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Table 1: Frequency Distribution of the Family Size of Each Family Interviewed

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

5 to 6 27 35%

3 to 4 24 31%

7 and above 15 19%

1 to 2 12 15%

TOTAL 78 100%

Figure 1: Family Size of Each Family Interviewed


Number of Family Sizes
30

No. of Respondents
25

20

15 27
24
10 15
12
5

0
5 to 6 3 to 4 7 and above 1 to 2

The table shows that there are 15% (12 families) are composed of 1 to

42members. About 31% (24 families) are composed of 3 to 4 members, 35% (27

families) are composed of 5 to 6 members, and 19 % (15 families) are composed of 7 or

more members.

The family size is greatly affected by economic status. Because of the high cost of

living, people choose to have fewer or less number of children that is applicable to their

income and financial capacities. The fewer the family members, the better for them,

because they can sustain individual needs like education.

The family size is also affected by the physiological capabilities of the parents.

Inadequate living space and the status of unemployment will hinder the growth of the

family size.
The family size of 5 to 6 members has the highest percentage in the data collected

gathering 35 percent. The next family size is that composing of 3 to 4 members with 31

percent, family size with 7 or more members with 19 percent, and last, family size with 1

to 2 members with 15 percent.

Table :2 Frequency Distribution of the Families’ Length of Residency

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE


6-10 Years 17 22%
0-5 Years 15 19%
31 Years Above 15 19%
16-20 Years 14 18%
26-30 Years 7 9%
21-25 Years 6 8%
11-15 Years 4 5%
TOTAL 78 100%

Figure:2 Families’ Length of Residency


Length of Residency
18
16

No. of Respondents
14
12
10
17
8 15 15 14
6
4 7 6
2
0
6-10 0-5 31 Years 16-20 26-30 21-25
Years Years Above Years Years Years

The table shows that 19.23% (15 families) has been living for not more than 5

years in Pandacan. A portion of 21.79% (17 families) has been living in Pandacan for not

more than 10 years but not less than 6 years. About 5.13% (4 families) has been already

living in Pandacan for more than 11 years but not more than 15 years. A fraction of

17.95% (14 families) has been living in Pandacan for not more than 20 years but not less

than 16 years. 7.69% (6 families) are living in Pandacan for not more than 25 years but

not less than 21 years. 7.69 (6 families) are living for not more than 30 years but not less

than 26 years in Pandacan. 20.51% (16 families) are living in Pandacan for more than 30

years.

Length of residency is affected by several factors like Income and Family size and

time. If the family income is small, it will be harder for them to transfer to a better place.

Those families that are well settled in Pandacan are contented with what they have.
Transferring from one house to another is a big problem. Big appliances and furniture are

very hard to move to another place that’s why it is better to stay in 1 place than to move

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Nuclear 55 71%

Extended 19 24%

Matriarchal 3 4%

Patriarchal 1 1%

TOTAL 78 100%
to another.

The family size can also affect the family’s capability to move to a better home

with good environment. Time is also essential in moving. It is very time-consuming. The

availability of a new place is also quite a factor.

Table 3: Frequency Distribution of the Family Structure


Figure 3: Different Types Of Family Structure

The table on Family shows that 70.51% (55 Families) has a nuclear type of

family. A fraction of 24.36% (19 families) is extended. A portion of 3.85% (3 families) is

Matriarchal type, and 1.28% (1 family) is patriarchal.


The Family Structure is affected by family income and economical status. The

family income almost dictates the family size and structure. The family must only

accommodate what the income provides. The higher the income, the bigger the family

size and structure can get. Economical status works the same as the family income. The

nuclear families are separated from their own family because it is herder to sustain 2

families compared to 1 family. The nuclear families are separated because of the high

cost of living.

Those in extended families perceive poverty as a problem that they can surpass

with the help of one another. The dependency ratio also plays a part in this family

structure. The high dependency ratio results to the extension of families because they

can’t support their own family that’s why they need to ask assistance from their relatives.

Table 4 : Frequency Distribution of Dominant Family Members


CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE
Father 69 88%

Mother 9 12%

TOTAL 78 100%

Figure 4: Dominant Family Members


The table shows that 88.46% (69 respondents) answered that the father is the

dominant member in the family and 11.54% (9 respondents) answered that the mother is

the major player.

The dominant member of the family in Jesus St, Pandacan, Manila is the Father.

He is also the basic earner. According to the data collected, 72 out of 90 males aging from

18 years and above are employed and only 25 out of 104 among women aging from 18

and above are employed. The dominant member of the family is also affected by the

income they gather.


Table 5: Frequency Distribution of Religion of Each Family Assessed

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Roman Catholic 69 89%

Iglesia ni Kristo 8 10%

Born Again 1 1%

Muslim 0 0%

TOTAL 78 100%

Figure 5 : Frequency Distribution of Religion of Each Family Assessed


The data shows that there are 69 respondents that are Roman Catholic, eight who

said that their religion is Iglesia Ni Cristo, one who answered that their religion is born

again and none said that they are Muslims.

Most residents in the area have the religion of Roman Catholic since this religion

is the most dominant not only within the community but also throughout the country. This

is proven by the existence of a church outside the barangay and a small chapel in alley 2.

Although it is possible that the high percentage of the said religion on the graph is due to

catholic families that are overcrowded or have a large number of family members, in
which the children inherit the same religion as their parents. This therefore increases the

numbers of Roman Catholic believers in the area. Residents who are under the religion of

“Iglesia ni Cristo” are quite lesser than Roman Catholic but more than Born Again and

Muslim, since it is closely associated with the Roman Catholic belief. While “Born

Again” and “Muslim” religion believers are quite rare in the community, probably due to

oppression or racism among community members.

Table 6: Frequency Distribution ofEducational Attainment

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE


No Education 96 26%
H.S Graduate 74 20%
Elementary Level 69 18%
H.S Level 52 14%
College Level 36 9%
Elementary Grad 25 7%
College Graduate 22 6%
TOTAL 374 100%
Figure 6: Families’ Educational Attainment

Educational Attainment
100
90
No. of Respondents

80
70
60
50 96
40 74 69
30 52
20 36
25 22
10
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Based on the graph, 96 respondents had no formal education, 74 are HS

Graduates, 69 are in the Elementary Level, 52 are in the HS Level, 36 are in the College

Level, 25 are Elementary Graduates and finally, 22 are College Graduates.

In Pandacan, educational attainment is greatly affected by family income, family

size, resources and facilities iavalable. Family income also dictates the educational

attainment. The highest frequency in average family income is the Php 5, 000 and below.

Family size also works the same way as the family income. The bigger the family, the

higher the family income needs to be to sustain the neccessities of the family members.

Judging from the graph, there are many of them who reached the elementary

level, since most of the population are children. These children are expected to study at
the nearby public school where education is free. Some family members are those who

continue pursuing their studies in the highschool level. But since some of those who

studied in elementary left their studies to work, most students failed to reach highschool,

thus lessening percentage of H.S. Level than the Elementary Level on the graph. Since

highschool students are teenagers and more capable than small children, they are most

susceptible to leave school for work. At the same time, the pressure and difficulty

experienced in the highschool level compared to elementary level are too much for some

students that they tend to stop studying out of frustration. Therefore most students stop

after graduating highschool, the reason why the percentage of H.S. Graduates are quite

high. Barely a few reached college level due to financial problems. While college

graduates are really rare since most can’t afford to complete their college education and

probably couldn’t handle the pressure of studying on a much higher level. This gives both

college level and graduates a low percentage. But as observed on the graph, the highest

percentage belongs to those who have no education. This is represented by children or

infants that are still too young to study and adults who never graduated at any educational

level. The most possible reason could be poverty since some parents ended up not

finishing their studies due to their work. This sums up to the highest percentage on the

graph.
Table 7: Frequency Distribution of Employment of Male and Female above 18 years old

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Male 72 74%

Employed Female 25 26%

Male 18 19%

Unemployed Female 79 81%

TOTAL 97 100%
Figure 7: Employment of Male and Female above 18 years old

In the Employment graph, 72 males and 25 females are employed.

Unemployment is most common in females at 79 and 18 are males.

The outcome of the collation determined the highest type of employment as

regular at 48.72% because family members especially the heads and the breadwinners

who engage in this type of work hope to rid their families of poverty by settling in

definite stable jobs.


Self-employed families/family members prefer having their own businesses to

apply their own techniques in endorsing or promoting their products and selling them

better. Self-employment tails at 29.49%.

Tied at 23.08% are contractual and casual. A contractual type of employment is

one of the two least preferred kinds by the families evaluated due to its short course and

instability. After completing the designated months or years of work, a person must find a

new job, which appears to be quite impractical for some families. The casual type is the

most unpredictable of all the categories because it involves sidelines.

Table 8:Frequency Distribution: Type of Occupation of Employed Population

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Blue Collar 82 85%

White Collar 11 14%

Self-Employed 4 5%

TOTAL 97 100%
Figure 8: Type of Occupation of Employed Population

Of the 97 respondents, 84.5 % of the total people employed in the community are

labeled as blue collars because they are considerably skilled, while 14% of the total

people employed in the community are labeled as white collar employees because they

are the ones who work in specific offices. The least of the three categories, the remaining

5% of the community are self-employed.


The occupations of the individuals assessed are mostly related to the extent of

their educational attainment. Only a few completed their studies due to lack of financial

support. Those who finished their studies are more stable.

Table 9: Frequency Distribution of Type of Employment

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Regular 38 39%
Self-employed 23 24%

Contractual 18 19%

Casual 18 19%

TOTAL 97 100%

Figure 9: Families’ Type of Employment

Type of Employment

40 38

35

30
No. of Respondents

25 23

20 18 18

15

10

0
Regular Self-employed Contractual Casual

To describe the status of the type of employment in the community, 38 are

regular, 23 are self-employed, and 18 are casual and contractual.


The outcome of the collation determined the highest type of employment as

regular at 39% because family members especially the heads and the breadwinners who

engage in this type of work hope to rid their families of poverty by settling in definite

stable jobs.

Self-employed families/family members prefer having their own businesses to

apply their own techniques in endorsing or promoting their products and selling them

better. Self-employment tails at 24%.

Tied at 19% are contractual and casual. A contractual type of employment is one

of the two least preferred kinds by the families evaluated due to its short course and

instability. After completing the designated months or years of work, a person must find a

new job, which appears to be quite impractical for some families. The casual type is the

most unpredictable of all the categories because it involves sidelines.

Table 10: Frequency Distribution of Monthly Family Income


CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE
below Php 5,000 36 46%
above Php 5,001.00 -
10,000.00 29 37%
above Php 10,001.00-
15,000.00 6 8%
above Php 15,001.00-
20,000.00 1 1%
above Php 40,001.00-
50,000.00 2 3%
above Php 20,001.00-
30,000.00 2 3%
above Php 30,001.00-
40,000.00 1 1%
more than Php 50,001.00 1 1%
TOTAL 78 100%

Figure 10: Monthly Family Income

Family Income
40
No. of Respondents

35
30
25
20 36
15 29
10
5 6
2 2 1 1 1
0
0
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The data shows that 46.15% (36 respondents) have and average family income of

below Php 5,000. 37.18% (29 respondents) have an income of not less than Php 5,001

and not more than Php 10,000. 7.69% (6 respondents) have an income of not less than

Php 10,000 but not more than Php15,000. 1.28% (1 respondent) has an income of Php

15,000 to Php 20,000. 2.56% (2 respondents) have an income of Php 20,001 to 30,000

pesos. 1.28% (1 respondent) has an income of Php 30,001 to Php 40,000. 2.56% (2

respondents) have Php 40,001 to Php 50,000. 1.28% (1 respondent) has an income of

more than Php 50,000.

Monthly income is greatly affected by some factors like educational attainment,

source of income, and occupation. Educational attainment is a major factor that affects

their family income. Because of the economic status, it is hard to attain/avail good

education. Most of the earners did not finish their studies.

Occupation also affects their monthly income. Most of them didn’t finish their

studies that is why they don’t have good educational backgrounds. 84.5% of the earners

In the community is blue collar job or also known as skilled workers. White collar job

consists of the professional workers like engineers, doctors, lawyers.

Self-employment also affects the monthly family income. 4% of the working

population in Pandacan is self-employed. They are dependent on their small business.


Table 11: Frequency Distribution of Dialect Used

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE


Tagalog 62 79%
Waray 5 6%
Bisaya 4 5%
Bicolano 3 4%
Ilocano 2 3%
Ilonggo 1 1%
Pangalatok 1 1%
TOTAL 78 100%

Figure 11: Dialect Used


Different Dialects
70

No. of Respondents
60
50
40
62
30
20
10
5 4 3 2 1
0
g

go
no
no
ay

ya
lo

ng
ar

ca
la
sa
ga

co
W

Ilo

Ilo
Bi
Ta

Bi
In this graph, 79% of interviewees use the dialect Tagalog because for them it is

the most commonly used mode of communication in the area. 6% of them use Waray, 5%

are accustomed to Bisaya, 6% of them use Bicolano, 5% utilize Ilocano, and 1% of them

use Ilonggo and Panggalatok separately.

Most of them grew up in Metro Manila that’s why Tagalog is more

comprehensible to them. Some of them learned tagalog so that they can talk and

communicate with each other. Some still use provincial dialects because they only

migrated to Manila due to a certain belief that life in the city is a “new chance.”
CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Filipino 68 87%

English 10 13%

TOTAL 78 100%

Table 12: Frequency Distribution of Language Used


Figure 12: Language Used

On this graph, majority of the families (87%) speak the Filipino language, it is

because, they value our own language and it speaks about the loyalty of Filipino blood

while 13% of the families interviewed has the ability to speak English due to the

universality of the English language and others may have the capability of acquiring it in

their education.
Availability of Social and Health Facilities

Community members should have health benefits like Basketball court, Botika ng

bayan, Day Care Center etc. to promote good and healthy lifestyle within the community.
The benefit of having a drugstore as Botika ng bayan in the community is to help

the people in the community to afford cheaper medicines. Also, it is very convenient for

them because it is very near to home. The benefit of the health center is to guide the

people to achieve a healthy lifestyle. Further, this establishment helps to prevent those

diseases that may lead into severe conditions among the families. It also aims to promote

wellness and good living.

The benefit of having a Day Care center in the community is to help the children

be more attentive and knowledgeable with regards to the varying kinds of fun activities.

Moreover, it is a step to have a better understanding of different things.

The benefit of the barangay hall in the community is to give safety and security to

the residents.

The benefit of the chapel in the community is to help people in the community to

stay in touch with God for guidance.

The benefit of having a Basketball court in the community is to help the young

become active in the community and to promote the avoidance of engaging in bad vices.

The benefits of the instituted Petron Park in the community is to provide the children

with fun. In this manner, they can meet new friends to improve their interaction skills. It

also a place for relaxation for the parents.

Table 13: Psychological History

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE


No vices 202 79%

Alcohol used 33 13%

Tobacco used 19 7%

Drug used 1 0%

TOTAL 255 100%

Figure 13: Families’ Psychological History

Psychological History

35
No. of Respondents

30
25
20 33
15
10 19

5
1
0
Alcohol used Tobacco used Drug used

The psychological history of the community relates that 33 respondents use

alcohol, 19 prefer the use of tobacco and only 1 engages in drug use.
The most common psychological history in the community is the use of alcohol

having the percentage of 13%, since it is one of the most accessible vice in the

community. Aside from alcoholic abuse, there is also the prevalence of the use of tobacco

(7%), since it is economically accessible, it can be easily bought even under their

financial status thus increasing the risk for respiratory diseases.. Drug used is also history

in their family but it is the lowest percentage in the graph, since it is expensive they

cannot easily bought that can affect their financial status. Majority in the family members

assessed in the community admitted, that they don’t have any vices. (79%)

Table 14: Frequency Distribution:Immunization Status of Adult Population


(Assessed Only)
CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Complete 87 51%

Incomplete 83 49%

TOTAL 170 100%

Figure 14: Immunization Status of Adult Population (Assessed Only)


For adult immunization, 87 are complete and 83 are incomplete,

Of the 170 adult respondents, 51% has complete immunizations. It could either be due to

the affordability of the immunizations when they where young or they were able to

participate in the government’s health projects such as free vaccination. The minority of

the total population has a percentage of 49%. Reasons related to the incompletion of their

immunization are usually financial and lack of time to spare.


Table 15: Frequency Distribution: Immunization Status of Children 6 years old and below

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Complete 47 55%

Incomplete 38 45%

TOTAL 85 100%

Figure 15: Immunization Status of Children 6 years old and below


For the immunization of children 6 years and below, 47 are complete and 38 are

incomplete.

Immunizations are essential and greatly recommended due to their preventive

advantages against certain diseases. They can also lessen the severity of chronic illnesses

especially among vulnerable individuals. Of the total of 85 children, 55.3% of them have

received immunizations. It could be because most of the families interviewed have stable

sources of income and can afford the payment for these immunizations. However,

44.72% of the total population is incomplete. These are the children that belong mostly to

low-income families
CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Normal 15 54%

Abnormal 5 18%

Questionable 6 21%

Untestable 2 7%

TOTAL 28 100%

Table 16: Frequency Distribtuion of Results of the Metro Manila Development


Screening Test
Figure 16: Percentage Relationship of Results of the Metro Manila Development
Screening Test

The data shows that 54% of the children who have undergone MMDST are

normal, 18% are abnormal, 21% are questionable, and 7% cannot be tested.

In Pandacan, we have assessed children who are already capable for MMDST,

ranging from 5 years and below. As the figure shows that majority of the responding

children have passed the tests, and 18% failed the tests which was considered abnormal

in relation to their age.


Table 17: Frequency Distribution of Consultation for Health Related Problems

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Health Center or Public


Doctor 59 76%

Private Doctor 15 19%

Midwife 3 4%

Reflexologist 1 1%

TOTAL 78 100%

Figure 17: Health Related Problems


Health Consultation
60
50

Respondents
40
No. of

30 59

20
10 15
3 1
0
Health Center Private Midwife Reflexologist
or Public Doctor
Doctor

The figure shows that there are 3 families (3.85%) that consult the midwife, 59

families (75.64%) who are consulting their health center doctor, 15 (19.23%) who consult

the private doctor, and a family (1.28%) who is consulting the reflexologist.

The highest percentages of families are consulting the health center doctors which

show that they are aware of the services that are available in their health centers. Because

of the lack of resources, they tend to use the service of the center instead of the private

doctor, which only garnered 15 families consulting them. This is where their income

becomes questionable, as it restrains them from availing a much higher type of care

available at the hospitals.


Table 18: Frequency Distribution of Materials Used for Home Construction

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Mixed 62 79%

Light 10 13%

Strong 6 8%

TOTAL 78 100%

Figure 18: Materials Used for Home Construction


Type of Home Materials

70

No. of Respondents
60
50
40
62
30
20
10 10 6
0
Mixed Light Strong

The data shows that 12.82% (10 respondents) have used light materials to build

their home. 79.49% (62 respondents) are using mixed type materials in building their

home. 7.69% (6 respondents) are using strong type materials to build their home.

Types of housing materials are affected family income, availability of resources

and economical status. As shown in the graph above, most houses in Pandacan are made

of mixed wood and concrete with a bungalow type and has less than three bedroom. Due

to lack of sources, they cannot afford to build a decent house with good quality materials.

Most of them are already contented having a small house with a roof and a place where
they can sleep. They prefer to spend their money for food and medicine rather than

building or repairing their house

Table 19: Frequency Distribution of Number of Rooms for Sleeping

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

1 room 53 68%

2 rooms 12 15%

3 rooms 6 8%

None 4 5%

4 rooms 3 4%

TOTAL 78 100%

Figure 19: Frequency Distribution of Number of Rooms for Sleeping


Number of Rooms for Sleeping
60

50
No. of Respondents
40

30 53
20

10 12
6 4 3
0
1 room 2 rooms 3 rooms None 4 rooms

In the specified graph, 53 respondents have only 1 room for sleeping, 12 have 2,

6 have 3, 4 have none at all, and 3 have 4 rooms.

The above data shows the total number of rooms per family, wherein 68% (53

families) have one room. This is because the majority family in this portion has two to

five family members secondary to lack of money. The 15% (12 families) in the graph

shows the family who has two rooms per house. It shows that these families can afford

the expenses of the rent. The 8% (6 families) which have three rooms and the 4% (3
families) which have four rooms per house is said to have extended family aside from

that 5% of them has no room probably because they inadequate space to have a room.

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Public 56 72%

Private 22 28%

TOTAL 78 100%

Table 20: Frequency Distribution of Source of Drinking Water Supply


Figure 20: Source of Drinking Water Supply

The table shows that there are 56 families that said that their drinking water is

private or from private sources, and 22 families that answered that their source of

drinking water are from public source or taken from the faucet.
These data shows that the 56 correspondents for the study confirmed that they

classify their drinking water separately from the water that they are availing. It shows the

level of awareness the people in Pandacan have in contrast with the sicknesses that can be

caused by water-borne diseases. This only exemplifies that Pandacan is well informed of

the dangers and threats that are dwelling in the things that they are handling everyday. As

for the 22 that answered that their drinking water supply is from a public source, families

with the income that ranges 5,000 and below can be the main cause that determines their

availability for resources.

Table 21: Frequency Distribution of Respondents Whose Water is Safe To Drink or Not

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE


Potable 56 72%

Not Potable 22 28%

TOTAL 78 100%

Figure 21: Relationship of Respondents Whose Water is Safe To Drink or Not

For water potability, 72% of the respondents have potable water sources whereas

28% have non-potable sources.


The percentage rates of the potability of water are greatly measurable through two

categories. These two divisions correspond to the two varying ratios of efficient and

accessible water and the other portion classified as non-potable, which cover the

respondents who live in the said area. Potable is categorized as the greater majority and

non-potable as the minority with figures respectively noted 72% and 28%. This serves as

proof that most residents use potable source of water.

Table 22: Frequency Distribution of Method of Storing Drinking Water

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE


Refrigerated 29 37%
Large covered with
faucet 28 36%

Large covered without


faucet 18 23%
Bottle or Pitcher 2 3%
Direct from faucet 1 1%
TOTAL 78 100%

Figure 22: Method of Storing Drinking Water

The table shows the data that 29 families have their drinking water stored in a

refrigerator, 28 families which have their water stored in a large covered containers with

faucet, 18 families that contain their water in a large covered container without faucet, 2

families that have their water in a bottle and a family that gets their drinking water from

the faucet.
The figure shows how well the people in Pandacan live which is why majority

have their drinking waters stored in a refrigerator. Even though they live with only 5,000

and below as monthly income, they tend to make sure of the sterility of their drinking

water because it is one of the simple ways to make sure their family is in a healthy

condition. They are properly aware of the threats and diseases that can arise from

drinking unclean water. Also another major answer is the container with faucet, which is

the type of container that is being bought by families who are considering the cleanliness

of their drinking water. Out of the 78 families that are targets of this study, the bulk rests

in the greater segment of the families that keep their drinking water in a sterile and clean

place, and it shows the knowledge of each family in terms of water containment.

Table 23: Frequency Distribution of Cooking Facilities Available In Each Family


Figure 23: Cooking Facilities Available In Each Family

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE


Gas stove 55 71%

Fiewood/charcoal 18 23%

Electric stove 5 6%

TOTAL 78 100%

Cooking Facilities

60 55

50
No. of Repondents

40

30

20 18

10 5

0
Gas stove Fiewood/charcoal Electric stove

Out of 78 respondents, 70.51% are using gas stove, 18% are using

firewood/charcoal and 6.41% are using electric stove.


Based on the results, families in the community are using gas stove due to low

income and can’t afford to buy much higher quality stoves. Some families are using

charcoal/firewood because these families are less fortunate than families using gas stove

and for them it is convenient to use firewood/charcoal. Only a few families are capable of

purchasing electric stoves. They only represent about 6.41% of the total assessed

population.

Table 24: Frequencty Distrubution of Families With Open or Blind Drainage


Figure 24: Families With Open or Blind Drainage

Types of Drainage

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Open Drainage 37 47%


Open Drainage
Blind Drainage 47%
53%
Blind Drainage 41 53%

TOTAL 78 100%

In the types of drainage, 53% of the total assessed population have blind drainage

and only 47% have open ones.

The result of the data collation proved that there is only a small disparity between

families who have open drainage and those who have blind ones. The portion 52.56%

referring to the families with blind drainage barely differs with the fraction 47.44%.

According to the interviewees, they have never experienced any negative health related

illnesses resulting from having either of the given forms of systems. What’s important for

them is having the facility.


Table 25: Frequency Distribution of Methods of Keeping Garbage

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Not Covered 54 71%

None 22 28%

Covered 2 3%

TOTAL 78 100%
Figure 25: Methods of Keeping Garbage

Container of Garbage

60 54

50

40
No. of
30 22
Respondents
20

10 2

0
Not Covered None Covered

Out of the 78 respondents, 54 do not cover their trash can, only 2 cover theirs, and

a large 22 have no waste container at all.

The greater majority at 71% are not able to respond to proper waste containment.

According to the families classified in this segment, they are quite contented with placing

their trash in plastic bags and leaving them for the garbage collector to gather.
Following the majority at only 3% are those families who are keen enough to

promote environmental sanitation and good health within and outside their respective

houses by covering their waste until the time of collection.

The residual portion of the total population which 28% does not have any garbage

can at all. They either discard their trash in their neighbors’ trash can or dispose it

anywhere.

Table 26: Percentage Relationship of Families With Different Ways Disposing Food

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Collected 74 95%

Open Dumping 4 5%

TOTAL 78 100%
Figure 26: With Different Ways Disposing Food

Ways of Disposing Garbage

Open Dumping
5%

Collected
95%

Of the total assessed population, 95% adhere to waste collection while only 5%

prefer open dumping.

As a result of the data collation, 94.87% was determined as the portion of the

assessed families who participate in garbage collection rather than utilizing other waste

disposal methods. The aim of this kind of disposal is to promote discipline among the
community members and encourage them not to throw their garbage anywhere. The

remaining 5.13% of the community are still greatly in favor of open dumping.

Table 27: Percntage Relationship of Toilet Ownership of Families

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Owned 66 85%

Shared 12 15%

TOTAL 78 100%
Figure 27: Toilet Ownership of Families

Toilet Ownership

Shared
15%

Owned
85%

The graph contains valid data that 85% of the respondents have their own toilets

and 15% share theirs with other families.


As a result of the analysis of data, 84.62% of the families that we assessed have

their own private toilet inside their house while 15.38% had to share with other families

because their house is only rented, and some families live in one house. These families

who share toilets have low incomes and can’t afford to have their own house and their

own toilet.

Table 28: Percentage Relationship of Presence of Breeding Sites in Houses

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Yes 59 76%

No 19 24%
TOTAL 78 100%

Figure 28: Presence of Breeding Sites in Houses

Presence of Breeding Sites

No
24%

Yes
76%

From the households assessed, 76% were found to have breeding sites of insects

and pests, and only 24% were clear.


Based on the graph, 75.64% of the households have breeding sites of mosquitoes,

insects and other pests. They are not able to maintain the cleanliness of their surroundings

and most trash bins are not properly covered, making it a perfect breeding site for pests.

24.36% of the families assessed have no breeding sites because they were able to

somehow maintain cleanliness, probably because they have time to clean their

surroundings.

Table 29: Frequency Distribution of Status of Reproductive Women; Pregnant vs. Not
Pregnant

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Pregnant 6 3%
Not Pregnant 186 97%

TOTAL 78 100%

Figure 29: Status of Reproductive Women; Pregnant vs. Not Pregnant

For the pregnancy state of women, only 6 are pregnant and the remaining 186 are

not.
In Barangay 836, District 91, it is apparent that pregnancy is not prevalent in their

population. In this community with a total assessed population of 374, 192 are female

respondents. Within this range, only six are pregnant. Due to the profusion of family

planning methods, they are now engaged and aware of controlling their population. They

are aware that total population is elevating rapidly, so as to control it, use effective family

planning methods.

Table 30: Frequency Distribution of Family Planning Methods

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE

Natural Method 58 74%

Pills 18 23%
Ligation 2 3%

TOTAL 78 100%

Figure 30: Family Planning Methods

Methods of Family Planning

58
60

50

40
No. of
30
Respondents
18
20

10 2

0
Natural Method Pills Ligation

Out of 78 respondents, 58 prefer the natural method, 10 use pills, and 2 resort to

ligation.

The outcome of the collation determined the highest type of family planning

method as the Natural Method at 74.36% because the couples want a safe and easy and
affordable type of family method. They want this kind of means because it is easy to use

and there are no side effects in their body and also in their relationship.

The second type of family method is the Pills at 23.08%, because couples found

out that the pills are much safer than the other type of family planning. The couples also

said that pills are easy to use because it is taken in via oral route.

The other type of family planning method is the Ligation at 2.56%, because some

couples want to have a permanent type of family planning method.

Family planning has devoted considerable attention to studying the determinants

of women's fertility and method of family planning to be used. While it has been assumed

that family planning programs have beneficial consequences for women's lives, there has

been little research that evaluates the impact of family planning on women's personal,

social, or economic conditions.

With that, women in Pandacan give too much emphasis on the use of natural method

because it is economical and practical. Instead of providing money on buying pills and

other methods, they paved away with it and buy first the things needed like foods for the

family and other basic necessities.

Table 31: Frequency Distribution of Member of the Family Diagnosed with Tuberculosis

CLASSIFICATION FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE


Yes 76 97%

No 2 3%

TOTAL 78 100%

Figure 31: Member of the Family Diagnosed with Tuberculosis

Presence of Tuberculosis

Yes
3%

Yes
No

No
97%

The presence of tuberculosis was determined at 97% for those who are clear and

3% for those who have the disease.


Depending on the total population of families, 2 families were assessed to have to

have the presence of Pulmonary tuberculosis. A manifestation of cough and colds in more

than two weeks was observed. These 2 families have consulted a Public medical doctor

instead of a private doctor due to an insufficiency in the family income and the

affordability of consultation expenses. Good thing, the other family members were not

diagnosed with PTB. People who were diagnosed to have the occurrence of pulmonary

tuberculosis do take their medicines regularly offered by the DOTS program of the health

center, helping them eliminate the accumulation of this communicable disease. At times,

diagnosed people need assistance through their “treatment partner”. This can be their

wives or other family members, but there are some who doesn’t need any assistance at

all.