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The Safest Options

VEHICLES WITH NO REAR-


LESS THAN 40 LBS. SEAT SHOULDER BELTS
(OR CHILDREN UNABLE TO SIT PROPERLY IN
1. Put the child in a convertible car seat A BELT-POSITIONING BOOSTER)
facing forward. The harness MUST be in
the top slots and the harness MUST come 1.Tethered vest with low-back booster
out of the slots AT or from E-Z-On products. 1-800-323-6598
ABOVE the child's www.ezonpro.com
shoulders; the tops of the
child's ears should be below 2.Safeguard Child Seat (to 65 lbs) and
the top of the seat shell. Go (to 60 lbs, converts to booster)
www.safeguardseat.com
2. Put the child in a forward-facing only
3. Britax Marathon, Boulevard and
seat (or a combination seat). Use the five-
point harness until child is 40 Decathlon (to 65 lbs) and the Regent (to A Parent’s Guide to
80 lbs)
lbs, then use as a belt-
positioning booster with car's
lap-shoulder belt.
1-888-4BRITAX or www.britaxusa.com
st
4. Safety 1 /Alpha Elite Apex 65 (to 65
Shield
lbs, converts to booster). www.djgusa.com

5.Sunshine Kids Radian 65 and Radian


Booster
MORE THAN 40 LBS.
1.Put the child in a high-
back belt-positioning
80. www.skjp.com

6.For long-term use, shoulder belts


Dangers
booster and use the car’s should be fitted into vehicle, or a different
lap/shoulder belt to vehicle with shoulder belts should be
restrain them. bought. A lap only belt does not provide
adequate protection for any belted
2.Put the child in a low-back belt- individual.. Lap belts are safe, however,
positioning booster seat and use the car’s for securing child safety seats.
lap/shoulder belt to
restrain them (only in
vehicles with high seat
backs or head restraints)
WHAT EXPERTS SAY University of North Carolina is thrown forward too far) and
Highway Safety Research Center ejections (when the child is thrown
Kathleen Weber (U of Michigan out of the seat). This seat is NOT
Transportation Research Institute): Shield boosters are used with lap belts. approved for airline use. Currently,
However, they do not provide enough Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard
Shield boosters are no longer upper body protection to be (FMVSS) 213 (that regulates car seats)
considered appropriate crash protection recommended for general use. Older only requires a static rollover test to be
for children. Crash investigations have models of shield boosters listed weight performed with the CRS for aircraft
documented ejections, excessive ranges as high as 65 pounds, but current certification (put a dummy in the seat
excursions, and shield-contact injuries models of shield boosters cannot be and turn the seat upside down). These
in rollover, side, and frontal crashes, used for children over 40 pounds. don't pass - the dummy FALLS OUT!!!
resulting in severe head, spinal, Current models of shield boosters can Here are the problems with the shield
abdominal, and extremity injuries. be used without the shield for use as a boosters:
belt-positioning booster with a
http://www.umtri.umich.edu
lap/shoulder belt and should only be
used in this manner if at all possible. 1. These booster seats were designed
American Academy of Pediatrics:
While MANUFACTURERS may back when cars only had lap belts in back.
recommend use of shield boosters at They were the only option for use after a
Shield boosters are used with lap belts.
lower weights, children under 40 regular car seat was outgrown. That is no
However, they do not provide enough
pounds are at risk of ejection from longer the case. Better protection is now
upper body protection to be
the booster in the event of a rollover offered in the form of belt-positioning
recommended. Shield boosters cannot be
crash and should remain in a boosters.
used for children over 40 pounds. Children
less than 40 pounds should remain in a convertible or other forward-facing
2.They provide no upper-body protection.
convertible or forward-facing seat. Shield harness seat until 40 pounds.
The injuries from this type of seat
boosters should only be used without their
http://www.hsrc.unc.edu include:
shields as belt-positioning boosters. While
manufacturers may recommend use of • Getting thrown too far forward,
shield boosters at lower weights, children
WHAT IT MEANS
resulting in serious head and/or
less than 40 pounds are at risk of The most important thing to understand spinal cord injuries
ejection from the booster in the event is that the only test these seats have to
of a rollover crash. pass is a frontal collision test. There • Submarining UNDER the shield
are no tests that show how it would and receiving spinal/neck injuries
http://www.aap.org
perform in a side impact, rear-impact or
rollover crash. This seat has been • Being thrown OUT in a side-impact
responsible for head injuries (when a or rollover collision, then crushed
child’s head hits the shield or vehicle by the moving vehicle.
interior) neck/spinal cord injuries
(from being stretched when the head