosophy : Speculative versus Critical Method, the Method of Doubt, the Method of Phenomenological Description, the Method of Analysis, Dialectical Method. (3) Epistemological Problems: (i) Necessary and Empirical Knowledge.
(ii)

Sources of Knowledge.

(iii) Validity of Knowledge (Theories of Truths) (a) Correspondence, (b) Coherence, (c) Pragmatic Theory.
(iv) Limits of Knowledge : Scepticism, Agnosticism.

(4) Ontological problems : (i) Mind, Matter, God. (ii) Mind-body Problems. (iii) Idealism, Realism, Materialism. Suggested Readings :
(1)

Korner, S. : Fundamental Questions in Philosophy.

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(2) John Hospers : An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis. (3) Titus ; H.H. : Living issues in Philosophy. (4) Eving, A.C. ; Fundamental questions of Philosophy. (5) Russell, B. : Problems of Philosophy.
(6) (7)

Rajendra Prasad : Darsanasastra k Ruprekha. Misra, H. N. : Paschatya Darsana k Samasyayen (Hindi). OR

Mudakopaniad
Suggested Readings : 1. Swami Sharvananda : Mudakopaniad. 2. Mudakopaniad : Gta Press, Gorakhpur. 3. Mudaka Upaniad with the commentary of akarcrya, Translated by Swmi Gambhirnanda. 4. Chinmaynanda : Mudakopaniad.

II SEMESTER
Core (1) Classical Indian Philosophy (B) Vednta Sra Suggested Readings : 1. 2. Vednta-sra of Sadnanda edited with commentaries and notes by Col. G. A. Jacob. Vednta-sra with Hindi translation and commentary by Pt. Badari Nath Shukla. (2) Contemporary Indian Philosophy (B) Sri Aurobindo : The Life Divine, Book One : Chapters 1,2,3,4,9,10,11,12,14,15,16 &23, Book Two : Chapters : 1,2,5,6,& 7 of Part I, Chapters 18,19,20,25 & 27 of Part II.

Suggested Readings : (1) Misra, R. S. : The Integral Advaitism of Sri Aurobindo. (2) Maitra, S. K. : The meeting of the East and the West in Sri Aurobindo Philosophy.
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(3) (4)

Dubey, U.C. : Sri Aurobindo aur Bradley k Paramatattvavda. Dubey, U.C. : Sri Aurobindo K Sanskti darana.

(5) Maitra, S.K.: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Sri Aurobindo. (6) Chaudhari, H.: The Philosophy of Integralism. Major Elective : (3) Recent Western Philosophy Wittgenstein, L. : Tractatus Logico Philosophicus. OR Sartre, J. P. : Existentialism and Humanism, Being and Nothingness. Suggested Readings : (1) Black, Max : Companion to Wittgensteins Tractatus. (2) Pitcher, George : The Philosophy of Wittgenstein. (3) Pandey, R. P. : Tractatus (Hindi Translation). (4) Warnock, M.: Philosophy of Sartre. (5) Dwivedi, D. N. : Study of Wittgensteins Philosophy. (6) Wittgenstein : Philosophical Investigations. 4. Minor Elective : (4) Problems of Ethics and Religion. (1) Axiological Problems :
(i)

Values of Life : End-values and Means-values, Individual Values and Social Values, Moral, Material and Spiritual Values.

(ii) Conflict between the Good and the Pleasant. (iii) The Summum Bonum of Life, Liberation and Self-realisation. (2) Problems of the Philosophy of Religion. (i) Religion, Morality and Spirituality. (ii) Conflict between science and Religion. (iii) God and the Problem of Evil. (iv) Validity of Religious Experience. Suggested Readings :
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(1)

Korner, S. : Fundamental Questions in Philosophy.

(2) John Hospers : An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis. (3) Titus, H. H. : Living issues in Philosophy. (4) Eving, A. C. ; Fundamental questions of Philosophy. (5) Russell, B. : Problems of Philosophy.
(6) (7)

Rajendra Prasad : Daranastra k Rprekh. Misra, H. N. : Pctya Darana k Samasyyen (Hindi). OR

The Bhagavadgt (Chapters 2, 4, 12 & 16) Suggested Readings 1. The Bhagavadgt (English Translation by S. Radhakrishnan) 2. The Bhagavadgt Cidbhavnanda) (English Translation by Swmi

3. Tilak, B. G. : Gt Rahasya. 4. Bhave, Vinoba : Gt Pravacana.

III SEMESTER
Core (1) Logic (A) 1. Introduction 1.1 1.2 1.3 2. 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 3. Symbolic Logic and Classical Logic The use of Symbols. Inference and Implication. Propositional Logic Propositional Variables and the Basic Connectives Relation between Truth Functions The Stroke and Dagger Functions

The Propositional Calculus

The Method of Deduction

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3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 4. 4.1 4.2 4.3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.


7.

The Truth Table Method of Testing the Validity of Arguments. The Indirect Method of Truth-Table Decision. The Classification of Propositions as Tautology, Contradictory and Contingent. Elementary Transformation in the Propositional Calculus. Decision Procedures and Normal Forms. Derivation by Substitution. Classes and The Relation between them. The Boolean Algebra of Classes. The Boolean Algebra of Classes and Syllogism.

The Syllogism and The Algebra of Classes

Suggested Readings : Basson, A. H. and OConnor, D. J. : Introduction to Symbolic Logic. Copi, I. M. : Symbolic Logic (Fifth Edition). Suppes, P. : Introduction to Logic. Quine, W. V. : Methods of Logic. Ambrose, A. and Lazerowitz, M. : Fundamentals of Symbolic Logic. Rescher, N. : Topics in Philosophical Logic. Barlingay, S. S. : Tarka-rekh (Hindi). OR Philosophy of Science (A) Book Prescribed : Earnest Nagel : The Structure of Science ( Chapter 2, 3 & 4 ) Suggested Readings : 1. 2. 3. (2) Arthur Pap : An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. Popper, Karl : The Logic of Scientific Discovery. Sidney, Morgenbesser, Patrich Suppes and Morton White, (ed): Philosophy, Science and Method. Ethics (A) History of Ethics

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1. 2. 3. 4.

Cynics and Cyrenaics. Stoics and Epicurus Plato : The Idea of Justice-Individual and Social, Cardinal Virtues, Absolute Good. Aristotle : General conception of well being, Characteristics of Moral Virtue, The Doctrine of the Mean, Cardinal Virtues, Knowledge and Virtue. Naturalism (a) Egoistic Naturalism of Hobbes. (b) Sympathetic Naturalism of Hume. (c) Evolutional Naturalism (Evolutionary Hedonism) of Herbert Spencer.

5.

6. 7. 8.

English Intuitionism Sympathetic Autonomic Intuitionism of Butler.

Intuitionism

of

Adam

Smith,

Rationalism of Kant Categorical Imperative: Autonomy of Moral Will. Postulates of Morality. Rationalistic and idealistic Ethics of Hegel. English Hedonism and Utilitarianism of Bentham, Mill and Sidgwick.

Suggested Readings :
(1) (2)

Rogers, R.A.P.: A Short History of Ethics. Verma, V. P. : Nitisastra ke mula siddhanta (Hindi)

(3) Rai, Chhaya : Kant Ka Nitidarsana (Hindi). (4) Paton, H. J.: The Categorical Imperative. OR Philosophy of Religion (A) Book Prescribed : Hick, John : Philosophy of Religion. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. New Delhi 1987 (Excluding Chapters 3, 6, 7, 8 and 10) Suggested Readings : 1. 2. Flew, Antony : New Essays in Philosophical Theology. MacGregor, Geddes : Philosophical Issues in Religious Thought.
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3. 4. 5. 6. 7. (3) 1. 2.
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)

Dasgupta, S.N. : Religion and Rational Outlook. Herman, A.L. : The Problem of Evil and Indian Thought. OFlaherty, W.D. : Karma and Rebirth in Classical Indian Traditions. Gangadhar, D.A. : Essays in Philosophy of Religion. Masih, Y. : Smnya Dharma Daran (Hindi). (1) Advaita Vednta (A) Mdukyakrik of Gaudapda (Advaita-Prakaraam only) Brahmasutra karaBhya (I.1.1 to I.1.4 and II.2.1 to II.2.45 only) Bhattacharya, V. S. : The gama stra of Gaudpda. Pandey, S. L. : Pre-ankara Advaita Philosophy. Nakamura, Hajime : A History of Early Vedanta Philosophy. Deusson, Paul : The system of the Vednta. Naulakha, R. S. : ankaras Brahmavda.

Major Elective : Book Prescribed :

Suggested Readings :

(6) Rao, K. B. R. : Ontology of Advaita. (7) Dasgupta, S. N. : A History of Indian Philosophy Vol II. (8) Coward, H. G. (ed) : Studies in Indian Thought.
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Thibaut, George : The Vednta Stra with ankarcryas Commentary (S B E Vols. 34 & 38).

(10)Tripathi, R. K.: Brahmastra nkara - Bhya Catust (Hindi). (11)Saraswati, Satyananda : Brahma - Stra Snkara - Bhya (Hindi). (12)Sharma, C. D. : Bauddha Darana aur Vednta (Hindi). (13)Das, R. : Introduction to ankara. OR Mahyna Buddhism (A) Mdhyamika Book Prescribed :

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Mdhyamaka stra of Ngrjuna (together with Candrakirtis Prasannapada) chapters 1, 24 & 25 only. The following problems : Mdhyamika System its role and significance, M. dialectic, M. as a critique of causality, conception of nyat as Absolute, Nirva, Theory of four conditions, two truths and degrees of reality, M. interpretation of the doctrine Pratityasamutpda, four noble truths, Prajpramit, Absolute and Phenomena. Suggested Readings : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Stcherbatsky, Theodore : The conception of Buddhist Nirva. Murti, T. R. V. : The Central Philosophy of Buddhism. Misra, R. K. : Levels of Mdhyamika Thought. Streng, F. I. : Emptiness : A study in Religious Meaning. Misra, H. N. : Mdhyamika Darana (Hindi). OR Kashmir aivism (A) Book Prescribed :
( J~anad ik ra n h a varapratyabhijnvimarin Only) of Abhinavagupta, Paramrthasra, and Pratyabhijhdayam of Kshemarja with special reference to the following problems :

General characteristics of gamic tradition, History and literature of Kashmir aivism, Epistemology of Kashmir aivism : nature and validity of knowledge, Citi as the sole prama, theory of error, nature and Validity of gama, Concept of Absolute (iva-akti), Concept of Spada, Vimara. Suggested Readings : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Pandey, K C : Bhaskari Vol III Singh, Jaidev : Pratyabhijnhdayam. Chatterjee, J C : Pratyabhijnhdayam. Mishra, K P : Sattrmsattattvasamdoh. (Ek Dranika Addhyayana) Pandey, K C : Abhinavgupta and His Times. Pandit, B N : Kashmr Saiva Darana. Sharma, L N : Kashmr aivism. Mishra, Kamalakar : Significance of Tntric Tradition.
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9.

Mishra, Kamalakar : Kashmr aivism : The Central Philosophy of Tntrism.

10. Mishra, K. P. : Kashmir aiva Darana : Mla Siddhnta. 11. Sastri, Suryanarayan : Sivdaita of Srikanha. 12. Murphy, Paul R : Triadic Mysticism. OR Viitdvaita Vednta (A) Book Prescribed : Sribhyam (Jijsdhikaraa only) Suggested Readings : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Thibaut, G. : The Vednta Sutras with Rmnujas Sd-bhya ( S B E Vol 48) Dasgupta, S. N. : A History of Indian Philosophy, Vol II. Srinivasacarya, P. N. : Philosophy of Viitdvaita. Varadacari, K. C. : Rmnujas Theory of Knowledge. Sengupta, A. : A Critical study of the Philosophy of Rmnuja. Bharadvaja, K. D. : The Philosophy of Rmnuja. Sinha, J. N. : Philosophy of Rmnuja. Chari, S. M. S. : Advaita and Viitdvaita. Vidyarthi, P. B. : Divine Personality and Human Life in Rmnuja.

10. Vidyarthi, P. B. : Knowledge, Self and God in Rmnuja. Minor Elective : (4) 1. Skhya Philosophy (1) Concept of Suffering. (2) Prama. (3) Theory of Causation (4) Triguavda (5) Purua (6) Prakti

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(7) Evolution (8) Kaivalya Suggested Readings : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Chakravorti, P. B. : Origin and development of the Skhya System of thought. Pandey, D. N. : Skhya tatvamanoram. Kripa Shanker : Yuktidpik K eka Samiktamaka Adhyayana. Urmila Chaturvedi : Vijnnabhiku Aur Smkhya Darana. Larson, G. J. : The Classical Skhya. OR 2. aiva-Siddhnta gamic tradition, Proofs for existence of God, Nature of iva and akti, Nature of Soul, Creation, Bondage, Liberation. Suggested Readings : 1. 2. 3. Dr. K. P. Mishra : aiva-Siddhnta Darana. Dr. K. P. Mishra : ivajnabodham (Darsnika Adhyayana) Dr. K. Sivaraman : aivism in Philosophical perspective. OR 3. Jainism : Metaphysics & Epistemology, Karma and Punarjanma, Sydvda, Anekntavda, Auvrata and Mahvrata, Bondage and Liberation. Suggested Readings : 1. 2. 3. Mahendra Kumar : Jain Darana. Mohan Lal Mehta : Jain Darana. Nathmal Tatiya : Studies in Jain Philosophy OR 4. Neo Vedntism : Vivekananda : Reality, My, Means of Liberation. Sri Aurobindo : Absolute, Supermind, Human Destiny, Theory of Evolution.
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Radhakrishnan : Absolute, Intellect and Intuition, Spirit and Human Destiny. Suggested Readings : 1. 2. 3. 4. Radhakrishnan, S. : An Idealist view of Life. D. A. Gangadhar : Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan ka dharma evam Darsana. B. K. Lal : Contemporary Indian Philosophy (Hindi & English). Mira, R. S. : The Integral Advaitism of Sri Aurobindo.

IV SEMESTER
Core (1) 1. 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 3.1 3.2 3.3 1. 2. Logic (B) Definition and Deduction. Formal Deductive System. Properties of Formal Deductive Systems. Singular Propositions and General Propositions. Predicates. Quantifiers. Bound and Free Variables. Inference Involving only Universal Quantifiers. Restricted Inferences with Existential Quantifiers. General Inferences. Arguments including Relations. Some Attributes of Relations. Identity and Definite Description. Deductive System :

2. Quantification Theory:

3. The Logic of Relations:

Suggested Readings : Basson, A. H. and OConnor, D. J. : Introduction to Symbolic Logic. Copi, I. M. : Symbolic Logic (Fifth Edition).
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3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Suppes, P. : Introduction to Logic. Quine, W. V. : Methods of Logic. Ambrose, A. and Lazerowitz, M. : Fundamentals of Symbolic Logic. Rescher, N. : Topics in Philosophical Logic. Barlingay, S. S. : Tarka-rekh (Hindi). OR

Philosophy of Science (B) Book Prescribed : Earnest Nagel : The Structure of Science (Chapter 6, 10 & 14 ) Suggested Readings : 1. 2. 3. Arthur Pap : An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. Popper, Karl : The Logic of Scientific Discovery. Sidney, Morgenbesser, Patrich Philosophy, Science and Method. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 1. 2. 3. 4. Suppes and Morton White, (ed)

(2) Ethics (B) Contemporary Ethical Theories Moore : Intuitionism, Naturalistic Fallacy, Ideal Utilitarianism. Ross : The Right and the Good, Prima-facie Duties. Ewing : Conception of Ought, Definition of the Good. Ayer : Emotive Theory of Ethics Based on Logical positivism. Stevenson : Ethics & Language (Emotive Theory), Criticism of Intuitionism by Emotive Theories. Toulmin : Good Reasons in Ethics. Limiting problems of Ethics. Urmson : Grading in the Moral Sphere. Hare : Prescriptive Ethics.

Suggested Readings : Binkley : Contemporary Ethical Theories. Hudson : Contemporary Ethical Theories. Ross, W. D. : Foundations of Ethics. Novellsmith, P. N. : Ethics.
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5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Toulmin, S. : The Place of Reason in Ethics. Hare, R. M. : Ethics and Language. Edwards, P. : The Logic of Moral Discourse. Verma, V. P. : Nti-stra ke mula siddhnta (Hindi). Rai, Chhaya : Kant K Nti-Darana (Hindi). OR

Philosophy of Religion (B) Book Prescribed : 1. 2. Hick John : Philosophy of Religion. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. New Delhi 1987. (Only chapters 6 and 7) Hick, John (ed.) : Classical and Contemporary Readings in Philosophy of Religion, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. New Delhi 1987: Second Print 1964. Only following chapters : (i) Mysticism William James. (ii) Two types of Philosophy of Religion Paul Tillich. (iii) The Numinous Rudolf Otto. (iv) An empiricist view of The nature of Religious Belief : R. B. Braith Waite. Suggested Readings : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. (3) Flew, Antony : New Essays in Philosophical Theology. MacGregor, Geddes : Philosophical Issues in Religious Thought. Dasgupta, S. N. : Religion and Rational Outlook. Herman, A. L. : The Problem of Evil and Indian Thought. OFlaherty, W. D. : Karma and Rebirth in Classical Indian Traditions. Gangadhar, D. A. : Essays in Philosophy of Religion. Masih, Y. : Samanya Dharma Darsan (Hindi). Advaita Vednta (B)

Major Elective : Book Prescribed :


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1. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Vednta Paribh (Paricchedas 1 to 6 only) Shastri, S. S. : Vednta Paribh (English Translation). Musalgaonkar (ed) : Vedntaparibh (Hindi). Datta, D. M. : Six ways of knowing. Satprakasananda : Methods of Knowledge. OR

Suggested Readings :

Mahyna Buddhism (B) (Yogcra) Book Prescribed : Vijaptimtratsiddhi of Vasubandhu together with Commentary of Sthiramati. The following problems: Statement of Idealism, Refutation of Realism, Diversification of Consciousness the three Vijnas, Consciousness as Absolute, Theory of three fold truth, Concept of Ignorance, Conception of Tathagta. Suggested Readings : 1. 2. 3. 4. Chatterjee, A. K. : Yogcra Idealism. Mookerji, S. (ed.) : The Nava Nland Mahvihra Research Publication Vol 1. Pandey, G. C. : Bauddha Dharma ke Viksa k Itihsa. Coward, H. G. (ed) : Studies in Philosophy. OR Kashmir aivism (B) Book Prescribed : Paramrthasra, Sattrmsattattvasamdoh and Pratyabhijhdayam of Kemarja with special reference to the following problems : Process of creation, bhsavda, Lilvda, Svtantryavda, Concept of Pratyabhij, Bondage, ava mala, Myya mala, Karmamala, Bauddha ajna, Paurusa ajnn, aktipta, Dik, Liberation, Means of Liberation, Upya : Anupya, Sambhavopya, Saktopya, avopya.

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Suggested Readings : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Pandey, K C : Bhaskari Vol III Singh, Jaidev : Pratyabhijhdayam. Chatterjee, J C : Pratyabhijhdayam. Mishra, K P : Sattrmsattattvasamdoh,. (Ek Daranika Addhyayana) Pandey, K C : Abhinavagupta and His Times. Pandit, B N : Kashmir aiva Darana. Sharma, L N : Kashmir aivism. Misra, Kamalakar : Significance of Tntric Tradition. Misra, Kamalakar : Kashmir aivism : The Central Philosophy of Tntrism.

10. Mishra, K P : Kashmir aiva Darana : Mula Siddhnta. 11. Sastri, Suryanarayan : Sivdvaita of Srikanha. 12. Murphy, Paul R : Triadic Mysticism. OR Viitdvaita Vednta (B) Book Prescribed : 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Yatindra-mata-dpik (Avataras 1 to 3 only) Dasgupta, S N : A History of Indian Philosophy. Vol II Srinivasacarya, P N : Philosophy of Viitdvaita. Varadcari, K C : Ramanujas Theory of Knowledge. Sengupta, A : A Critical study of the Philosophy of Ramanuja. Bharadvaja, K D : The Philosophy of Ramanuja. Sinha, J N : Philosophy of Ramanuja. Chari, S M S : Advaita and Viitdvaita. Vidyarthi, P. B. : Divine Personality and Human Life in Ramanuja. Vidyarthi, P. B. : Knowledge, Self and God in Ramanuja. Suggested Readings :

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10. Kaviraj, Gopinath : Bhratiya Sadhan k Dhr. Minor Elective : (4) (i) Yoga Philosophy : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. (ii) Meaning of Yoga. Citta and Cittavtti. Samdhi-samprajta and Asamprajta. Abhysa-Vairgya. Kriyyoga. Atnga Yoga . Klea. God. Kaivalya.

Suggested Readings : Woods J. H. The aphorism of Patanjali. Aranya, Swami Hariharanand Yoga Philosophy of Patanjali. Aranya, Swami Hariharanand Ptanjala Yoga darana. Dasgupta, S. N. Yoga Philosophy in relation to other systems of Indian Thought. Brahmalina Muni : Ptanjala Yoga Daranam. Elide, M. : Yoga, Immortality and Freedom. OR Vaiavism The concept of God, Love, Bhakti, Prapatti, Saragati, Signs of Bhaktas, Nysa. Suggested Readings : 1. 2. 3. 4. Nrada Bhakti Sutra English Translation by Swami Tyagi Sadananda Vedntadeika : Nysa-Vimati. Vithalantha : Bhaktihamsah. Goswami Rupa : Haribhakti rasmta sindhu.

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OR (iii) The Philosophy of M. K. Gandhi Truth, Non-violence, Satygraha, Means and End, Eleven Mahvratas, Sarvodaya. Suggested Readings : 1. M. K. Gandhi : An Autobiography : My Experiments with Truth. 2. D. M. Datta : The Philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi. OR (iv) The Philosophy of Pt. M. M. Malaviya Reality, Dharma, Social system, cra, Education. Suggested Readings : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Pt. M. M. Malaviya Santana Dharma. Pradeepaka. Tara Publication, Varanasi. 1921. V. S. Agrawal Mahamana Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya ke Lekh Aur Bhashana. Prof. Mukut Bihari Lal : Mahamana Madan Mohan Malaviya Jivana aur Netritva. Krishna Dutta Dwivedi : Bhratiya Punarjagaran Aur Malaviya ji, Vishwavidyalaya Prakashan, Varanasi. 1981. Pt. M. M. Malaviya : Hindu Dharmopadesh, Gyan Mandal Prakashan, Varanasi-1933.
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