Anda di halaman 1dari 15

Understanding Instrument and Instrumentation

State Level workshop on Repair and Maintenance of Laboratory Instruments 18, 19 December 2007.

Jayant Kirpekar, (Electronics Engineer) Department of Instrumentation Science, University of Pune, Pune 411 007. email jbk@usic.unipune.ernet.in

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

What is an Instrument?
Tool like a screw driver, Gadget like a remote control for a TV set, Device like a power supply, Apparatus like a distillation plant, Machine like a centrifuge, Mechanism like a rock and pinion type gear Equipment washing machine, OR anything else Then what is laboratory instrument?
Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007 2

A Laboratory Instrument may have Some thing as an input Input Signal from user
Voltage / Current, Speed, Colour, Light pH / Conductivity . . . . .

Some thing to work with this input Processing


Amplify, Filter, Convert to other form . . . . . . .

Some output End product back to user


Display end result, Control some device, Make it available for other instrument . . . . . . .
Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007 3

Laboratory Instrument overview


Mechanical Electrical Optical
Single Pan Balance, Optical Bench Oven, Furnace, Water bath Magnetic Stirrer, Centrifuges, Shakers

Electromechanical

Microscopes, Spectrometer

Electronic Signal generator, Multimeter, CRO, Power supplies,


Frequency Counters, Stabilizers, UPS

Opto-Electronic Chemical Analytical Other

Lux(Light) meter, Colorimeter

pH meter, Conductivity meter, Water quality Analyser Spectrophotometer, Flame photometer

OHP, X-Y Recorders, Experimental Gadgets,


4

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

Instrument a general block diagram


Power Supply

Input Stage

Processing Signal

Output Display

Information ?

Control Settings
5

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

Basic Instrument Power supply Rectifier and Filter

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

Basic Instrument Power supply Regulator

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

Basic Instrument CV / CC Power supply

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

Basic Instrument Analog Multimeter Voltage Measurement

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

Basic Instrument Analog Multimeter Current Measurement

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

10

Basic Instrument Analog Multimeter Resistance Measurement 1

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

11

Basic Instrument Analog Multimeter Resistance Measurement 2

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

12

Basic Instrument Analog Multimeter Simpson 260M

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

13

Basic Instrument Digital Multimeter Block Schematic

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

14

Basic Instrument DMM Voltage Measurement

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

15

Basic Instrument DMM Current Measurement

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

16

Basic Instrument DMM Resistance Measurement

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

17

Basic Instrument Signal Generator (Transistorized)

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

18

Basic Instrument Signal Generator (IC based)

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

19

Advanced Instrument Oscilloscope (General Purpose)

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

20

10

Advanced Instrument Oscilloscope (Duel trace)

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

21

Analytical Instrument pH meter


GAIN High impedance Amplifier Level Shifter Amplifier

TEMPERATURE ZERO

14.00

Analog to Digital Converter


22

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

11

Analytical Instrument Water Quality Analyser

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

23

Analytical Instrument Photoelectric Colorimeter

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

24

12

Advanced Analytical Instrument Spectrophotometer

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

25

Advanced Analytical Instrument Flame photometer 1

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

26

13

Advanced Analytical Instrument Flame photometer 2

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

27

Other Instrument Uninterrupted Power Supply


LINE FILTER

BATTERY CHARGER AC AC = DC = DC SWITCH

INVERTER

Normal operation Backup operation

BATTERY
Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007 28

14

For effective use and repair/maintenance of an instrument, we mustKnow the instrument. Try to understand the purpose of the instrument. Find out basic blocks of the instrument. What is the relationship of each block with the other? Understand how it is to be operated? Dos and Don'ts with the instrument. Limitations of the instrument. Cost of the instrument? Who may help for the instrument.

How? Through Service Manual of the Instrument.


Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007 29

Laboratory Instruments Repair and Maintenance 18, 19 December 2007

30

15