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INTELLIGENT

OPTIMIZATION

[CHR:
QUICKREFERENCEGUIDEFOR
XEUSPRO]
Thisguideisaimedatfirsttimeusersorexperiencedusersrequiringaquickreferenceonhowtosetup
anduseCHRforXeusPro.

Contents
INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................................................................3
SUPPORTEDFORMATANDLOGFILEDATA..................................................................................................3
GEOANALYSISOVERVIEW.............................................................................................................................5
IMPORTCHRLOGFILES.................................................................................................................................5
STARTCHRANALYSIS....................................................................................................................................9
IssueAnalysis............................................................................................................................................9
GeoAnalysis.............................................................................................................................................13
CHRPlotting........................................................................................................................................13
PlottingCellCoverage.........................................................................................................................14
ViewingCHREstimatedCallLocation.................................................................................................15
NeighborAnalysis...................................................................................................................................16
NeighborOptimization........................................................................................................................16
PilotPollutionAnalysis........................................................................................................................18
CHRSearch..............................................................................................................................................19
SearchbyCall......................................................................................................................................19
SearchbyEvent...................................................................................................................................20
CHRViews...............................................................................................................................................20
MessagesView....................................................................................................................................20
MeasurementView.............................................................................................................................21
CellUtilizationView............................................................................................................................21

INTRODUCTION
CallHistoryRecording(CHR)isaPerformanceRecordingfunctionwhichconsistsofcallhistoryrecording
thatissupportedinHuaweinetwork.HuaweiCallHistoryRecording(CHR)isatraceloggingfeaturethat
isavailablebothinRNCandNodeBnetwork.ThisfeatureenablesyoutoutilizethecollectedCHRdata
such as cell information, radio measurements and call messages to perform further analysis on calls,
events, cells or phone models. Xeus utilizes the Performance Call History Recording (PCHR) data from
thecallhistoryrecordingtohelpuserstoperformfurtheranalysis.

SUPPORTEDFORMATANDLOGFILEDATA
XeussupportsHuaweiRNCnetworkofCHRlogfileformatssuchas.logor.zip.
TheCallHistoryRecording(CHR)logfileisautomaticallycollectedintheRNCnetwork.Thisfileislocated
at RNC BAM folder /bam/common/fam/famlogfmt. Xeus can only parse the log file that contains
Performance Call History Recording (PCHR). If the parsing does not contain the PCHR data, an error
messagewillappeartonotifytheuseroftheparsingerror.ForHuaweiBSC6900version,therearefew
typesoflogfilesavailableforCHRsuchasDEBUG,UCHR,"PCHR",etc.ThelogfilesavailableforCHR
areDEBUG,PARCandUCHR.Onlythe"UCHR"logfilecontainsthetracedataforthecalls.Belowis
theexampleofthehowtheCHRfilenamewouldlooklike:
ForHuaweiversionBSC6900:BSC0123_[UCHR]00Log20110626170002_20110626170026.log.zip
ForHuaweiversionbelowBSC6900:"RNC0123_03Log20110404070715_20110404080714.log.zip"
TheRNCCHRfilecontainsfollowinginformation:

Usercalllogistheinformationaboutthecallmessagessuchascallsetup,RABsetup,
HandoverandCallRelease.

Faultlogisthemessagesdisplayingthefaultthatoccurredduringaphonecallsuchas
DropCallFault,SoftHandoverFault,RRCConnectionReqFault,etc.

CellLogdisplaystheUserLoadandPowerMeasurementofthecellovertimewhich
includesthenumberofequivalentusers,TCPandRTWP.

InternalRNClogistheinternalsignalinginformationwhichisusuallylessinterestingfor
RFengineer.

Note:ForV900R012C01SPC500andabove,thePCHRRecodingmechanismisoptimizedto
ensurethattheunnecessaryinformationisnotrecoded.

ThefollowinginformationisnolongerrecordedtothePCHRlogfornormalcalls:

RFinformation,resourceinformation,linksynchronizationinformation,andabnormal
informationintheSHOinformationblock,Interfrequencyneighboringcellinformationand
interRATneighboringcellinformationinthenetworkoptimizationinformationblock,
standardinterfacemessages,andabnormalinformationintheRRCreleaseinformationblock.

AbnormalcallsarerecordedtothePCHRlogasusual.

Asaresult,therewouldbelessmessagesandmeasurementsfornormalcallinXeus.

GEOANALYSISOVERVIEW
GeoAnalysis is a new feature on Xeus which enables you to estimate a location using nonGPS based
NetworkMeasurementRecordings.XeususesGeoAnalysistoperformGeolocateusingarelativesignal
strength.AnalysisonGeoAnalysisisdonethroughplotsandreporting.GeoAnalysisinCHRisautomated
andislimitedtocallsetupposition.UsingGeoAnalysis,geolocatedeventsandmeasurementscan be
plottedandareaswheresignificantpilotoverlapsidentified.

IMPORTCHRLOGFILES
YouneedtoensurethefollowingbeforeyouimportCHRdata:
1. HuaweiNetworkData
2. Correctlogfileformat

CHR data is best analyzed when you have a complete set of network data. It will provide complete
analysis for neighbor optimization. You can refer to Aexio Xeus Pro 2012 Quick Guide for further
informationonimportingnetworkdata.
Now,followthesestepstostartimportingHuaweiRNCCHRlogs:
1. GotoFile>ImportandExport>ImportHuaweiRNCPCHRlogs.


2. ClickonAddFilesbuttonandselecttheCHRlogfile.SelectAddFolder,ifyouhaveplacedthe
logfilesinafolder.

3. ClickonBrowsebuttonandselectfiles.

4. ClickNextbuttontocontinue.

5. SelecttheFilteroptionbytickingontherequiredcheckbox.
6. ClickonSettingstab,ifyouwishtomanuallydefinethevalueforMissingNeighborHysterisis
(dB).
7. ClickonFinishbuttontocompletetheparsingprocess.

Oncetheprogressbarcompletes,therewillbeanotificationwhichsays'Parsingcompletedsuccessfully'
and it will display the parsing duration for CHR file. If the parsing exits 1 hour, it will automatically
prompt an error message. Xeus can only parse the log file that contains Performance Call History
Recording(PCHR).IftheparsingdoesnotcontainthePCHRdata,anerrormessagewillappeartonotify
theuseroftheparsingerror.

Thefigurebelowshowstheparsingerror.

STARTCHRANALYSIS
CHRdatabaseloadsautomaticallytogetherwithitssummaryattheProjectExplorerafterparsing.
LoadingthedatabasewillalsoautomaticallyloadtheStartPage.
StartPage

CHRDatabase

CHRdatabasesummary

StartpagecontainssummaryofCallTypeandCallEndTypeinpercentage,issuesfoundandsuggested
actionsforyourissues.

IssueAnalysis
XeusallowsyoutoanalyzeissuesfromStartPage.Toanalyze:
1. SelectCellswithmorethan3%droppedcallsattheIssuessection.
2. Viewtheaffectedcell(s)atthegraphonyourright.Mouseoveronthegraphtoviewthetotal
droppedcallsandpercentageforeachcell.

3. ClickonAnalyzefurtherwithDroppedCallAnalysislinkattheSuggestedActionsarea.Youwill
bedirectedtoDroppedCallAnalysispage.

4. AttheDroppedCallAnalysispage,rightclickonasliceatthechartandclickonListAllDropped
Callsatthecontextmenu.
5. Youcanviewalldroppedcallsattheworkbench.Refertotheimagebelow.

CHRViews
Rightclickontheslicetoview
thelistofDroppedcallsatthe
workbench.

LoadViews.

SelectthischeckboxandclickonDisplay
routeonMapandGEattheActions
button.

CallsLoadedat
theWorkbench

6. ClickontheLoadCHRViewsatyourworkbench.Youcanviewevents&messagesand
measurementsforeachdropcallhere.
7. ClickontheLogstabtoviewthedetailedCHRlogmessagesasshownintheimagebelow.

8. Locatethisdropcalleventonthemapbyselectingthedropcallandcheckingatthecheckbox
onyourworkbench.
9. ClickontheActionsbuttononyourworkbenchandselectDisplayrouteonMap.

10. UseyourmapandGoogleEarthtovieweventandroute.

GeoAnalysis
GeoAnalysisisanestimationofthecallsoreventsbasedonageographicallocation.Thisfeatureenables
userstogeneratevariousplottingscenariosbasedontheestimatedgeographicallocationfortheCHR
calls. Users can also analyze CHR abnormal event with the dimension of the estimated location. Xeus
usesseveralpropagationdelayandmobiletriangularcalculationtoperformlocationestimation.
CHRPlotting

EnsurethatthePlottabisselected.

Tocreateplots,firstselectthetypeofplottodisplay.ClickontheLoadPlotbutton

toload

orselectanother
theplot.Toremoveaplot,clickontheRemovePlotfromMapbutton
plottypeandloadthenewplot.Fordetailsontheothertoolsinthetoolbar,pleaserefertothe
XeusHelpfile.


Note:YoucanalsousetheClearShowLayersbutton
plotsonthemap.

ontheNetworktoolbartoclearall

PlottingCellCoverage

EnsurethattheCellCov.tabisselected.

ToplotindividualcellcoveragethecellfromtheSelectCellIddropdownboxandtheCoverage
typetoview.ClickontheLoadbuttontoloadtheindividualcellplot.

ViewingCHREstimatedCallLocation

SelectActions>DisplaysUEPositiononMaptoviewtheconnectionlinebetweentheservingcellson
themap.

YouwillbeabletoviewtheestimatedUEPositionofthecallonthemap.TheStartDistanceofthecall
willbedisplayedinWorkbench.

NeighborAnalysis
YoucanalsoconductNeighborAnalysisusingCHRdata.TypesofNeighborAnalysiswhichcouldbedone
are:

NeighborOptimization
PilotPollution.

NeighborOptimization

NeighborOptimizationranksthetopneighborsforthecellandalsosuggestsactiontobedonetothe
neighbor.TherankingmethodisbasedontheEc/No.Tooptimizetheneighborforacell:
1. GotoNeighborOptimizationpagefromStartPageattheCHRaddressbar.Refertothepicture
below:

2. Atthispage,selecttheRankingmethod:MeritPointandsetthemultipliertodecidethe
ranking.
SeetheformulabelowonhowtheMeritPointiscalculated:

MeritPoint(MP)=[(AttemptforPosition1)*P1+(AttemptforPosition2)*P2+(Attemptfor

Position3)*P3+(AttemptforPosition4)*P4]x[(MissingNeighAbove

HysteresisMultiplier(M1))*M1+(MissingNeighBelowHysteresis
Multiplier)*M2]/(TotalAttempt)

3. EnterMinimumEventCount,MaximumnumberofNeighborsandMinimumNeighborEc/No.

4. TickExcludeMissingNeighBelowHysteresiseventsifyoudonotwishtoincludetheMissing
NeighBelowHysteresisMultipliercalculationintothemissingneighborsanalysisformula.
5. ClickontheAnalyzebutton
6. Listofcellsandneighborsrankedaccordingtopriority,basedonmeritpointsandcategorywill
bedisplayedattheworkbench

7. RightclickontheworkbenchtoexporttheresultstoExcelsheet
8. StepthroughtheneighborstoviewcelllocationatthemaporGoogleEarth.
9. Tofollowproposedaction,selecttheneighbor(s),clickontheApplybuttonattheworkbench
menu.
10. YouwillseetheactiongetsrecordedinActionHistorylocatedatNetworkViews.


Toviewtheupdatedrelationforthecell,clickontheAnalyzebuttonattheNeighborOptimizationpage
again.
PilotPollutionAnalysis

PilotPollutionAnalysisenablesyoutofindpollutercellssothatyoucanremovethemtooptimize
network.Tofindpollutercellsforeachcell:
1. GotoCHRStartPage>PilotPollutionAnalysisattheaddressbar.

2. Pilotpollutionanalysiswillbedisplayedinchart
3. ClickLoadDetailstoviewlistofpollutedcells.Clickonthe+toexpandandviewthepolluter
cellsforeachpollutedcell.Thescreenbelowshowspollutedcellhasbeenexpanded

4. StepthroughthepollutionlisttoviewcelllocationatthemaporGoogleEarth.

CHRSearch
Thistoolhelpsyoutosearchcallsorevents.ItislocatedattheToolbox.

Note:Ifthesearchresultexceedsthelimit(50,000),Xeuswilldisplaysthefirst50,000
recordsattheWorkbench.Youcanviewthecompletesearchresultsbyexportingitin
textfile(.txt)format.

SearchbyCall

Youcansearchbycallusingthestepsbelow:
1. SelectToolboxtabonyourleftpanel.
2. SelectCHRSearchmenuandclickonSearchByCall.

3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

SelectCallStartCell.
ClickonClearbuttonasALLisselectedasdefault.
SelectacellfromtheCallStartCellandhittheSearchbutton.
YourresultwilldisplayontheworkbenchattheCallSummarytab.
Stepthroughtheworkbenchtolocatethecall.Ifthereisnopositioninfofortheselectedcall,an
alertwillappearattheworkbench.

Alertwhennopositionforselectedcalls

SearchbyEvent

Youcanalsosearchbyevent.
Tosearchbyevent:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

SelectToolboxtabonyourleftpanel
SelectCHRSearchmenuandclickonSearchByEvent
ClickonClearbuttonasALLisselectedasdefault
SelectaneventfromtheEventTypeandhittheSearchbutton
YourresultwilldisplayontheworkbenchattheEventSummarytab
Stepthroughtheworkbenchtolocatetheevent.
TheeventwillbeautomaticallydisplayedatthemaporGEwhenyoustepthrough
Toviewtheroute,clickonthecheckboxbesidetheeventattheworkbench.Then,clickthe
Actionsbuttonandclicktodisplayrouteonmap.

CHRViews
CHRViewsareusedwhenanalyzingCHRdata.YoucanaccessCHRviewsbyselectingView>CHRViews
fromthemenubarorselectLoadCHRViewsfromtheWorkbench.
ThethreetypesofdifferentviewsavailableinCHRare:

CHRMessagesView

CHRMeasurementView

CHRCellUtilizationView

MessagesView

MessagesViewdisplaysEventsandMessagesfortheCallsselectedattheworkbench.
ToviewtheEvents&MessagesfortheCall:
1. RightclickonthechartsatStartPagetolistdownthecallsattheworkbench.(Youcouldalsouse
thisviewwhenyouusetheSearchToolattheToolbox)
2. Selectthe'LoadCHRViews'buttonattheworkbench.YoucouldalsogotoView>CHRViews.
3. StepthroughontheworkbenchtoviewEvent&Messagesfordifferentcalls
4. YoucanalsoseethepositionoftheEventattheMapandGEwhenyoustepthroughatthe
workbench
5. Atthisview,clickonaneventtodisplaythecorrespondingmessage.
6. Doubleclickorrightclicktoviewdetailsoftheeventormessage.RightclicktocopytheCHR
messagestotheclipboardorexporttheseCHRmessages
7. HighlighttoselectalldetailsattheMessageDetailsusingshortcutorcontextmenutocopythe
details.

8. ClickonLogstab,toviewtheloginformation.Youcancopythelogcontentbyrightclickingon
theclipboardandselecteither"CopyAlltheNodestotheClipboard"or"CopySelectedNodeto
Clipboard".
MeasurementView

MeasurementViewdisplaysActiveSet/Neighborsinformation.YoucananalyzeEcNoandRSCPagainst
timeusingtheMeasurementChartandData.RefertotheHelpfileformoreinformationonthe
MeasurementChart.
ToviewMeasurementsfortheCall:
1. RightclickonthechartsatStartPagetolistdownthecallsattheCall/EventSummaryatthe
workbench.(YoucouldalsousethisviewwhenyouusetheSearchToolattheToolbox)
2. SelecttheLoadCHRViewsbuttonattheworkbench.YoucouldalsogotoView>CHRViews.
3. Stepthroughattheworkbenchtoviewlocationfordifferentcalls.
4. Attheview,seethecorrespondingmeasurementsofEcNoandRSCPatthechart.(Click&Drag
tozoominthechart)
5. YoucouldalsoseetheUARFCNDI,SC,EcNoandRSCPvaluesforthecallbelowthechart.
CellUtilizationView

CellUtilizationViewdisplaysthecellutilizationforaspecificcellbasedontheselectedtime.
Toviewcellutilizationforthecall:
1.
2.
3.
4.

SelectViews>CHRViews>CHRCellUtilizationtoaccessCHRCellUtilizationpage.
SelecttherequiredCell.
Tickonthecheckboxofrequiredcellutilizationelement.
Clickontherequiredtimeonthegraphtoviewthecellutilizationvalueforthatselectedtime.
(Click&Dragtozoominthechart)