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BUM2133 ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

TUTORIAL 3: The Laplace Transform

• 1. Show from the definition of the Laplace transform that

(a)

(b)

# s  a a

### 2

2.

Determine the Laplace transforms of the following functions.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(e)

(g)

(i)

(k)

(d)

(f)

(h)

(j)

(l)

# t

• 3. Find the Laplace transforms of the following functions.

te
at
(a)
t
2
 t 
3
2
e
 t
sin 3
t
(c)
e
2
t
cos
3
t  t e
2
2
t
(e)
t  te  e
3
t
4
t cos
t
(g)

(f)

7
t
• # (h) tsin6t

• 4. Find the Laplace transform for the following function.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

# Lcos(t  2)H(t  2)

• 5. Find the inverse Laplace transform of (a)

(c)

(e)

(g)

(i)

(k)

(m)

# s 2  9

(b)

(d)

(f)

(h)

(j)

(l)

(n)

• 6. Find the inverse Laplace transform of

(a)

(c)

(e)

(g)

(b)

(d)

(f)

(h)

# 1

• 7. By using the second shift theorem, find the inverse Laplace transform of

(a)

(c)

(b)

#  2)

(d)

1

s

2

2

## 13

• 8. Express the following expressions as partial fractions. Hence find their inverse Laplace transforms.

(b)

(d)

(f)

(h)

(k)

# 10)

• 9. Use the convolution theorem to determine the inverse Laplace transforms of

• 1 (b)
(d)
(f)

# 1)

10. Solve the following differential equations using Laplace transforms.

(d)

(e)

# 1

• 11. Solve the following differential equations using Laplace transforms.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

# 2

• 12. Using Laplace Transform methods solve for t 0 the following simultaneous differential equations, subject to the given initial conditions. (Readers are encouraged to check their solution using an appropriate software package).

(a)

subject to

and

(b)

subject to x

0 and

(c)

subject

to

and

(d)

subject to

and

(e)

subject to

and

3

3 t

1

12( a )

y t

8

e

8

t

e

( )

x t

1

4

e

2

t

15

4

t

2 t

e

3

t

11

4

t

e

2 t

3
t
3
t

t

12( d )

y t

x

( )

t

1
5
3
 
cos
6
t
cos
4
4
10
3
3
3
cos
6
t
cos
t
2
8
10

t

y t

 

2

3

cos2

t

1

2

12(

e )

3

sin 2

t

3

e

t

x

( t )

2

3

cos2

t

1

3

sin 2

t

1

t

e

3