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IBC SEISMIC LOAD CALCULATION

Contents: IBC 2000 Equivalent lateral force procedure Example 1: Building frame system with concentrically braced frame Example 2: Moment resisting frame system with Ordinary moment resisting frame of steel Example 3: Moment resisting frame system with Ordinary moment resisting frame of concrete Example 4: Building frame system with special reinforced concrete shear wall

IBC 2000 Equivalent lateral force procedure


1. Determine weight of building, W. 2. Determine 0.2 second response spectral acceleration, Ss from Figure 1615 (1) 3. Determine 1 second response spectral acceleration, S1 from Figure 1615 (2) 4. Determine Site class from Table 1615.1.1 5. Determine site coefficient, Fa, from Table 1615.1.2 (1) 6. Determine site coefficient, Fv, from Table 1615.2 (2) 7. Determine adjusted maximum considered earthquake spectral response acceleration parameters for short period, SMS and at 1 second period, SM1. S = Fa Ss (Eq. 16-16) S = Fv S1 (Eq. 16-17) 8. Determine deign spectral response acceleration parameters for short period, SDS ,and at 1 second period, SD1. S =(2/3) S (Eq. 16-18) S =(2/3) S (Eq. 16-19) 9. Determine Important factor, IE, from Table 1604.5 10. Determine seismic design category from Table 1616.3 (1) and (2) 11. Response modification factor, R. from Table 16.17.6 12. Determine seismic response coefficient from Eq. 16-35 Cs= S / (R/I ) 13. Determine approximate fundamental period from Eq. 16-39 T = C hn where hn is the height of building above base. C is building period coefficient, 0.035 for moment resisting frame of steel, 0.03 for moment resisting frame of concrete and eccentrically braced steel frame 0.02 for all other building. 14. Determine Maximum seismic response coefficient Eq. 16-36 Csmax= S / [(R/I ) T] 15. Determine minimum seismic response coefficient from Eq. 16-37
MS M1 DS D1 MS M1 DS E T 0.75 T D1 E

Csmin= 0.044 S I 16. Determine Seismic design category from Table 1616.3.2, if it is design category E or F, or S1 is equal or grater than 0.6g, calculate minimum seismic response coefficient from Eq. 16.38 Csmin= 0.5 S / (R/I ) 17. Determine Seismic response coefficient based on result of steps 10 to 14 and calculate seismic base shear from Eq. 16-34. for strength design or load and resistance factor design. V = Cs W 18. For service load design, multiply the seismic base shear by 0.7 Vs = 0.7 V
DS E 1 E

Example 1: Building frame system with concentrically braced frame


Given: Code: IBC 2000 Equivalent lateral force procedure Design information: Weight of building, W= 100 kips 0.2 second response spectral acceleration, Ss=0.5 1 second response spectral acceleration, S1 = 0.2 Soil profile class: D Building category I Building height: hn = 50 ft Building frame system with concentrically braced frame Requirement: Determine seismic base shear Solution: Site coefficient, Fa = 1.4 Site coefficient, Fv = 2.4 Design spectral response acceleration parameters S = Fa Ss = 0.7 (Eq. 16-16) S = Fv S1= 0.48 (Eq. 16-17) S =(2/3) S =0.467 (Eq. 16-18) S =(2/3) S =0.32 (Eq. 16-19) Seismic design category C from Table 1616.3 (1) and category D from 1616.3(2), Use category D Important factor, I =1 (Table 1604.5) Building frame system with ordinary steel concentric braced frame Response modification factor, R = 5 Building height limited to 160 ft > 50 ft O.K. Seismic response coefficient (Eq. 16-35) Cs= S / (R/I ) = 0.093 Fundamental period, T = CT hn = 0.376
MS M1 DS D1 MS M1 E DS E 0.75

Maximum seismic response coefficient (Eq. 16-36) Csmax= S / [(R/I ) T] = 0.17 Minimum seismic response coefficient (Eq. 16-37) Csmin= 0.044 S I = 0.021 Seismic base shear V = Cs W = 93 kips Seismic base shear in service load Vs = 0.7 V = 65 kips
D1 E DS E

Example 2: Moment resisting frame system with Ordinary moment resisting frame of steel
Given: Code: IBC 2000 Equivalent lateral force procedure Weight of building, W = 1000 kips 0.2 second response spectral acceleration, Ss = 0.75 1 second response spectral acceleration, S1=0.3 Soil profile class: E Building height: hn=30 ft Moment resisting frame system with Ordinary moment resisting frame of steel Requirement: Determine seismic base shear Solution: Site coefficient, Fa = 1.2 Site coefficient, Fv = 2.8 Design spectral response acceleration parameters S = Fa Ss = 0.9 (Eq. 16-16) S = Fv S1= 0.84 (Eq. 16-17) S =(2/3) S =0.6 (Eq. 16-18) S =(2/3) S =0.56 (Eq. 16-19) Seismic design category D from Table 1616.3(1) and (2) Important factor, IE = 1. (Table 1604.5) Moment resisting frame system with Ordinary moment resisting frame of steel Response modification factor, R = 4 (Table 16.17.6 limits maximum height to 35 ft) Seismic response coefficient (Eq. 16-35) Cs= S / (R/I ) = 0.15 Fundamental period, T = C hn = 0.449
MS M1 DS D1 MS M1 DS E T 0.75

Maximum seismic response coefficient (Eq. 16.-36) Csmax= S / [(R/I ) T] = 0.312


D1 E

Minimum seismic response coefficient (Eq. 16-37) Csmin= 0.044 S I = 0.026 Seismic base shear V = Cs W = 150 kips Seismic base shear in service load Vs = 0.7 V = 105 kips
DS E

Example 3: Moment resisting frame system with Ordinary moment resisting frame of concrete
Given: Code: IBC 2000 Equivalent lateral force procedure Weight of building, W = 1000 kips 0.2 second response spectral acceleration, Ss = 0.25 1 second response spectral acceleration, S1 = 0.1 Soil profile class: B Building category I Building height: hn = 40 ft Moment resisting frame system with Ordinary moment resisting frame of concrete Requirement: Determine seismic base shear Solution: Site coefficient, Fa = 1.0 Site coefficient, Fv = 1.0 Design spectral response acceleration parameters S = Fa Ss = 0.25 (Eq. 16-16) S = Fv S1= 0.1 (Eq. 16-17) S =(2/3) S =0.167 (Eq. 16-18) S =(2/3) S =0.067 (Eq. 16-19) Seismic design category B from Table 1616.3(1) and (2) Important factor, IE = 1. (Table 1604.5) Moment resisting frame system with ordinary moment resisting frame of concrete Response modification factor, R = 3 (Table 16.17.6 limits maximum height to 35 ft) Seismic response coefficient (Eq. 16-35) Cs= S / (R/I ) = 0.056 Fundamental period, T = CT hn = 0.557
MS M1 DS D1 MS M1 DS E 0.75

Maximum seismic response coefficient (Eq. 16.-36) Csmax= S / [(R/I ) T] = 0.04 Minimum seismic response coefficient (Eq. 16-37) Csmin= 0.044 S I = 0.007 Seismic base shear
D1 E DS E

V = Csmax W = 40 kips Seismic base shear in service load Vs = 0.7 V = 28 kips

Example 4: Building frame system with special reinforced concrete shear wall
Given: Code: IBC 2000 Equivalent lateral force procedure Weight of building, W = 1000 kips 0.2 second response spectral acceleration, Ss = 1.0 1 second response spectral acceleration, S1 = 0.3 Soil profile class: D Building height: hn = 60 ft Building category: II Building frame system with special reinforced concrete shear wall Requirement: Determine seismic base shear Solution: Site coefficient, Fa = 1.1 Site coefficient, Fv = 1.8 Design spectral response acceleration parameters S = Fa Ss = 1.1 (Eq. 16-16) S = Fv S1= 0.54 (Eq. 16-17) S =(2/3) S =0.73 (Eq. 16-18) S =(2/3) S =0.36 (Eq. 16-19) Seismic design category D from Table 1616.3(1) and (2) Important factor, IE = 1.25 (Table 1604.5) Building frame system with Special reinforced concrete shear wall Response modification factor, R = 6 (Table 16.17.6 limits maximum height to 35 ft) Seismic response coefficient (Eq. 16-35) Cs= S / (R/I ) = 0.153 Fundamental period, T = C hn = 0.755
MS M1 DS D1 MS M1 DS E T 0.75

Maximum seismic response coefficient (Eq. 16.-36) Csmax= S / [(R/I ) T] = 0.099 Minimum seismic response coefficient (Eq. 16-37) Csmin= 0.044 S I = 0.04 Seismic base shear V = Csmax W = 99 kips Seismic base shear in service load Vs = 0.7 V = 69.3 kips
D1 E DS E