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Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

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Presents Akl Hazr Singh Nihags

Loh Praksh
Bh Partp Singh, Sudar Singh Amritsar 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

With the kind permission of: Jathedar Baba Kulwant Singh, Takht Abachal Nagar Sachkhand Hazur Sahib. Jathedar Iqbal Singh, Takht Harimandar Sahib, Patna. 96 Cro Jathedar Baba Joginder Singh, Shromani Guru Khalsa Panth Akali Buddha Dal Panjva Takht.

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Takht Hazur Sahib in the 19th century.

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Foreward
It is oral tradition that the Sarbloh Granth Sahib was completed at the Sarbloh Bunga, now called Langar Sahib at Hazur Sahib (Takht Abachal Nagar, Hazur Sahib, Nanded). The last verses were heard by Banda Singh Bahadur and were written from Sanskrit sutras1 preserved by a sect of Sadhus, who are said to have handed them down from the time of Guru Gobind Singhs previous avatr,2 Rishi Dusht Daman. The sutras are still in a private collection with a family at Hazur Sahib. From manuscript evidence we can conclude that the bulk of the Sarbloh Granth Sahib was commenced around 1698 AD at Anandpur Sahib and completed in approximately 1708 AD at Hazur Sahib. The Holy Granth contains The Praise of the Khalsa, and this would therefore coincide with the momentous event of the formation of the Guru Khalsa Panth, in approximately 1699 AD (1756 VS) according to the Gregorian calendar.3 The tradition is corroborated by the fact that Hazur Sahib and the Gurdvare in the surroundings area have a number of extant manuscripts of Sarbloh Granth Sahib. The Takht Sahib conserves a number of late 17th and early 18th century recensions. Jathedar Joginder Singh Muni, in Hazr Maryd Prabodh, describes the traditional exegesis (kath) from Sarbloh Granth Sahib at the Takht Sahib. Svami Harnam Das in his commentary (k) of Sarbloh Granth Sahib also records the early recensions of the Sarbloh Granth Sahib at
1 2

A short aphoristic summary of the teachings of ancient India created to be memorized and later incorporated into ancient Indian scripture. A manifestation of the Divine. 3 This is the modern date of Vaisakhi, in actual fact earlier dates are given in primary sources of Sikh history. VS is the Indian calendar of Vikrami Sammat that is approximately 57 years more than the Gregorian calendar.

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925 Hazur Sahib, and the Nabho Katho vl b from 1698 AD. At the Chhau of Mata Sahib Kaur there is an extant manuscript of Sarbloh Granth Sahib which also has a colophon of 1698 AD/ 1755 VS. In addition, there are other manuscripts with 1698 AD colophons, one manuscript is preserved by the Udasi Sampradv at Bhankandi and there is also another at Mukatsar Sahib. Thus, the manuscript evidence is compelling and with a strong tradition there is no doubt about the authorship. Svami Harnam Das Udasi of Kapurthala made an extensive study of Sarbloh Granth Sahib and has indicated that it was completed by Guru Gobind Singh himself. He also argues that if it contains the compositions of some other poets as well then they were accepted by the Guru, just as Guru Arjan Dev accepted the compositions of Bhagats, Bhatts and Sufi Fakirs while compiling the Adi Granth Sahib. In the Jp Shib, Guru Gobind Singh has given various creative and attribute names to Akal Purakh. Equally he has described God by names like Mhloh or Sarbloh (the All-Steel) representing the protective and destructive power of the Divine. The following lines are the invocation at the commencement of Akl Ustati, which is a replica of the signature verses (daskhat) of Guru Gobind Singh: Ik Oakr Satigur prasdi. The Lord is One and he can be attained through the grace of the True Guru. Utr khase daskhat k. Ptish 10. Copy of the manuscript with exclusive signatures of the Tenth Sovereign. Akl Purakh k rachh hamanai.

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925 The non-temporal Purusha (All-Pervading Lord) is my Protector. Sarab Loh k rachhi hamanai. The All-Steel Lord is my Protector. Sarab Kl j d rachi hamanai. The All-Destroying Lord is my Protector. Sarab Loh j d sad rachi hamanai. The All-Steel Lord is ever my Protector.4 We can clearly see that the names given to Akal Purakh are attribute names and that Guru Gobind Singh ji is worshipping Akal Purakh and no Indian deity. All of these names have been employed in the Sarbloh Granth Sahib (The Scripture of All-Steel/All-Light). The Loh Praksh was written by Akali Hazura Singh Nihang in 1925, he was the head Granth at Takht Hazur Sahib. Akali Hazura Singh was respected highly, so much so that a Golden plaque, inside the Takht Sahib itself, commemorates his service as the head Granth. In his publication, Akali Hazura Singh discusses the famous verses of Guru Gobind Singh, The Praises of the Khalsa (Khlse d Upam), from the Sarbloh Granth Sahib. His exegesis is highly important as it records the traditional interpretation of the sacred verses.

Translated by Surinder Singh Kohli, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib, 3 Vols, Birmingham: Sikh National Heritage, 2003.

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925 The Sarbloh Granth Sahib is essential to understand the concept of the Khalsa Panth. The word Khalsa is Persian in origin meaning: pure, unalloyed, with direct contact and responsibility of the owner. In the Deccan and during the Mughal rule, land or property invested directly for the ruler used to be called Khalsa.5 It is said that Bhagat Kabir used this word for those who reject meaningless rituals and are attached in true love with their Creator alone (Kaho Kabr jan bhae Khlse Prem Bhagati jih jn)6. The spiritual and temporal meaning of this word appealed to the Tenth Guru. He has employed it extensively in the Sarbloh Granth Sahib: tam ras jo jnah so hai Khls dev. Prabh mai mo mai ts mai rachak nhin bhev. Khalsa is the one who experience the bliss of the Super-Soul. There is no difference between God, me (Guru Gobind Singh) and him. Khls mero rp hai khs. Khlse me hau karo niws The Khalsa is my special form. I reside in the Khalsa Khls Akl Purakh k Phauj. Pragaio Khls Paramtam ki mauj. Khalsa is Gods own legion. The Khalsa is manifest due to the Supreme-Souls own wish.
5

Surjit Singh Gandhi, History of Sikh Gurus Retold: 1606-1708 C.E, p. 772. Also see Lanka Sundaram, Mughal Land Revenue System, 2007. 6 Adi Guru Granth Sahib, p. 655. Tradition also holds that Bhagat Kabirs shabad was modified from Khulse to Khlse by Guru Gobind Singh.

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925 Please note that in Akali Hazura Singhs exegesis, the Khalsa is the liberated form of Nirankar (Prpati Nirakar sivrp mahna.), not Shiv ji, as some misled Snatan revivalists are trying to claim.7 The publication also contains the verses narrating the Gurgadd passing to the Guru Granth Sahib and Guru Khalsa Panth, the importance of Vhigur mantra, and the Das grh-Das tig (Ten virtues to hold Ten vices to renounce) for the Khalsa, orated by Guru Gobind Singh.

Akali Hazur Singh Nihang, Loh Praksh, (Amritsar: Bhai Partap Singh, Sundar Singh, 1925), pp. 23, 26.

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

The first folio of the Sarbloh Granth Sahib given to Mai Bagh Kaur (Mai Bhago) by Guru Gobind Singh. It is still present at Hazur Sahib in the Bunga of Mai Bhago. Photographed by Kamalroop Singh in 2005.

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Akali Kaur Singh Nihang in his youth.

Of special note is the Foreword to the Loh Parksh in which the Savant, Akali Kaur Singh Nihang, provides us with valuable information. He states that the Purtan Buddha Dal Singhs considered the Sarbloh Granth Sahib to be by authored exclusively by Guru Gobind Singh, and that there were only about ten manuscripts in the whole of India. He humbly requests that a King or rich Sikh should take up the service of printing the Sarbloh Granth Sahib.8 His immortal words came true when Panth Ptshho 96 Cro Jathedar Baba Santa Singh completed this great service for the Guru Khalsa Panth Sahib. If there are any errors forgive me and please notify me. Das, Dr. Kamalroop Singh
8

Akali Hazur Singh Nihang, Loh Praksh, (Amritsar: Bhai Partap Singh, Sundar Singh, 1925), p. 2.

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925

Loh Prakash - Akali Hazura Singh Nihang - 1925