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# LAMARSHSOLUTIONSCHAPTER5PART1

5.4
a)
max
2
0
(sin(0.06285 )) ' cos(0.06285) n
lim ( ) 5 13 5 13 0.06285 =3.14e12
(r)' 1 cm sec
r
r
r e x e x x | |

= = =
(WeusedtheLHospitalrule.)
b)
2
sin(0.06285) 0.0628 cos(0.0628 ) sin(0.0628 )
( ) 0.8 (5 13 ) 0.8 5 13 ( )
r
xr r r
J r Dgrad D x e x x e x
r r r
|
|
c c
= = = =
c c
andthisisavector,youknow!
c)
2
4 (50) 1.579 15
esc
N R J e t = =
neutronsescapefromthesystem.
5.10
Diffusionequation,
2
( )
a
s
r
D D
| |
E
V =
Foraninfinitesystemleakageiszero.so
2
0 | V = andthen,
2
and J=-Dgrad 0 ,(derivative of constant)
a
sL s
D
| | = = =
E

5.11
a)
Theonedimensionaldiffusioneq.foraslabis,
2 2
2 2 2
1
a
S
D S
x x L D
| |
| |
c c
E = =
c c

2
( ) particular+homogenous sinh( ) cosh( )
L S x x
x A B
D L L
| = = + +

Becausethesystemhasmirrorsymmetryaroundx=0plane,derivativeof| atx=0mustbezero,
0 cosh( ) sinh( )@ 0 A=0
A x B x
x so
L L L L
= + =
then,
2
( ) cosh( )
x L S
x B
L D
| = +

Andthesecondboundaryconditionmustbesatisfied,whichis
( ) 0 a d | + =
andthen,
( ) 0
cosh( )
a
s
a d B
a d
L
|
E
+ = =
+
,finallywefindthat,where
2
a
L S S
D
=
E

cosh( )
( ) (1
cosh( )
a
x
s
L
x
a d
L
| =
+
E

b)
Theequationofcontinuity;
[rateofchangeinnumberofneutronsinV]=[rateofproductioninnumberofneutronsinV][rate
ofabsorptioninnumberofneutronsinV][rateofleakageinnumberofneutronsfromV]
Production=Absorption+Leakage
#Produced=Sx2a
#Absorption=
0
[ / ]
2 ( ) 2 ( )
cosh(( ) / )
a
a
LSinh a L
x dx S a
a d L
| E =
+
}

#Leakage=
[ / ]
2 ( ) 2 2
cosh(( ) / )
d sinh a L
J a D SL
dx a d L
|
= =
+

[ / ] [ / ]
2 2 ( ) 2
cosh(( ) / ) cosh(( ) / )
LSinh a L sinh a L
S a S a SL True
a d L a d L
= +
+ +

5.12
a)
Wecanwriteforafinitespherethefluxequationas,
( / ) ( / )
( )
Sinh r L Cosh r L
r A B
r r
| = +

Boundaryconditions;
(i)
2
0
lim4 ( )
r
r J r S t

=
and
(ii) ( ) 0 R d R | + = =

Fromfirstboundarycondition:
4
S
B
D t
= ;Fromsecondboundarycond: [ / ] A B Coth R L =

Andinsertingtheseconstantsinto ( ) r | wefind
cosh( / )sinh( / ) sinh( / ) cosh( / ) sinh( / )
( ) ( )
4 sinh( / ) 4 [ / ]
S r L R L r L R L S R r L
r
Dr R L DrSinh R L
|
t t

= =

b)
2
( )
( ) 4
4 (( ) / ) (( ) / )
surface
S R d S
Leakage A J R R
RLSinh R d L LSinh R d L
t
t
+
= = =
+ +

c)
( )
Leakage R d
P
R d
S
LSinh
L
+
= =
+

5.15
n
( ) sin( ) J ( ) ( )
n
n n n
A r
r r D r
r R r
t
| |
c
= =
c
,hereD1=2.2cm,D2=1.7cm,D3=1.05cm
3
2
n
1
4 J ( ) 2.0173 18 n/sec
leak
n
N R R e t
=
= =