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Raytheon

Phalanx Block 1B CIWS


“Ready For The Fleet”

3 May 2000
Williamsburg, Va
Scott G. Martin
1
sgmartin@west.raytheon.com
Agenda Raytheon

• Today’s Threat

• Phalanx Overview

• Phalanx Block 1A and 1B

• Combat System Integration

• Phalanx and RAM

2
Today’s Ship Defense Threat Raytheon

Helicopter, Air, &


Surface Threats
Current ASCM Threats

Evolving
ASCM Threats

3
The Risk Raytheon

1967 to 1991
86 Vessels Sunk or Damaged by ASCMs
and
12 Vessels Sunk by Small Craft
4
The Littoral Threat Raytheon

Land-Based Air launched Near simultaneous arrival


ASMs, Rockets, or
Attack Missiles
Decoys, ASMs, of multiple missiles, attacks, from optimum
ARMs, or PGMs
azimuths.

Stand-off EW

Coordinated
High-speed
Surface Craft
Submarine
Coordinated Launched
Sea-skimmer Pop-up
Attack Attack

5
AMI International © 1999
Phalanx CIWS Raytheon
The World’s Close-In Weapon System

6
PHALANX - Family Evolution Raytheon

SEA RAM
• 11 RAM Missiles
A Proven Family of CIWS Solutions Block IB • E/O
• Surface Mode • 3x Gun Ranges
• Block 0 - Anti Ship Missile Defense • E/O
• Helo & Surface
Block IA Mode
• Block IA - High G Maneuvering ASMD • ELC & Optimized
• High Diving & Gun Barrels
• Block IB - Increase Range & Add High G • Enhanced ASCM
Littoral Surface & Air Maneuvering Capability
Targets
• SEA RAM - Up Gun with RAM • CS Integration

Block I B/L 0 Block I B/L 1 Block I B/L 2 Block IA & IB


• Smaller RCS • Shallow Dive • EMI • Radar Horizon
Detection Fire Control Improvement Low “E” Search
• 0O - 70O El • 4,500 SPM • Accuracy
Block 0 Improvement
Search
• ASMD
• 3,000 SPM
• 0O - 5O El Search

79-87 87-88 88-89 90-95 95-97 97-98 99-01


7
Phalanx Block 1B Raytheon

Evolutionary Ship Defense System


All the Benefits/Features of Block 1A
All Elevations
Sub-sonic/Super-sonic
High G Maneuvering,
PLUS
Fixed & Rotary Wing Aircraft
Small Surface Craft and Mines
Performance & Maintenance Improvements
Integrated FLIR for Surface Mode and AAW
Improved Gun Mounting
Reduced Maintenance Requirements
The
ThePhalanx
PhalanxCIWS
CIWSisisthe
theONLY
ONLYCIWS
CIWSSystem
Systemtoto
Destroy
DestroyaaSupersonic,
Supersonic,Maneuvering
ManeuveringTarget
Target 8
Raytheon
Phalanx Block 1B

Thermal
Thermal
Low
LowSidelobe
Sidelobe Imager
Imager
Track
TrackAntenna
Antenna

Stabilization
Stabilization
Optimized
Optimized System
System
Gun
Gun
Barrels
Barrels

Remote
Remote Local
Local
Control
Control Control
Control
Station
Station Station
Station

9
Block 1B AAW Improvement Raytheon
EO ANGLE TRACK

• EO angle track data is inherently more accurate In both elevation and


azimuth than the track radar and mitigates the elevation track fluctuations
caused by “multipath” when tracking sea-skimming missiles

• The Phalanx system must first acquire and track the target with the radar,
then transition to using the EO subsystem’s angular data. Target range
will always be provided by the track radar.

Phalanx Track Radar


(Angular Track Accuracy = 2-3 mrad)

Phalanx Thermal Imager


(Angular Track Accuracy = 10-50 µrad) 10
Double the Hit Count Raytheon
Extended Kill Range

• •

• •
• •
• •• • • • •
• •• •• • •
• • •
• • • • •• •• • •• • ••
• • •• •

• •• • •
Standard M61A1 20mm Cannon • • •
• Six 60 inch gun barrels at 19 lbs/barrel 50 Round Pattern
• Muzzle Restraint Dispersion Control 1.2 mr Dispersion
• Gun Held By Breech Assembly 1.0 mr Target


• • •
• ••
• • • • •
• •• • • •• • • •

• •• • •• • •• • ••

• • •• •• • •
• • •
•• •
Standard M61A1 20mm Cannon With Optomized Gun Barrels
• Six 79 inch gun barrels at 38 lbs/barrel 50 Round Pattern
• Mid-Barrel Restraint Dispersion Control 0.8 mr Dispersion
• Gun Held By Breech And Mid Barrel Clamp 1.0 mr Target
11
Phalanx Block Upgrades Raytheon
AAW Hit Performance

Block 1B
Block 1A
Block 1
Hits

Hits
Block 0

Range Range
SUBSONIC, LOW-G MANEUVER SUBSONIC, EXPLOITATIVE MANEUVER

Hits
Hits

Range Range
SUPERSONIC, NO MANEUVER SUPERSONIC, HIGH-G MANEUVER

12
Enhanced Lethality Cartridge Raytheon
Manufacturer: PRIMEX

•50% Increase in Mass (105 g vs. 70 g)


•38% Increase in Cross-sectional Area
•New Ni-Co Alloy Decreases Shatter thru AT-1 Array
- Penetrator retains >90% of original mass thru AT-1 array
- ELC’s residual KE at the Warhead is greater than Mk-149
•Swaged Aluminum Wind Screen Does Not Come Off During Flight,
Which Improves Ballistic Stability
13
•Requires Optimized Gun Barrels
Enhanced Lethality Cartridge Raytheon

ELC
Impact/Penetration

ELC
Complete Penetration
14
Phalanx Gun Upgrades Raytheon

- COMPUTER UPGRADE (HOLC)


ADVANCED FIRE CONTROL
• Optimized Gun Barrels REQUIRED FOR MANEUVERING
• Enhanced Lethality Cartridges TARGET ENGAGEMENTS
18 MORE ROUNDS ON TARGET
16 - OPTIMIZED GUN BARRELS REDUCED
14 DISPERSION (.8 MILS) IS EFFECTIVE
12 WHEN FIRE CONTROL CAN
20MM
10 ACCURATELY TARGET THE THREAT
Hits ELC
8 MORE ROUNDS ON TARGET
30MM
6
GK - ENHANCED LETHALITY CARTRIDGE
4
USN TESTING AND ANALYSIS
2
DEMONSTRATED EQUIVALENT
0
ELC/30MM EFFECTIVENESS
IN WARHEAD KILL
Pk
0

KINETIC ENERGY ON TARGET

USN
USNChose
ChosePhalanx
PhalanxOGB
OGB//ELC
ELCvs.
vs. 30MM
30MM Performance
Performance
Caliber
Caliberis
isNOT
NOTaaDecisive
DecisiveFactor
Factorin
inSystem
SystemLethality
Lethality!!!
!!!
15
Block 1B At Sea Testing
Raytheon
Surface and Anti-Air Mode
Pre-Phalanx Subsonic
SubsonicTactical
TacticalASCM's
ASCM's
Diving VANDAL Mach
Mach2+ 2+ASCM
ASCMTest
TestTargets
Targets
High G Maneuvering ASCM Cobra Helo w/Flares
High G Maneuvering ASCM
High
HighDiving
DivingASCM
ASCM
155
155mmmmShells
Shells(China
(ChinaLake
LakeTesting)
Testing)
Mine
MineSimulators
Simulators
Jetski
Jetski
Post-Phalanx 18
18toto55
55ftftBoats
Boats
Diving VANDAL C12
C12&&S3 S3Jet
JetAircraft
Aircraft
Mirage,
Mirage,F-18F-18&&A4 A4Jet
JetAircraft
Aircraft A4 Jet Aircraft
SH-60,AH-1N,Cobra
SH-60,AH-1N,CobraHelos Helos
Man-in-Water
Man-in-Water(Swimmer)
(Swimmer)
50
50&&80 80knot
knotBoats
Boats
Boghammar Rigid Inflatable Boat

Track Only Op

16
Phalanx CIWS Raytheon
Proven Potent Against Modern Threats
Pre-Phalanx
VANDAL RF Track (33554)
Dive 29.98 deg
(Diving) Spd. 2675 ft/sec

IR Track (25122)

Open Fire (11386)

1st Proj. (5883)


Brk Track (5171)
Hit - Kill (4676)

Predicted Impact
631 Stbd, 1515 Aft
(from CIWS)

Ship Hdg.

Post-Phalanx 17
VANDAL
Phalanx Radar Contributions Raytheon

• Low Frequency Radars


– Suffer In The low-e region from ducting and multipath
– Minimum range limits close-in target engagements
– Suppress target returns due to land clutter fold over
(Land clutter folds into target cells, raises detection threshold)
• The Phalanx High Frequency (Ku Band) Search Radar Provides:
– Low-E detection performance To support missile engagements
– High data rate target tracks
– Close-in target tracking To support gun Or missile engagements
– Target detection in land clutter environment

DUCTING /
MULTIPATH
REGION

18
Multi-Sensor Integration Raytheon

Integrating Sensor Data Obtained From Horizon

Multiple Sources ... Multipath


Null

Rain

Horizon Horizon Horizon


Missile
Dive
Jamming
B
Multipath Jamming
LO

Null

SPS-49 CIWS SLQ-32 SPS-67


COMPOSITE
TRACK

Greatly Increases Track Continuity, Satisfying


19
Firm Track Criteria Sooner
Phalanx Sensor Support Raytheon
SSDS/RAM DT/OT
SHIP VSR
• PHALANX PROVIDED SUPERIOR
R
LOW ELEVATION TARGET TRACKS PHALANX
A SEARCH
- HIGH DATA RATE N
- CLUTTER REJECTION G
- HIGHER X-MIT FREQUENCY E

SEA VANDAL VANDAL VANDAL VANDAL


SKIMMER EER ER ER ER
PHALANX PHALANX
Track Acquisition TARGET TYPE
Track

SSDS PHALANX
RAM Intercepts Firm Track Search Detections

0
PHALANX Provided ALL Tracks for RAM
Engagements of Supersonic Sea Skimmers 20
Multi-layered Ship Defense Raytheon

SEDUCTION
ALTITUDE • Chaff
• Decoys
• Sophisticated
Jamming
O NIC
Techniques
CTR RE
E
EL ARFA
W DISTRACTION
• Decoys
• Jammers
• Chaff

M
S RA
CIW

RANGE

21
SEA RAM Raytheon

Revolutionary Ship Defense System


All Elevations
Sub-sonic/Super-sonic
High G Maneuvering
Fixed & Rotary Wing Aircraft
Small Surface Craft and Mines
Performance & Maintenance Improvements
Extended Range Engagements
Integrated Radar, FLIR and ESM Modules
Reduced Maintenance
Autonomous & Stand Alone Capability

22
Typical One-System Installation
Raytheon
on USN FFG-7 Class

• Crew: 3 Technicians
• Flexible Sparing Options
• Superior System Coverage

No Deck Penetration Required 23


Phalanx in the USN Raytheon

• USN Maintaining Phalanx


Growth Path
Block 1B Deployment in 1999-2000

• USN Ship Classes Thru 2015


- CV - FFG - LCC
- CVN - LHD - AE
- CG - LHA - AOR
- DDG - LPD - AOE
- DD - LSD - WHEC

• Raytheon Pursuing Evolution USS Underwood


deployed Sept 99
via SEA RAM with 1st Block 1B
24
Phalanx Block 1B Raytheon

Proven Solution to
Today’s Littoral Threat

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USS Underwood
deployed Sept 99
with 1st Block 1B
25
Testing Result Synopsis Raytheon

• Lethality Depends On Hits, Not Caliber


– ELC Provides Lethality Equivalent To APDS Calibers Compared
– Phalanx Achieves More Hits at Greater Ranges
• Phalanx Handles More Targets In A Given Time
– Block 1B Fire Control Provides Superior Performance
• Phalanx Has The Greatest Single Target Kill Range
– Block 1B Fire Control, Dispersion, Projectile Lethality Performance was
Superior
• Phalanx Block 1B Has the Lowest Production, Operation &
Life Cycle Support Costs
• OPEVAL Results Recommended Range Increase to 4K yds

The
TheBlock
Block1B
1BPhalanx
PhalanxExceeded
ExceededALL
ALLPerformance
Performance
Requirements
RequirementsDuring
DuringLive
LiveTesting
Testing
26
No Matter What the Threat is ... Raytheon

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Or Surface
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ASCMsThreats ...

27

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