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Arrogance

According to Quran and Sunnah

Saying of the Salaf


Ibn al-Qayyim (r.a.) - Al-Waabilus-Sayyib minal-Kalimit-Tayyib ( p. 15) One of the Salaf (Pious Predecessors) said: "Indeed a servant commits a sin by which he enters Paradise; and another does a good deed by which he enters the Fire." It was asked: How is that? So he replied: "The one who committed the sin, constantly thinks about it; which causes him to fear it, regret it, weep over it and feel ashamed in front of his Lord - the Most High - due to it. He stands before Allaah, brokenhearted and with his head lowered in humility. So this sin is more beneficial to him than doing many acts of obedience, since it caused him to have humility and humbleness - which leads to the servant's happiness and success - to the extent that this sin becomes the cause for him entering Paradise. As for the doer of good, then he does not consider this good a favour from his Lord Upon him. Rather, he becomes arrogant and amazed with himself, saying: I have achieved such and such, and such and such . So this further increases him in self adulation, pride and arrogance - such that this becomes the cause for his destruction."

Hell has been favored by the Arrogant


Hadith - al-Bukhari 9.541, Narrated Abu Huraira, r.a. The Prophet said, "Paradise and Hell (Fire) quarrelled in the presence of their Lord. Paradise said, 'O Lord! What is wrong with me that only the poor and humble people enter me?' Hell (Fire) said, 'I have been favored with the arrogant people.' So Allah said to Paradise, 'You are My Mercy,' and

said to Hell, 'You are My Punishment which I inflict upon whom I wish, and I shall fill both of you. (The Prophet added, "As for Paradise, (it will be filled with good people) because Allah does not wrong any of His created things, and He creates for Hell (Fire) whomever He will, and they will be thrown into it, and it will say thrice, 'Is there any more,' till Allah (will put) His Foot over it and it will become full and its sides will come close to each other and it will say, 'Qat! Qat! Qat! (Enough! Enough! Enough!)."

Allah does not like such


Tafsir Ibn Kathir ...Verily, Allh does not like such as are proud and boastful; Those who are miserly and enjoin miserliness on other men and hide what Allh has bestowed upon them of His Bounties.... Qur'an 4:36-37
Allah said, (Verily,

Allah does not like such as are proud and

boastful.) meaning, one who is proud and arrogant, insolent and boasts to
others. He thinks that he is better than other people, thus thinking high of himself, even though he is insignificant to Allah and hated by people. Mujahid said that Allah's statement, (Verily,

Allah does not like

such as are proud) means arrogant, while, (boastful) means boasting


about what he has, while he does not thank Allah. This Ayah indicates that such a person boasts with people about the bounty that Allah has given him, but he is actuallyungrateful to Allah for this bounty. Ibn Jarir recorded that `Abdullah bin Waqid Abu Raja' Al-Harawi said, "You will find that those who are mean are also proud and boasting. He then recited, (and those (slaves) whom your right hands

possess,) You will find that he who is undutiful (to parents) is also arrogant,
and deprived. He then recited, (And

dutiful to my mother, and made me not arrogant, deprived.)

Once a man asked the Prophet, "O Messenger of Allah, advise me.' The Prophet said, (Avoid lengthening the dress (below the ankles),

for this practice is from arrogance. Verily, Allah does not like arrogance.)''

Luqman's Advice to His Son


Tafsir Ibn Kathir "O my son! If it be (anything) equal to the weight of a grain of mustard seed, and though it be in a rock, or in the heavens or in the earth, Allh will bring it forth. Verily, Allh is Subtle (in bringing out that grain), WellAware (of its place). O my son! AqimisSalt (perform AsSalt), enjoin (people) for AlMa'rf (Islmic Monotheism and all that is good), and forbid (people) from AlMunkar (i.e. disbelief in the Oneness of Allh, polytheism of all kinds and all that is evil and bad), and bear with patience whatever befall you. Verily! These are some of the important commandments ordered by Allh with no exemption. And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allh likes not each arrogant boaster. And be moderate (or show no insolence) in your walking, and lower your voice. Verily, the harshest of all voices is the voice (braying) of the ass." Qur'an 31:16-19

He (Luqman) said: (O

my son! If it be (anything) equal to the weight of a grain of mustard seed,) means, if a wrong action or a sin
be equal to the size of a grain of mustard seed.

(Allah will bring it forth.) means, He will bring it forth on the Day of
Resurrection, when it is placed in the Scales of justice and everyone is rewarded or punished for his actions -- if they are good, he will be rewarded and if they are bad he will be punished. This is like the Ayat:

(And We shall set up Balances of justice on the Day of Resurrection, then none will be dealt with unjustly in anything) (21:47). (So, whosoever does good equal to the weight of a speck of dust shall see it. And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of a speck of dust shall see it.) (99:7-8) Even if this tiny
thing were to be hidden inside a solid rock or anywhere in the heavens and the earth, Allah will bring it forth, because nothing is hidden from Him, not even the weight of a speck of dust in the heavens or on the earth. Allah says:

(Verily, Allah is Subtle, Well-Aware.) meaning, His knowledge is


subtle, for nothing is hidden from Him, no matter how small, subtle and minute.

(Well-Aware.) even of the footsteps of an ant in the darkest night. Then he


(Luqman) said:

(O my son! Perform the Salah,) meaning, offer the prayer properly at


the appointed times.

(enjoin the good, and forbid the evil,) meaning, to the best of your
ability and strength.

(and bear with patience whatever befalls you.) Luqman knew


that whoever enjoins what is good and forbids what is evil, will inevitably encounter harm and annoyance from people, so he told him to be patient.

(Verily, these are some of the important commandments.) means, being patient when people cause harm or
annoyance is one of the most important commandments.

(And turn not your face away from men with pride) means,
`do not turn your face away from people when you speak to them or they speak to you, looking down on them in an arrogant fashion. Rather be gentle towards them and greet them with a cheerful face,' as it says in the Hadith: ... even if it is only by greeting your brother with a cheerful countenance. And beware of letting your lower garment trail below your ankles, for this is a kind of boasting, and Allah does not like boasting.

(nor walk in insolence through the earth.) means, `do not be


boastful, arrogant, proud and stubborn. Do not do that, for Allah will hate you.' So he said:

(Verily, Allah likes not any arrogant boaster.) meaning, one who
shows off and admires himself, feeling that he is better than others. And Allah says:

(And walk not on the earth with conceit and arrogance. Verily, you can neither rend nor penetrate the earth nor can you attain a stature like the mountains in height.) (17:37).