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# Assignment-1

Section ME-03, SCME, NUST Date: 26-09-2011, Due date: 07-10-2011 Not accepted after due date

Q1. The potential energy of a diatomic molecule in terms of interatomic distance R is given by U ( R) =

## a b + 10 , Calculate (a) the equilibrium spacing Re and dissociation 2 R R

energy when a=1.44x10-34 Jm2 and b=2.19x10-115 Jm10. (b) a, b and the force required to break the molecule and the critical distance between the nuclei for which this occurs when the two atom form a stable molecule with an internuclear distance of 6 and have dissociation energy of 8 eV.
Q2. (a)What is ionic crystal? Explain the formation of ionic crystal and obtained an

expression for a cohesive energy. (b) Explain with suitable examples the ionic, covalent and metallic bonding in solids.
Q3. The potential energy of a diatomic molecule in terms of interatomic distance R is

given by U ( R) =

## a b + 12 , Calculate (a) the equilibrium spacing Re and dissociation 4 R R

energy when a=2.01x10-34 Jm4 and b=1.19x10-115 Jm12. (b) a, b and the force required to break the molecule and the critical distance between the nuclei for which this occurs when the two atom form a stable molecule with an internuclear distance of 4 and have dissociation energy of 6 eV.
Q4. The coulomb interaction energy between two adjacent ions in a solid is given by

A A . Assuming the repulsive energy to be of the form n . Find the bonding energy at R R

## equlibriuym and the bong length of the system.

Q5. The coulomb interaction energy between two adjacent ions in a solid is given by

A A . Assuming the repulsive energy to be of the form 5 . Find the bonding energy at 2 R R

## equlibriuym and the bong length of the system.

Q6. Calculate the potential energy of the system of Na+ and Cl- ions when they are at a

distance of 2.
Q7. Calculate the cohesive energy per atom (ion) if the ionization potential of the sodium

## is 5 eV and electron affinity is 3 eV.

Q8. The potential energy of a diatomic molecule in terms of interatomic distance R is

given by U ( R) =

## A B + 10 , Calculate the value of constants A and B when the 2 R R

equilibrium spacing Re =6 and dissociation energy is 4.5 eV. Also calculate the force required to break the molecule and the critical separation between the nuclei.
Q9. How much energy is required to form a K+ and Cl-1 ion pair from a pair of K and Cl

atoms? (b) What must be the separation between K+ and Cl-1 ion pair if their total energy is to be zero? Given Ionization energy of K=4.3 eV and the electron affinity of Cl is 7.12 eV.
Q10. In an MX molecule, Suppose M atom has an ionization potential energy 10 eV and

X atom has an electron affinity of 4 eV. What is the energy required to transfer an electron from M to X when they are at a distance of 9 .
Q11. The net potential energy between two adjacent ions is sometimes represented by the

expression E N =

## C r + D exp( ) in which r is the interatomic separation and C, D, r

and are constants whose values depend on the specific material. (a) Derive an expression for the bonding energy in terms of the equilibrium interatomic separation and the constants D and
Q12. What type(s) of bonding would be expected for each of the following materials:

solid xenon, calcium fluoride (CaF2), bronze, cadmium telluride (CdTe), rubber, and tungsten?
Q13. Explain why hydrogen fluoride (HF) has a higher boiling temperature than

## hydrogen chloride (HCl) even though HF has a lower molecular weight.

Q14. Calculate the force of attraction between a Ca2+ and an O2- ion the centers of which

## are separated by a distance of 2.50 nm.

Q15. How many grams are there in one amu of a material?