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# VIT

UNIVERSITY
(Estd. u/s 3 of UGC Act 1956)

## School of Information Technology and Engineering

Model - Term End Examination - Question Paper
M. Tech (IT Networking) I - Semester

Time: Three Hours Answer All Questions suitable example. (3) (b) Name some services provided by the application layer. (2) (c) In the following figure, computer A sends a message to computer D via LAN1, router R1 and LAN2. Show the addresses of the packets and frames at the network and data link layer for each hop interface. (3) Max.Marks:100 10 X 10 = 100 Marks

1. (a) Is there any relationship between transmission media and topology? Justify your answer with

(d) What do you mean by the Bit interval and Bit rate in a digital signal? (2) 2. (a) List the steps that take an analog signal to PCM digital code. (2) (b) If a periodic signal is decomposed into five sine waves with frequencies of 100, 300, 500, 700 and 900 Hz, what is its bandwidth? Draw the spectrum, assuming all components have a maximum amplitude of 10 V. (3) (c) We have a channel with a 1-MHz bandwidth. The SNR for this channel is 63. Find the appropriate bit rate and signal level? (2) (d) Calculate the propagation time and the transmission time for a 2.5-kbyte message (an e-mail) if the bandwidth of the network is 1 Gbps? Assume that the distance between the sender and the receiver is 12,000 km and that light travels at 2.4 108 m/s. (3)

3. (a) Categorize the major line coding schemes used in digital transmission. (2) (b) Compare polar NRZ-L scheme with NRZ-I scheme in terms of baseline wandering, DC components, synchronization and signal representation. (5) (c) An analog signal has a bit rate of 8000 bps and a baud rate of 1000 baud. How many data elements are carried by each signal element? How many signal elements do we need? (3) 4. (a) Distinguish between multilevel TDM, multiple slot TDM and pulse-stuffed TDM. (3) (b) Define spread spectrum and its goal. Discuss in detail the two spread spectrum techniques with examples. (7) 5. (a) Obtain the 3-bit CRC code word for the data bit sequence 100100 using the generator polynomial X3+X2+1. (4) (b) Illustrate with an example the operation of Selective Repeat ARQ protocol. (6) 6. (a) Construct the hamming code for the 7 bit data 1001101. (5) ( b) Explain the Medium Access Control in IEEE 802.11standard. (5) 7 (a) Apply Dijkstras algorithm for the given sample graph to realize the shortest path give the routing table for Node A which is the root node. 7 (8) tree and

B
4 6

C
5 6

(b) Briefly explain about count to infinity problem. (2) 8. (a) An IP datagram has arrived with the following information in the header (in hexadecimal):

45 00 00 45 00 08 00 00 10 06 00 00 7C 4E 03 02 B4 0E 0F02
i) Are there any options? ii) Is the packet fragmented? iii) What is the size of the data? iv) What is the source IP address? v) How many more routers can the packet travel to? vi) What is the identification number of the packet? (6) (b) What is the purpose of NAT? Explain with an example. (4)

9. (a) Suggest the solutions for the silly window syndrome created at both the sending and receiving TCP. (4) (6) (b) Discuss the concept of congestion control mechanism used in TCP. (b) Explain the FDDI technology used in LAN networks. (2) (c) Draw the architecture of WWW. (2) *************

10. (a) Explain the architecture of email and discuss the mail transfer mechanism used in SMTP. (6)