Anda di halaman 1dari 9

INTRODUCTION

The Talbagicha area belonging to ward no-33 of Kharagpur Municipality is mainly a medium density suburban residential area with some commercial facilities at the central part. It merely has any such big industries. The nearest industrial area comprising of a Cement production unit and an Asbestos factory at Dewanmaro, Hariatala, Kharagpur, is located almost 2.0 km away in west of Talbagicha area.
1 2

2.0 KM

1. FOGLA GROUP OF COMPANIES (ASBESTOS FACTORY) 2. ULTRA TECH CEMENT LIMITED (CEMENT FACTORY)

This industrial area contributes partly to the declination of air quality of Talbagicha area but has no other environmental impact.

ENVIRONMENT OVERVIEW
Though the Talbagicha area is surrounded by vast open agricultural land in all three sides but still due to unplanned urban growth and poor infrastructural facility the local environment has declined. The area has been confronting with different types of pollution such as soil pollution, water pollution, air pollution, noise pollution etc.

Soil

Water Major Pollutions Air Land use map of Talbagicha Noise

SOIL POLLUTION
The major causes of soil pollution in the area are:1. It generates through solid waste disposal. As there is no municipal waste collection system people dump wastes on the road. 2. Soil pollution is exists through out the area through open kaccha drain system also. 3. Unwise use of chemical fertilizers, insecticides and manures also increases land and soil pollution. 4. Cattle sheds generally spread foul odour and make the surroundings filthy and unhygienic. 5. Some sources of land contamination are open defecation, serviceable privies, dug well latrines etc.

WORST

BAD GOOD (IN TERMS OF SOIL POLLUTION)

Production of waste disposal is maximum in the commercial area. With the increase with residential density amount of waste disposal increases which ultimately increases the soil pollution.

WATER POLLUTION
The major causes of water pollution in the area are:1. Discharge of sludge from the septic tank and soak pits is main cause of pollution. 2. Leakage in pipelines sometimes cause entry of pollutants resulting in unsafe drinking water. 3. Due to lack of proper drainage system in many places of kuccha drain water logging takes place helping in the growth of insects and causes pollution.

WORST BAD OK (IN TERMS OF WATER POLLUTION)

AIR POLLUTION
The major causes of air pollution in the area are:1. The inhabitants burn the wastes and dry leaves which causes air pollution. 2. Wood and coal is used as fuel in some houses this adds to air pollution. 3. In the market area there are maximum sources of air pollution like the smoke from the hotels etc. 4. Also there are the emissions from the vehicles which add much to the air pollution.

WASTE BURNT BY INHABITANTS CAUSING AIR POLLUTION

IN MANY HOUSES WOOD IS USED AS FUEL CAUSING EMISSIONS

AIR POLLUTION IN THE MARKET AREA

SOURCES OF COAL DUST

NOISE POLLUTION
Noise causes irritation and multiple health problems. Noise pollution mainly results from sound and blowing-horns of traffic passing through the roads and from recreational spaces like clubs. Some important places which are effected by sound pollution are Talbagicha High School, Primary school in zone no-1 etc.

School The market area is most prone to noise pollution because of heavy traffic.

Club

OTHER CRITICAL OBSERVATIONS


1. The area is very prone to power-cut. Also there is not sufficient street lighting.

2. As insecticides are not sprayed regularly by the municipality the area is very much affected with mosquitoes. 3. There is no as such any big water body in the total area. 4. Though there are many playground and open spaces but there is no as such maintained recreational park. 5. There is quite much greenery in the total area. 6. As because yet the density in this area is not too much there is still chances to prevent the pollution and transform this area into a healthy residential area.