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REPORT RECIEPT (tear here) NAME: MATRIC NO.: TITLE: DATE OF SUBMISSION: TIME OF SUBMISSION: STUDENTS SIGNATURE: APPROVED BY:

1.0 2.0

## TITLE: BENDING MOMENT OBJECTIVE

The objectives of this experiment are as follows:a. To comprehend the action of the moment of resistance within the beam. b. To measure the bending moment at a normal section of a loaded beam and to compare it with the theoretical value. 3.0 INTRODUCTION

A length of material supported horizontally at two points in such a way that it will carry vertical loads is called a beam. The loading perpendicular to its longitudinal axis causes bending and in most cases transverse shearing. In the simplest example the loads and supporting reactions act in a vertical plane containing the longitudinal axis, and the beam has a rectangular cross section. The loads and support reactions are the external forces acting on the beam and they must be in equilibrium. Therefore, in order to study the strength of the beam it is necessary to know how these external forces affect it. 4.0 APPARATUS Refer to apparatus manual available in the Lab. a. The experimental beam is in two parts, the smaller left hand part being ( A ) and the larger right hand part being ( B ). At the section normal to the beam axis where they join a pair of ball bearings pinned in ( B ) fits in half housings fixed in ( A ) thus forming a frictionless hinge. A moment of resistance about the hinge is provided by an under slung spring balance which acts as a lever arm of 150 mm. b. Two end bearings on stands support the beam, and several stirrup shaped load hangers can be threaded onto the two parts of the beam. c. A spirit level is provided to help set up the beam. However it is generally sufficient to line up parts ( A ) and ( B ) by eye, and to realign them by adjusting the screws on the spring or spring balance each time a load is altered. d. Check the beam supports have been fixed at 900 mm span, and that the beam is positioned so that the bearing pin in part ( B ) is 300 mm from the left hand support A.

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APPARATUS CONSTRUCTION