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Adding Second IDE Hard Drive into a Blade 100/150

by Jeff Hunter, Sr. Database Administrator

There are seven steps, all relatively easy.

1. Install the physical hard drive. Basic instructions are in the Sun Blade 100/150
Service Manual, available from the Sun website:
o Sun Blade 100 Service Manual - (Section 7.3.3, page 7-7)
o Sun Blade 150 Service Manual - (Section 7.3.3, page 7-8)
2. Reboot the machine and get to the ok prompt. In most cases, you can just init 0.
(Ignore error messages about a bad label on the disk, if any)
3. At the ok prompt, probe the new IDE device using probe-ide then reboot the
system using the rescan option "-r" as show in the following example:
4. ok probe-ide
5. This command may hang the system if a Stop-A or halt command
6. has been executed. Please type reset-all to reset the system
7. before executing this command.
8. Do you wish to continue? (y/n) y
9. Device 0 ( Primary Master )
10. ATA Model: WDC WD400BB-22DEA0
11.
12. Device 1 ( Primary Slave )
13. Removable ATAPI Model: LTN486S
14.
15. Device 2 ( Secondary Master )
16. ATA Model: WDC WD400BB-22DEA0
17.
18. Device 3 ( Secondary Slave )
19. Not Present
20.
ok boot -r

21. Next is to partition the disk. Under Solaris, the command to partition disks is:
format. This is an interactive tool similar to FDISK under MS-DOS. In most
cases, you will be allocating all available space to one partition. If this is the case,
simply allocate all cylinders to a partition on slice 7 of the disk. You will also see
that slice 2 is already labeled "backup". You can just leave this as is. When the
partition table is ready, then write the table to disk and label the disk. Labeling the
disk can also be done within the interactive format session.
22. Put a UFS filesystem on the disk using the newfs command. The device name
should be /dev/rdsk/c0t2d0s7 if you partitioned as above.

# newfs /dev/rdsk/c0t2d0s7

23. Create a mount point that will be used to mount the new disk somewhere in you
current filesystem. For example, if you wanted to mount the new disk on /db2:

# mkdir /db2
24. Edit /etc/vfstab and add a line for the new filesystem. It should look like this
(all one line with tabs separating the fields):
25.#device device mount FS fsck
mount mount
26.#to mount to fsck point type pass
at boot options
27.#
28.#/dev/dsk/c1d0s2 /dev/rdsk/c1d0s2 /usr ufs 1
yes -
29.fd - /dev/fd fd - no -
30./proc - /proc proc - no -
31./dev/dsk/c0t0d0s3 - - swap - no -
32./dev/dsk/c0t0d0s0 /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0s0 / ufs 1
no -
33./dev/md/dsk/d0 /dev/md/rdsk/d0 /db0 ufs 2 yes -
34./dev/md/dsk/d1 /dev/md/rdsk/d1 /db1 ufs 2 yes -
35./dev/dsk/c0t2d0s7 /dev/rdsk/c0t2d0s7 /db2 ufs 2
yes -
swap - /tmp tmpfs - yes -

This will mount the filesystem to /db2 at boot time.

That's it! It doesn't take long. The hardest part is getting the drive installed into the
chassis without damaging all the various cables.

To check your disk configuration use the format command. In the example below, I
include settings on a Sun Blade 150 configured with two 40GB IDE disks. First login as
the root userid and perform the following. Notice that by convention, slice 2 is always
used as a backup partition and is always the size of the entire disk.

# format
Searching for disks...done

AVAILABLE DISK SELECTIONS:


0. c0t0d0 <WDC WD400BB-22DEA0 cyl 19156 alt 2 hd 16 sec 255>
/pci@1f,0/ide@d/dad@0,0
1. c0t2d0 <WDC WD400BB-22DEA0 cyl 19156 alt 2 hd 16 sec 255>
/pci@1f,0/ide@d/dad@2,0
Specify disk (enter its number): 0

selecting c0t0d0
[disk formatted, no defect list found]
Warning: Current Disk has mounted partitions.

format> verify

Primary label contents:

Volume name = < >


ascii name = <WDC WD400BB-22DEA0 cyl 19156 alt 2 hd 16 sec 255>
pcyl = 19158
ncyl = 19156
acyl = 2
nhead = 16
nsect = 255
Part Tag Flag Cylinders Size Blocks
0 root wm 0 - 18640 36.27GB (18641/0/0) 76055280
1 swap wu 18641 - 19155 1.00GB (515/0/0) 2101200
2 backup wm 0 - 19155 37.27GB (19156/0/0) 78156480
3 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
4 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
5 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
6 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
7 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0

format> disk

AVAILABLE DISK SELECTIONS:


0. c0t0d0 <WDC WD400BB-22DEA0 cyl 19156 alt 2 hd 16 sec 255>
/pci@1f,0/ide@d/dad@0,0
1. c0t2d0 <WDC WD400BB-22DEA0 cyl 19156 alt 2 hd 16 sec 255>
/pci@1f,0/ide@d/dad@2,0
Specify disk (enter its number)[0]: 1
selecting c0t2d0
[disk formatted, no defect list found]
Warning: Current Disk has mounted partitions.

format> verify

Primary label contents:

Volume name = < >


ascii name = <WDC WD400BB-22DEA0 cyl 19156 alt 2 hd 16 sec 255>
pcyl = 19158
ncyl = 19156
acyl = 2
nhead = 16
nsect = 255
Part Tag Flag Cylinders Size Blocks
0 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
1 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
2 backup wm 0 - 19155 37.27GB (19156/0/0) 78156480
3 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
4 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
5 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
6 unassigned wm 0 0 (0/0/0) 0
7 unassigned wm 0 - 19155 37.27GB (19156/0/0) 78156480