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OUR LADY OF FATIMA UNIVERSY College of Nursing Quezon City

A Case Study On HYPERTENTION


Submitted to: Mrs. Irene Carreon. RN, MAN

Submitted by: BSN 2A2- 2 (Group 10) Doruelo, Joseph P. Embradora, Diomarru F. Enteria, Annabelle A. Espela, Princess Nicole G. Espeleta, Annjelyn L. Espinosa, Manilyn D. Evangelista, Angelica U. Evangelista, Fitzgerald V.

I.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We would like to thank Almighty God for giving us guidance and our parents for their support morally and financially. We would like to acknowledge Mrs. Irene Carreon. RN, MAN our Clinical Instructor for helping and guiding us during our duty and the staffs and members comprising the Deparo Health Center and Lying in for giving us the opportunity to have RLE duty in their area. We would like to extend our gratitude to Mr. Clarito Bukas and his family to be involved openly to this project.

II.

MORBID CASE SUMMARY We had our Home Visit in the house of Bukas Family. We walked to their

house. Mr. Clarito Bukas, 61 years of age, currently unemployed. His wife works as a cook. Her salary is Php 4000-4600 every month, not enough for their monthly expenses and they dont have source of income in case of emergency. Their house is composed of mixed materials but theyve owned it. They have adequate space for everyone. They have enough furniture for daily living. The sanitary condition of their house is fair and they have open drainage outside their house. The neighborhood is congested. And their garbage disposals are being picked up by the garbage collector. Bukas family sleeps together at their living room. They also have their kitchen, they eat and cook food there. When they have leisure time, Mr. Clarito and his wife will visit of their sons and daughters. They can also go to Health Center whenever they need it. And they can avail the health center program.

III.

INTRODUCTION

Hypertension (high blood pressure) is a disease of vascular regulation resulting from malfunction of arterial pressure control mechanisms (central nervous system, renninangiotensinaldosterone system, extracellular fluid volume.) the cause is unknown, and there is no cure. The basic explanation is that blood pressure is elevated when there is increased cardiac output plus increased peripheral vascular resistance.

The two major types of hypertension are 1. Primary (essential) hypertension - in which diastolic pressure is 90 mm Hg or higher and systolic pressure is 140 mm Hg or higher in absence of other causes

of hypertension (approximately 95 % of patients).

2. Secondary hypertension - which results primarily from renal disease, endocrine disorders, and coarctation of the aorta. Either of these conditions may give rise to accelerated hypertension a medical emergency in which blood pressure elevates very rapidly to threaten one or more of the target organs: the brain, kidney, or the heart.

Hypertension is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases for which treatment is available; however, most patients with hypertension are unaware, untreated, or inadequately treated. Risk factors for hypertension are age between 30 and 70; black; overweight; sleep apnea; family history; cigarette smoking; sedentary lifestyle; and diabetes mellitus. Because hypertension presents no over symptoms, it is termed the silent killer. The untreated disease may progress to retinopathy, renal failure, coronary artery disease, heart failure, and stroke.

Hypertension in children is defined as the average systolic or diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to the 95th percentile for age and sex with measurement on at lease three occasions. The incidence of hypertension in children is low, but it is increasingly being recognized in adolescents; and it may occur in neonates, infants, and young children with secondary causes.

IV.
I.

INITIAL DATA BASE


FAMILY STRUCTURES, CHARACTERISTICS and DYNAMICS: Family Information Head of the Family: Clarito bukas Address: 115 Villa Maria Subdivision

Members of the Household:


NAME RELATIONSHIP AGE, SEX/CIVIL STATUS Teresita Bukas Wife 51 F/Married POSITION IN THE FAMILY EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT Elementary Graduate Claritoo Bukas Husband 61 M/Married Head Highschool Undergraduate

1. What is the type of the Family Structures? ____x_____Nuclear __________Extended __________Patriarchal __________Matriarchal

2. Who makes decisions regarding health care? Teresita Bukas 3. What is the general family relationship? __________with conflicts between members _____x_____without conflicts between family members

II.

SOCIO ECONOMIC AND CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS:

A. Income and Expenses NAME Teresita Bukas OCCUPATION Cook PLACE Caloocan SALARY 4000-4600

1. Does the working family member meet the basic necessities? ___x___ Yes _______ No

2. Any financial assets available in case of an emergency? _______ Yes ___x___ No

3. Who makes decisions regarding money matters? Teresita Bukas

B. Ethnic Background and Religious Affiliations 1. Religious affiliation? Roman Catholic 2. What roles does the family play in the community? III. Home and Environmental Factors:

A. Housing 1. Ownership ___x___ Owned _______ Rented _______ Rent free 2. Construction materials used: _______ Light ___x___ Mixed _______ Strong 3. Living space ___x___ Adequate 4. Sleeping arrangements: One bedroom 5. Adequacy in furniture: ___x___ Adequate 6. Water source: ___x___ Private 7. Food Storage: _______ Refrigerator _______ Boxes 8. Cooking facility: _______ Electric Stove _______ Gas Stove 9. Drainage facility: ___x___ Open drainage _______ None 10. Toilet facility/Type: _______ Flush type _______Bored-holed latrine ___x___Pail System 11. Sanitary Condition: ____x___ Fair _______ Good _______ Poor ________Overhung latrine ________Water-sealed latrine ________None ________ Blind drainage ________ Firewood ____x___ Kerosene Stove _________ Jars _________ Cabinet _________ Public _________ Inadequate _________ Inadequate

12. Neighborhood: ____x____ Congested ________ Slum ________Other

13. Availability of health care facility: Describe Briefly: Brgy. Health Center 14. Garbage disposal: ________ Dumped at street corner ____x___ Picked up by garbage collector 15. Eating patter: How many meals each day? 3x a day Who appears overweight? None Who appears underweight? None 16. Leisure time activities? How does each member spend leisure hours? Watching T.V, and reading Is it appropriate for the sex and age group? Yes What is the effect to the family? Any joint activities for leisure? Walking IV. Health and Medical History: A. Presence of illness: ____x___ Diagnosed _________Undiagnosed NAME PAST ILLNESS _______None HEALTH ACTION TAKEN Clarito Bukas None Hypertension Taking Catapres ________ Buried ________Burned and then buried

ILLNESS STATE

B. Sources of health care: ___x___ Health Center _______Private hospital ________Government hospital ________Others

V.

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY

VI.

MORBID CASE SCALING

Health Problems Hypertension CRITERIA COMPUTATION ACTUAL SCORE JUSTIFICATION

1. Nature of problem as health deficit

3/3x1

>it is a health deficit and needs immediate nursing intervention.

2. Modifiability of the problem

2/2x2

>the resources intervention needed to solve the problem are available to the family.

3. Preventive potential

3/3x1

>the possibilities of complications during attack are preventive if the family balances their diet.

4. Salience of the problem

2/2x1

>the family recognizes the problem and they are changing their diet and promote walking as daily habit.