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# b.

Thermal analysis
Problem 1: (1D conduction): For the composite wall idealized by the 1-D model shown in below, determine the interface temperatures. For element 1, let K1= 5W/moC. For element 2, K2=10 W/moC and for element 3, K3= 15 W/moC. The left end has a constant temperature of 200oC and the right end has a constant temperature of 600oC T=200 oC T=600 oC A=.01m2

1
0.1m Solution: given: T1 = 200 oC K1= 5W/moC

2
0.1m

3
0.1m

## Finite Element Model T1 0.1m T2 0.1m T3 0.1m T4

I.

PRE-PROCESSING STAGE

Step 1: Setting the Preferences for GUI filtering Ansys main Menu Preferences. Select thermal-OK Step2 Defining Element Type Ansys main Menu Pre processor

Step3: Defining Real Constants Ansys Main Menu Pre processor. Real constants- Add- OK-Real constant Set No:1 Cross sectional area 0.1- OK close

## Step 4: Define material properties Ansys Main Menu Pre processor

Material Properties -Material Models - Material Model - Material Model no:1- Thermal Conductivity Isotropic- Conductivity For Material Number 1- Kxx-5- OK Material- New Model-Define Material ID -2 OK Thermal-Conductivity Isotropic- Conductivity For Material No:2 Kxx- 10-OK Material- New Model-Define material ID -3- OK thermal-conductivity Isotropic- Conductivity For Material No:3- Kxx- 15-OK- Close

Step 5: Create the Geometry of the Model Ansys Main Menu-Preprocessor Modeling-Create-Nodes-In Active CS-X,Y,Z location is CS 0,0,0 Apply(First Node is created) 0.1,0,0 Apply (Second Node is Created) 0.2,0,0 Apply (Third Node is created) 0.3,0,0 Apply (Fourth Node is created)-OK Create-Elements-Element Attributes-Select Material Number-1-Real Auto Numbered-Thru NodesPick 1,2 Apply (Element 1 is created).

Element Attributes-Select Material Number -2-Real Constant Set Number-1-Real constant-Auto numbered- Thru Nodes-Pick 2,3 Apply (Element 2 is created). Element Attributes-Select Material Number-3-ReaI Constant Set Number1-auto numbered Thru Nodes-Pick 3,4 (Element 3 is created)- OK Step 6: Apply load conditions Ansys Main Menu-Preprocessor-Loads-Define Loads-Apply-Thermal-Select Temperature- On Nodes- Pick Node-1-Apply-select-TEMP- value 200-Apply Pick Node -4-Apply-Select- TEMP-Value-600-OK

II.

PROCESSING STAGE

Step-7 Processing Stage or solution Stage Ansys Main Menu Solution - Solve Current LS-OK

III.

## POST- PROCESSING STAGE

Step 8: Plotting Animating and listing results Ansys Main Menu- General Post Processor Plot Results-Contour Plots-Nodal Solution DOF Solution temp OK (Temp distribution plot) Plotctrls-Animate-Deformed Results-DOF Solution-Temperature-OK (for animation) List Results-Nodal Solution-DOF Solution-Temp-OK(Temp All Nodes displayed)

RESULTS

NODE NO:

TEMP

Problem 2: (2D Conduction and Convection): Determine temperature distribution through the wall thickness of a tall chimney whose cross section is shown below. Assume that the inside gas temperature is Tg =31 1 K. The inside convection coefficient is hi. The surrounding temperature is Ta= 255 K and the outside coefficient is ho.

Select Element Type-Thermal Solid Element-PLANE 55 Given: K = 1.7307 W/mK, hi = 68.14 W/m2K and ho = 17.04 W/m2K. Note: Geometric Properties-For Solving the problem only 1/8th of the model is considered. (See 3D View) a = 4m and b = lm

Y h0 Ta

a hi Tg X

10 6 7 5 8

11

a/2

a a/2 (a/2)-b 4

3 5 1 1 2

4 6 2 3

## Tall Chimney FEM Model

I.

PRE-PROCESSING STAGE

Step I: Setting the Preferences for GUI filtering Ansys Main Menu -Preferences. Select - Thermal OK

Step 2 : Defining Element Type Ansys Main Menu Pre processor Element Type - Add /Edit /Delete - Add solid Quad 4node 55-OK-close

## Step 3 : Defining Real Constants No Real Constants

Step4 : Define Material Properties Ansys Main Menu Preprocessor Material Properties - Material Models - Material Number 1- Thermal Conductivity Isotropic-Conductivity For Material Number 1- Kxx 1.7307-OK close

Step 5: Create the Geometry of the Model Ansys Main Menu - Preprocessor Modeling-create-nodes-in active CS-X,Y,Z, location is CS

Node no: 1 2 3 4 5 6

x 1 1.5 2 1 1.5 2

y 0 0 0 .5 .5 .5

Node no: 7 8 9 10 11 12

x 1 1.5 2 1.5 2 2

y 1 1 1 1.5 1 .5 2

## Create-Elements-Auto Numbered-Thru Nodes-1, 2, 5 & 4 (Element 1 is created) - Apply

Pick 2,3,6 & 5 (Element 2 is created)- Apply Pick 4, 5, 8 & 7 (Element 3 is created)- Apply Pick 5, 6, 9 & 8 (Element 4 is created)- Apply Pick 7, 8, 10 & 10 (Element 5 is created)- Apply Pick 8, 9, 11 & 10 (Element 6 is created)- Apply Pick 10, 11, 12 & 12 (Element 7 is Created)-0K

Step 6: Apply Load Conditions Ansys Main Menu-Preprocessor - Loads- Define Loads-Apply-Thermal- Convection On Nodes Pick Inner Surface by Box option Apply Film Coefficient (Inner) - 68.14-Bulk Temperature (At Inner surface)311-OK Convection On Nodes Pick Outer Surface by Box option Apply Film Coefficient (Outer) 17.04 - Bulk Temperature (At outer surface)-255-OK II. PROCESSING STAGE

Step-7: Processing Stage or Solution Stage Ansys Main Menu - Solution - Solve Current LS-OK

III.

POST-PROCESSING STAGE

Step 8: Plotting Animating and Listing Results Ansys Main Menu- General Post Processor Plot Results-Contour Plots-Nodal Solution-DOF solution-Temp OK (Temp distribution plot)

Pltctrls-animate - Deformed results- DOF Solution-Temperature-OK (For Animation) List results- Nodal Solution-DOF Solution-Temp-OK (Temp All Nodes displayed)

RESULTS

NODE NO:

TEMP

Problem 3: For the body shown in the figure, determine temperature distribution. The body is insulated along the top and bottom edges. Kxx = Kyy =1.7307 W/mC No internal heat generation is present.

11

12

13

14

15

## 2.5 400 C 6 7 8 9 10 - 20C 1 2 3 4 5 2.5

2m

2m

2m

2m

I.

PRE-PROCESSING STAGE

Step 1: Setting the Preferences for GUI filtering Ansys Main Menu Preferences,

Select - Thermal - OK Step 2 : Defining Element Type Ansys Main Menu Pre processor Element Type - Add /Edit /Delete - Add Solid Quad-4node55-OK-Close

## Step 3 ; Defining Real Constants No Real Constants

Step 4:Define Material Properties Ansys Main Menu - Preprocessor Material Properties - Material Models - Material Model Number1-Thermal Conductivity-IsotropicConductivity For Material No:1-Kxx 1.7307-OK-Close

Step 5: Create the Geometry of the Model Ansys Main Menu-Preprocessor Modeling-Create-Nodes-In Active CS -X,Y,Z location is CS

No 1 2 3 4 5

X 0 2 4 6 8

Y 0 0 0 0 0

No 6 7 8 9 10

X 0 2 4 6 8

## Y 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5

No 11 12 13 14 15

X 0 2 4 6 8

Y 5 5 5 5 5

Create-Elements-Auto Numbered Thru Nodes - Pick 1, 2, 7 & 6 (Element 1 is created ) - Apply Pick 2,3,8 & 7 (Element 2 is Created)- Apply Pick 3,4,9 & 8 (Element 3 is Created)- Apply Pick 4,5,10 & 9 (Element 4 is Created)- Apply

Pick 6 7, 12 & 11 (Element 5 is Created)- Apply Pick 7,8,13 & 12(Element 6 is Created)- Apply Pick 8,9,14 & 13 (Element 7 is Created)- Apply Pick 9,10,15 & 14 (Element 8 is Created)- Apply

Step 6: Apply Load Conditions Ansys Main Menu-Preprocessor - Loads- Define Loads-Apply-Thermal- Select Temperature On Nodes-Pick inner surface by box option Apply-Select-TEMP-Value-40-Apply Pick outer surface by box option -Apply-Select- TEMP -Value-(-200c)-OK II. PROCESSING STAGE

Step-7: Processing Stage or Solution Stage Ansys Main Menu - Solution Solve Current LS-OK

III.

POST-PROCESSING STAGE

Step 8: Plotting Animating and Listing Results Ansys Main Menu- General Post Processor Plot Results-Contour Plots-Nodal Solution-DOFsolutionTemp -OK(TempdistributionPlot) PIotctrls-Animate-Deformed results-DOF solution Temperature OK ( For Animation) List Results-Nodal Solution-DOF Solution-temp- OK(temp at All Nodes displayed)

RESULTS

Node No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Temperature