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Seal Selection

Applying what we have


learned

© 2003 John Crane EAA 615


Seal Selection

Example 1

Product: Drinking water (Potable water)


Temperature:
p 20°°C
20
Seal Pressure: 10 bar g
Speed: 1450 rpm
Shaft Diameter: 2”
Stuffing Box Bore: 72 mm
Pump: Horizontal, end suction, centrifugal
Seal Requirements: Conventional, non-
non-cartridge seal

Turn to page 45, with page 46 ii/iii pulled down


No hazards

Elastomer Bellows Seal

Single Seal

API Plan 1;; 11;; 13;; 21


(See Page 46)

No special neck code

No Secondary Cont’mt
Nitrile No comments
Material Code = BR1C1
(See Page 46 i)
Carbon ((Resin)) Stainless
Sta ess Steel
Stee
Stainless Steel Ceramic
Seal Selection

Now turn to the selected Seal Family


Now,

Family ‘A’: Page 50.


9 *
9 * * * For this
exercise, these
seals
l can beb
considered non
non--
standard
27
Seal Selection

27 bar x 0.75 (Water) x 0.60 (Aluminium Oxide Ceramic) = 15.15 bar g

Application is at 10 bar g, so Type 1A or Type 2 is suitable


Chosen materials are
available for both seal
types

Nitrile is suitable
for 20
20°°C
Seal Selection

Page 56

Perfect fit in pump bore

Too big for pump bore

Page 58
Seal Selection

Seal Selected

2” Type 1A / BR1C1 / WM
0508/1A/--
0508/1A/ --/WM/384A
/WM/384A

Elastomers Nitrile
Primary Ring Carbon – resin impregnated
Metal Parts Stainless Steel
Mating Ring Ceramic – aluminium oxide (WM)
Spring Stainless Steel

API Plan 11

No other special requirements


Seal Selection

Example 2

Product: Ammonium sulphate, 40% aqueous solution


Temperature:
p 40°°C
40
Suction Pressure: 13 bar g
Discharge Pressure: 16 bar g
Speed: 2900 rpm
Shaft Diameter: 30 mm
Pump: Vertical, centrifugal
Seal Requirements: DIN 24960, conventional, non-
non-cartridge seal

Turn to page 17, with page 46 ii/iii pulled down


No hazards

Elastomer Bellows Seal

Single Seal

API Plan 1;; 11;; 13;; 21


(See Page 46)

No special neck code

Continuous Quench
API Plan 62 E Propylene Crystallises
Conv Sil Carbide Stainless
Sta ess Stee
Steel
M t i l Code
Material C d = GJ1S1
(See Page 46 i) Stainless Steel Solid Sil Carbide
Seal Selection

Now turn to the selected Seal Family


Now,

Family ‘A’: Page 50.


9 * * * * For this
exercise, these
seals
l can beb
considered non
non--
standard
37
Seal Selection

37 bar x 0.75 (Aqueous) x 0.8 (Conv SiC vs SiC) x 0.85 (Speed) = 18.87 bar g

Application is at 16 bar g, so Type 502 is suitable


Chosen materials are
available for Type 502.
Note SiC ‘BO’ Mating
Ring (Seat) is only
optional.
Change to ‘BP’
BP seat
which is standard in
Silicon Carbide

Ethylene
Propylene is
suitable for 40°
40°C
Seal Selection

Type
T 502 seall assembly
bl is
i designed
d i d to
t DIN 24960,
24960 L1K

It will fit any pump designed to the same standard when


installing a complete seal assembly,
assembly, i.e., rotating seal unit
complete with mating ring assembly
Seal Selection

Seal Selected

30 mm Type 502 / GJ1S1 / BP


0300/502/--
0300/502/ --/BP/773C
/BP/773C

Elastomers Ethylene Propylene


Primary Ring Carbon Converted to Silicon Carbide
Metal Parts Stainless Steel
Mating Ring Solid Sintered Silicon Carbide (BP)
Spring Stainless Steel

API Plan 13 / 62

Continuous quench required to prevent crystal build up


Some form of secondary containment required for quench
Seal Selection

Example 3

Product: Butyl Amine (Sec)


Temperature:
p 15°°C
15
Seal Pressure: 5 bar g
Speed: 1450 rpm
Shaft Diameter: 2”
Pump: Horizontal back pull-
Horizontal, pull-out,
out centrifugal
Site Requirements: Water available, but in small quantities only

Turn to page 20, with page 46 ii/iii pulled down


Highly Toxic & Flam’ble

PTFE Wedge Seal

Dual Seal

Pressurised Double
API Plans 53 or 54

No special neck code

No Secondary Cont’mt
PTFE No Comments
Material Code = QR171
(244A double - See Page 46 i)
Carbon ((Resin)) Stainless
Sta ess Stee
Steel
Stainless Steel Austenitic Cast Iron
Seal Selection

Now turn to the selected Seal Family


Now,

Family ‘D’: Page 80.


* * 9 9
For this exercise,
these seals can be
considered
id d non-
non-
standard
(ANSI standard
pumps only)
52

24
Seal Selection

24 bar x 0.75 (Water) x 0.6 (Carbon vs Cast Iron) = 10.8 bar g


S l is
Seal i working
ki Seal
att 6isbar
b working
g, so Type
Tat ? bar
109gis
i suitable
it bl
No need to consider the higher pressure Type 109B
Seal Selection

Chosen materials are available for both Type 109 and Type 109B seals
Seal Selection

PTFE is suitable for 15°


15°C
Seal Selection

Seal Selected

2” Type 109/109 QR171 / AG / QR171 / AG

Elastomers PTFE
Primary Ring Carbon (Resin)
Metal Parts Stainless Steel
Mating Ring Austenitic Cast Iron (Ni
(Ni--Resist™)
Spring Stainless Steel

API Plan 53A – water sealant

Select suitable sealant system . . . Turn to Page 116


A cooled vessel requires
coolant such as water.
Water
ate iss only
o y available
a a ab e in
small quantities.

How can we reduce the


heat generated to remove
the need for cooling?

There are several choices,,


but try changing to
hydraulically balanced seals
of the same design, i.e.,
Type 109B seals

An uncooled vessel is now


required. No water coolant
is necessary.
Use Type 109B/Type 109B
Seal Selection

Seal Selected

2¼” Type 109B/109B QR171 / AG / QR171 / AG

Elastomers PTFE
Primary Ring Carbon (Resin)
Metal Parts Stainless Steel
Mating Ring Austenitic Cast Iron (Ni
(Ni--Resist™)
Spring Stainless Steel

API Plan 53A – water sealant

Uncooled pressure vessel (e.g., John Crane System 200)


complete with suitable controls / telemetry
Introduction to
American Petroleum Institute 682
Standard
Shaft Sealing for
Centrifugal and Rotary Pumps

© 2003 John Crane EAA


American Petroleum Institute
Standards for Pumps and Mechanical Seals

API 676
Positive Displacement
API 610
Pumps 7th Edition
Editi
Pumps and Seals

API 610 API 682


8th Edition 1st Edition
Mainly Pumps Seals Only
API 682 Standard - Aims
„ Maximum reliability and availability of
equipment
„ Meet emissions legislation
„ Lower costs - standardisation & reliability
„ Improved
p safetyy - tested & p
proven sealing
g
systems
„ Consistent seal application based on
accumulation of best practices
„ S l interchangeability
Seal i t h bilit
API 682 Summary
„ Must have high probability of 3 years life
„ M t meett emissions
Must i i regulations
l ti
„ Must be cartridge seals
„ Only three seal types
Ê Type A: O-
O-ring pusher
Ê Type B: rotating metal bellows
Ê Type C: stationary metal bellows
Ê Type
ype ES:
S totally
tota y e
engineered
g ee ed sea
sealing
g syste
system
Continued...
API 682 Summary – Edition 1
„ Only three arrangements
Ê single
Ê dual unpressurised
Ê dual pressurised
„ Only three fluid groups, nine fluid types
„ S
Specifies
ifi materials
i l off construction
i
„ Secondary containment on all single seals
„ Forced circulation on dual seals
„ Full interchangeability
Continued...
API 682 Summary
„ Guidelines for seal and hardware design based
upon user experience

„ Tested designs

Ê Qualification type testing

Ê Individual component & seal integrity testing

„ Defined guidelines for auxiliary equipment,


.
pipework & instrumentation
API 682 Publication Dates

„ 1st Edition issued 1994


„ 2nd Edition July 2002
„ ISO 21049 target date is now late 2003
API 682

API 676
API 610
Positive Displacement
Pumps 7th Edition
Pumps and Seals

API 610 API 682


8th Edition 1st Edition
Mainly Pumps Seals Only

API 682
2nd Edition
API 610 Seals Only
ISO 21049
9th Edition/ISO
/ 13709
Seals Only
Pumps Only
API 682

Go to John Crane API 682 Presentation