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Telecom Training Centre - Galle (Final Test) Communication Systems- Technician certificate

Communication systems and Digital Networks 1

1. In a line (wired) system over a distance (d), attenuation is proportional to

b. d c. d 2

2. Which one of the following is a source of interference? a. Shot Noise b. Non-linearity c. Image channel radiation d. Flicker Noise 3. An A.C. signal a. Is analogue b. Has dual polarity c. Is sinusoidal in shape d Has a varying value with a single polarity
4. Which one of the following circuits would never have piezo-electric crystals?

a. b. c. d.

Filters Oscillators Mixers Audio amplifiers

5. A television camera will produce an image of a scene by Producing small changes on a prepared surface a. Averaging the total scenes brightness to one level b. Adding each part of the scenes brightness to one level c. Influencing a film material 6. A number of values possessed by a digital signal is always a. Two b. Any multiple of two c. Finite d. Infinite.

7. A complex wave comprises a fundamental frequency of 4 KHz, a second, a third and a fourth harmonic. The bandwidth of the wave is a. 4KHz b. 8KHz c. 12KHz d. 16KHz 8. Amplifier gain is the a. Signal output in volts b. Output signal power c. Ratio of output to input d. Factor by which the input signal is increased 9. A power gain ratio of 1000 is a gain in dB of a. 10 b. 20 c. 30 d. 40 10. Two advantages of using optical fibre compared to copper cabling are a. Greater bandwidth and less attenuation b. Less attenuation and low installer skill level c. Low electrical noise immunity and narrow bandwidth d. Cheaper and easier to install A multimode optical fibre system transmits a. Analogue signals only b. Digital signals only c. Light via many paths d. Light via single path Safe working practices observed when working with optical fibre systems include a. Avoiding touching the fibre as it is hot b. Disposing of fibre strands/fragments in a suitable container c. Testing the laser transmitter by looking directly at it d. Always switching off the system before testing it. Which one of the following radiates electromagnetic energy from a conductor? a. Direct current b. Direct voltage c. High-frequency current d. Low-frequency voltage





A typical television line scan period is a. 6 s b. 16 s c. 64 s d. 164 s

15 A single series tuned (LCR) circuit is a a. Low-pass filter b. High-pass filter c. Band-pass filter d. Band-stop filter 16 Parallel tuned circuits are used to determine the operating frequency of a. r.f. and i.f. amplifiers b. r.f. and a.f. amplifiers c. i.f.and a.f. amplifiers d. r.f. and a.f.amplifiers 17 Within a given radio transmitter, the relative power level where modulation is achieved is at a. low-level always b. high-level always c. low-level or high-level d. both low-level and high-level 18 The function of a driver stage in a radio transmitter is to provide sufficient input signal power for the a. Modulator b. Final amplifier c. Penultimate amplifier d. Antenna 19 In radio systems, signal-to-noise is a radio of two a. Resistances b. Currents c. Voltages d. Powers

20 In multiplexing, several separate information channels are transmitted a. Sequentially over a single communication link b. Sequentially over several communication link c. Simultaneously over several communication link d. Simultaneously over a single communication link 21 Which one of the following distinguishes a private mobile radio (PMR) system from other types of radio system? a. It has access to the PSTN b. It is only used by the public utilities c. It is only used by commercial organizations d. It does not normally have access to the PSTN 22 Frequency re-use allows identical carrier frequencies to be used at a. Low power in areas geographically distant b. Low power in areas geographically adjacent c. High power in areas geographically distant d. High power in areas geographically adjacent 23 Neglecting reflection and diffraction, private mobile radio (PMR) systems are limited to line-of-sight coverage because of the a. Transmission power used b. Frequency band used c. Modulation scheme used d. Multiplexing scheme used 24 The cells in a cellular radio systems as a. Triangles b. Squares c. Pentagons d. Hexagons 25 The techniques used by cellular telephone systems are a. Digital duplex or analogue duplex b. Analogue simplex or analogue duplex c. Digital simplex or digital duplex d. Analogue duplex or digital simplex 26 A cellular telephone can transmit and receive on a. One quarter of the allocated channels b. One half of the allocated channels c. All of the allocated channels d. Twice the number of allocated channel

27 Mobile location in a cellular radio system is always registered in the a. Authentication center b. Visitors location register c. Home location register d. Equipment identity register 28 In cellular radio mobile phone systems, the main factor that decides the minimum cell size is the a. Nature of the terrain b. Number of potential users c. Height of the base station antenna d. Output power of the mobile handset 29 A complete television picture on a cathode ray tube (CRT) is created by a. Horizontal and line scanning b. Line and field scanning c. Vertical and field scanning d. Line and diagonal scanning 30 A monochrome television transmitter system consists of a. Cathode ray tube (CRT), modulator, power amplifier, antenna b. Light emitting diode (LED), amplifier, antenna, loudspeaker c. Camera, modulator, power amplifier, antenna d. Camera. amplifier, loudspeaker, antenna 31 A dual tone multi frequency (DTMF) keypad will generate on a key press a. Two frequencies, each one selected from groups of two and two b. Four frequencies, each one selected from groups of four and four c. Four frequencies, each one selected from groups of three and four d. Two frequencies, each one selected from groups of four and three 32 A concentrator is used in a telephone network to a. Separate channels b. Allow several channels on a line c. Decode encrypted channels d. Encode channels 33 Within PSTN, the local loop is created between the a. Exchange and itself b. Exchange and another exchange c. Telephone and the exchange d. Telephone and another telephone

34 The process of multi-channel pulse code modulation consists of a. Digitizing, filtering, sampling b. Sampling, Digitizing, multiplexing c. Multiplexing Sampling, filtering, d. De-multiplexing, digitizing, smoothing 35 Non-linear quantisation is used in a pulse code modulation (PCM) voice system because the signal to noise ratio on a. low level voice signals is too small b. low level voice signals is too large c. high voice signals is small d. high voice signals is large 36 A pulse code modulation (PCM) system normally samples a voice signal at a. 2 kHz b. 4kHz c. 8kHz d. 10kHz 37 A regenerator in a pulse code modulation (PCM) system a. generates a direct current b. converts an alternating current to a direct current c. produces power for the system d. creates a noise free digital signal 38 Stored Program Control (SPC) handles calls by having translation tables held in a. Wired logic array b. Computer memory store c. Relay any d. Banks of uniselectors 39 The section within a system X exchange that ensures correct space and time switching is a. A Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) b. An Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) c. An Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) d. A digital Switching Subsystem (DSS) 40 Digital backbone networks use the a. Plesiochronous digital hierarchy b. Analogue/digital hierarchy c. Asynchronous digital hierarchy d. Synchronous digital hierarchy

41 A network consist of a. Computers, network interface cards and cabling b. Cameras, computers and printers c. Robots, cabling and display units d. Computers, display units and a satellite receiver. 42 One example of the use of parallel communications is a a. Telephone b. Network c. Modem d. Local printer 43 Bit Error Rate (BER) means the a. Cost per bit rate b. Number of error bits per minute c. Number of error bits per second d. Speed at which errors occur 44 What are the Synchronization methods of synchronous and asynchronous data transmission? Synchronous Asynchronous a. Start/stop bits Start/stop bits b. Start/stop bits A clock c. A clock A clock d. A clock Start/stop bits 45 A leased line is used to connect computers a. On the same network b. On remote networks c. To a telephone line d. To a printer 46 The modulation technique used by modems that represents logic ones and logic zeros by a phase change of an audio frequency is a. Frequency Shift Keying (FSK) b. Minimum Shift Keying (MSK) c. Phase Shift Keying (PSK) d. Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK) 47 Circuit switching in a data network involves a. No established complete circuit b. An established complete circuit c. Sending data in packets d. Delays in data transmission

48 The datagram method of packet switching is a. Connection oriented b. Connectionless c. A virtual circuit d. Cable oriented 49 Base band transmission is distinguished from broad band transmission in that it involves a. The use of some form of modulation b. Translation to a different part of the frequency spectrum c. Simultaneous transmission of several information channels d. No change in the frequency spectrum of the information channel 50 A single mode optical fibre system transmits Analogue signals only a. Digital signals only b. Light by many paths c. Light by one path only 51 In the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) switching takes place In the telephone instrument a. In the junction box b. On the subscribers premises c. In the exchange 52 Which one of the following semiconductor devices can be used as an oscillator in radio receiver SCR a. Triac b. Zener diode c. Transister 53 A power gain of 6dBs is equivalent to an approximate gain ratio of a. b. 2 c. 4 d. 8 54 Three advantages of Semiconductor Laser Diodes (SLD s) compared to Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) are Higher output power, wider beamwidth and greater bandwidth a. Higher output power, narrower beamwidth and greater bandwidth b. Lower output power, wider beamwidth and greater bandwidth c. Lower output power, narrower beamwidth and greater bandwidth

55 The noise factor of a radio receiver is a measure of the noise a. Present at the antenna b. Present at the output c. Introduced by the amplifying stages d. Introduced by the receiver 56 How are the available resources of bandwidth and time allocated to each channels in frequency division multiplexing? All the bandwidth for all of the time a. All the bandwidth for part of the time b. part of the bandwidth for all of the time c. part of the bandwidth for part of the time 57 A cellular telephone identifies it self to the nearest base station a. Only during registration b. Regularly when switched on c. Only when a call is in progress d. Occasionally during a call 58 The part of a Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) system that select of a value of an Analogue signal is called a. Digitizing b. Sampling c. Coding d. Multiplexing 59 The signal-to-noise of low level speech signals in Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) system can be improved by a. Linear quantisation b. No quantisation c. Non-linear quantisation d. Direct quantisation 60Which one of the following is induced by electromagnetic energy in a conductor? a. Direct current b. Low frequency current c. Electromotive force d. Mechanical force