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GOWTHAM RESIDENTIAL JUNIOR COLLEGE

GUDAVALLI --- VIJAYAWADA(RURAL) CHEMISTRY BUFFER SOLUTION


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The addition of HCl supresses the ionisation of 1) Acetic acid 2) Benzoic acid 3) H2S 4) All What happens to pH of a solution when NH4Cl crystal is added to a dilute solution of NH4OH ? 1) Decreases 2) Increases 3) Remains unaffected 4) All Buffer solutions have 1) Reserve acidic nature 2) Reserve alkaline nature 3) pH equal to zero 4) Reserve pH An acidic buffer mixture can be prepared by mixing a solution of 1) Formic acid and sodium formate 2) HCl and NaCl 3) NaOH and NaCl 4) NH4Cl and NH4OH Henderson's equation used to calculate the pOH of basic buffer is 1) pOH = pKb + log 6.

[Salt ] [ Base]

2) pOH = pKb log

[Salt ] [ Base]

3) pOH = pKb + log

[Salt ] [ Base]

4) pOH = Kb log

[Salt ] [ Base]

7. 8. 9.

The correct statement about buffer solution 1) It contains a weak acid and its conjugate base 2) It contains a weak base and its conjugate acid 3) It shows little change in pH on adding small amount of an acid or base 4) All A solution which resist to pH change upon addition of an acid or base is called 1) Buffer solution 2) Indicator 3) Crystalloid 4) Colloid If NaOH is added to a solution of acetic acid 1) H+ ions increases 2) pH decreases 3) CH3 COO increases 4) CH3 COOH increases A buffer solution is a mixture of 1) Strong acid and strong base 2) Weak acid and its conjugate acid 3) Weak acid and its conjugate base 4) All To a mixture of acetic acid and sodium acetate a further amount of sodium acetate is added. The pH of the mixture 1) Increases 2) Decreases 3) Remains unchanged 4) Not predictable Which of the following solution does not act as buffer ? 1) H3PO4 + NaH2PO4 2) Na2CO3 + H2CO3 3) HCl + NH4Cl 4) CH3COOH + CH3COO Na Which of the following mixture can act as buffer solution ? 1) 1 litre of 0.2 N CH3COOH + 1 litre of 0.2N NaOH 2) 1 litre of 0.1 N CH3COOH + 1 litre of 0.2N NaOH 3) 1 litre of 0.2 N CH3COOH + 1 litre of 0.1N NaOH 4) All the above A mixture of CH3 COOH and CH3 COO Na acts as a buffer solution. Which of the following pair of substances have similar properties ? 1) NaOH + Na NO3 2) KOH + KCl 3) HCl + NaCl 4) NH4OH + NH4Cl pH of which of the following buffer will slightly alter on addition of a strong base ? 1) CH3COOH + CH3COONa 2) NH4OH + NH4Cl 3) Boric acid + Borax 4) None When acid is added to a buffer solution composed of a weak base (B) and its salt with a strong acid, then the reaction which occur to maintain the pH is 1) B + H3O+ BH+ + H2O 2) OH + BH+ B + H2O 3) B + H2O BH+ + OH 4) BH+ + H2O B + H3O+

10. 11. 12.

13.

14. 15.

16.

The pH of a simple sodium acetate and acetic acid buffer is given by pH = pK a + log 18 105. If Salt = Acid = 01M, the pH of the solution would be about 1) 7 2) 47 3) 53 4) 14

[ Acid]

[Salt ]

Ka of acetic acid is

17.

The H+ ion concentration in 0001M acetic acid of (Ka = 18 105) is 134 X 104 g ion / litre. The H+ ion concentration if 0164 g of CH3COONa is added to a litre of 0001M CH3COOH will be 1) 9

106

2) 18

106

3) 45

106

4) 5

106

18.

Ka for HCN is 5 X 1010 at 25C. For maintaining a constant pH of 9, the volume of 5M KCN solution required to be added to 10ml of 2M HCN solution is 1) 4 ml 2) 795 ml 3) 2 ml 4) 93 ml

19.

20.

The pH of a buffer solution prepared by mixing 20 ml of 01 M NH 4OH and 20 ml of 1 M NH4 Cl is 82. The pKb of NH4OH is 1) 58 2) 68 3) 48 4) 92 The pKa of certain weak acid is 40. What should be the salt to acid ratio if we have to prepare a buffer with pH = 5 using the acid and of its salts ? 1) 4 : 5 2) 5 : 4 3) 10 : 1 4) 1 : 10

1. 6. 11. 16.

4 4 3 2

2. 7. 12. 17.

1 1 3 1

3. 8. 13. 18.

4 3 4 3

4. 9. 14. 19.

1 3 2 3

5. 10. 15. 20.

1 1 1 3