Anda di halaman 1dari 5
BUM2133 ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS TUTORIAL 3: The Laplace Transform 1. Show from the definition of the

BUM2133 ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

TUTORIAL 3: The Laplace Transform

  • 1. Show from the definition of the Laplace transform that

(a)

L

e

2 t

1

s 2

(b)

L

sin

at

s a a

2

2

2.

Determine the Laplace transforms of the following functions.

(a)

5t

3

6t

(b)

(t 1)

3

(c)

2sin4t 7cos3t

(e)

(sin t cost)

2

(g)

cos8t sin8t

(i)

t

2

cost

(k)

t te e

3

t

4

t cos

t

(d)

2

cos at

(f)

3t

2

t

5

(h)

2 e

4 t

sin 4 t

(j)

(l)

3

t

e t

4

7

e

2

t

cos3

2

t e

7

t

sin5

t

  • 3. Find the Laplace transforms of the following functions.

te at (a) t 2  t  3 2 e  t sin 3 t
te
at
(a)
t
2
 t 
3
2
e
 t
sin 3
t
(c)
e
2
t
cos
3
t  t e
2
2
t
(e)
t  te  e
3
t
4
t cos
t
(g)
  • (b) e

t

sin

t

(d) e t t

2 t

3

2

sin5

t

(f)

t 5 e e

4 t

t cos

7 t
7
t
  • (h) tsin6t

  • 4. Find the Laplace transform for the following function.

(a)

L

[(

t

1)

3

(

t

1)

6]

(

H t

1)

(b)

L

(2

t

2

3

t

1)

(

H t

3)

(c)

  • L e H t

t

(

3)

(d)

Lcos(t 2)H(t 2)

  • 5. Find the inverse Laplace transform of (a)

4

s

3

(c)

3

s

2

16

(e)

3

s

2

s 2

4

(g)

5

s 3

(i)

6

(

s

1)

2

4

(k)

2

1

s

s 2

(m)

s 2

s 2 9

(b)

(d)

(f)

(h)

(j)

(l)

(n)

  • 6. Find the inverse Laplace transform of

(a)

s

2

(s 1)

4

(c)

8

s

13

s

2

4

s

5

(e)

3

(

s

6)

2

16

(g)

s

(

s

3)

2

1

(b)

(d)

(f)

(h)

 

3

s 6

 
 

s

s

2

4

 

7

s

3

s

2

9

3

2

s

8

 
 

s 1

 

(

s

3)

2

16

 

5

6 s

s

6

s 2 9

2

s

5

s

2

4

3

s

5

4

s

2

4

s

1

 

2

s

3

2

s

2

8

s

16

 

1

s s

2

4

5

 
 

s 6

 

s

2

2

s

1

 
  • 7. By using the second shift theorem, find the inverse Laplace transform of

(a)

2

s

e s

2

(c)

s se 2 4

s

(b)

4 s

e

(

s

2)

3

(d)

(

s

1

3)

e

s

2

s

2

6

s

13

  • 8. Express the following expressions as partial fractions. Hence find their inverse Laplace transforms.

 

1

  • (a) (

s s

1)

s

 
  • (c) 4)

(

2

s

1)(

2

s

3

2

s

6

  • (e) (

s

2

1) (

s

2)

s

 
  • (g) 2)(

(

s s

2

2

  • (i) 23

s

s

(

s

1)(

s

2)(

5

2

2

s

2

26

s

2)

s

3)

(b)

(d)

(f)

(h)

(k)

 

2

s

2

 

s

1

(

s

1)(

s

2

1)

5

s

3

6

s

3

3

(

s s

1)

2

 

3

 

(

s

2)(

s s

2

4

5)

 
 

8

s

10

 
 

(

s

2)

2

(

s

2

2

s

2)

 

s 1

 
 

(

s

2)(

s

2

2

s

10)

  • 9. Use the convolution theorem to determine the inverse Laplace transforms of

    • 1 (b)
      (d)
      (f)

    • (a) (

 

s s

3)

1

  • (c) 3)(

(

s

s

2)

s

  • (e) 1)(

(

s

2

s

4)

 

4

 

2

2)

 

(

s s

 

s

(s

2

a

2

)

2

2

 

s

3

(

2

s

1)

 

10. Solve the following differential equations using Laplace transforms.

y

  • (a)

y

e

t

y

(0) 0

  • (b)

2

y

(0)

y  y t

2

1

 
  • (c) y  y t

e

2

t

y

(1)

2

e

1

2

e

2

(d)

y 

y cost

(e)

y

y

t

e

2 t

y(0) 0

y

(0)

1

  • 11. Solve the following differential equations using Laplace transforms.

(a)

d

2

y

2

dy

3

y t

dx

2

 

dx

(b)

d

2

y dy

 

sin

 

2

y

dx

2

 

dx

 

d

2

y

2 t

(c)

dx

2

4

4

y e

d

2

y

t

(d)

dx

2

4

y

15

e

 

y

(0)

2,

y

(0)

1

t

y

(0)

0,

y

(0)

0

 

y

(0)

0,

y

(0)

5

y

(0)

5,

y

(0)

 

2

  • 12. Using Laplace Transform methods solve for t 0 the following simultaneous differential equations, subject to the given initial conditions. (Readers are encouraged to check their solution using an appropriate software package).

(a)

2

dx dy

2

dt

dt

9

y e

2

t

 

2

dx dy

4

4x 37y

0

 
 

dt

dt

 

subject to

x 0

dx 2

dy

and

y

1

4

at t 0

 

(b)

 

x

y

5sin

t

 

dt

dt

 

2

dx dy

3

x y e

t

dt

dt

 

subject to x

0 and

y 0at t 0

 

d

2

x

(c)

dt

2

y

2

x

d

2

y

dt

2

2

x y

subject

to

x 4 ,

y 2,

dx

0

and

dy

0

at t 0

dt

dt

(d)

5

d

2

x

12

2

d y

6

x

0

dt

2

dt

2

 

5

d

2

x

16

2

d y

6

y

0

 

dt

2

dt

2

 

subject to

x

7

, y 1,

dx

0

and

dy

0

at t 0

2

2

d x

4

2

d y

dx dy

dt

3

9

dt

(e)

dt

2

dt

2

dt dt

y x

d

2

x

2

d y

dx dy

 

2

y x

5

7

 
 

dt

2

dt

2

dt dt

 

subject to

x

dx

dt

1

and

y

dy

0

at t 0

 

dt

Answer for Question 12

 

3

3 t

1

 

12( a )

12(

b

12(

c

 

y t

8

e

8

t

e

( )

x t

1

4

e

2

t

15

4

)

 

y t

2

e

t

3

 

e

x

( )

t

 

e

2 t

5cos

)

 

y t

3cos

t

cos

e

3

t

11

4

t

e

2 t

5sin

t

t

3

 

5sin

t

3 t 3 t
3
t
3
t

t

e

12( d )

x

( )

t

3cos

t

cos

 

y t

x

( )

t

1 5 3   cos 6 t  cos 4 4 10 3 3 3
1
5
3
 
cos
6
t
cos
4
4
10
3
3
3
cos
6
t
cos
t
2
8
10

t

 

 

y t

 

2

3

cos2

t

1

2

 

12(

e )

3

sin 2

t

3

e

t

 

x

( t )

2

3

cos2

t

1

3

sin 2

t

1

t

e

3