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2008 International Symposium on Knowledge Acquisition and Modeling

The Implementation and Application of IPTV Supported on Pull Mode of P2P

Mingshan Ma1, Yanyan Ma2, Jianbo Wang2 1 Department of Educational Technology, Anyang Normal University, Anyang, Henan,455002,China 2 Departments of Information & Technology, Huazhong Normal University, Wuhan, Hubei, 430079, China,, Abstract
With the development of computer Internet and multimedia technologies, use Pull mode of P2P to streaming media transmission technology to provide real-time streaming video and audio stream to the public through the Internet. It can make IPTV as a personalized, real-time interactive servicing media. IPTV is television broadcasting services based on the IP protocol. Use television or personal computer as a display terminal; provide users with digital broadcast television, video services, information services interactive communities, interactive entertainment, electronic commerce and other broadband services through the broadband network. This paper first introduces the concept of P2P and its Pull mode structure, then mainly analyzes the implementation and major applications of IPTV technology. center server, obtain nodes of media contents from the system, in turn provide services to other nodes. Using P2P network model so that computer systems can share information and computing resources, without having to transit through the server. P2P technology will be applied to long-distance education which can be transmitted servers from the heavy work and a crowded bandwidth, distance video education system is a best implementing technology. P2P technology is shown as Figure 1.

1. P2P Technology and the Pull Mode

1.1. Introductions of P2P
P2P is abbreviation of peer-to-peer, a Internet technology. P2P technology scatters the stream to different places of the Internet through using the user's computer and network resources, thus reducing the pressure of servers and some network nodes. The emergence of P2P has brought the concept innovation of the entire network, which allows a user to link directly to another user's computer for file-sharing and exchanging, to alter the traditional way through which view or download from the servers. People who need Information are also information providers. One message needs more, the speed is faster. This can greatly increased the speed of information transmission and efficiency. Therefore, P2P can changed has changed the potential idea of the whole Internet basis. IBM has claimed, P2P technology is not a technology concept but a social and economic phenomenon. In the P2P model, since the direct exchange of documents, all the nodes on the network equipment can create a P2P dialogue, makes P2P file transferring efficiency very high[1]. Media contents distribute through using bandwidth of their customers rather than
978-0-7695-3488-6/08 $25.00 2008 IEEE DOI 10.1109/KAM.2008.174 371

Figure 1 P2P technology schematic diagram

1.2. Pull mode structure

P2P is a distributed network, the network participants share part of these their resources which provide services and content by the Internet, and can directly access other peer nodes without going through the middle entities. In this network, every node has both client and server functions, on one hand, they apply download service from part of nodes; on the other hand, they will receive contents cache and provide part of the request to other nodes. P2P technology weakens the role of the server, or even cancels the server. Arbitrary two computer servers to each other, and sometimes are also the client. Therefore, P2P system capacity is growing itself. P2P model is suitable to solve the problem of server link bottlenecks. [3] If drawing P2P technology to the streaming media services, we can give full play to the role of numerous clients, make client caching information as part of the functions of the server, so that

part of decentralization, so as to reduce the server load and network bandwidth usage. Therefore, drawing P2P technology to the streaming media services system can change the traditional service mode data transmission path, and achieve scalability and reliability of the system solute main obstacles in the current streaming media business. So that users can enjoy faster and better quality streaming media services. Streaming media technology will push the past traditional media (Push)-spread into audiences Pull transmission (Figure 2 Pull model structure). Audiences no longer passively accept the programme but receive the information they need in their own convenience time. This will increase the status of the audience in some extent,, so that they take the initiative in the dissemination and enable their needs affect more directly to the media activities.

taken by the HFC network, and traditional analog cable TV network have the same architecture. if launched a new interactive business circumstances (such as VOD), network system will be different. Digital Cable TV VOD system including VOD services, programs editing, storage, and authentication and accounting systems, the main storage and delivery of content is the MP-2TS flow, using IPOVERDWDM technology, based on DVDIP optical fiber transmission network, IPTV and the structure of different distributed, VOD cable digital television system using a centralized service structure, in front of HFC-content does not need to configure for storage and distribution of video servers, need only place DWDM receiver and GAM can be modulated, and other equipment, greatly reduced the cost and management of system complexity, clients only use terminals and TV set-top boxes.[6] China has basically formed the current digital TV industry chain, a large number of digital TV set-top box manufacturers, front-end equipment manufacturers and system integrators.

3. Application of IPTV
IPTV has very flexible and interactive features, because of the symmetrical interactive IP network inherent advantages, its programs in the net can adopt broadcast, multicast, unicast and other distributed ways. It can achieve the electronic menu, reservation programs, real-time rewind, fast forward, terminal account and billing management, programming and other features very flexibility. Moreover, based on the Internet, other content can also start, such as online games, e-mail, electronic financial management, and so on. The chart is Figure 3.

Figure2 The Pull mode structure of P2P

2. The Definition of IPTV Implementing Technology



IPTV (Internet Protocol Television) is an interactive television network, is based on the IP protocol television services, using a broadband cable network, it contains the Internet, multimedia, telecommunications and other technology, to provide home users new technology, including interactive television services. [2] Users at home can enjoy IPTV services in two ways: One is the computer, another is net boxes and TV set. PC users can enjoy both the traditional INTERNET data services and online games, and it can also use specialized conversion equipmentSTB, use ordinary TV watching TV, movies and other broadband video programs. It can well meet the current needs of the rapidly developing trend of networks; it will use the network resources fully and effectively. IPTV is different from traditional analog cable, and the digital TV is different from the classic either. This is because the traditional classical and digital TV have characteristics of timing, one-way broadcast, and others, although classic television compared to analog TV there are many technological innovations, but just its the change of signal, and did not touch on media content Mode of transmission. Cable Digital TV broadcasting networks is

Figure 3 Many applications of IPTV

3.1. Many Areas of the Application

(1) Live television. Live TV is similar to the services that are provided by broadcast, satellite and cable television. This is a basic service for broadband service providers competing


with traditional television operators. Live TV broadcast through the way of multicast way to achieve function. (2) VOD IPTV VOD allows users watch any content of the system at any time and any place. Users have full controlling right over their viewing time. This new video service can get rid of traditional programming schedules, can also watch programmes at the same time, and the suspension, back operation of the programme, be able to fast-forward to the moment of the current live television broadcast. (3) Distance Education Distance Education is courses sent to the campus of the education. Courses include audio and video, real-time and non-real-time, through combining the network of computer, multimedia and telecommunications technology. IPTV as a function of the demand full compliance with the distance education is a very good application platform for long distance demanding software. As a new form of education, distance education provides equal opportunities of learning for all scholars. It makes higher education no longer the rights of the minority, and become the basic conditions for individual needs. Applications of IPTV make more long-distance education close to the audience. People sit at home in front of the television can get the learning materials. IPTV application in distance education has provided educational resources, education targets, the extensive time and space education for the public to study all the lives. (4)VOIP VOIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) is mainly as IP telephone, and deduces the corresponding value-added services technology. The biggest advantage of VOIP is widespread using Internet and global IP interconnection of the environment, provides more and better service than traditional business. VOIP can cheaply transmit voice, fax, E-mail, video and data. Such as Internet call centers, Internet call management, video conferencing, e-commerce, fax forwarding and storage of information.

through the Internet in the machines. The Operating Principle of VIOP is described in Figure 4.These machines can be a computer, or wireless devices. Using VOIP needs an Internet connection. The faster the network connects the better quality VOIP call is. It also needs VOIP software. The user can choose VOIP software installing to the computer. Then, the computer can have Internet call through. If you want to own the home phone into a VOIP dial-up system, it needs the help of adapter. (5) Online TV Despite the growing of technology, there are still some people think that computers are too expensive and complicated.[7] These people are just on the Internet occasionally, send and receive e-mail, and do not want to have or learn computer. The emergence of IPTV comes out their aspirations. They can use the wireless keyboard of set-top boxes or TV remote control to enjoy customized Internet service, Web browsing and e-mail, abundant information resources from high-tech.

3.2. The characteristics of application

IPTV uses infrastructure of broadband cable TV network, makes household TV as a major terminal, and provides television programs which include a variety of digital media services. There are three characteristics as follows: (1) Complete substantive interaction between media providers and media consumers. IPTV broadcast platform will be a typical representative of a new home digital media terminals, it can deploy a variety of multimedia services according to choose to target users choices, including digital TV, IP video phones, DVD / VCD player, Internet viewing, e-mail ,a variety of online information and advice, entertainment, education and business functions. (2) The user can get high-quality (close to the level of DVD) digital media services and may have very wide freedom to choose video programming from broadband IP Internet. (4)IPTV supplies a vast emerging market for network development and provider of programming. At present, China's telecommunications industry has rapid development. Users have increasing high demand of information services, especially broadband video information. It could be said that China has technical and market conditions to strongly developing IPTV.

4. Main advantage and developing future

The main advantage of IPTV is interactive, and the expansion of Internet business. IPTV can also be very easy to gather television services and Internet browsing, e-mail, and a variety of online information consultation, entertainment, education and business functions, it will be a dominant position in future. The main advantage of digital television is the high-definition image quality. In a very long time the two will co-exist in the

Figure 4

The VIOP principle diagram

In essence, said, VOIP phonese-mail, instant messages or page is not differentthey can transmit


state. The development of digital TV plan is a long national policy, IPTV is an additional program channels of many television programs, IPTV does not replace the cable digital TV. The real-time broadcast of IPTV extents the use of cost, so completely replaced with IPTV swap cable or satellite television is not significance. However, because of the many IPTV functions attract people, as a single channel programs have strong vitality. From the information industry development perspective, IPTV or triple-play is the largest entry points. IPTV as a new application of the emergence of broadband networks is not a simple one on the application. But in the network transmission technology, IP multicast routing technology as well as streaming media encoding technology under development, this is the results of a powerful combination of several key technologies. IPTV inject new vitality for broadband operators and program providers. In addition to provide communications and information services, broadband operators can also provide users with rich, personalized TV through IPTV, it is very helpful to attract customers, and improve customers satisfaction

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