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SMA NEGERI 3 SEMARANG

SMA3SMG/WKAKA-KIM/QSR/004-00/08

LESSON PLAN School Subject Topic Class/ Semester Times Allocated : SMA Negeri 3 Semarang : Chemistry : Chemical Laws and Stoikiometry : X/ I : 2 x 45 minutes

A. Standard Competence 2. Comprehend chemical base laws and its appliying in calculation B. Basic Competence 2.2. Prove and communicate the implementation of chemical base laws passed experiment and apply mole concept in finalizing calculation chemistry. C. Indicators 1. Analize compound to prove implementation of comparison fold law (Daltons law) 2. Use the experiment data to prove volume comparison law 3. Use the experiment data to prove Avogadros law 4. Use the experiment data to prove Boyle-Gay Lussacs law D. The Purpose of Teaching-Learning 1. Stdents can analize compound to prove implementation of comparison fold law (Daltons law) 2. Students are able to use the experiment data to prove volume comparison law 3. Students are able to use the experiment data to prove Avogadros law 4. Students can use the experiment data to prove Boyle-Gay Lussacs law E. Main Material Double Multiple Law (Daltons Law) Volume proportion Law (Gay-Lussacs Law) Avogadros Law Boyle-Gay Lussacs Law F. Resources and Media

Susilowati, Endang, 2009, Theory and Application of Chemistry for Grade X of Senior High School and Islamc High School (p133- 141 ), Solo: PT. Tiga Serangkai Pustaka Mandiri Sri Juari Santosa dkk, 2006, Kimia Kelas X Semester I untuk SMA dan MA (p. 94 -99 ), Klaten: Intan Pariwara Setyawan, Fuad, Buku Evaluasi Siswa Kimia Kelas X untuk SMA/MA Semester I, Klaten: Sinar Mandiri Presentation Slide, Students work sheet, LCD, Computer Internet

G. Teaching Learning Method Group discussion and information Exploratory Combination of discourse Demonstration Structured exercise method H. Learning Activities No Activities 01. Introduction Greeting Teacher checks the students attendance Teacher conditioning the class, so the students are ready to accept the materials. For apperception, Students and teacher brush the previous lesson Up, that is about Lavoisiers law and Prousts Law 2. a.

PBKB Value
Discipline

Time

Method

Resources

Assesment

10 minutes

Giving informa tion Observation on students attitude and response

Main Activities Toleran Daltons Law ce Exploration Students listen to short explanation about the Daltons law Students analize some compounds to prove the comparison fold law (Daltons Law) Students are given a chance by teacher to ask questions

15 minutes

Explorat ory

Group Discussi on

Chemistry Books http://www .chemicalel ements.co m http://www .chemi-istry.org http://baha najarsma.di kmenum.g o.id/index. php?pelid=

Observation 100% of students do the analyze

Elaboration Students discuss an experiment data to prove the the Daltons Law Students describe about Daltons Law Confirmation Teacher and students make a conclusion of the experiment b. Avogadros Law Exploration Students listen to short explanation about the avogadros Law. Students get some experiment data about Avogadros law. Students are given a chance by teacher to ask questions Students discuss an experiment data to prove the the Avogadros Law Elaboration Students get some problems that must be done Confirmation Students come forward to do the problem Students are guided by techer in doing the task c.

Effective questioning . 90% of students are active in class discussion

Commun icative

35 minutes

Explorat ory

Observation on Chemistry students Books http://www attitude and .chemicalel response


ements.co m http://www .chemi-istry.org http://baha najarsma.di kmenum.g o.id/index. php?pelid= 1

Group discussio n

Problem solving

Respoms ibility

10 Gay-Lussacs Law minutes Exploration Students listen to short explanation about the Gay-Lussacs law Students analize data experiment to prove the Gay-Lussacs law Students ask to teacher Curious about the material that ity havent been undersood by them Elaboration Students discuss an experiment data to

Explorator y Chemistry Books http://www .chemicalel ements.co m http://www .chemi-istry.org http://baha najarsma.di kmenum.g o.id/index. php?pelid= 1

Effective questioning .

Effective questionin g

Group

90% of students are active in class discussion

3.

prove the the Gaylussacs law Students describe about Gay-Lussacs law Confirmation Teacher and students make a conclusion of the experiment Closing Activities Students and teacher Responsi bility conclude the materials Teacher gives quiz Students get homework for next meeting Teacher gives information about the matter for next meeting

discusssion

5 minutes

Answer question

Literature
Observation 90% of students are active in the quiz.

I. References Susilowati, Endang, 2009, Theory and Application of Chemistry for Grade X of Senior High School and Islamic High School (p133- 141 ), Solo: PT. Tiga Serangkai Pustaka Mandiri Sri Juari Santosa dkk, 2006, Kimia Kelas X Semester I untuk SMA dan MA (p. 94 -99 ), Klaten: Intan Pariwara Setyawan, Fuad, Buku Evaluasi Siswa Kimia Kelas X untuk SMA/MA Semester I, Klaten: Sinar Mandiri http://www.chemicalelements.com http://www.chemi-is-try.org http://bahanajarsma.dikmenum.go.id/index.php?pelid=1

J. Evaluation Evaluation Technique : Written test Instrument : Essay Respond : Minimum Completion Criteria Less than minimum Completion Criteria (76) More than Minimum Completion Criteria (76) K. SUBJECT MATTER BASIC CHEMICALS LAWS 1. The Couple Proportions Law Oxygen and Nitrogen gas can react to form more than one of nitrogen oxides. They are grouped as shown below:

=76 = Remedial (examination) = Enrichment

Nitrogen Oxides

NO and N2O

N2O, N2O3 and N2O5

The mass proportion of N and O atoms is NO and N2O is shown in the following table. The number of Atoms The proportion of Relative Atomic N and Compounds O masses in a compound N O NO 1 1 14:16 N2O 2 1 28:16 Based on the table, it can be concluded that the comparison of N atomic mass in NO and N2O is 14:28=1:2 The facts obtained prove that when two elements can form more than one compounds, and mass of one of its elements is constant, comparison of the other elements mass will be a simple ratio. It is first observed by John Dalton and called as the couple proportions law. Actually, the couple proportions law is developes from Dalton atomic theory, that is if 2 elements are able to form more than one compound, in which mass of one of its element is constant, the proportion of other element mass has a simple ratio. 2. The Combination of Volume Law Gay Lussac developed Cabendishs research by doing the reaction of forming the water at the temperature above 100C. Gay-Lussac reacted 2 volumes of hydrogen gas and 1 volume of oxygen gas which produced 2 volumes of water. According to his experiment, Gay-Lussac concluded that in a gas made of molecules of more than one element(at similar tempereture and pressure), the number of atoms of one of its elements is always a whole multiple number of the other element. Futhermore, the comparison of volume from each gas product toward the volume from each reacted gas is a simple ratio. This is called the combination of volume law and only work for gas reactions with simple molecule compounds. 3. The Law of Avogadro The combiation of volume law by Gay Lussac was further developed by Italian scientist, Armedeo Avogadro in 11811. Avogadro declared a postulate that if different gases (at equivalent temperature and pressure) have similar volume, the gasses will contain similar particles number. This postulate is called Avogadro hyothesis. Molecules number 1 : molecules number 2 = V1:V2 = a1:a2

We can use that relation tocalculate the molecules number of a substance included in chemical reaction by this formula. x molecules number 2 = Note : V1. 2 = Volume of gas 1 and 2 a1. 2 = Coeffisient of gas 1 and 2

L. INSTRUMENT Essay! 1. Chlorine gas (Cl2) and oxygen gas (O2) can form four different biner compound. Below is the composition mass of O and Cl in each product compound. Compound A B C D Mass O (g) 0, 2256 0, 9026 1, 3539 1, 5795 Mass Cl (g) 1, 00 1, 00 1, 00 1,00

2.

3. 4. 5.

a. Find that the couple proportion law for its compounds! b. If the chemical formula for A is Cl2O, determine the chemical formula for B, C and D. Look at this equation of reaction below: C3H8(g) + O2(g)CO2(g) + H2O(g) If the C3H8 reacted is 0, 8 Litres, then on the similar T and P, how much is: a. Volume of O2 reacted b. Volume of CO2 and H2O product A2 gas of 60 mL reacts with 40 mL of B2, gas to produce 40 mL AxBy gas formula! How many molecules of oxygen and hydrogen we need to produce 16 molecules of vapor? The reaction is 2H2 + O2 2H2O At certain temperature and pressure, 2 L of hydrogen gas contains 2, 5x 1022 of hydrogen gas molecules. At the same temperature and pressure, what is the volume of ammonia gas containing 7, 5 x 1023 ammonia molecules?

Key of Essay No. 01. Key a. Atom with constant mass is Cl. To find out the comparison mass for each O atom, divide each mass of oxygen with the smallest mass of O, that is 0, 2256 g. The comparison mass of O in compounds A: B: C: D= 1: 4: 6: 7 Those comparison is simple ratio as the couple proportions law b. If compound has chemical formula of Cl2O, the chemical formula for ithers compounds is shown at following table. Compound Number of Atoms Chemical formula Cl O 2 1 Cl2O A 2 4 Cl2O4 B 2 6 Cl2O6 C 2 7 Cl2O7 D C3H8(g) + 5O2(g)3CO2(g) + 4H2O(g) a. Volume O2= b. Volume CO2 = 03. c. Volume H2O = A2(g) + B2 (g) AxBy (g) 60 ml 40 ml 40 ml Proportion= 3 : 2 : 2 The smallest volume gases proportion = coefficient so that equation of the reaction is : 3A2 (g) + 2B2 (g) 2AxBy (g) In according to the law of conservation of mass, the number of atom on left hand = the number of atom on the right hand. By using mathematical equation, we can calculate x and y value! Reactant Number of atoms On the left hand In the right hand 6 2x A 4 2y B 2x = 6 2y = 4 x =3 y=2 Therefore, the chemical formula of AxBy is A3B2 The number of O2 = =
The number of H2= =

Score 20

02.

20

20

04.

20

05.

V NH3 = = Total

20

100

Semarang, Approved by, School Principal of SMAN 3 Semarang

July 2011

Teacher

Drs. HARI WALUYO, M. M NIP. 19640207 198803 1 016

Dra. WIDYA PRAHASTUTI NIP: 19600813 198803 2 005