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Clculos de Aviacin

Regla 60 - 1
Tiempo = distancia ground speed: T = D GS
Distancia = tiempo x Ground speed: D = T x GS
Ground speed = distancia tiempo: GS = D T
Nautical miles por minuto = GS 60
Fahrenheit = Celsius x 1.8 + 32: f = 1.8 C + 32
Celsius = (Fahrenheit 32) x 0.56: C = (f - 32) x 5/9
Temperatura Standard (ISA) = 15 C - 2 x altitud /1000: ISA = 15 - 2A / 1000
Distancia arco DME = grados de arco x (2 R / 360)
Radio de Viraje = (velocity / 30) / 2
El radio de un viraje estndar en NM: TAS / 200
TAS = IAS + (5 Kts por cada mil pies) + IAS
TAS = IAS + (2 % por cada mil pies) x IAS
TAS = FL / 2
TAS = N Mach x 600
NM / min. = TAS / 60
NM / min. = N Mach x 10
V/S = Angulo de cabeceo x TAS (NM / min.) x 100
V/S en APP de 3 de slope = (GS 2) x 10
V/S en APP de 2 de slope = ((GS 2) x 10) - 100
Anticipo Radial/Arco = Radio de Viraje = TAS (MN/min.) -2 = MN
Anticipo Radial/Arco = Radio de Viraje = (TAS (MN/min.)) / 10 = MN Anticipo
Anticipo Arco/Radial = (60 / DME) x Radio de Viraje = Radiales
Inclinacin en el arco = (30 / DME) x Radio de Viraje = Grados
Distancia a volar en el Arco = (N de Radiales / (Rad / MN)) = MN
Pesos Estndar
1 galn Jet A = 6.75 lb. / 3.06 Kg.
1 litro Jet A = 1.8 lb. / 0.8 Kg.
1 galn Avgas = 6.0 lb / 2.72 Kg.
1 litro Avgas = 1.6 lb. / 0.719 Kg.
1 galon 50W oil = 7.5 lb. / 3.4 Kg.
1 quarto 50W oil = 1.875 lb. / 0.85 Kg.
1 litro 50W oil = 1.981 lb. / 0.898 Kg.
1 galn de agua = 8.33 lb.
1 galn de methanol = 6.62 lb.
1 pasajero = 170 lb.
Equivalencias
1 kilogramo = 2.2046 lb.
1 libra = .45395 Kg.

1 kilmetro = 0.62137 SM o 0.53996 NM


1 Milla Estatuta = 0.86898 NM o 1.6093 Km. o 5280 ft
1 Milla Nutica = 6076 ft
1 Milla Nutica = 1.15 SM o 1.852 Km.
1 Pie = 0.3048 mts
1 Metro = 3.2808 ft o 1.0936 yardas
Velocidad del Sonido = 741.4 MPH o 1087.4 ft / sec.
Tabla de conversin rpida
Nautical Miles...... Statute Miles. 1.1508
Pies 6076.1
Kilometros.....1.852
Metros... 1852
Statute Miles Nautical Miles... 0.86898
Pies 5280.0
Kilometros.....1.6094
Metros... 1609.344
Metros.. Pies 3.2808
Yardas... 1.0936
Statute Miles. 0.000621
Nautical Miles... 0.000539
Kilometros Statute Miles..... 0.62136
Nautical Miles... 0.53995
Pies 3280.8
U.S. Gallons. Litros. 3.7854
AV Gas lb. 6.0
JET A lb 6.75
JET A kg... 3.06
Oil lb. 7.5
Oil kg.... 3.4
U.S. Quarts... Litros..... 0.946335
Oil lb..... 1.875
U.S. Gallons.. 0.25
Litros U.S. Quarts 1.0567
U.S. Gallons.. 0.26417
AV Gas lb. 1.58
AV Gas kg.... 0.719
JET A lb 1.8
JET A kg... 0.8
Oil lb..... 1.9813
Oil kg.0.89871
U.S. Pound Kilogramos.....0.45359
Jet A Gallons. 0.148148
Jet A Litros 0.55555
AV Gas Gallons 0.166667
AV Gas Liters0.63291
Oil Gallons 1.33333
Oil Litros... 0.5047

Kilogramos.U.S. Pounds.. 2.2046


Jet A Gallons. 0.32904
Jet A liters..... 1.25
AV Gas Gallons 0.36743
AV Gas Litros... 1.3908
Oil Gallons 0.29395
Oil Quarts.. 1.1758

Comunicaciones y Radio Ayudas


118.0 a 121.4 MHz
121.5 MHz
121.6 a 121.9 MHz
122.00 MHz
122.025 a 122.075 MHz
122.1 MHz
122.125 a 122.175 MHz
122.2 MHz
122.225 a 122.675 MHz
122.7 MHz
122.725 MHz
122.750 MHz
122.80 MHz
122.85 MHz
122.90 MH
122.925 MHz
122.95 MHz
122.975 MHz
123.0 & 123.050 MHz
123.025 MHz
123.075 MHz
123.10 MHz
123.15 a 123.575 MHz
123.3 & 123.5 MHz
123.6 a 123.65 MHz
123.675 a 128.8 MHz
128.825 a 132.0 MHz
132.05 a 135.95 MHz

Control de Trfico Areo


Emergencia, seales ELT
Control de Superficie
Enroute Flight Advisory Service
Flight Service Station FSS
FSS Receive only with VOR
FSS
FSS Common enroute simplex
FSS
Unicom, Uncontrolled Airports
Unicom, Uncontrolled Airports
Air to Air, Privates Airports, non-public
Unicom, Uncontrolled Airports
Air to Air, Privates Airports, non-public
Multicom at Airports with no Control
Tower or FSS, Temporary Emergency.
Multicom Forestry Service
Unicom at Airports with Control Tower
Unicom, Uncontrolled Airports
Unicom - Uncontrolled Airports
Air to Air Helicopters
Unicom, Uncontrolled Airports
Temporary Control, search and rescue
Flight Test
Flight Schools Gliders, Hot Air Balloons
FSS on the Airport
ATC
Aeronautical Enroute ARINC
ATC

Ayudas de Navegacin
190 a 544 kHz
75 MHz
108.1 a 111.9 MHz
108.2 a 111.8 MHz
112.0 a 117.9 MHz

NDBs, ILS compass locator


Fan Markers, Z Markers, ILS Markers
ILS Localizers odd tenths
VORs even tenths
VORs

NDB reception range


Compass locator
25 Watts 15 NM
MH 50 Watts... 25 NM
H 50 1999 Watts 50 NM
HH 2,000 + Watts 75 NM

Categora de aproximacin de aeronaves y radio en el circuito


CAT A 91kts o menos
CAT B 91 a120 kts
CAT C 121 a 140 kts
CAT D 141 a 165 kts
CAT E 166 kts o mas

1.3 millas
1.5 millas
1.7 millas
2.3 millas
4.5 millas