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Marine Riser Systems


Capability and Experience

Overview
Marine Riser Systems Capabilities
INTECSEA, headquartered in Houston, Texas was formed in 2008 by the joining of heritage Intec with heritage Sea Engineering to provide consolidated floating systems, risers, pipelines and subsea engineering and construction management services within the global WorleyParsons Group. INTECSEA has established operating offices in Houston, Texas; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Singapore; Delft, The Netherlands; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Perth and Melbourne in Australia; and London, UK. INTECSEAs major areas of expertise include subsea and floating production systems, marine pipeline and riser systems, Arctic pipelines, marine terminal systems, and Arctic structures. Additional areas of expertise include flow assurance and operability, marine surveys, marine operations and offshore equipment design. The document describes INTECSEAs capabilities and experience specific to Riser Systems and Structures. Engineering design and construction management of marine riser systems has been one of both INTECSEA and Seas core business areas since the companies were formed. Although many other engineering disciplines and other business areas such as offshore terminals, subsea and floating production systems, onshore pipelines and facilities were part of INTECSEA and Seas range of project services, marine riser systems remained a major business area. INTECSEAs capability in marine riser systems has kept pace with the industry as functional requirements for deepwater and hybrid riser concepts have evolved. Initially INTECSEAs experience in marine riser systems was primarily focused on conventional and flexible pipe riser concepts. Conventional riser concepts consisted of steel piping systems attached to platform jackets. For floating production systems, a more compliant flexible pipe riser system was required. INTECSEA has been responsible for engineering design through installation and commissioning of a significant number of projects that have involved both types of riser systems. Seas early focus was on top tensioned risers for both production and drilling. Sea performed design and analysis for many projects from initial concept development through frication and installation. Sea later expanded into the design of steel catenary risers as well as free standing hybrid risers. To meet industry goals of cost reductions and the technical challenges of increasing water depths, alternative riser concepts such as Steel Catenary Risers (SCRs) or Hybrid Riser Towers have become viable riser options. In 1987, INTECSEA performed a Joint Industry Study to evaluate Subsea and Production Riser Enhancements for Gulf of Mexico Deepwater Field Developments. This study included several compliant riser concepts one of which was a hybrid riser consisting of a submerged rigid riser with
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flexible pipe connections to the floating host facility. In 2006, Sea designed a free standing riser concept for early development of marginal fields and went on to install a prototype demonstration free standing riser (full scale) in 3000 ft water depth in the Gulf of Mexico. INTECSEA continues to develop these concepts, and has been responsible for the design of insulated and non-insulated SCRs for both fixed platforms and floating host facilities. INTECSEA has extensive core capability for top tensioned riser (TTR) systems associated with drilling and production operations. To facility well access for drilling and workover operations, such risers are arranged in a vertical or near vertical configuration and are top tensioned either via hydro-pneumatic tensioner system or passive buoyancy units, or in some cases tied directly to the platform deck. Such risers form an integral part of the well system and often carry internal casing and production strings plus dry xmas tree at deck level. Other specialized components include stress joints; flex joints, tensioner spool joints, keel joints, buoyancy collars, wellhead tieback connectors, and mechanical connectors, BOPs etc. INTECSEA engineers have extensive experience with system engineering, analysis, material specification, procurement, component design, testing and installation for such TTR systems. To support detailed riser system engineering and analysis, INTECSEA has acquired extensive experience with a wide range of specialized software tools. Analysis packages routinely utilized include the AQWA suite of programs for vessel motion analysis, FREECOM, MODES and FLEXCOM for frequency and time domain riser response, ORCAFLEX for general time domain studies, installation analysis and coupled riser/mooring/vessel dynamics, RIFLEX for specialized riser simulation studies, SHEAR7 and VIVA for VIV fatigue assessments, ANSYS for complex non-linear system behavior or local component analysis and design, and ABAQUS for static and dynamic analysis of PIP SCRs accounting for structural interaction between the inner and outer pipes. These key programs run on a network of high specification PCs and are supported by INTECSEAs extensively verified in-house calculation and design procedures. Key to INTECSEAs efficiency and reliability in delivery of analysis results are the extensive suite of proprietary pre and post processors tying the analysis packages together.

Marine Riser Systems Capabilities and Resources


Project Name/ Location Bass Lite Gulf of Mexico Client Mariner Energy Project Description/Size (TIC Value) Certification Verification Agent (CVA) for the Bass Lite, 8inch SCR on the Devils Tower Spar, in Block MC773 in the Gulf of Mexico. The work scope includes CVA for design, fabrication and installation, in accordance with MMS guidelines stipulated in NTL. No. T-156c2. Technical support for conceptual engineering of flowline risers tied back to existing Spar in 5,700 feet water depth. Performed clashing analysis to establish riser layout. Detailed design of 12-inch gas export SCR on the Shenzi TLP in 4,375 feet water depth. Type of Riser SCR Finish Dates Ongoing

Thunderbird Gulf of Mexico Shenzi Gas Export Riser Gulf of Mexico Shenzi Gulf of Mexico

Murphy

SCR

Ongoing

Enbridge

SCR

Ongoing

BHP Billiton

Pre-FEED and FEED of six initial and four future SCRs from a TLP in 4,375 feet water depth. Assisted client in host platform selection with respect to riser design. Also performed umbilical clashing checks and established layout. Detailed design of the 6 initial in-field risers, and provision of interface loads for strength and fatigue design of receptacle and porches.

SCR

Ongoing

Tahiti SCR Support Gulf of Mexico

Chevron Texaco

Consultancy services related to production and export risers, connected to a truss Spar in 4,000 feet water depth, including material selection, material and equipment specifications, welding and NDT, pipe end ID machining, fatigue testing, hang-off method selection and design, permit application and cathodic protection design. Provision of technical support for fabrication and installation of the export risers. Engineering support for design, procurement and construction of four 7.5-inch production and one 6-inch gas export free standing hybrid risers in 8,200 ft of water in the Gulf of Mexico.

SCR

Ongoing

Cascade and Chinook Free Standing Hybrid Riser Engineering Support Tubular Bells and Puma Field Developments Gulf of Mexico

Petrobras

Hybrid Riser

Ongoing

BP

Appraise and pre-Select phases of production, gas lift, water injection, and export SCRs design for a range of host platform options. Identified key technology gaps and feasibility issues. Pre-select work focuses on providing support for host platform, mooring system selection, and SCR feasibility with and without HIPPS.

SCR

2007

Project Name/ Location Mardi Gras Transportation System Gulf of Mexico

Client BP

Project Description/Size (TIC Value) Select, define and execute phases for oil and gas export pipeline systems associated with the Mardi Gras Transportation system for Mad Dog, Thunder Horse, Holstein and Atlantis projects. SCR sizes range from 16inch to 28-inch with water depths in the range of 4,500 feet to 7,140 feet. During the select phase, key issues relating to SCR performance, such as dynamic response, VIV motions and fatigue performance were identified. These design aspects have been successfully engineered during the preliminary and detailed design phases. Provision of technical support to procurement and construction activities. Special application design for a large diameter single bore hybrid riser in 800 m water depth. Performed full technical feasibility assessment including preliminary design, constructability, installability, operational reliability and cost. Detailed design analysis of 16-inch oil export SCR on the Shenzi TLP in 4,375 feet water depth.

Type of Riser SCR

Finish Dates 2007

Seawater Hybrid Riser

Confidential

Hybrid Riser

2007

Shenzi Oil Export Riser Gulf of Mexico Tiof Field Development Offshore West Africa Confidential Offshore Indonesia

Enterprise

SCR

2007

Sea Engineering

Technical support for conceptual engineering of SCRs and flexible risers for the Woodside Tiof field development offshore Mauritania. Wall thickness and payload calculations. Concept study, FEED and post-FEED design of mid-water production fluid transfer system. Concept study identified and assessed several fluid transfer system solutions. The selected solutions were taken further in the FEED, establishing preliminary design and installation procedures, and development of cost and schedule estimates for midwater arch buoy and simple-U flexible pipe solutions. Detailed design of mid-water arch buoys and suction piles, flow assurance, fatigue analysis of static flowline flexible pipe, flexible-to-flexible clashing analysis, and conceptual design of hang-off support equipment. Top Tension Riser design, procurement and installation assistance Prepared drilling riser design specification and preliminary analysis; prepared design specification for drilling and production risers Technical audit of the SBM GAP fluid transfer system focusing on fatigue performance. Included detailed review of the global performance analysis for operating and installation conditions, and of the fracture mechanics analysis and weld defect acceptance criteria philosophy.

SCR / Flexible

2006

Confidential

Flexible

2006

Oveng/Okume Kikeh

Hess Modec/ Murphy Oil

TTR TTR

2006 2006

Kikeh Fluid Transfer Line Technical Audit Offshore Indonesia

Murphy Oil

Fluid Transfer Line

2006

Project Name/ Location P55 Field Development Offshore Brazil Jack Field Development Gulf of Mexico

Client Petrobras

Project Description/Size (TIC Value) Main contractor responsible for FEED engineering of 7 selected SCRs connected to a semi-submersible platform in Roncador field, Campos Basin in 1,795 meters water depth. Conceptual engineering of multi-bore riser towers for turretmoored FPSO in deepwater Gulf of Mexico. Developed concept solution of multi-bore riser tower, specification of riser layout, wall thickness, insulation and distributed buoyancy requirements, top buoyancy unit sizing and calculation of jumper loads. Preliminary engineering of production and water injection flexible risers connecting FPSO and fixed platform in 100 meters water depth, including dynamic strength and clashing analysis for Lazy-wave and simple catenary configurations. Investigation of impact energy absorption of polyurethane field joint coatings for large diameter pipeline. Analytical model was developed and verified against test results for trawl gear impacting. Detailed design of 20-inch oil export and 12-inch gas export SCRs on the Neptune TLP in 4,200 feet water depth.

Type of Riser SCR

Finish Dates 2006

Alliance Engineering

Riser Tower

2006

Polvo Field Development Offshore Brazil

Devon

Flexible

2006

OJS Field Joint Impact Assessment Neptune Export Risers Gulf of Mexico Flexible Hose Failure Investigation Confidential Gulf of Mexico

OJS

SCR / Pipeline

2006

Enbridge

SCR

2006

Oleoducto De Crudos Pesados (OCP) Ecuador S.A. Confidential

Assisted OCP in investigating a submarine hose failure under SPM CALM buoy at 41 m water depth. Scope covers examination of failed hose, review of design and review of installation and operation records. Conceptual study and cost estimate of hybrid riser solutions for production and water injection risers and umbilicals connected to turret-moored FPSO in 8,200 feet water depth. Probabilistic Reliability and Integrity of Large Diameter SCRs for ultra-deepwater operations. Five study topics were investigated with respect to assessment of the reliability and integrity of large diameter SCRs for ultradeepwater applications. Study water depth was 10,000 ft. FEED and detailed engineering of 8 flexible risers connecting subsea flowlines to two TLPs in water depths of 920 feet and 1,640 feet, respectively, and a 12-inch oil export flexible riser connecting to an FPSO in 320 feet water depth. FEED engineering included configuration design, temporary seabed storage arrangement, minimum riser length requirement and flexible riser specification. Detailed design included preliminary installation analysis, Itube and hang-off design review, static, clashing and extreme events dynamic analysis to establish riser configurations, bend curve stability and routing, interface loads and bend stiffener requirements, and finalization of the flexible riser specification. Work scope also included procurement package engineering and installation support.

Flexible Hose

2006

Hybrid Riser

2006

SCR Integrity Study

US Department of the Interior, Minerals Management Service (MMS) Amerada Hess

SCR

2006

Northern Block G (Okume Complex) Offshore Equatorial Guinea, West Africa

Flexible

2006

Project Name/ Location Genghis Khan Gulf of Mexico

Client Anadarko

Project Description/Size (TIC Value) Preliminary and detailed engineering of subsea tie-back to Marco Polo TLP in 4,300 feet water depth. The dual production flowlines are connected to the TLP by two 6inch SCRs with titanium stress joints. INTECSEA provides technical support to procurement, fabrication and installation activities. Concept screening and cost estimate, Pre-FEED and FEED of subsea tie-backs to various host options via PIP SCRs. Local host is in 7,000 feet water depth. FEED study evaluates SCR and hybrid riser options. Semi-submersible and Spar host types were considered. The SCRs were very challenging with features such as high temperature, high pressure, pipe-in-pipe and sour service. SCRs with Lazywave tails were assessed to establish SCR feasibility. Static and dynamic FE modeling of PIP SCRs were performed using ABAQUS to capture the structural interaction between the inner and outer pipes. Provision of support for review of umbilical structural design and VIV analyses. Front End Engineering Design and development of EPIC bid packages for an FPSO and subsea systems, including flowlines, risers and export system for a major field development in 1,400 m water depth. The riser and umbilical system includes eight 8-inch production risers, four 6-inch gas injection risers, four 4-inch water injection risers and four umbilicals, all connected to the FPSO via Itubes. Earlier FEED work included detailed fatigue assessment for SCR risers hung off the side of the spread moored FPSO, and oil off-loading lines from the FPSO to a CALM buoy. Concepts investigated included simple catenary flexible risers, riser towers and tension leg risers. Joint effort with Energo Engineering to establish appropriate safety factors for SCR weld engineering criticality assessment (ECA) using reliability methods. Performed detailed engineering and procurement package for the TLP drilling/production riser system FEED engineering consisting of preliminary design of 32 flexible risers, connecting subsea structures to a turretmoored FPSO in 3,500 feet water depth. Work scope included determining riser layout, performing static, clashing, VIV and dynamic analysis to establish interface loads and bend stiffener requirements, cost estimate and prepare flexible riser specification and ITB packages.

Type of Riser SCR

Finish Dates 2006

Blind Faith Gulf of Mexico

Chevron Texaco

PIP SCR

2006

Agbami Field Development Offshore Nigeria

Chevron Texaco

SCR

2006

ECA Safety Factors West Seno B Frade Project Offshore Brazil

BP

SCR

2006

Unocal Chevron Texaco

TTR Flexible

2005 2005

Project Name/ Location Confidential Gulf of Mexico

Client Confidential

Project Description/Size (TIC Value) Conceptual study and cost estimate of single leg freestanding riser in 8,900 feet water depth.

Type of Riser Single Leg Freestanding Riser SCR

Finish Dates 2005

Genghis Khan Riser Receptacle Fatigue Assessment Gulf of Mexico Horn Mountain Gulf of Mexico MMS Mars FlexJoint Root Cause Failure Analysis Mobile Bay AB-BSB Offshore Alabama, USA Anadarko GC 518 (K2 North) Gulf of Mexico

RTI Energy Systems

Fatigue assessment of riser receptacle housing two titanium tapered stress joints of the Anadarko Genghis Khan risers tie-back to the Marco Polo TLP in 4,300 feet water depth.

2005

BP

Design review and verification analysis of the 12-inch oil export SCR re-fitted with titanium stress joint, hung off a Spar in 5,360 feet water depth. Represented the MMS in investigations into the root cause of the Mars FlexJoint failures. Work scope included full member participation, as the MMS representative in the RCA team, comprised of Shell, BP, Oil States and MMS. Performed riser detailed design, cost estimates and schedules, and constructability. Supported procurement of line pipe and coatings, and prepared bid packages for installation. Preliminary and detailed engineering of subsea tie-back to Marco Polo TLP in 4,300 feet water depth. The dual flowlines are PIP and are connected to the TLP via two 6inch SCRs. The challenging aspect of the project was to satisfy the riser top tension limits, and at the same time to avoid interference between risers and between the risers and other structures. The fast track nature of the project required prioritizing key design aspects. Provision of technical support to procurement, fabrication and installation activities. TLP production riser design and fabrication engineering on behalf of Modec. Design included all components in riser and the tensioner. Project Management, detailed design of gas well export pipelines and SCRs. The 20/28-inch gas pipeline is 73 miles long and connected at its shallow end to Typhoon pipeline system in 1,700 ft water depth by diverless connection. The 14-inch pipeline is 37 miles and connects to Allegheny pipeline system in 2,800 ft water depth by diverless connection. Both pipelines connect to the Marco Polo TLP in GC 608 by 18-inch gas SCR and 12-inch oil SCR in water depth of 4,300 ft. The Marco Polo TLP is the deepest TLP up to date.

SCR

2005

US Department of the Interior, Minerals Management Service (MMS). ExxonMobil

SCR

2005

Conventi onal Rigid

2004

Anadarko

SCR

2004

Marco Polo Gulf of Mexico Marco Polo Field Development Gulf of Mexico

El Paso (Modec) El Paso Energy Partners

TTR

2004

SCR

2004

Project Name/ Location K2 Gulf of Mexico

Client ENI

Project Description/Size (TIC Value) Preliminary and detailed design of subsea tie-back to Marco Polo TLP in 4,300 feet water depth. SCR size is 7inch. The challenging aspect of the project was to satisfy the top tension limits on the TLP, and at the same time to avoid interference between risers and between the risers and other structures. Provision of technical support to procurement, construction and installation activities. The flexible riser scope for FEED engineering consisted of conceptual design of three nominally 4-inch ID insulated flexible risers, two oil and one fuel gas, connecting PLEMs to an FSO in water depths from 95 feet to 120 feet. Configuration studies were performed to develop an optimum solution. Analyses were performed to determine loads for PLEM design. A flexible riser specification and scope of work was developed for inclusion in ITB documentation. Subsea tie-back feasibility and costing study. Provision of riser engineering support to subsea development study. Riser water depth is 4,670 ft. Scope included riser configuration and costing. VIV verification analysis of two 20-inch steel oil off-loading lines connected between an FPSO and a CALM buoy. Work included assessment of impact on VIV fatigue with the off-loading buoy being modeled as a fixed boundary or as a spring-mass system. Key sensitivities in the system with respect to VIV were identified and the VIV suppression requirements were confirmed. Riser detail design on the AMDP-06 platform.

Type of Riser SCR

Finish Dates 2004

Olowi Field Development Offshore Gabon, West Africa

Pioneer Resources Gabon-Olowi LTD

Flexible

2004

Marathon Tieback Study, Gulf of Mexico Kizomba A Offshore West Africa

Marathon

SCR

2004

ExxonMobil

Oil Off Loading Line

2004

Block 12 Development Project Offshore Brunei PID 029 CHPS Pipeline Replacement Project Offshore Brunei

Brunei Shell Petroleum Co

Conventi onal Rigid

2003

Brunei Shell Petroleum Co

CHPS Pipeline Replacement Project riser system on the AMRJ-02 platform.

Conventi onal Rigid

2003

Project Name/ Location Bonga Field Development Nigeria

Client Stolt Offshore

Project Description/Size (TIC Value) Detailed design of 16-inch gas export pipelines and SCR, two 12-inch water injection flowlines and SCRs, and six 10inch and two 12-inch production SCRs. The SCRs are connected to a permanently spread moored FPSO at a water depth of 1,100 meters. The work included layout of the infield flowlines, export pipeline route selection, flow assurance of the gas export pipeline and water injection flowlines, detailed mechanical design, fatigue assessment, ECA, preparation of material specifications, requisitions and performance of technical bid evaluations. Provision of riser engineering support to field development studies and cost estimates. The development consisted of scattered subsea wells with a local host in 4,000 feet water depth. Pre-FEED study of export pipelines and SCRs connected to a TLP in 2,000 ft water depth. Performed riser sizing and determined configurations. Obtained design parameters for the SCR hang-off system options. Developed riser system cost and installation schedule. Detailed engineering and project management for the drilling/production riser design and fabrication for TLP in 3350 ft water depth, 28 risers made of steel and titanium. Provided installation support. Detailed design of three pipelines and six SCRs for the Phase II development, with the SCRs connected to a TLP and a spread moored FPSO in a water depth of 3,300 feet. Detailed design services for six separate pipeline systems consist of: Four 10-inch FWS risers ANDP-C, ANDR-A and on ANDP-E. Four 10-inch water injection risers on ANPG-A, ANDPC and ANDP-E. Four 6-inch gas lift risers on ANDR-A, ANDP-C, ANDPB and ANDP-E.

Type of Riser SCR

Finish Dates 2003

Champlain Gulf of Mexico

Chevron Texaco

SCR

2003

Merah Besar

UNOCAL

SCR

2003

West Seno Indonesia

UNOCAL

TTR

2003

West Seno Indonesia Angsi C and Angsi E Development Offshore Terengganu

SEA Engineering Petronas Carigali Sdn Bhd

SCR

2003

Conventi onal Rigid

2002

Sumandak (SMDK-A) Development Project Offshore Sabah Magnolia Field Development Gulf of Mexico

Petronas Carigali Sdn Bhd

Detailed design services for four risers: Two 8-inch gas lift risers (at SMG-A to SUDP-A). Two 16-inch FWS risers (at SUDP-A to SMP-B).

Conventi onal Rigid

2002

Conoco

Design verification for the Top Tensioned Risers (TTRs) on the Magnolia TLP. Scope included weight estimates, tension requirements, static analysis, vortex induced vibrations, extreme conditions, fatigue and interference.

TTR

2002

Project Name/ Location Kizomba A Offshore West Africa Ormen Lange Field Development

Client ExxonMobil

Project Description/Size (TIC Value) Work scope included review of contractors design reports on Single Hybrid Risers (SHR), design verification in selected areas, interface coordination and technical support to project management. Riser scope of work includes layout study, analysis/basic design and costing for various riser concepts for production and export risers in 2,950 feet water depth. The system configurations evaluated included SCR, SCR with Lazywave tail, bundled riser tower and single riser towers. Systems engineering for the joint partnership between Kerr McGee, Ocean Energy and Reading and Bates Falcons Boomvang/Nansen Subsea field development. Three FEED studies have investigated and evaluated the feasibility of using either a flexible riser or SCR solution for the infield and export pipelines in 4,000 feet water depth. Key technical issues included design and procurement of keel bellmouths for flexible risers, vortex induced vibrations of flexible risers within the truss section of the spar, interference analysis and installation issues. Developed design basis, riser system configuration, and assisted with procurement of production risers. Participated in riser offshore installation

Type of Riser Single Hybrid Riser SCR, Lazy Wave, Riser Tower SCR

Finish Dates 2002

Norsk Hydro

2001

Boomvang/ Nansen Gulf of Mexico

Kerr McGee

2001

El Paso Prince Field Development Gulf of Mexico El Paso Prince Field Development Gulf of Mexico

El Paso (Modec)

TTR

2001

El Paso Energy Partners

Detailed design of 12-inch oil and 12-inch gas export SCRs connected to the Moses TLP in 1,492 feet water depth in Ewing Bank 1003. One key SCR design challenge was the record breaking shallow water depth (previous shallowest water depth for SCRs connected to floating platform was 1,700 feet for the Morpeth TLP). Conceptual engineering study for Thunder Horse Field Development to determine feasibility of utilizing subsea well system with host semi-submersible for drilling and production operations. Two subsea manifolds are utilized each of which is connected back to the platform via five 10inch flowlines and SCR risers. The dynamic response and fatigue performance of the SCRs was investigated in detail to confirm the feasibility of the concept. Eight 12-inch and two 2-inch diameter risers from an offshore tanker terminal to an onshore refinery.

SCR

2001

Thunder Horse Field Development Gulf of Mexico

BP Amoco

SCR

2000

Esso Marine Terminal Pipeline System Sriracha, Thailand Allegheny SeaStar TLP Gulf of Mexico

Esso Thailand

Conventi onal Rigid

1999

British Borneo

Design verification for the 12-inch export SCRs for the Allegheny SeaStar TLP in 3,300 feet water depth. VIV fatigue assessments were performed using SHEAR7.

SCR

1999

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Project Name/ Location Angola Block 15 Project Offshore West Africa Tapis-E Field Pipeline Detailed Engineering Design Offshore Malaysia King/Kings Peak Field Development Gulf of Mexico

Client Exxon Upstream Development Company Esso Production Malaysia Inc.

Project Description/Size (TIC Value) Multiple 6-inch to 10-inch flowlines in 1,200 meter water depth including pipe-in-pipe and bundles. Flexible risers and hybrid riser towers for connection to an FPSO.

Type of Riser Flexible and Hybrid

Finish Dates 1999

Two 12-inch diameter productions, two 10-inch diameter water injections and two 6-inch diameter gas lift risers at Tapis-E, Tapis-A, and Tapis-B Platforms.

Conventi onal Rigid

1998

Heerema Marine Contractors

Preliminary engineering design of high pressure oil and gas SCRs for BP Amoco King and Kings Peak Fields in water depths of 5,500 feet and 6,800 feet respectively. The King Field consists of five subsea wells producing through 6-inch and 10-inch pipe-in-pipe (PIP) flowlines tied back to Spar facility using pipe-in-pipe SCRs. This represented first application of pipe-in-pipe SCR system. Two 26-inch export pipelines and SCRs in 6,000 feet water depth.

PIP SCR

1998

Neptune Subsea Development Project Gulf of Mexico Tapis A and B Field Pipeline Risers Offshore Malaysia Allegheny Field Development Gulf of Mexico

British Petroleum Exploration Inc.

SCR

1998

Esso Production Malaysia Inc.

Riser stress analysis for 12-inch crude oil pipeline at TapisA Platform and 6-inch gas lift and 10-inch water injection risers at Tapis-B Platform.

Conventi onal Rigid

1996

Enserch Exploration

Preliminary engineering for tension leg riser (TLR) concept for Allegheny Field in Green Canyon Block 254 in Gulf of Mexico in water depth of approximately 3,000 feet. A series of flowline and export pipelines up to 12-inch in size were suspended as SCRs from the TLR subsurface buoy. The subsurface buoy was located 500 feet below the sea surface. Flexible pipe was then used to connect between the buoy and semi-submersible floating production facility. Reel-lay flowlines consisting of 4-in x 6-in pipe-in-pipe were proposed for the individual wells. In addition two 12-inch or 16-inch export risers were suspended from the TLT buoy using either S-lay or J-lay installation techniques. Detailed design and installation engineering of the SCRs, flowlines and integrated services umbilical as part of Mobil Green Canyon Block 60 Yukon development. Twin 6-inch SCRs flowlines and integrated services umbilical extend 8 miles between subsea template in 870 feet water depth and existing Mobil GC 18-A platform. The work included detailed design and fatigue assessment of SCRs, preparation of taper stress joints at upper end of each SCR, SCR tie-in porches, and riser clamps.

TLR

1996

Green Canyon Block 60 Yukon Subsea Field Development Gulf of Mexico

Mobil Exploration and Producing U.S., Inc.

SCR

1996

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Project Name/ Location Mississippi Canyon 401/445 Subsea Development Gulf of Mexico Mobile Bay Flowlines Gulf of Mexico

Client Oryx Energy

Project Description/Size (TIC Value) Three subsea gas wells in up to 600 m water depth individually tied back to a shallow water platform with flexible flowlines, risers and control umbilical.

Type of Riser Flexible

Finish Dates 1994

Exxon USA

Engineering services for flowline system for high pressure, high temperature sour gas using special corrosion resistant alloy materials and pipe-in-pipe insulated flowlines and risers.

Conventi onal / Rigid

1994

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Marine Riser Systems Services


Conventional Steel Pipe Risers
INTECSEA has performed detailed designs for numerous conventional pipeline riser systems for Gulf of Mexico and Southeast Asia offshore platform applications. The key consideration for high temperature risers is pipeline expansion at the base of the riser and the resulting bending stresses in the riser. This can be accommodated by various methods including pipeline expansion loops and offsets, and also by cold springing risers during installation such that the pipeline expansion relieves the cold springing effects. The general approach for riser design involves optimization of riser routing from the platform topsides tie in point to the pipeline tie in point on the seabed. Analyses include vortex-shedding analysis to determine maximum allowable riser span lengths at given elevations above the seabed; fatigue analysis to investigate the possibility of failure for the proposed span length and detailed stress analysis of the riser and pipeline offset. Stress analyses consider functional and environmental load conditions for operational and hydrotest conditions, and also for platform jacket deflections.

Flexible Pipe Risers


INTECSEA has been responsible for the design and installation of flexible pipe risers for various projects worldwide. Flexible risers are used with both fixed and floating production systems in shallow water developments, and with floating production facilities (TLPs and SPARs) in deepwater developments. For shallow water applications, flexible risers may be used in steep or lazy wave or steep or lazy S configurations. For deepwater applications, flexible risers are used primarily in a free hanging catenary configuration. The required physical characteristics of risers and buoyancy modules have to be established, and suitable locations for the riser bases relative to the surface vessel determined. Preliminary design includes optimization and confirmation of the proposed riser configuration through static analysis. More detailed static and dynamic analysis are then performed to optimize riser configurations under design environmental conditions considering motions and offsets of the surface vessel. The forces exerted on the riser base and the surface vessel by each riser are calculated and the tie in connection systems designed together with the bend stiffeners and restrictors at the upper and lower ends of each riser. Other design factors include maximum allowable tensile loads and bending stresses in the flexible pipe, maximum angular deviations at the top of the risers and avoidance of impact between the flexible pipe and the seabed or vessel mooring lines.

Steel Catenary Risers


INTECSEA has performed both preliminary and detailed designs for steel catenary riser (SCR) systems within the Gulf of Mexico and offshore West Africa. The use of SCRs is becoming more common for deepwater riser applications. For Mobil, INTECSEA has performed a general study for the use of 6-inch to 24inch SCRs in water depths ranging from 1,500 ft to 6,000 ft. The design experience includes uninsulated, insulated and pipe-in-pipe SCRs.

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The major issues to be considered in the design of SCRs are pipeline stresses, fatigue analyses and endfitting designs as noted below: Maximum Pipe Stresses: Maximum stresses in the riser normally occur either immediately below the top support point or in the sagbend of the catenary. The stresses are calculated considering catenary tension and pipe properties, hydrodynamic loads acting on the riser, extreme offsets and motions of the top support point and seabed soil conditions. Fatigue Analysis: SCRs are exposed to potential sources of fatigue damage including vortexinduced vibration (VIV) due to steady currents, vessel vortex shedding induced motions (VIM), wave-induced vessel motions, direct wave action on the suspended riser and low-cycle, high strain fatigue if the SCR is installed from a reel barge. The concern that has attracted most attention in recent years is fatigue due to VIV. Overall fatigue damage is normally most severe near the top of the SCR and just above the touchdown point on the seabed. Due to many uncertainties in the various fatigue analyses, a minimum safety factor of 10 is normally required. Design of End Fittings: For SCRs suspended from floating vessels, the top support fitting is normally a flexible joint, which allows relatively high angular rotations between the top of the riser and the support structural connection or titanium tapered stress joint. For SCRs suspended from fixed platforms, a carbon steel tapered stress joint will normally suffice.

Top Tensioned Risers


INTECSEA has performed both preliminary and detailed designs for top tensioned risers for floating vessels in the Gulf of Mexico, offshore West Africa, Southeast Asia and off Australia. The work has been used to demonstrate capability for drilling vessels and to develop equipment and methodology for extending the water depth range for drilling. The design experience includes all forms of top tensioned risers, with actively controlled tensioners, passive tensioners, as well as risers directly connected to the floating platforms deck. Issues related to the design of top tensioned risers are similar to the design of SCR: meeting allowable stress levels, achieving desired fatigue lives, and designing appropriate mechanical components for both end terminations and internal interfaces. Design of top tension risers is also an important part of the floating system development since the riser top tension must be fully supported by the vessel. Maximum stresses normally occur at the top or the bottom of the riser, or at areas of intermediate support, or in regions of thickness transition. Stress analysis considers the effect of having multiple (both concentric and not) tubes in the riser system, will full consideration of variations in tube content, pressure and temperature. The models of riser systems will typically extend beneath the sea floor surface to accurately capture soil support effects and consider the methodology of hanging the various riser strings over the riser length. Analysis includes the effect of maximum vessel offsets during various phases of operation. Fatigue analysis of the riser includes the load variation due to environmental motions of the supporting floating vessel as well as fatigue related to Vortex Induced Vibration. Also of concern are fatigue (and wear) issues related to Drilling Induced Vibration.

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End fitting design for top tensioned risers may include both flex elements and tapered stress joints. INTECSEA is familiar with the design, procurement and installation of stress joints made from both high strength steel and titanium. INTECSEA also has extensive experience in the design of intermediate components, such as keel joints. INTECSEA also optimizes riser design by specifically selecting fatigue resistant components where necessary in the riser and less costly components and material elsewhere. INTECSEA has a long, well developed relationship with multiple equipment vendors, and is knowledgeable regarding their development, testing and production capabilities.

Hybrid Risers
There are many hybrid riser configurations such as compliant vertical access risers, hybrid riser towers, SCRs with submerged buoyant air can support and flexible jumpers to the surface, and tension leg riser systems. The tension leg riser configuration consists of a support buoy tethered to a piled foundation on the seabed with SCRs extending down from the buoy to riser bases on the seabed with flexible pipe jumpers from the near surface support buoy to the floating vessel. The hybrid riser tower concept design has been selected for the Girassol and Exxon Angola Block 15 (AB15) Projects to connect subsea wells to an FPSO. This design incorporates a vertical bundle of flowlines supported by a buoyant air can and connected to the FPSO by flexible pipe jumpers. The free standing riser concept was developed for application with early production systems in both offshore Africa and Asia. The free standing riser terminated in relatively shallow water, and supported a tree where it could be easily serviced by a small work over vessel. A line of free standing risers could support a near surface flowline to shore, keeping the line at higher temperature, avoiding issues related to flow. Potential benefits of hybrid riser towers in deep water projects include: Hybrid riser arrangements are designed to permit onshore fabrication and installation of the riser tower by tow out and upending as a single unit. High thermal performance to overcome wax and hydrate problems. Highly compliant riser system, which decouples vessel, motions from riser motions. Provides compact riser designs with minimal congestion on the seabed and in the water column. Minimizes the loads transferred through riser porches when compared with other deepwater riser systems.

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Selected Project Resumes


Mobil Green Canyon SCR Flowline Project Bonga Field Development El Paso Prince Field Development Project BP Mardi Gras Deepwater Transportation System ExxonMobil Kizomba B Subsea Project Marco Polo Export Pipelines and SCR's ChevronTexaco Blind Faith Field Okume Complex Development Murphy Kikeh Field Development BGEPIL-NRPOD Tapti Expansion Project HOEC PY- 1 Gas Field Development Project Shell - Maui AD Ihi

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Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Phases: HOEC PY-1 Gas Field Development Project Hindustan Oil Exploration Company Limited (HOEC) Pillaiperumalnallur FEED of pipeline and riser, design of LATERAL at PY-3, pipeline HAZOP and HAZID, QRA studies, MTO, RFQ and TBE/CBE for pipeline procurement, ITB for pipeline, and engineering assistance to construction and installation. February 2005 - December 2005

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The project involve the integration of associated gas from PY-3 field with PY-1 field and processed on the onshore gas processing plant at Pillaiperumalnallur (PPN), 60 km south of PY-1 field via a 14-inch pipeline. The pipeline starts with a riser at the PY-1-A platform in approximately 70m of water depth and flow to a subsea lateral where production would comingle with gas from block PY-3. From PY-3 lateral the pipeline would reach the landfall point located near the PPN power plant jetty. From the landfall point a buried pipeline is proposed to be laid up to the onshore gas plant. The approximate length of the subsea pipeline is 55-60 km. The onshore buried pipeline length is 2.5 km. SCOPE OF SERVICES: Harsh environmental condition, e.g. Tsunami, scouring and soil liquefaction.

Project No.: 043/25500 Maximum Water Depth: 80m Client Representative: Muthu Kumar / Ravisankar (Head of Facilities / Principal Facilities Engineer) Client Contact: +91 265 2330766

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: Ormen Lange Layability Study Norsk Hydro Oremn Lange Field, Norway INTECSEA and Heerema formed a joint effort to evaluate the pipeline layability and intervention requirements. February 2001 - June 2001; March 2003 - August 2003 USD 200 thousand

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Ormen Lange is the second largest gas field offshore Norway. It is located 130 km west of Kristiansund, and is currently undergoing technology and concept development. The field is located within the prehistoric Storegga slide area with water depths varying from 500 to 1500 m. The seismically triggered slide occurred approximately 7-8,000 years ago, and is well known for the resulting tsunami that washed over Scotland and other North Sea coasts. Leading concepts for the development include dual 30- inch pipelines from the field to shore via direct tie-back or in combination with offshore processing. Sales quality gas will be exported to market via a large diameter trunkline. SCOPE OF SERVICES: INTECSEA and Heerema formed a joint effort to evaluate the pipeline layability and intervention requirements. The scope included the following tasks:

Wall thickness verification per DNV OS-F101 (2000) Integral buckle arrestor and J-lay collar design Pipeline route selection in a 10km x 4km deepwater test box Static and dynamic installation analysis of DCV balder 2D and 3D bottom roughness analysis Span mitigation evaluation

The results showed that the pipeline could be routed and spans mitigated using conventional methods.

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: Murphy Kikeh Field Development Petronas Carigali Sdn Bhd and Murphy Sabah Oil Co. Ltd. Kikeh Field, Malaysia Detailed Design Review of Field Facilities, HSE and Risk Assessment, etc. February 2005 - December 2007

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The Kikeh development consists of an FPSO, dry tree unit, subsea well manifolds and flowlines. The Kikeh area is located 120 km northwest of the island of Labuan, offshore Sabah, East Malaysia in approximately 1300 m water depth. INTECSEA was contracted by Murphy Oil Co. to provide engineering and project management services to the project team during the detailed design, construction and installation of the facilities. The scope of work on this project touched all parts of the field development. Specific areas of focus included detailed design review of the FPSO and DTU topsides facilities, flexible flowlines and risers, subsea equipment, field layout, interface management assistance, regulatory compliance, HSE studies, safety case development, and risk assessment. In addition, several key field wide studies and verification analyses were conducted. This included field wide flow assurance and cathodic protection studies, as well as development of field operating procedures. A separate project team was set up to assist Murphy in the development of a 12 pipeline for export of the produced gas to the Malaysian market. This included FEED support, bid document preparation and bid evaluation. This support was extended through the execution phase of the project. Scope of Services:

Detailed design review of field facilities including: - FPSO marine systems and process and utility systems - DTU topsides facilities - Flexible flowlines and risers - Subsea equipment HSE and risk assessment: - Safety case development - Hazid / Hazop studies - Construction site occupational safety Flow assurance: - Steady state and transient flow modelling of the Kikeh Field - Development of hydrate mitigation strategies HUC coordination Interface management assistance Detailed design review of gas export pipeline Regulatory compliance assistance QHSE audits Special studies and verification analysis

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: Okume Complex Development Amerada Hess Equatorial Guinea Okume Complex Field, Equatorial Guinea Front End Engineering Design (FEED) for pipelines, risers and subsea facilities, Detailed design and engineering of the pipelines, risers and subsea facilities. September 2004 - March 2008 USD 6.7 million

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Amerada Hess Equatorial Guinea is developing hydrocarbon reserves in the Okume Complex field, offshore Equatorial Guinea, West Africa. The field consists of the Elon, Okume, Oveng and Ebano reservoirs in water depths ranging from 27 to 500 meters. The development includes two separate mini-TLPs at the Okume/Ebano and Oveng reservoirs and three shallow water wellhead platforms at Elon. A single Central Processing Facility at Elon will handle crude from all four fields. Pipelines in the field will consist of gas lift, water injection, low-pressure gas and produced liquids that vary in diameter from 4.5 to 10.75-inches. Production from the field will be tied back to the existing Sendje Ceiba FPSO via a new 12inch oil export pipeline system. Flexible risers will be installed at the two mini-TLPs and the FPSO. Tie-in spools will be used to connect the pipelines and the rigid risers on the wellhead platforms. The development also includes a Pipeline End Termination (PLET), a subsea control umbilical and a subsea power cable. The INTECSEA scope of services entails:

Conceptual level field layout and design Front End Engineering Design (FEED) for pipelines, risers and subsea facilities Detailed design and engineering of the pipelines, risers and subsea facilities Procurement support for equipment and services Construction, survey, and project management support Mechanical design of pipelines and rigid riser Tie-in spool design and Flexible riser global analysis Flow assurance engineering and offshore support Preparation of project specifications and development of AFC drawings Assist in bid package preparation and subsequent bid evaluation Provide procurement support and general expediting for all subsea components, including line pipe, flexible risers, flanges, anodes, control umbilical, power cable and PLET Interface with pipeline installation contractor and platform and TLP engineering contractors Survey support and liaise with survey contractor Generate offshore work installation and commissioning packages that fall outside the scope of the pipeline installation contractors Co-ordinate document control of all design, vendor and installation contractor

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: Olowi Project - Flow Assurance FEED Pioneer Resources Gabon-Olowi, Ltd. Olowi Field, Gabon INTECSEA began by reviewing previous design work to verify that the proposed design met requirements for producing high wax content oil. INTECSEA continued into FEED. September 2003 - November 2004 USD 528 thousand

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Pioneer is developing the Olowi Field, offshore Gabon, with four fixed platforms, A, B and C/ D. The oil has a high pour point and this poses many flow assurance challenges. The produced oil and gas from wellhead platforms A and B are sent via flowlines to platform C and commingled with production at C and processed. The gas is pressurized and transported back by flowlines and re-injected into the reservoir. Water injection flowlines run from platform C to A and B. Processed oil is exported via two insulated pipelines and flexible risers to a FSO. SCOPE OF SERVICES: INTECSEA began by reviewing previous design work to verify that the proposed design met requirements for producing high wax content oil. INTECSEA continued into FEED developing the detailed design for the Olowi production and transportation systems INTECSEAs scope included:

Preparing flow assurance input for the design basis Assessing previous design reports Supporting laboratory fluid studies Flowline sizing Flowline insulation requirements Process heating requirements Wellbore heating Operability analysis Development of operating philosophies Interfacing with topsides and pipeline design

The selected design relied on maintaining high temperatures to prevent wax problems. A significant effort was involved in determining insulation and heating requirements. Detailed wellbore models were developed to simulate a unique wellbore heating system.

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: Chevron Champlain Feasibility Study Chevron Atwater Valley Block 63 The services performed by INTECSEA include the conceptual design of the following SURF components with the intent of generating a +/- 20% cost estimate. April 1997 - December 2003 USD 120 thousand

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ChevronTexaco (with partners Eni, Unocal, and BHP) plans to develop the Champlain prospect in Atwater Valley Block 63, in the Gulf of Mexico, in 4,450 to 4,800 ft of water. At the time of this project, ChevronTexaco was operator; operatorship has since passed to Unocal. Being a relatively small prospect, cost of the subsea umbilical, riser, and flowline (SURF) components, the platform, and the topsides equipment are of particular importance to project development decisions. Options considered in this study include the number of wells (25) producing independently back to a local host (mini-TLP). An alternative subsea manifolded case was also identified and considered. SCOPE OF SERVICES: The services performed by INTECSEA include the conceptual design of the following SURF components with the intent of generating a +/- 20% cost estimate:

Preparation of the subsea design basis Field architecture for each option producing back to an Atlantia SeaStar TLP Flow assurance studies for pipeline, chemical and insulation requirements High pressure horizontal subsea trees Pipe-in-pipe flowlines for both individual wells and a looped piggable configuration Steel Catenary Risers (SCRs) Subsea control system and umbilicals for both a direct hydraulic approach and for E/H Mux Prepare cost estimates for each of the subsea components procurement, fabrication and installation

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: ConocoPhillips Magnolia TTR Verification Project ConocoPhillips Magnolia Field, Gulf of Mexico Design verification for the TLP top tension production riser system, establishment of verification models for Normal Production and Workover conditions, etc. July 2002 - November 2003 USD 73 thousand

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ConocoPhillips, as the operator, will install a Tension Leg Platform (TLP) to produce oil and natural gas from the Magnolia field in the Gulf of Mexico. The Magnolia field is located in Garden Banks blocks 783 and 784 about 180 miles south of Cameron, La. in nearly 4,700 feet of water. This is a record water depth for a TLP. Production facilities will be designed to handle 50,000 barrels of oil and 150 million standard cubic feet of gas per day. Eight wells are planned and first production is anticipated in the fourth quarter of 2004, with peak production occurring in 2005. SCOPE OF SERVICES: INTECSEA was responsible for the following services:

Design verification for the TLP top tension production riser system Establish verification models for normal production and workover conditions Verify riser weight and required top tension settings Perform extreme random wave dynamic response analysis using both Flexcom-3D and Riflex programs Check the extreme stress levels along the riser against both API RP 2RD and DNV OSF201 design codes Verify extreme interface and component loads Check and verify wave fatigue damage rates for two critical cases Analyze vortex induced vibrations (VIV) for various current conditions and top tension levels. Give recommendations for improving the fatigue life of the risers Analyze critical interference conditions and verify required tension settings using INTECSEAs in-house program INCLEAR

The project was completed in November 2002.

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: Marco Polo Export Pipelines and SCRs Gulf Terra (formerly El Paso) Energy Partnership Green Canyon Block 608 Route selection, Geophysical/geotechnical survey support, Detailed design of SCRs. January 2002 - January 2004 USD 1.8 million

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The Marco Polo Oil Export and Gas Export Pipelines and Steel Catenary Risers (SCRs) connects the Marco Polo TLP at Green Canyon Block 608 in approximately 4,300 ft water depth to existing pipeline infrastructure. The 18-/20-inch diameter Gas Export Pipeline is approximately 72 miles long and connects the Marco Polo TLP to a connection point into the Typhoon line at approximately 1,700 ft water depth in Green Canyon Block 236. The 12-/14inch diameter Oil Export Pipeline is approximately 37 miles long and connects the Marco Polo TLP to a connection point into the Allegheny line at approximately 2,800 ft water depth in Green Canyon Block 164. In-line tees and PLEMs were fabricated by Oil States Industries, pipelines and SCRs were installed by Allseas, tie-in jumper installation as well as SCR hook up was performed by CalDive International. The project was completed by early 2004. SCOPE OF SERVICES: INTECSEA performed the following activities: Route selection

Geophysical/geotechnical survey support Detailed design of SCRs Detailed design of pipelines Permitting: - Block and pipeline crossing agreements - MMS applications In-line tees and PLEMs design interface and support Design of the diverless tie-in jumper Installation support

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: BP Mardi Gras Deepwater Transportation System BP Exploration Holstein, Mad Dog, and Atlantis Fields, Gulf of Mexico INTECSEA is responsible for the Design Engineering, Procurement and Project Management Services, Preliminary Engineering, etc. August 2001 - July 2008 USD 64.4 million

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In May of 2000, BP awarded INTECSEA a contract for the provision of Design Engineering, Procurement and Project Management support services for deepwater pipelines, steel catenary risers (SCRs), piggable wye sleds and associated jumper systems, for BPs Gulf of Mexico deepwater developments. BP was developing the Mardi Gras Transportation System (MGTS), which is a system of large diameter pipelines that will transport gas and oil from its deepwater fields to shore. The areas being developed included the Holstein, Mad Dog and Atlantis fields in Southern Green Canyon, which will transport oil through the Caesar Pipeline System and gas through the Cleopatra Gas Gathering System; and Thunder Horse in Mississippi Canyon, with the Proteus Oil System and Okeanos Gas Gathering System lateral. The export system consists of gas and oil steel catenary risers that are connected to host spars or semi-submersibles through flexjoints, which are connected together on the seabed through piggable wye sleds with associated jumpers. Water depths range from 4,300 to over 7,000 ft in deepwater sections and as shallow as 400 ft at the conventional platforms. Pipeline diameters and associated jumpers, connectors, valves and piggable wyes range from 16 to 28 inches. Total pipeline length is approximately 330 miles. Scheduled completion is 2005. Scope of Services: INTECSEA is responsible for the Design Engineering, Procurement and Project Management Services through Conceptual Engineering (EVALUATE), Preliminary Engineering (DEFINE), and Detailed Engineering and Construction Support (EXECUTE).

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: Bonga Field Development Stolt Offshore Services, for Shell Nigeria Exploration and Production Company Bonga Field, Nigeria Layout of the infield flowlines and gas export pipeline route selection. Flow assurance of the gas export pipeline and water injection flowlines, etc. March 2001 - September 2003 USD 2.7 million

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The Bonga Field is located southwest of Warri, about 120 km offshore Nigeria in approximately 1,100 m water depth. The development includes a permanently spread moored FPSO, to which ten 10-inch and 12-inch diameter pipe-in-pipe production flowlines will transport multi-phase hydrocarbons from subsea wells via eight production steel catenary risers (SCRs). Produced oil will be transported from the FPSO to shuttle tankers via a Single Point Mooring (SPM) System. Treated seawater will be injected into the reservoir using three 12-inch diameter internally lined water injection flowlines to a number of subsea injection wells via two water injection SCRs. Processed gas will be exported to the Offshore Gas Gathering System (OGGS) RPA Platform located in shallow water using a 16-inch diameter gas export pipeline, approximately 87 km in length, and a single gas export SCR. Design of the SCRs formed a major element of the project, this is the first time that SCRs will be installed on an FPSO, and the SCRs will be the first for West Africa. Field layout was also a significant element, particularly in the early stages of the project. The local topography is dominated by a large channel that traverses the development area, and in the northern area, mud volcanoes rise approximately 100 m above the seafloor. Evidence exists for the widespread occurrence of shallow gas and there are numerous large depressions and deep pockmarks, gas chimneys and carbonate concretions. SCOPE OF SERVICES: The project was awarded on a lump sum basis, with INTECSEA working in close co-operation with Stolt Offshores engineering, procurement and construction personnel. INTECSEAs primary responsibilities included: Layout of the infield flowlines and gas export pipeline route selection

Flow assurance of the gas export pipeline and water injection flowlines Material selection for water injection and gas export systems Detailed mechanical design of the gas export pipeline and water injection flowlines including Flowline Termination Assemblies (FTAs) and Inline Tee Assemblies (ITAs) Detailed mechanical and fatigue design of the gas export, water injection and production steel catenary risers Definition of fatigue test program for steel catenary risers Engineering Critical Assessment (ECA) for the steel catenary risers, including the effects of local internal cladding Preparation of procurement, fabrication and construction specifications Support of Stolt Offshores procurement activities including preparation of a detailed Material Take Off, requisitions and technical bid reviews

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Chevron Blind Faith Field Development Chevron Blind Faith Field, Gulf of Mexico INTECSEA assisted Chevron in evaluating field development options and supported their steps through the concept selection process, FEED and detailed design. March 2004 - Ongoing USD 1.9 million Timeframe: Project Value: Phases:

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Chevrons Blind Faith field is located in Mississippi Canyon Block 696 at a water depth of approximately 7,000 ft. Blind Faith is an oil system with a high pressure reservoir (approximately 12,500 psi WHSITP) and the potential of high temperatures at the wellhead in excess of 250 F. The high pressure and high temperature production in 7,000 ft water depth make Blind Faith a technically challenging project. In fact, these parameters put design requirements at the leading edge of industry supplier capability. SCOPE OF SERVICES: INTECSEA assisted Chevron in evaluating field development options and supported their steps through the concept selection process. Following concept selection, INTECSEA worked as part of Chevrons FEED Team to develop the technical requirements for the Blind Faith subsea system. INTECSEA provided support as part of the Client Team managing detailed design and construction. INTECSEA provided: In pre-concept, a detailed cost estimate

In concept selection, identification of viable field development options, development of these options for evaluation, detailed cost estimates for each option, evaluation of the options and selection support to be carried into FEED During FEED, INTECSEA developed functional and technical requirements for the subsea systems and provided bid support during bid evaluations In the execution phase, INTECSEA is providing technical support, procurement management, and construction oversight

INTECSEAs scope of work includes all subsea systems: trees, manifolds, controls, umbilicals, jumpers, PLETs, flowlines and risers. INTECSEA provided support for evaluation of hull structure studies and flow assurance and evaluated some key technologies being considered for the Blind Faith Field Development. Studies were performed for: Artificial lift

Subsea multiphase pumps Subsea multiphase flowmeters High Integrety Pipeline Protection Systems (HIPPS) Electrical flowline heating Subsea distribution for chemical injection

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: Agbami Field Development Chevron Agbami Field, Nigeria FEED for the complete subsea development October 1999 - Ongoing USD 11.8 million

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The Agbami Field Development is located approximately 70 miles offshore Nigeria, approximately 220 miles southeast of Lagos. The discovery is located in OPL Block 216 with water depths ranging from 4,200 ft to 5,400 ft. Like many other West African discoveries, it is primarily an oil field with associated gas. ChevronTexaco partners include Nigerian National Petroleum Company, Famfa Oil and Petrobras. The Agbami Field Development concept is based on a new build Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO) system, a nearby Dry Tree Unit (DTU) and subsea wells. The FPSO will be a spread moored monohull vessel with a storage capacity of 2 mm bbls, and will have a process facility designed for 200,000 bopd, 260,000 MMSCFD of gas and 120,000 bwpd. The export system will consist of a single point mooring system with multiple flexible pipe offloading lines extending from the FPSO to the SPM. The Agbami Development will use flexible pipe risers to bring production from the subsea wells. The subsea system is configured as a four-well cluster with a central manifold to commingle production from each well. The manifold will be tied back to the SCRs by dual 10inch flowlines, which are insulated with cast syntactic foam insulation. The flowlines are connected to the manifold using conventional rigid U type jumpers. SCOPE OF SERVICES: FEED for the complete subsea development including:

Concept development Field layout Preliminary subsea equipment design Front end engineering FPSO vessel design Mooring analysis and preliminary design Riser selection, analysis and preliminary design Flowline analysis and preliminary design Subsea equipment selection Preliminary installation analysis and planning Preparation of functional specifications Preparation of bid packages Bid technical evaluation

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: ExxonMobil Kizomba B Subsea Project ExxonMobil Development Company Kizomba Field, Angola INTECSEA has provided technical assistance with all aspects of the development including concept definition, field layouts, equipment definition. January 2002 - July 2004 USD 2.2 million

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The Kizomba field is located offshore Angola in Block 15 in water depths of 3,300 ft to 4,300 ft. The field is a large multiple well developments and may involve a TLP with surface wellheads and subsea trees tied back to an FPSO. SCOPE OF SERVICES: INTECSEA has provided technical assistance with all aspects of the development including concept definition, field layouts, equipment definition, bid reviews, controls engineering and systems philosophies.

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: El Paso Prince Field Development Project El Paso Energy Partners (formerly Leviathan Gas Pipe Company) Ewing Bank Blocks 958, 959, 1002, 1003, Louisiana Overall Project Management, Invitation To Bid Preparation, Bid Clarification Activities. August 1999 - April 2002 USD 320 thousand

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The El Paso Energy Prince Field Development (formally known as Sunday Silence) is located in Ewing Bank Blocks 958, 959, 1002 and 1003 offshore Louisiana in 1,490 ft water depth. The following TLP / Spar-type deepwater surface facility designs were considered for development of the field, and competitive bids were obtained from four contractors offering their designs:

Altantia Offshore Super SeaStar Mini-TLP Kvaerner Deep Draft Floater MODEC International Moses Mini-TLP Spars International Truss Spar

After a six-week bid period, bids were received and evaluated by INTECSEA during June 1999. The recommended surface facility was the MODEC International Moses Mini-TLP. The TLP was intended to support a topsides process facility. A contract was awarded to MODEC International in July 1999 for fabrication of the Moses TLP hull, tendons and production riser. Fabrication began at the AMFELS Fabrication Yard in Brownsville, Texas in September 1999. This contract was suspended in September 1999 due to a change in the field operatorship. The project started again in March 2000. The installation of the floating facility was completed late 2001 with first oil achieved early 2002. SCOPE OF SERVICES:

Overall project management Invitation to bid preparation Metocean data coordination Geophysical Data Assimilation Production Riser Design Criteria Global Performance Design Criteria Pro-Forma Contract Agreement Bid clarification activities Contract negotiations and design supervision Geophysical /geotechnical survey Fabrication and installation supervision

INTECSEA was also responsible for the detailed design of the two 12 export oil and gas Steel Catenary Risers (SCRs).

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Phases: BGEPIL - NRPOD Tapti Expansion Project BG Exploration and Production India Limited Hazira in the Gulf of Khambhat, West Coast of India Detailed engineering, MTA and TCPP riser design, ONGC tie-in design, PLEM design. Pipeline alignment, platform approaches, and pipeline crossing arrangement. Procurement engineering. February 2006 - July 2007

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The Panna, Mukta and Tapti (PMT) Joint Venture, plan to develop the Mid Tapti Field Gas reserves situated approximately 150 km southwest of Hazira in the Gulf of Khambhat, West Coast of India. The Mid Tapti Field reserves will be transported from a new minimum facilities wellhead platform (MTA) via a new 20-inch intrafield pipeline to a new production and compression platform (TCPP). At TCPP, the Mid Tapti production is commingled with South Tapti production, compressed and dehydrated before transportation, via a new 20-inch export pipeline and the existing 18-inch export pipeline, to the dual ONGC export trunklines. From there the combined gas fluids are sent to the ONGC gas receiving facilities at Hazira for processing. SCOPE OF SERVICES: 20-inch infield pipeline piggybacked with 4.5-inch instrument air pipeline/tight schedule.

Project No.: 043/26710 Maximum Water Depth: 42 m Client Representative: Venkat Ghantala (Engineering Manager) Client Contact: Venkatsubbu.Ghantala@bg-group.com

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: ExxonMobil Angola Block 15 Subsea Study Exxon Upstream Development Company Angola Block 15, West Africa The services performed by INTECSEA include the conceptual design of SURF components. November 1998

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Exxon is planning to develop the Hungo-Dikanza Fields in Angola Block 15, off the west coast of Africa, in approximately 4,000 ft of water. One option being considered is the use of a Deep Draft Caisson Vessel (DDCV) for drilling and a Floating Production System for treating and storage of processed crude prior to offloading via an SPM to export tankers. A major element to each option is the Subsea, Umbilical, Riser and Flowline (SURF) system. SCOPE OF SERVICES: The services performed by INTECSEA include the conceptual design of the following SURF components:

Subsea trees and manifolds Insulated production bundles Pipe-in-pipe flowlines Water injection and gas injection flowlines Water injection flexible pipe risers Production/gas bundled composite hybrid risers Subsea control system and umbilicals

INTECSEA was also responsible for the preparation of cost estimates and overall field development schedules.

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: BP Amoco King/Kings Peak Pipeline Study Heerema Marine Contractors King and Kings Peak Fields, Gulf of Mexico INTECSEA was responsible for the design engineering of the flowlines, pipelines and SCRs. February 1998 December 1998 USD 670 thousand

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The BP Amoco King and Kings Peak Fields are located in the Gulf of Mexico approximately 100 miles south-southeast of Venice, LA in water depths of 5,500 ft and 6,800 ft, respectively. The King Field will consist of five subsea wells producing through 6-inch and 10-inch Pipe-inPipe (PIP) insulated flowlines tied back to a spar production system located in the King Field via Pipe-in-Pipe Steel Catenary Risers (SCR). The King Field will also include water injection facilities via 6-inch and 8-inch flowlines and SCRs to three subsea water injection wells. The Kings Peak Field will consist of five subsea wells tied back to a subsea manifold via 6-inch flowlines which will be tied back to the King Field spar via two 8-inch flowlines and SCRs. Oil and gas processed at the King Field are exported via two 16-inch pipelines to gathering system tie-in points at Main Pass 225 and Main Pass 260, respectively. SCOPE OF SERVICES: INTECSEA was responsible for the design engineering of the flowlines, pipelines and SCRs. This included:

Management of engineering interfaces between flowlines/pipelines, subsea, topsides and survey contractors Preliminary design of insulated and non-insulated flowlines, export pipelines and associated SCRs Material take-offs, and cost estimates for flowline and pipeline appurtenances Assistance in preparation of geophysical and geotechnical detailed route survey specifications Offshore supervision, pipeline route evaluation and selection during the survey Preparation of draft pipeline safety schematics for the MMS Development of a method to control girth weld root high low and provide input to material specifications Consolidation of material and welding specifications Identification of cost reduction opportunities Review of BP Amoco flow assurance work Heat transfer analysis of subsea pigging loop to determine level of insulation required Calculation of Overall Heat Transfer Coefficients for the PIP insulation system and downhole Vacuum Insulated Tubing (VIT) Development of procedures and supervision of tests on PIP and VIT test pieces to validate heat transfer coefficients

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: Exxon Mobile Bay 114C - 115C Flowline Project Exxon Company, USA Mobile Bay, Alabama Design Basis and Project Execution Plan Development, Comprehensive Installation Analysis. August 1996 - December 1997 USD 250 thousand

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Exxon will increase gas production in Mobile Bay by installing an 8-inch flowline between the existing 114C Well Template and the 115C Production Platform in Mobile Bay. SCOPE OF SERVICES: INTECSEA was responsible for preliminary engineering including development of all material and construction specifications and cost estimates for detailed engineering, procurement and construction of the flowline. Preliminary engineering included options for future field development with focus on the 114-3 flowline. Detailed design engineering included the following tasks:

Design basis and project execution plan development Comprehensive installation analysis Review and validation of previously developed specifications, designs and analyses Flow analysis to determine flowline temperature profile and investigate hydrate formation Global riser-to-riser finite element expansion analysis Detailed riser and expansion loop finite element analysis Upheaval buckling analysis Route selection and cathodic protection design Development of material and construction bid packages Development of the project schedule and tracking of progress and project costs

This technically challenging project included transportation of high pressure, high temperature, sour gas with a potential for hydrate formation from a well template structure to a production platform. Large thermal expansions were accommodated via the use of innovative expansion loops which were buried and encased to allow free movement of the expansion loops. Preliminary engineering and cost estimating was started in August 1996 and completed in November 1996. Detailed design and engineering was completed in the summer 1997 and the flowline was installed in the winter 1997.

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: Enserch Allegheny SCR Flowline Study Enserch Exploration Inc. Green Canyon Block 254 INTECSEA was responsible for verification of the overall feasibility of the proposed flowline and SCR arrangement. May 1996 - August 1996 USD 75 thousand

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Enserch Exploration Inc. will develop the Allegheny Field in Green Canyon Block 254 in the Gulf of Mexico in a water depth of approximately 3000 ft. Several different field development concepts were considered including one in which a series of insulated flowlines and export pipelines were suspended as steel catenary risers (SCRs) from a Tension Leg Riser (TLR) buoy. The subsurface buoy was located 500 ft below the sea surface. Flexible jumpers transported the product between the TLR buoy and a semi-submersible floating production facility. Annulus lines consisting of a 4-inch pipe inside a 6-inch pipe were proposed for the individual wells. Flowlines and annulus lines will be installed using a pipe reeling method. Two 12-inch or 16-inch export SCRs will be suspended from the TLR buoy using either S-lay or Jlay installation techniques. SCOPE OF SERVICES: INTECSEA was responsible for verification of the overall feasibility of the proposed flowline and SCR arrangement. This included conceptual and preliminary engineering of the pipelines and risers including:

Design basis preparation Wall thickness and material grade selection Review of available installation techniques and vessels Installation analysis of reeled flowlines and S-lay/J-lay export lines Static and dynamic analysis of the SCRs to calculate maximum pipe stresses Calculation of SCR fatigue life taking into account vortex-induced vibration due to steady currents and also low-cycle, high-strain fatigue caused by pipe reeling during installation Interference effects between adjacent SCRs Thermal analysis of the insulated pipe-in-pipe flowlines Conceptual design of stab and hinge over installation systems for the flowlines Preliminary design of the pipe-in-pipe flowline spacers and packers

The work was completed in August 1996.

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: Mobil Green Canyon SCR Flowline Project Mobil E&P U.S., Inc. Green Canyon 60 Field, Gulf of Mexico INTECSEA was responsible for trade off studies, detailed design of the flowlines, SCRs, gas lift pipeline and all SCR tie-in and connection equipment required on GC 18-A. December 1994 - November 1996 USD 442 thousand

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Mobil Exploration and Producing US (MEPUS) developed the Green Canyon 60 Field located approximately 100 miles offshore Louisiana in a water depth of 870 ft. The development consisted of a subsea template tied back to the Mobil GC 18-A Production Platform located in a water depth of 760 ft. The flowline gathering system for the oil/gas well fluid consisted of two 6-inch pipelines each approximately 7.7 miles in length. The flowlines were connected to the GC 18-A Platform by means of steel catenary risers (SCRs) suspended from the El. (-) 130 ft level on the platform. Rigid spool pieces were used to connect the flowlines to the subsea manifold. Hydraulic controls, chemical injection and electrical power were supplied to the subsea template from GC 18-A by means of an Integrated Service Umbilical, which also contained a 3-inch steel pipeline for gas injection. SCOPE OF SERVICES: INTECSEA was responsible for trade off studies, detailed design of the flowlines, SCRs, gas lift pipeline and all SCR tie-in and connection equipment required on GC 18-A. The work included:

Route selection Preparation of the design basis Pipeline wall thickness and material grade selection On-bottom stability analysis Design of flowline laydown sleds SCR fatigue analysis Tapered stress joint preparation (upper end of each SCR) SCR tie-in porch, riser clamps and 14-inch Umbilical I-Tube design Materials, construction and survey specifications MMS permit applications Pipeline hazard survey, onshore construction and offshore installation

The work was started in December 1994 and completed in November 1996.

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Project Value: Phases: Petronas Carigali Dulang Insulated Pipeline Project Petronas Carigali Sdn Bhd Dulang Field, Malaysia INTECSEA was responsible for the detailed design of multiple insulated pipelines, insulated risers, riser protectors, riser clamps, pig launchers and receivers, and a pipeline end manifold. December 1987 - December 1998

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Petronas Carigali developed the Dulang Field located approximately 130 km offshore from the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia in a water depth of 72 m to 80 m. The high pour point waxy crude oil pipeline gathering system consists of multiple insulated production flowlines and an insulated loading line to a Floating Storage and Offloading (FSO) system, a fuel gas pipeline to the FSO and future water and gas injection pipelines. Pipeline diameters range from 6-inch to 16- inch with lengths of 2.4 to 7.3 km. SCOPE OF SERVICES: INTECSEA was responsible for the detailed design of multiple insulated pipelines, insulated risers, riser protectors, riser clamps, pig launchers and receivers, and a pipeline end manifold (PLEM). The services included:

Establish design basis, pipeline diameters, wall thickness and material grades Evaluate and select optimum pipeline insulation system Perform detailed multi-phase flow, heat loss, thermal expansion, hydraulic surge and pipeline restart analyses Perform hydrodynamic stability and installation analyses Evaluate and select optimum pipeline and riser installation methods

The project was completed in 1988.

Project Profile
Project: Client: Location: Scope: Timeframe: Phases: Maui AD / Ihi Project Shell Offshore Taranaki Basin, New Zealand FEED and PMC 2003

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The Maui Field, discovered in 1969, lies in the offshore Taranaki Basin on the west coast of the North Island, New Zealand. Shell Todd Oil Services Ltd (STOS) undertook to drill and complete a development well (designated Maui-08) into the reservoir D Sand in 2003 with the ability to re-complete the well on the higher C Sand reservoir. Expected reserves were 95PJ gas with additional condensate. The single subsea well was drilled in the undepleted area to the west of the Ihi Fault, approximately 5000m from Maui Production Platform A (MPA) in a water depth of 110m. The proposed subsea development used a flexible flowline tied back to MPA. A dynamic catenary riser was used for the production flowline. A second catenary riser was used for the platform to seabed communications umbilical, comprising electro hydraulic and service line cores. The subsea installation comprised a single well complete with Christmas Tree, Umbilical termination assembly tied back to a production controls system located on MPA.

Project No.: 351/01828 Maximum Water Depth: 110m

Project Management
WorleyParsons maintains a comprehensive suite of tools to manage projects at the highest level around the world. WorleyParsons employs a consistent, proven suite of group-wide processes, systems and tools supported by functional managers (Business Process Owners, or BPOs) and Business Systems Groups (developers, trainers, start-up support, help desk, commercial agreements, etc) scalable for any size project. Enterprise Management System (EMS) web enabled repository of policies, directives, standard workflows, procedures, guidelines, forms, and checklists content controlled by BPOs EMS is easily accessible in any of our offices and is company standard enabling the more than 30,000 staff in 110 offices to share work on a common platform. The supporting systems are tailored to apply in each of the following stages of a project: Identify, Select, Define, Execute, and Operate.

WorleyParsons Project Management Process (WPMP) is our scalable, risk based framework for project execution some content mandatory, most is advisory. The main principles of WorleyParsons Management Processes are: It is s a matrix of mandatory or potential tasks applicable for each project phase. Mandatory tasks kept to a minimum Project Value Objectives are clearly documented, and Maximum Value identified and realized Decision support package requirements are fundamental to what is planned for and delivered in each phase Value Improving Practices (VIPs) are used as appropriate Each of the tasks is summarized in an overview task sheet, supported as required by: Procedures Corporate Guidelines Template Project Plans Go-Bys

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The system includes prompts and go-bys easily available for each phase of the work, illustrated by the following examples for Select Phase projects:

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InControl
InControl is our CTR based project cost and resources control tool - for small or large projects. It is WorleyParsons proprietary, but interfaces with third party applications plus selected third party applications under global agreements Intergraph (PDS, Marian and SmartPlant Foundation), Primavera, Oracle, Quest, etc. Other supporting systems include: Primavera Project P3 Project planning and control

Cost Management System (CMS) Estimating cost and schedule impact due to project changes

Scorecard Engineering progress measurement and productivity

Project Portal (EDMS) Secure, web-based, integrates closely with Microsoft Office 2003 Data, schedules, and documents can be accessed from a central location by project teams, clients and vendors worldwide

Encompass Total project management information tool Up-to-date and accurate information not only in the home office, but at the job site and at select partner or customers sites as well Information can be shared worldwide by project teams

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Interface Management is one of the most critical management practices that must be performed to an excellence-in-execution result. Interface Management is core-defined as eliminating "the gaps and the overlaps. In principle, Interface Management is clearly recognized by INTECSEA as a key active component of our Project Execution Plan. The key is to recognize what information is required at what time by whom and where and to handle the constant flow of information, decisions, and requirements between all the stakeholders in the project. To this effect a common interface management process needs to be established among all parties; this requires that the interface management process is clearly identified as a contractual obligation between all parties. There are multiple levels of information exchange: Internal: Between individual disciplines within Client team Between Client team and contractors,

External: Between the internal groups within the contractor Between vendors, subcontractors, and 3rd parties and the main Contractor

Based on the experiences gained by INTECSEA, a methodology has been developed that suits most projects and applies to both internal and external interface management. The purpose of the IMS will be to maintain lines of communication between different stakeholders and Contractor(s) and, ensuring that technical details are consistent, schedule delivery dates are achieved and costs are kept within an agreed budget, as well as providing early warning to interfacing conflicts and tracking the effects of change.

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The objectives of our Interface Management process are to: Define the Information Exchange Requirements throughout all Phases of a Project General Project Information Equipment Interfaces

Information Required by Who and When Project Schedule and Milestones Deliverables Contractor Workscopes

Monitor the Exchange of Information Take Corrective Action through an Early Warning System

Excellent communication is of course an essential ingredient, but it needs to be accomplished in a systematic way to ensure interfaces are handled most effectively. Typically managing, coordinating and resolving interfaces are the role of an Interface Manager who reports directly to the Project Manager. His role is to systematically track the information exchange and its impact on progress. INTECSEAs Interface Management Process is a proven system tool to support the tracking, management, and effectiveness of the exchange of important project information. Our IM system provides the following reports: General Interface Information Reporting (general interface physical properties) Interface Schedule Information Reporting (inter-related activities associated with search) Interface Clarification Register (listing issues, date raised, due date, resolution) Change Report (documenting the changes and the responsible parties) Document and Drawing Register (listing project and shadow document status)

INTECSEA personnel have been responsible for interfaces on a number of recent projects, such as the ChevronTexaco Agbami project. This major undertaking requires the management of over 85,000 interfaces between disciplines and contracts. The system was established during the FEED phase to coordinate the design effort and will continue throughout project execution phase to support management of the vendors and contractors.

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The INTECSEA Interface Management System (IMS)


General interface information is organized on three working levels with increasing detail. It reports general interface physical properties for attributes, components and tasks. The system links with the project scheduling tools to identify impacts and monitor status. The Interface Clarification Register lists issues, dates raised and due, resolution, responsible party and resolution team. The change report documents changes to interfaces, tasks and milestones. The Document and Drawing Register lists current document and "shadow" document status. A graphical interface, an example of which is shown in Figure 1 below, enables ease in finding related interfaces and facilitates coordination among the project participants.

INTECSEA IMS Concept Presentation

Figure 1: Graphical Interface on Typical Multi-Faceted Development

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Effective interface management is key to the successful delivery of FEED and Detailed design. An Interface Management System (IMS) will be established during the FEED phase to identify and define design and disciplines interfaces and then continue through project execution to coordinate multiple contracts and suppliers. The purpose of the IMS will be to maintain lines of communication between different disciplines, groups, companies, and contractors to ensure that technical details are consistent, schedule delivery dates are achieved, and costs are kept within an agreed budget, as well as providing early warning to interface issues and a mechanism for resolving. Interfaces are either internal (within a defined component, assembly, or work scope) or external (between components, assemblies, work scopes, or organizations). As the project advances into the FEED, detail design, and execution phases, the management of external interfaces becomes more important and complex. INTECSEA has developed an Interface Management System (IMS) methodology consisting of procedures, work processes and computer tools. The model is applicable to both internal and external project interfaces and can be adapted to suit any size or type of single or multi-faceted project. The Interface Management System (IMS) was developed by INTECSEA and incorporates the necessary procedures, work processes and computer tools to aid in the management of project interfaces. INTECSEA is currently providing complete interface management of ChevronTexacos Agbami project, a major project including an FPSO, subsea, flowlines and offloading. Initially, the system was applied to the substantial engineering tasks and will continue into management of the multiple EPC contract elements of the project. The Interface Management Tool (IM Tool) is a robust database application accessible worldwide though the intranet. It stores and manages project interface information as well as interface links and key dates. Parties receive notifications of interface queries and actions by email, and can use the web interface to respond. INTECSEA will offer Client the Interface Management System (IMS) modified to suit the particular needs of the project, including both internal and external interface management, and with suitably experienced engineers. The full IMS package will ensure that interface issues are identified and discussed between all affected parties. The IMS will control the following aspect of the project: Contractual responsibilities and requirements Engineering tasks and activities Design reports issue and revision dates Interface physical properties Project milestones

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Procurement Construction Installation and commissioning Operation and Maintenance

Interface Management Process


The Interface Management Process ensures effective management of functional, physical, schedule and cost interfaces within the project. The Interface Management System will be the basis for all parties to communicate on interface issues to ensure that interface issues are identified and discussed between all affected parties and to develop agreed mechanisms, responsibilities, and completion dates for resolution of issues. The Interface Management Process for the project will be periodically updated to account for revisions to the working process accounting for CLIENT requirements. Figure 2 below, shows the key elements in the IMS Work Process.

INTECSEA IMS Work Process

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Figure 2: IMS Work Process Flow Integration management will be a key element in ensuring the successful outcome of the project and will avoid costly delays during fabrication, hook-up, installation and commissioning activities. The Interface Manager will be responsible for the following: Chair regularly scheduled project-wide Interface Meetings. Chair and/or attend other meetings as required and appropriate. Ensure that technical interfaces (both functional and physical) and contractual interfaces (cost and schedule) within its own scope of supply and between itself and other relevant parties are identified, recorded, understood, agreed upon by all parties, and reported to the IMS. Review Client and Contractor interface documentation to ensure that appropriate responsible parties have been informed of and have been provided input to interface issues and that issues have been properly identified, resolved, and documented. Review all Change Requests and significant non-conformance reports and dispositions to assure that interface issues are appropriately identified and resolved. Maintain an Interface Register and Interface Database. Identify and report progress, concerns and actions to resolve problems and any impact to other areas of the development. Manage the resolution and timely closeout of relevant interface issues. Provide relevant information or data to those groups within the Client, own organization and other contracting parties, which may have need of, or be impacted by, the subject information. Coordinate review and approval for all procedures, data, instructions, drawings, etc. at relevant work interfaces. Coordinate review and approval of Change Requests to ensure that interface issues are recognized and addressed. Coordinate review and approval of all significant non-conformance reports and dispositions to ensure that interface issues are recognized and addressed. Communicate (via appropriate documentation) issues and resolutions to all affected parties. Inform the Client and INTECSEA IMS Team of all inter-organization interface meetings at the time they are organized. Client and INTECSEA may attend these meetings as necessary or appropriate.

Each of the managed (EPC) contractors will be made responsible for implementing an interface management system within its own organization and shall participate in operation of the PMT Interface Management System. Each managed contractor will appoint an Interface Coordinator who will coordinate

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issue resolution activities within their organization and will communicate these resolutions to the PMT Interface Manager. The Interface Coordinator shall be a single-point-of-contact on the managed contractors interface issues. Each contractor shall establish within its own organization an interface management system to: Ensure that technical interfaces (both functional and physical) and contractual interfaces (cost and schedule) within its own scope of supply and between itself and other relevant parties are identified, recorded, understood, agreed upon by all parties, and reported to the IMS. Manage the resolution and timely closeout of relevant interface issues. Provide relevant information or data to those groups within the contractors own organization, which may have need of, or be impacted by, the subject information. Provide relevant information or data to other contracting parties and to the IMS, which may have need of, or be impacted by, the subject information. Coordinate review and approval for all procedures, data, instructions, drawings, etc. at relevant work interfaces. Coordinate review and approval of Change Requests to ensure that interface issues are recognized and addressed. Coordinate review and approval of all significant non-conformance reports and dispositions to ensure that interface issues are recognized and addressed.

Reporting
Following resolution of an interface issue, the resolving party will provide appropriate documents, including Change Request and significant non-conformance review and actions, to the affected parties and to the Interface Manager for the record. The Interface Manager will record all agreements and actions in a suitable form and other appropriate documentation, as required. Systems Interface information shown in the form(s) will also be tracked in a database to provide ready access to the data developed. A sample of typical IMS report is shown below.

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IMS Tool
The INTECSEA IMS is a Web based application, accessible from all project locations through the Internet. The interface database resides on INTECSEAs server in Houston, where the program is maintained periodically updated when new features become available. The application will provide: WEB based Interface Management System for remote job site access and secure access from anywhere in the world; Unbiased procedures to formally assess, resolve and document interface issues and conflicts; IMS Team defined Fabricator(s), Contractor(s) and Sub-contractor(s) access rights; A high level Graphic User Interface (GUI) for quick location of project interfaces; Early warning of interface clashes, reduced schedule float, and notification of change; Reporting of schedule and cost issues; Traffic Light status to clearly present interface, management and contract issues; General data, e.g. interface liaison personnel details, interface matrices etc.; Single item data entry by each user to a Virtual Database; Mass data file upload via IMS tools using industry standard application files (e.g. Excel, Primavera, MS Project, etc.); and Adaptable search tools for database Interrogation and Reporting.

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