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100 Things You Should Know About Controlling with SAP

Author(s): John Jordan

Product Description and Table of Contents


Tip 36 You can reduce the clutter in cost estimate screens! Simplify cost estimate screens by reducing the number of cost component views listed. Although five cost component views are listed by default, you may not need to display them all. With this tip, you can learn how to view only the information you really want. Find out more on page 98. __________________________________________________________________________________ The books in our "100 Things" series each provide 100 practical, little-known tips, tricks, and workarounds to help you get the most out of your SAP system. Whether youre a user, super-user, or consultant, youll find useful information to help you: Save Time and Money With the time-saving shortcuts and workarounds provided, users of all levels will get the most out of their daily interaction with the system. Increase Efficiency Use these insightful tips to configure screens to your personal needs, to significantly reduce the number of IT trouble tickets, and to work more efficiently. The books hands-on approach and easy-to-follow layout will help you to pick up new skills in no time. Work Smarter Your SAP user experience will be friendlier and easier, and you may even find yourself saying, I had no idea you could do this that way! or I wish I had known how to do this a long time ago!

Highlights
Cost Center Accounting Internal Orders Profit Center Accounting Product Cost Planning Cost Object Controlling Material Ledger Profitability Analysis Controlling General Information System

The Author
John Jordan is Founder and Principal Consultant at ERP Corp., specializing in Controlling and all associated integration areas. He assists companies in improving the transparency of production costs, which results in increased efficiency and profitability. He is a regular speaker at conferences and has published two other best-selling books with SAP PRESS.

Table of Contents
... Acknowledgments ... 11 ... Introduction ... 12 PART 1 ... Cost Center Accounting ... 14

1 ... Standard and Alternate Hierarchies ... 16 2 ... Procedure to Swap the Standard Hierarchy ... 18 3 ... Cost Element Default Account Assignment ... 20 4 ... Automatic Account Assignment ... 22 5 ... Plan Activity Price with Activity Type Groups ... 24 6 ... Copy Cost Center Plan ... 26 7 ... Plan Cost Splitting ... 28 8 ... Actual Price Calculation ... 30 9 ... Target Cost Analysis ... 32 10 ... Cost Center Variance Analysis ... 34

PART 2 ... Internal Orders ... 38


11 ... Internal Order Planning ... 40 12 ... Internal Order Budgeting ... 42

PART 3 ... Profit Center Accounting ... 44


13 ... Profit Center Integrated Planning ... 46 14 ... Profit Center Assignment Monitor ... 48

PART 4 ... Product Cost Planning ... 50


15 ... 16 ... 17 ... 18 ... 19 ... 20 ... 21 ... 22 ... 23 ... 24 ... 25 ... 26 ... 27 ... 28 ... 29 ... 30 ... 31 ... 32 ... 33 ... 34 ... 35 ... 36 ... 37 ... 38 ... 39 ... 40 ... 41 ... 42 ... 43 ... 44 ... 45 ... 46 ... 47 ... 48 ... Standard versus Moving Average Price ... 52 Moving Average Historical Price ... 54 Changing Material Prices Manually ... 56 Price Unit versus Costing Lot Size ... 58 Optimize Costing Lot Size ... 60 Purchasing Info Record Prices ... 62 Purchasing Info Record Scales ... 64 Plant-Specific Purchasing Info Records ... 66 Cost Estimates and Procurement Type ... 68 Costing Sheets Allocate Overhead ... 70 Template Alternative to Costing Sheets ... 72 Copying Costing Variants ... 74 Cost Estimate User Exits ... 76 Purchased Material Delivery Costs ... 80 Activity Type Search Strategies ... 84 Cost Estimate Default Dates ... 86 Transfer Control Uses Existing Cost Estimates ... 88 Marking Allowance for Valuation Variants ... 90 Mixed Cost Estimates ... 92 Optimize Costing Runs ... 94 Material Status Reduces Costing Messages ... 96 Reduce the Clutter in Cost Estimate Screens ... 98 Unit Cost Estimate Base Planning Object ... 100 Material Cost Estimate without Quantity Structure ... 102 Searching for Cost Estimates ... 104 Valuation Class and Material Type ... 108 Display Automatic Account Assignment Entries ... 110 Valuation Grouping Code Message ... 112 Purchasing Account Assignment Categories ... 114 Post Purchase Price Variance to Purchasing ... 116 Default Values for Product Cost Collectors ... 118 Process versus Production Orders ... 120 Valuated Sales Order Stock ... 122 Valuation of Sales Order Stock ... 124

PART 5 ... Cost Object Controlling ... 106

49 ... 50 ... 51 ... 52 ... 53 ... 54 ... 55 ... 56 ... 57 ... 58 ... 59 ... 60 ... 61 ... 62 ... 63 ... 64 ... 65 ... 66 ... 67 ... 68 ... 69 ... 70 ... 71 ... 72 ... 73 ... 74 ... 75 ... 76 ... 77 ... 78 ... 79 ... 80 ... 81 ... 82 ... 83 ... 84 ... 85 ... 86 ... 87 ... 88 ... 89 ... 90 ... 91 ... 92 ... 93 ... 94 ... 95 ... 96 ...

Target Cost Versions ... 126 Work in Process and Product Cost Collectors ... 128 Results Analysis Involves Revenue ... 130 Settlement and Processing Types ... 132 Assembly Scrap Basics ... 134 Component and Assembly Scrap ... 136 Operation Scrap Basics ... 138 Purchase Order Deletion Flag ... 140 Production Order Deletion Flag ... 142 Product Cost Collector Deletion Flag ... 144 Allow Movement Types in a Test System ... 146 Subcontracting Process ... 148 Inventory Aging Reports ... 150 Inventory the Lowest Value Principle ... 152 Change Valuation Class with Inventory ... 156 Movement Type Account Determination ... 158 Multiple Valuations with the Material Ledger ... 162 Actual Costing with the Material Ledger ... 164 Period-End Closing with the Material Ledger ... 166 Material Master Conversion during Startup ... 170 Purchase Order Conversion during Startup ... 172 Reconciliation during Production Startup ... 174 Preparation for Production Startup ... 176 Post Conversion Activities ... 178 Actual Cost Component Split ... 180 Deactivating the Material Ledger ... 182 Account- versus Costing-Based CO-PA ... 186 Cost of Sales Cost Element ... 188 Statistical Conditions and Profitability Analysis (CO-PA) ... 190 Map Manual Account Adjustments ... 192 Interface Sign Logic ... 194 Valuation ... 196 Settle Production Variances to CO-PA ... 198 Data Storage Tables ... 200 Summarization Levels and Reporting ... 202 Customizing Monitor ... 204 SAP ERP Delivered Controlling Areas ... 208 Open and Close Accounting Periods ... 210 Controlling Period Lock ... 212 Closing Materials Management Periods ... 214 Add Object Services to Sales Orders ... 216 Implementation Guide Shortcuts ... 218 Line Item Reports ... 222 Detailed Reports ... 224 Order Summarization ... 226 Variance Analysis in Prior Periods ... 228 Origin Groups Provide Detailed Reporting ... 230 Cost Component Groups Improve Reporting ... 232

PART 6 ... Material Ledger ... 160

PART 7 ... Profitability Analysis ... 184

PART 8 ... Controlling General ... 206

PART 9 ... Information System ... 220

97 ... Display a List of Product Cost Collectors ... 234 98 ... Display Data Directly with Data Browser ... 236 99 ... Drill-Down to Display Table Content ... 238 100 ... Wildcard Search Options ... 240

... Glossary ... 242 ... Bibliography ... 260 ... Additional Resources ... 262 ... The Author ... 265 ... Index ... 266