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Mesopotamia and Egypt

Fertile Crescent
(Middle East) 6.000 B.C.

Mesopotamia Tigris and Euphrates (Iraq)

Ancient Egypt
Nile (Egypt)

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Mesopotamia and Egypt


Large Rivers are averflowing

Prosperous Agriculture

Growth and Expansion Big cities Kings and Pharaohs

Emergence of Great Empires

Regulated by laws
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Writting and Arithmetic


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Mesopotamia
6.000 539 B.C - Sumerians and Akkadians first city states: Ur, Uruk. - Independent and autonomous cities, their leaders, its laws, its temples (ziggurats) and their gods. - All the people worked for the temple, religious and political center of the city administration. - The leader of the priests held the religious and political power of the city. - Birth of Astronomy.
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Birth History
- Control crop excess and taxes, was born with it

accounting and writting (3.500 B.C.).

- Kings make laws and write codes (Hammurabi).

- Literary and religious texts written.


- Pictography system: Writing hieroglyphic Egyptian, (3000 B.C.), on papyrus or stone. - Syllabic cuneiforme writing: Every sign acquires a phonetic value. Clay tablets with wedge-shaped incisions.

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Ancient Egypt
- The location of the Nile has two advantages: the desert insulates it from the enemies and the river allows the irrigation of farmland. - The egyptians controlled the floods with the construction of dams and canals.

- The Nile became the major channel of communication in Egypt.


- On shore were born big cities as Memphis or Thebes.

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Ancient Egypt
PHARAOH: king who incarnated the divine. Absolute power: political, religious and military.
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* Owner of the all lands. * Symbol of unity of the country. * Ensure order and justice. * Controls the direction of canalization and irrigation of the land. * Had the monopoly of foreign trade. * Supreme chief of the army. To do this:

* As God had worshiped priests.


* As a sovereign, administered the country through scribes and officials.

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Mesopotamia and Egypt


To learn more

Sumer

(video)
(video) (video)

Mesopotamia Ancient Egypt Pyramids

The Code of Hammurabi


(video)

(video)

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Mesopotamia and Egypt


Vocational and professional guidance
(for an integrated curriculum)

Science: Astronomy Philology: Writing History

Historical Recreation : The Zigurat of Ur


Sites: The pyramid of Keops

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