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V1 Ch6FyANVC06 Test Ch 6 Work, energy and the power Name: _________________________________________

NV-College; Sjdalsgymnasiet Student Number: Seat

In the multi-choice problems below, i.e. problems 1-9 write the answer clearly in the space provided under the problem as alternative: ________. In some of these problems you may need to explain or show the details of your solutions. All explanations and solutions to these problems must be written clearly under the problem in the space provided to. The solutions to the problems 10-16 will be written in a separate sheet provided. Problems 13, 14, and 15 are extremely important for the highest possible grade, MVG. You need at least an hour to solve these problems. Maximum score: 51/28/ G: 17 points VG: 34 points/ at least 9 VG points: MVG: 38 points/ at least 18 VG points; MVG-quality work Only the marked problems in the box below will be graded.
Problem 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

1.

Nabid moves his 2.0 kg physics book which lies on the desk 1.5 m in various directions as shown in the figures below. In which direction does the 1.5 m displacement of the book produce the largest gain in the potential energy? a)

[1/0]

b)

c)

d) Answer: Alternative: ________________ 2. A truck moving at a constant speed of 90.0 km / h has 6.25 MJ kinetic energy. The mass of the truck is: [1/0] a) 20 ton b) 10 ton c) 30 ton d) 1000 kg Answer: Alternative : ___________________
Sjdalsgymnasiet

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V1 Ch6FyANVC06 Test Ch 6 Work, energy and the power Name: _________________________________________

NV-College; Sjdalsgymnasiet Student Number: Seat

3.

The spring in a bathroom scale is compressed 5.00 cm when 55.0 kg zge climbs on it. What is the spring constant of the scales spring? [1/0] a) 10.8 kN / m b) 108 N / m c) 275 N m d) 11 N / m Answer: Alternative: ___________

4.

A constant force of 20.0 kN is required to maintain the speed of a 1200 kg at a constant value of 72. km / h . The work done by the force in moving the car 5.00 km is: [1/0] 5 4.0 10 J a) b)

6.0 106 J

10010 6 J c) d) 1440 kJ Why? Show the details of your calculations: Suggested solution:

[0/1] Answer: Alternative _________

5.

Calculate the maximum height to which a 20. kW motor may lift an object of [1/0] minimum mass 5000 kg in 25. s a) 2.5 m b) 5 .0 m c) 7.5 m d) 10. m Why? Explain and show the details of your calculations: [0/2] Answer: Alternative ________________

Suggested solution:

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V1 Ch6FyANVC06 Test Ch 6 Work, energy and the power Name: _________________________________________

NV-College; Sjdalsgymnasiet Student Number: Seat

6.

Adam exerts an average force of 700.0 N on a rope to lift 65.0 kg box a vertical distance of 4.00 m up. The gravitational potential energy gained by the 65.0 kg box is [1/0] a) Exactly equal to the work done by Adam. b) 247 J more than the work done by Adam. c) 247 J less than the work done by Adam. d) 638 N Why? Show the details of your calculations: [0/1] Answer: Alternative ________________

Suggested solution:

7.

Isabelle who is 62.0 kg climbs 6.00 m up a rope in 5.00 s . What is Isabelles power output? Why? Show your calculations. [1/0] a) 3653 J b) 731 W 74.4 W c) d) 18.3 kW Why? Show your calculations. [0/1] Suggested solution: Answer: Alternative ________________

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Sjdalsgymnasiet

V1 Ch6FyANVC06 Test Ch 6 Work, energy and the power Name: _________________________________________

NV-College; Sjdalsgymnasiet Student Number: Seat

8.

Which one of the figures below best represents the potential energy of a freely falling object near the surface of the Earth? [1/0] [0/1] Answer: Alternative ________________
Potential energy of a falling object 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Displacement [m]

Why? Explain Explanation:

9.

Which graph best represent the elastic potential energy stored in a spring as a function of its elongation (or compression)? [1/0]

Why? Explain Explanation:

Potential Energy [J]

[0/1] Answer: Alternative ________________


Elastic potential energy Elastic Potential Energy [J] 3,5 3,0 2,5 2,0 1,5 1,0 0,5 0,0 0 0,05 0,1 0,15 0,2 0,25 elongation x [m]
Serie1 Serie2 Serie3 Serie4

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Sjdalsgymnasiet

V1 Ch6FyANVC06 Test Ch 6 Work, energy and the power Name: _________________________________________

NV-College; Sjdalsgymnasiet Student Number: Seat

10.

The x component of the force on an object varies as shown below. Determine the work done by the force to move the object i from x = 0.0 to x = 30.0 m , [3/0] ii from x = 0.0 to x = 100.0 m . [0/3]
400 300 200 100

F [N]

0 -100 0 -200 -300 -400 -500 X [m] 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

11.

Martin driving a car at 90 km / h suddenly sees a rabbit jumping to the middle of the road about 100 m away in front of the car. Naturally, he does not want to hit the rabbit and cause a possible damage to himself as well as the car. He knows his physics and therefore, he decides not to take a sudden break. He decides to reduce the speed of the car to a level which he can be completely in control, say 18 km / h . He knows the maximum coefficient of friction between the tires and the road is 0.70 . Calculate the minimum coefficient of friction between the tires and the road such that Martin can successfully reduce the speed of the car to the desired value of 18 km / h within 60 m . . [1/3]

12.

In height jumping the kinetic energy of the athlete is transformed into the gravitational potential energy. The world record of high jumping without the aid of a pole for females is at the present 250 cm . Estimate the minimum kinetic energy and speed required by 65.0 kg Frida whose center of mass is 98.0 cm above the ground and whishes to break the world record of high jumping. The safety requirement requires that the athlete must cross the bar with a minimum speed of 0.650 m / s ? The gravitation acceleration is 9.82 m / s 2 . [1/3]

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V1 Ch6FyANVC06 Test Ch 6 Work, energy and the power Name: _________________________________________

NV-College; Sjdalsgymnasiet Student Number: Seat

At the aspect assessment of your work with exercise 13-15 the teacher will consider 13. the depth of understanding of physics you have demonstrated how well you have carried through the task how well you have explained your work and motivated your conclusions how well you have accounted for your work. In an early test flights for the space shuttle using a glider of mass 1000 kg including the pilot, after a horizontal launch at 500 km / h at a height of 3500 m , the glider eventually landed at a speed of 200 km / h a) What would its landing speed have been in the absence of air resistance? b) What was the average force of air resistance if it came at a constant glide of 10 to the Earth? [2/4/]

14.

A block of mass m is attached to a light spring of force constant k on a plane surface. The spring is elongated a distance A from its equilibrium and then released. a) If the block comes to rest when it reaches to its equilibrium position, calculate the coefficient of kinetic friction, k , between the block and the plane surface. 2 b) Calculate the velocity of the block when it is A from its equilibrium position. 3 c) If the surface of the block is oiled it is found that its coefficient of friction is reduced to 25% of its normal value. If now the block is compressed to a distance A from equilibrium, how far will it ravel before it stops and turns back in its first period of oscillation? [2/4/] A car of mass 1200 kg may accelerate from rest to 90.0 km / h in 10.0 s . Assume that normal force on each tire is 25% of the weight of the car, and that only the two rear tires provide the acceleration force. a) Calculate the minimum coefficient of friction between the rear tires and the road. b) Calculate the average power delivered to the car by the engine. [2/4/]

15.

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