Anda di halaman 1dari 5

Outline Disaster Information

Innovative Disaster Information Services


Ulrich Boes URSIT Ltd. Sofia, Bulgaria
National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria

Disaster Management defined Data Organization The German standard for disaster mangement EU Policy Context

National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria

Basics of civil protection and disaster assistance


Not only conventional , but also

Disaster Management Cycle


Preparedness Prevention and Mitigation
Hazard prediction and modeling Risk assessment and mapping Spatial Planning Structural & non structural measures Public Awareness & Education.. Scenarios development Emergency Planning Training

Disasters

Alert
Real time monitoring & forecasting Early warning Secure &dependable telecom Scenario identification all media alarm

new threats are in the focus of public discussion: - Terrorism - Attacks on buildings housing huge crowds of people - Extreme weather phenomena - Temporary breakdown of civilian infrastructure Possible consequences: - Large numbers of victims - Damage situations covering large areas - Intensive disaster relief - Great demands on the coordination of relief and rescue measures

Post Disaster
Lessons learnt Scenario update Socio-economic and environmental impact assessment Spatial (re)planning

Response Recovery
Early damage assessment Re-establishing life-lines transport &communication infrastructure
National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria

Dispatching of resources Emergency telecom Situational awareness Command control coordination Information dissemination Emergency healthcare

National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria

Data
Two groups of data regarding to the actuality
1 Static Data:

Actors in Disaster Management


European Union
Monitoring and Information Centre (MIC)

POIs (location of hospitals) Population technical data of vehicles or instruments contact persons in committees or health organisation and all information on support-potentials for personnel, material and infrastructure
2 Dynamic Data:

National Level
Civil Protection

current meteorological data (observations, measurement results, etc.) readings of the ra-dioactivity measuring network current level of rivers and streams, and also forecast data of various other hazard warning systems
5
National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria

General Public Data providers

National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria

Decision levels in Germany


EU NATO

Civil Protection Organization in Bulgaria


Interministerial Coordinating Group

Federal Government
GMLZ

Situation Centres Crisis Management Group Situation Centres

Federal State Ministries

Regional level

Crisis Management Group Crisis Management Group Command Centres


National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria

Local districts

National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria

Challenges for disaster management


Relatively small market Cooperation between actors and decision making User awareness and education Harmonization across the EU Interoperability Access to data
Many data sources with difference access conditions
9 10

Services for disaster management


Services derive from disaster management cycle Data integration Location analysis: what is happening where Decision making support Communication First aid: who is where in need of what .

National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria

National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria

ICT for Disaster Management


ICT is pivotal for disaster prevention and management Need for an Integrated Information System Response to crisis situations is limited by weak preparedness, lack of interoperability among involved organisations, inadequate early warning Measurement is critical
Need for sensors
11
National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria

Components of a DM solution
Situation mapping
Interactive and individualized mapping with annotations

Resource Management
Up to data information on all resources

Communication and Reporting


Different communication mechanisms Reporting for lessons learnt and training
12

National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria

deNIS IIplus the German standard for disaster management


deNIS IIplus Situation Mapping
Digital maps with layer control Geo reference data / thematic data Depending on event & actors role Resource mapping ...

deNIS IIplus - Integration concept


Data & Web Services

Partner Resource Management


Resource database Request for resources Status control ...

deNIS IIplus
On-site services

Partner Communication & Reporting


Integration Consulting Training, Coaching

Communication & Reporting


Mission task list Task definition & initiation Task assignment dependent on actors role ...

Maps Data WebServices

Situation Mapping

Resource Management Basic Module

Basic Module
-

GM E S

External systems or modules

Control Center KONRAD

Simulation Dispersion

Early Warning Monitoring

User management - Full-text retrieval - Mission journal Logging - Administration - eMail Archive - Choice of language - Help
National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria

13

14

Partner
National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria

Current crisis situation map

Disasters in the EU policy context


EU SD Strategy & EUs 6th Environmental Action Programme:
Civil Protection Community Action Program, Water Framework Directive, Integrated Flood Risk Management Directive, (former) Forest Focus, Seveso II Directive, Marine Strategy etc.

Other EU Policy areas including:


Solidarity & Cohesion Funds (REGIO), Common Foreign and Security Policy (European Council/CFSP), Antiterrorism, police and border control (JLS), etc.

EU International Policy:
Development & Humanitarian Aid (RELEX, ECHO, AIDCO, DEV) outside EU

European Research:
EU Framework Programme for RTD

Related international initiatives:


GMES, INSPIRE, GEO/GEOSS (EC as co-chair & in working groups) , UN-HFA, etc.
15
National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria

16

National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria

Conclusions
Interoperability is important with respect to
Data, technology, organization

Thank you for your attention !

Need for an integrated information system covering all aspects of disaster management Need for clear rules for data access and cooperation

17

National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria

18

National PSI Meeting 2008, Sofia, Bulgaria