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Adivasis- The Indian Context

4635 communities in India, of which 586 have been recognized as Scheduled Tribes Adivasis : 8 per cent 84 million Adivasis Primarily based in mountain and hill areas Article 342: Parliament uses its powers to include or delete a community from the Schedule Tribe list. Article 244 Schedule V Special laws govern Schedule V areas that give protection to Adivasis, their right to their resources,

Sagari Ramdas Anthra and Adivasi Aikya Vedika organisations

Andhra Pradesh

5 million Adivasis (2001 census) 33 tribes 6.3 % of the total Adivasi population of India. 6.6 % of the total Andhra Pradesh population.

Forest Tribes

Population (2001) census

Location Visakhapatnam Mahabubnagar, Kurnool Vizianagaram, Srikakulam Adilabad Srikakulam, Vizianagaram Adilabad Visakhapatnam East Godavari, Khammam Visakhapatnam Khammam, Warangal, East Godavari Visakhapatnam Visakhapatnam Adilabad Visakhapatnam Srikakulam,Vizianagaram Adilabad

Bhagata Chenchus Gadabas Gond, Naikpodu Jatapus Kolam, Manyevaru Konda Dhora Konda Reddi Kondhs Koya Manne Dhora Nooka Dhora Pardhan Porja, Paringa Porja Savaras Thoti Total

133434 49232 36078 252038 118613 45671 206381 83096 85324 568019 13579 37938 23724 32669 122979 2074 1810849

Adivasi Aikya Vedika

Alliance of Adivasi Groups (15 ) Each organisation: approx 50-80 villages in there territories Major focus of work- Rights to resources- land, forests, water, * Strengthen indigenous systems of local self-governance Conserve and protect Traditional Knowledge, practices, biodiversity (revived and conserved 30-50 varieties of food crops, local breeds of goats, poultry, knowledge of healing, ) Elders, young people, Adivasi Women led- central to building resilience

Savaras Hill top, forests, Shifting Cultivation Chenchus- Hunter- Gatherer, Koyas- River, forest, settled & shifting agri, poultry, goats, cattle Konda Reddi-as above Gond forest, agriculture and cattle/ goats

Indigenous resilience-Buen Vivir

Land- Territories: rights, laws, Women decision making, at home, in the community, visa vis agriculture and other livelihoods, community decisions, resources in village , children, etc Systems of self-rule and local governance (traditional ------ Gram Sabha): traditional elders, young people, elected representatives, what issues continue to be addressed, issues and challenges- gender aspects therein Culture, Spirituality, traditions that build community resilience Biodiversity- Food crops ,cropping patterns, crop varieties, cultivation, consumption and saving seeds and community adaption practices towards protection of their own seed verities etc. Animal diversity- breeds, and purpose of rearing- changes in population if any Traditional knowledge community livelihoods. Forest customary systems of governance, gods and goddesses, customary boundaries, Forest produce, Medicinal plants, Fodder, mapping their governance, status conservation, re-vitalising water resources- Status of utilizing, conservation and managing them etc. National legislations / programs that build or weaken resilience.

Factors weakening the resilience-and drivers of climate change

States amending laws to weaken indigenous rights to land, forests, water, knowledge, biodiversity, Weakening local systems of self-rule and governance Process of women being marginalised from their erstwhile central role of decision makers Youth alienation from the community Forces of globalisation: Dams, Mines, Forestry programs, Corporate agriculture, GMOs, micro-credit finance, objectification of traditional knowledge. National Climate Change adaptation plans (plantations, biofuels, CDM projects Global Markets (grow chicken feed maize/ soya not 7 food)

Chait Dhuradi Bhave


Bud Bhave











J aragapoe

Not allowing us to practice our lives and livelihood; They take our land, forests, and water; our lands are encroached by other castes, religious forces. No freedom to go hunting, which is key to our survival.

In one Cave there used to be 200 honey combs of the peddapera honey bee). Now in Puba Karti there is less rain, flowering of the important trees is less, the honey bees, are less, and we see this because the number of combs which are built have reduced to 50; the honey is not sufficient. Now the comb has more wax, and less honey. Other honey bee (18 types) there Chenchu leader, Apppapur


Already the real time learning of the seasonal livelihood calendar is revealing the changes, and different adaptation/mitigation responses of the community

Adaptation/ Mitigation

Deepening the existing governance scope of the systems of self-rule (celebrate the festival but no longer collective decision on seeds to be planted)
Using the national laws (PESA, FRA-) to ensure that our adaptation strategies are supported- and resisting the top dow programs e.g REDD+, biofuels Youth being key indigenous education, learning from the the elders, (language ,practice, stories, art, dance, proverbs) Using the existing indigenous networks/ kinships, spaces of celebration to exchange, and