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# Matematik Tambahan SPM

## Rumus-rumus berikut boleh membantu anda menjawab soalan. Simbol-simbol yang

ALGEBRA

− b ± b 2 − 4ac log c b
1 x= 8 log a b =
2a log c a
2 am × an = am+n 9 Tn = a + (n − 1)d
3 am ÷ an = am−n n
10 Sn = [ 2a + (n − 1)d ]
4 m n
(a ) = a mn 2

## 5 log a mn = log a m + log a n 11 Tn = ar n −1

m 12 Sn =
( =
) (
a r n −1 a 1− r n
, (r ≠ 1)
)
6 log a = log a m − log a n r −1 1− r
n
a
7 log a m n = n log a m 13 S∞ = , r <1
1− r

KALKULUS
dy dv du b
1 y = uv,
dx
=u +v
dx dx
4 Luas di bawah lengkung = ∫ a
y dx or
b

v
du
−u
dv = ∫ a
x dy
u dy
2 y= , = dx 2 dx b
v dx v 5 Isipadu janaan = ∫ π y 2 dx or
a

dy dy du b
= ∫ π x 2 dy
3 = × a
dx du dx

## Learning To Score 2005 Halaman 1

Unit Kurikulum
Jabatan Pelajaran Perak
Matematik Tambahan SPM

STATISTIK

1 x=
∑x 7 I=
∑W I i i

N ∑W i

2 x=
∑ fx 8 n
Pr =
n!
∑f (n − r )!
n!
∑ (x − x ) Cr =
n
9
∑x
2 2

3 σ= = −x
2
(n − r )! r !
N N
10 P(A∪B) = P(A) + P(B) − P(A∩B)
∑ ( ) ∑
2 2
f x−x fx
4 P (X = r) = nCr p r q n − r, p + q =1
2
σ= = −x 11
∑ f ∑f
12 Min = np
 N−F
1
5 m = L +  C
2
13 σ = npq
 fm 
Q1 x−µ
6 I= × 100 14 Z=
Q0 σ

GEOMETRI

## 1 Jarak = (x1 − x 2 )2 + ( y1 − y 2 )2 4 Luas segitiga =

1
2 Titik tengah (x1 y 2 + x2 y3 + x3 y1 ) − (x2 y1 + x3 y 2 + x1 y3 )
2
(x, y ) =  x1 + x 2 , y1 + y 2 
 5 r = x2 + y2
 2 2 
3 Titik yang membahagi suatu
^ xi + yj
6 r=
tembereng garis x2 + y2

 m+n m+n 

## Learning To Score 2005 Halaman 2

Unit Kurikulum
Jabatan Pelajaran Perak
Matematik Tambahan SPM

TRIGONOMETRI
1 Panjang lengkok, s = jθ 8 sin (A ± B) = sin A kos B ± kos A sin B
1 2 9 kos (A ± B) = kos A kos B m sin A sin B
2 Luas sektor, A = jθ
2 tan A ± tan B
10 tan (A ± B) =
2 2
3 sin A + kos A = 1 1 m tan A tan B
4 sek2 A = 1 + tan2 A 2 tan A
11 tan 2A =
5 kosek2 A = 1 + kot2 A 1 − tan 2 A
a b c
6 sin 2A = 2 sin A kos A 12 = =
sin A sin B sin C
7 kos 2A = kos2 A − sin2 A
13 a2 = b2 + c2 − 2bc kos A
= 2 kos2 A − 1
1
= 1 − 2 sin2 A 14 Luas segitiga = ab sin C
2

## Learning To Score 2005 Halaman 3

Unit Kurikulum
Jabatan Pelajaran Perak