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Chemistry 1A03 McMaster University

Test 1 VERSION 1

October 12, 2007

Instructors: Drs. P. Britz-McKibbin, G. Goward, P. Lock Duration: 100 minutes This test contains 20 numbered pages printed on both sides. There are 25 multiple-choice questions appearing on pages numbered 3 to 17. Page 18 is extra space for rough work. Page 19 includes some useful data and equations, and there is a periodic table on page 20. You may tear off the last page to view the periodic table and the data provided. You must enter your name and student number on this question sheet, as well as on the answer sheet. Your invigilator will be checking your student card for identification. You are responsible for ensuring that your copy of the question paper is complete. Bring any discrepancy to the attention of your invigilator. Questions 1 to 20 are each worth 2 marks, questions 21 25 are each worth 3 marks; the total marks available are 55. There is no additional penalty for incorrect answers. BE SURE TO ENTER THE CORRECT VERSION OF YOUR TEST (shown near the top of page 1), IN THE SPACE PROVIDED ON THE ANSWER SHEET. ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS ON THE ANSWER SHEET, IN PENCIL. Instructions for entering multiple-choice answers are given on page 2. SELECT ONE AND ONLY ONE ANSWER FOR EACH QUESTION from the answers (A) through (E). No work written on the question sheets will be marked. The question sheets may be collected and reviewed in cases of suspected academic dishonesty. Academic dishonesty may include, among other actions, communication of any kind (verbal, visual, etc.) between students, sharing of materials between students, copying or looking at other students work. If you have a problem please ask the invigilator to deal with it for you. Do not make contact with other students directly. Try to keep your eyes on your own paper looking around the room may be interpreted as an attempt to copy. Only Casio FX 991 electronic calculators may be used; but they must NOT be transferred between students. Use of periodic tables or any aids, other than those provided, is not allowed.

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OMR EXAMINATION STUDENT INSTRUCTIONS NOTE: IT IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY TO ENSURE THAT THE ANSWER SHEET IS PROPERLY COMPLETED: YOUT EXAMINIATION RESULT DEPENDS UPON PROPER ATTENTION TO THESE INSTRUCTIONS.
The scanner, which reads the sheets, senses the bubble shaded areas by their non-reflection of light. A heavy mark must be made, completely filling the circular bubble, with an HB pencil. Marks made with a pen will NOT be sensed. Erasures must be thorough or the scanner will still sense a mark. Do NOT use correction fluid on the sheets. Do NOT put any unnecessary marks or writing on the sheet. 1. On SIDE 1 (red side) of the form, in the top box, in pen, print your student number, name, course name, (section number, instructor name) and the date in the spaces provided. Then you MUST write your signature, in the space marked SIGNATURE. 2. In the second box, with a pencil, mark your student number, exam version number (and course section number) in the space provided and fill in the corresponding bubble numbers underneath. 3. Answers: mark only ONE choice from the alternatives (1,2,3,4,5 or A,B,C,D,E) provided for each question. If there is a True/False question, enter response o 1 (or A) as True, and 2 (or B) as False. The question number is to the left of the bubbles. Make sure that the number of the question on the scan sheet is the same as the number on the test paper. 4. Pay particular attention to the Marking+ Directions on the form. 5. Begin answering the question using the first set of bubbles, marked 1.

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See page 2 of the exam for instructions. Questions 1-20 are worth two (2) marks each. 1. What are the total numbers of neutrons, protons, and electrons, respectively in the
37

Cl ion? 37, 17, 18 20, 17, 16 17, 20, 18 20, 17, 18 18, 18, 17

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

2. The material Styrofoam is made by blowing a gas into the polymer polystyrene; polystyrene is made by polymerizing the molecule styrene. Styrene has the percent composition by mass of C 92.26% and H 7.74% What is the empirical formula for styrene?

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

CH4 CH3 C2H3 CH2 CH

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3. Choose the incorrect name/formula combination: (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) KH NaCO3 HCl Cu3(PO4)2 CaSO3 potassium hydride sodium carbonate hydrogen chloride copper (II) phosphate calcium sulfite

4. Sometimes during titrations, when NaOH is added to a solution of HCl, the equivalence point is missed, evident by the bright pink colour of the phenolphthalein indicator (which turns pink in basic solutions). Under these circumstances, if the concentration of HCl was experimentally determined to be 0.1034 M with a 3.45 % error from the actual value. Determine the actual concentration of HCl.

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

0.0946 M 0.100 M 0.103 M 0.107 M 0.112 M

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5. The Haber-Bosch Process is one of the most important chemical reactions to produce large-scale amounts of ammonia used in the fertilizer industry. Determine the external pressure (in atm) required to contain 17.0 kg of NH3 when the reaction is performed in a vessel that has a volume of 250.0 L with temperature set at 413C.
N2 (g) + 3H2 (g) 2NH3 (g)

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

22800 atm 225 atm 135 atm 13.5 atm 1.00 atm

6. Calculate the frequency (in Hz) of a photon which excites an electron from the n = 2 to the n = 6 shell of a hot hydrogen atom. 6.549 1032 Hz 5.843 1016 Hz 7.308 1014 Hz 2.82 1015 Hz 4.842 1019 Hz

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

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7. Choose the INCORRECT statement: (A) The emission spectrum of He atoms, when excited in an electrical discharge tube, is continuous in the visible range.

(B)

Experimental data regarding blackbody radiation is inconsistent with the theories of classical physics.

(C)

The work function of a metal represents the minimum energy a photon requires to eject an electron from that metal.

(D)

The deBroglie wavelength of a particle is inversely proportional to its mass.

(E)

The photoelectric effect experiment demonstrated that energy is quantized.

8. Calculate the energy, in kJ/mol, for the transition which gives rise to the 217 nm absorption process of lead ions (Pb2+) in a flame atomic absorption spectrometer. 9.15 1019 kJ/mol 807 kJ/mol 2.82 1018 kJ/mol 43.6 kJ/mol 551 kJ/mol

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

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9. Of the following, which one corresponds to a pair of correct electron configurations representing the ground-state elements? B: 1s22s22p1 Sn: [Kr]5s24d105p2 Rb: [Kr]5s1 Cl: [Ne]3s23p5 O: 1s22s22p5 1s22s22p0 [Kr]5s24d105p3 [Kr]4s1 [Ne]3s23p44s1 1s22s22p43s1 excited state of the given

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

10. Rank the following electromagnetic radiations in order of INCREASING ENERGY (from lowest energy to highest energy): (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) X-ray UVC Visible Infra-Red Infra-Red UVC UVA X-ray UVA Visible UVA Visible UVA Visible UVA Visible Infra-Red UVC UVC UVC Infra-Red X-ray Infra-Red X-ray X-ray

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11. Which of the following ions is/are not isoelectronic with Ne? (i) Na+ (ii) Mg2+ (iii) S2(iv) F(v) Li+ (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) i iv i, iii ii, v iii, v

12. Identify the reason that best explains why Br is not used as an additive in toothpaste to enhance the resistance to acid demineralization of hydroxyapatite, Ca5(PO4)3OH? Br has a smaller electron affinity than OH Br has a lower ionization energy than Ca2+ Br has a larger ionic radius than OH Br has a smaller ionic radius than Ca2+ Br has a higher electronegativity than OH

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

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13. Identify the reason that best explains why the second ionization energy (IE2) for Ca is much lower than IE2 of K. Compared to K (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Ca has a larger atomic radius. Ca has a smaller ionic radius. Ca has a filled valence shell. Ca has a filled 4s subshell. Ca has a higher electron affinity.

14. Which of the following gaseous pollutants could not be detected by electron capture detection: (i) CO (ii) CFCl3 (iii) CH3Br (iv) CH4 (v) SF6 (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) v ii, iii ii, iii, v ii, v i, iv

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15. Explain why the following reaction does not occur under ambient conditions (i.e., 25C, 1 atm):
I2 (s) + 2Cl- (aq) 2I- (aq) + Cl2 (g)

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

I has a smaller atomic radius than Cl I has a higher ionization energy than Cl I has a higher electronegativity than Cl I has a lower electron affinity than Cl I has a greater metallic character than Cl

16. It was determined experimentally that 15.65 ml of 0.1895 M NaOH was required to reach the equivalence point in a titration with a solution of HCl. Determine the number of grams of HCl contained in the solution.

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

0.1081 g 0.1000 g 0.2489 g 0. 09873 g 0.5689 g

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17. Predict all the products which are generated in the reaction when Na is reacted with an aqueous solution of HCl: Na (s) + HCl (aq) (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) NaCl (aq), H2 (g) NaOH (aq), H2 (g), Cl2 (g) NaCl (aq), Cl2 (g) NaOH (aq), H2 (g) Na is not reactive under acidic conditions ??

18. What is the average S-O bond order in the charge-minimized Lewis structure for the sulfate anion (SO42)?

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

2 1.75 1.5 1.25 1

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19. Which of the following statements is/are CORRECT? (i) The bonds in CCl4 are more polar than the bonds in CBr4. (ii) The formal charge on N in NO2 is -1. (iii) The molecule BrF5 has a permanent dipole. (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) ii iii i, ii i, iii ii, iii

20. Carbon monoxide is a colourless, toxic gas which binds competitively with oxygen to hemoglobin. How many nonbonding electrons are there in the Lewis structure for carbon monoxide?

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

2 3 4 5 6

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Questions 17-21 are worth three (3) marks each.

21. An aqueous solution of sodium fluoride (187 mL, 0.0620 M) is mixed with an aqueous solution of calcium nitrate (82.1 mL, 0.0923 M). A reaction occurs, producing solid calcium fluoride and aqueous sodium nitrate. Which starting material is in excess, and by how much (mol)?

Reagent in excess (A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Ca(NO3)2 NaF NaF Ca(NO3)2 NaF

Amount in excess (mol) 0.00178 0.00363 0.00125 0.00216 0.00402

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22. Choose the CORRECT statements:

(i)

The electron pair geometry in SF2 is tetrahedral.

(ii) A molecule with polar bonds must have a permanent dipole. (iii) A dipole moment is the product of partial charge and the distance between two atoms. (iv) Electronegativity (EN) is the ability of a gas phase atom to attract an electron. (v) A bond between two atoms with very small EN is covalent or weakly polar covalent.

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

i, iv i, iii, v ii, iii, iv ii, iv, v iii, v

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23. Select the TRUE statements regarding shapes by applying the VSEPR model.

(i)

The VSEPR class of XeF6 is AX6.

(ii) The F-Xe-F bond angles in XeF6 are not 90. (iii) The shape of BrF5 is square pyramidal. (iv) The F-Br-F bond angles in BrF5 are 90. (v) The H-N-H bond angles in NH3 are smaller than the H-C-H bond angles in CH4.

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

i, iv i, iii, iv ii, iii, v ii, iv, v iii, v

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24. Which of the following ions or molecules has the most charge-minimized resonance structures?

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

SO3 ClO3 PO33 O3 BrO2

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25. You are a chemist, working for LOreal, producers of Ombrelle, one of Canadas leading sunscreens. You are in search of a new sunscreen ingredient that provides broad-spectrum protection against both UVA (380-320nm) & UVB (320-280nm) radiation.

Based on the following UV spectra, which one of the following compounds would be the best choice in the development of this new sunscreen? Note that the 4 figures have differing scales along the X-axes, and the Y-axes are equally scaled. Assume absorbance goes to zero beyond the limits shown in each spectrum.

Spectrum 1

Spectrum 2

Absorbance

Xanthine

Absorbance

Ethyl Cinnamate

Wavelength/nm

Wavelength/nm

Spectrum 3

Spectrum 4

Absorbance

Absorbance

Benzophenone

Anthranilic Acid

Wavelength/nm

Wavelength/nm

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

Benzophenone Anthranilic Acid Ethyl cinnamate Xanthine

Spectrum 4 Spectrum 3 Spectrum 2 Spectrum 1

None of the compounds are suitable

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This page is for rough work only.

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Some general data are provided on this page and the next page. Other data appear with the questions. A periodic table is provided on the next page.
STP = 273.15 K, 1 atm R = 8.3145 J/Kmol = 0.08206 Latm/Kmol 1 atm = 760 mm Hg = 101.325 kPa 1 J = 1 kg m2 s2 = 1 kPaL = 1 Pam3 1 cm3 = 1 mL 1 Hz = 1 cycle/s h = 6.6256 1034 Js = h / mv = h / p F = 96485 C/mol NA = 6.022 1023 mol1 0C = 273.15 K 1 m = 109 nm = 1010 1 g = 103 mg = 103 kg c = 2.9979 108 m/s me = 9.10 1031 kg xp h / 4

En = -RH / n2 = 2.179 1018J / n2 (RH is the energy form of the Rydberg constant for H)

Solubility guidelines for Common Ionic Solids

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