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1 PRODUCT DESCRIPTION AND CHARACTERISTICS 1.1 Description 1.2 Characteristics 1.3 Variation of Properties with Temperatures 2 METHODS OF SUPPLY AND DELIVERY 2.1 Bulk Tanker 2.2 Mini Bulk Tanker 2.3 Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBC) 3 STORAGE OF LIQUID ALUMINIUM SULPHATE 3.1 Materials of Construction 3.2 Bulk Storage Tanks General 3.3 Storage Tank Configuration 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2


3.4 Safety Provisions 3.5 Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBC) 4 PIPEWORK, VALVES, AND PUMPS FOR LIQUID ALUMINIUM SULPHATE 4.1 Pipework 4.2 Valves 4.3 Pumps

2 2 2 2


Feralco (UK) Ltd - March 2007
The information given in this publication is believed to be accurate and given in good faith, but it is for the customer to satisfy itself of the suitability for its own particular purpose. Accordingly, Feralco (UK) Ltd gives no warranty as to the fitness of the Product for a particular purpose and any implied warranty (statutory or otherwise) is excluded except that such an exclusion is prevented by law.

1 PRODUCT DESCRIPTION AND CHARACTERISTICS 1.3.3 Crystallisation Temperature 1.1 Description Liquid Aluminium Sulphate is supplied as a saturated
Temperature - C
70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 - 10

solution with the empirical formula: Al2(SO4)3.51.8 H2O This may be alternatively expressed as : Al2O3.3SO3.51.8 H2O The Al2O3 content of the product is 8% w/w hence the Industry Standard description of the product as 8% Aluminium Sulphate. In Aluminium terms the product contains 4.2% w/w, and as Aluminium Sulphate it contains 26.8% w/w. 1.2 Characteristics Form: pH: Density: Viscosity: Stability: A low odour clear solution, colourless to pale yellow 1.8 2.2 1.315 at 15C 22.5 cp at 15C Stable in excess of 2 years at ambient temperature 1.3 Variation of Properties with Temperature 1.3.1 Density
80 70

Crystallisation Temperature of Aluminium Sulphate Solution

- 20


Solution Strength in % Al2O3

2 METHODS OF SUPPLY AND DELIVERY 2.1 Bulk Tanker Normal supply is by articulated bulk air pressure road tanker, in lot sizes up to 30 tonnes (22,700 litres). Connection from the tanker is by a 2 BS10 Table D flange. Vehicle dimensions are given below and access must be suitable for articulated vehicles. Number of axles: Gross Vehicle Weight : Overall height : Width (excluding mirrors): Length: Wheelbase: Turning circle outer diameter: Tanker outlet position: 6 44 tonnes 4 metres 2.6 metres 14 metres 13 metres 25 metres Centre rear

Freezing point: -15C

Temperature - C

60 50 40 30 20 10 0

8% Iron Free Aluminium Sulphate

2.2 Mini Bulk Tanker Small lot size bulk deliveries can be made in a rigid, compartmentalized, bulk tanker. Dimension details are given below.
1.295 1.300 1.305 . 1.310 1.315 1.320 1.325

Specific Gravity

Number of Axles: Gross Vehicle Weight : Load Capacity maximum: minimum: Overall height : Width (excluding mirrors): Length: Wheelbase:

4 31.5 tonnes 18.5 tonnes in 4 compartments 1 tonne per compartment 4 metres 2.6 metres 9.2 metres 8.2 metres 13 metres One at centre rear, three on vehicle nearside

1.3.2 Viscosity
45 40 35

Temperature - C

Liquid Aluminium Sulphate (8% Alumina)

30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40

Viscosity - centipoise

Turning circle outer diameter: Tanker outlet position:

75mm NB Overflow Pipe 100mm Vent Pipe 460mm I/D Manhole

75mm NB Filling Line Connecting Flange (equivalent to British Standard 2 Table D flange BS10:1962) Flange thickness14mm

NOTE: Other types of tank (e.g. cylindrical, horizontal or rectangular are suitable.


Bolt Circle 114mm

Bolt diameter 16mm

Outlet Valve To Point Of Use (Dilution, Metering etc.)

25mm Drain Valve 75mm Control Valve

General Layout of a Bulk Storage Installation

2.3 Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBC) Liquid Aluminium Sulphate is also supplied in 1000 litre (1.3 tonne) IBCs. The cost of the chemical includes the provision of the IBC which is non-returnable. Empty IBCs may be disposed of via an independent collection system. Details of the system are attached to each IBC. 3 STORAGE OF LIQUID ALUMINIUM SULPHATE 3.1 Materials of Construction Recommended materials of construction for bulk storage tanks are: Polypropylene High density polyethylene Fibreglass reinforced plastic Stainless steel Rubber lined steel Be aware that a maximum delivered product temperature of 50 C may apply. 3.2 Bulk Storage General Storage tanks must be bunded and fitted with level indicators and high level alarms audible and visible at the tanker offloading point. Ultrasonic contents measurement systems are recommended. 3.3 Storage Tank Configuration Storage tanks may be vertical cylindrical, or horizontal cylindrical. Filling lines should be a minimum 50mm NB, overflow lines minimum 75 mm NB, and vents minimum 100 mm NB. 4.3 Pumps Recommended dosing pumps are solenoid diaphragm pumps for low flow rate applications, and motor driven diaphragm pumps for higher flow requirements. 4.2 Valves Recommended valves are full bore ball type for isolation. Materials of construction are as for pipework. Flow control is best made by variations in dosing pump speed and stroke.

3.4 Safety Provisions The provision of a safety shower and eyewash facility, and a water hose, at the tanker discharge point is required. 3.5 Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBC) Full IBC weight is 1370kg. Bases are 4-way wooden pallet type. Outlet connection is a DN 50 Butterfly valve with a connecting thread S6 x 6. 4 PIPEWORK, VALVES AND PUMPS FOR LIQUID ALUMINIUM SULPHATE 4.1 Pipework Recommended materials of construction for pipework are: ABS uPVC Polypropylene Stainless steel

Widnes site: Ditton Road, Widnes WA8 0PH Phone: 0151 802 2940 Fax: 0151 802 2999 Grangemouth site: R & J Garroway, Shed 6, Carron Dock, Grangemouth FK3 8UB Phone: 01324 665455 Fax: 01324 474754 E-mail: Web: